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Title: Opinion 9/2007 on the level of protection of personal data in the Faroe Islands
Author (Corp. Body): Article Data Protection Working Party
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 02107/07/EN | WP 142
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Denmarkdata exchangedata protectiondata processingEUprivacy
Subject: European Community law in generalLaw of personsInformation transfer
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesDenmark
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Title: Joint Evaluation of the Cooperation of the European Commission, Belgium, Denmark, France and Luxembourg with Niger
between 2000 - 2008 : Final report ; Volume 1 – Main report ; Second revised edition
Title (other): Evaluation conjointe de la cooperation de la Commission Europeenne, de la Belgique, du Danemark, de la France et du
Luxembourg avec le Niger 2000-2008 : Rapport final ; Volume 2 - Annexes | Annexe 3 – Logiques d'intervention |
Evaluation conjointe de la cooperation de la Commission Europeenne, de la Belgique, du Danemark, de la France et du
Luxembourg avec le Niger 2000-2008 : Rapport final ; Annexe 7 - Rapports sectoriels et thématiques | Evaluation
conjointe de la cooperation de la Commission Europeenne, de la Belgique, du Danemark, de la France et du Luxembourg avec
le Niger 2000-2008 : Rapport final ; Volume 1 – Rapport principal | Evaluation conjointe de la coopération de la
Commission européenne, de la Belgique, du Danemark, de la France et du Luxembourg avec le Niger - 2000 à 2008 : Ref.
1278 ; EVINFO
Abstract
In 2007, five donors (European Commission, Belgium, Denmark, France and Luxembourg) decided to work together to evaluate their cooperation with Niger over the 2000-2008 period. Together, the five Donors taking part in the evaluation (DPE) accounted for more than half the Official Development Assistance (ODA) delivered to Niger over the period.Because it is a joint evaluation, specific aspects had to be taken into account: the aim was not to assess the individual performance of each DPE but to analyse the conception, implementation and effects of their joint action. Two analytical frameworks have been used to achieve this:An analysis of the implementation of the Paris Declaration Commitments, focusing on the cooperation process, and the relationship between the aid partners in particular (DPE-Government on the one hand, between DPEs on the other).The evaluation criteria of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which help assess the collective performance of DPEs by analysing their aims, resources, achievements, results and impacts.The evaluation is structured on the basis of these two analysis frameworks. It deals with the strategic cooperation frameworks between each DPE and the Government of Niger, as well as their priorities and interventions in a selection of sectors (rural development, water and sanitation, transport, culture, craft industry, health, education and training, macroeconomic support), taking into account cross-cutting issues (regional development, environment, gender issues, demographics and youth issues). The evaluation is also based on an extensive document review, field visits to selected sites in Niger, and on a survey about the perception of development aid in Niger, led concomitantly by the Laboratory for the Study and Research on Social Dynamics and Local Development (LASDEL). [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
LIST OF ACRONYMS
SUMMARY
1. MANDATE OF THE EVALUATION
1.1. A joint evaluation
1.2. Scope of evaluation1.3. Evaluation monitoring
1.4. Parallel perception survey by LASDEL
2. METHODOLOGY
2.1. Strengths of the evaluation
2.2. Weaknesses of the evaluation
3. DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES IN NIGER
3.1. Geography and climate
3.1.1. A vast, land-locked country bordered by Nigeria
3.1.2. A harsh, instable and deteriorating agro-climatic context
3.2. Population and poverty
3.2.1. One of the highest population growth rates in the world
3.2.2. Chronic food insecurity
3.2.3. One of the poorest populations in the world, facing a worsening situation
3.2.4. Rural economy in permanent crisis
3.2.5. Mining products, an asset which is still not used to its full potential
3.2.6. A very low level of education
3.2.7. Less developed migration trends than in some other Sahelian countries
3.2.8. Niger belongs to a solid monetary area... Is it too solid?
3.2.9. Close economic integration with Nigeria and other coastal countries
3.2.10. Economic integration hindered by an insufficient transport network
3.3. The Nigerien State
3.3.1. The political stability experienced during the period of evaluation has recently been undermined
3.3.2. A decentralisation process which is still in its early stages and not very advanced
3.3.3. A better controlled State budget, but which still depends a lot on foreign aid
3.3.4. More formal policies
3.4. SWOT analysis
4. GOVERNMENT STRATEGIES AND DPE RESPONSES
4.1. Niger’s Poverty Reduction Strategy, a framework to adapt to development challenges
4.2. General strategies of the DPEs with Niger
4.2.1. Belgium
4.2.2. European Commission
4.2.3. France
4.2.4. Denmark
4.2.5. Luxembourg
4.3. Financial commitments of the DPEs in Niger
4.3.1. Weight of aid granted by DPEs in Niger
4.3.2. Regional distribution of aid by the DPEs in Niger
| 4.3.3. Sectoral distribution of aid by the DPEs in Niger
5. ANALYSIS
5.1. An approach based on 11 evaluation questions
5.2. Two complementary analysis frameworks
5.3. First analysis framework: Implementation of the Paris Declaration Commitments
5.3.1. Paris Declaration: implied hypotheses
5.3.2. The concept of cooperation area
5.3.3. The cooperation cycle
5.3.4. What deductions can be made regarding the Paris Declaration Commitments?
5.4. Second analysis framework: the DAC evaluation criteria
5.4.1. Relevance
5.4.2. Coherence
5.4.3. Effectiveness
5.4.4. Impact
5.4.5. Sustainability
5.4.6. Efficiency
6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
| Volume II: Annexes
ANNEXE 1. TERMES DE RÉFÉRENCE
ANNEXE 2. METHODOLOGIE ET CONCEPTS
ANNEXE 3. LOGIQUES D’INTERVENTION
ANNEXE 4. LES ENJEUX DE DEVELOPPEMENT DU NIGER
ANNEXE 5. ENGAGEMENTS FINANCIERS DES DPE AU NIGER : ANALYSE SECTORIELLE ET REGIONALE
ANNEXE 6. AUTRES COOPERATIONS SIGNIFICATIVES AU NIGER
ANNEXE 7. RAPPORTS SECTORIELS
ANNEXE 8. REPONSE AUX QUESTIONS D’EVALUATION
ANNEXE 9. FOCUS GROUPS ORGANISES DANS LE CADRE DE LA MISSION DE TERRAIN
ANNEXE 10. BIBLIOGRAPHIE
ANNEXE 11. MEMBRE DE L’EQUIPE DE CONSULTANTS ET DU COMITE DE GESTION
Author (Corp. Body): Société d’Etudes et d’Evaluation sarl
Contributer: Europäische Kommission | Belgien | Dänemark | Frankreich | Luxembourg | baastel | Institut de Recherches dApplications des Me?thodes de De?veloppement, Paris | Dnet Consult
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Ref. 1278
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: trainingBelgiumevaluationeducationDenmarkdemographydevelopment aidEU
European CommissionFrancegender mainstreaminghealth policyhandicraft tradeyouth policycooperationculturerural developmentLuxembourg
macroeconomicsNigerenvironmental policytrafficeconomics of water supply and distribution
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesDenmarkBelgiumFranceLuxembourgNiger
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Title: Studies into violent radicalisation : The beliefs ideologies and narratives
Title (other): Studies into violent radicalisation : Lot 2
Abstract
The overall aim of this study was to explore the beliefs, narratives and ideologies that lead to violent radicalism underpinned by an abusive interpretation of Islam, with a view to understanding of the causes and remedies for violent radicalisation. The research was conducted through analysis and empirical data collection through 145 stakeholder and primary fieldwork interviews in four Member States; Denmark, France, Germany and the UK. The interview sample was intended to capture the diversity of the Muslim ‘field’ in each country as far as possible.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION
2. METHODOLOGY
3. LITERATURE REVIEW
5. JIHADI MOVEMENT PROPAGANDA AND INFORMATION PLATFORMS
6. FIELDWORK FINDINGS
UK
Denmark
Germany
France
7. BROAD TRENDS AND COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT
8. KEY NARRATIVES REPORTED DURING THE STUDY
9. THE IDEATIONAL FRAMEWORK
10. WAYS FORWARD AND RECOMMENDATIONS
APPENDIX A: BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX B: GLOSSARY
APPENDIX C: WEB RESEARCH
APPENDIX D: FIELDWORK FRAMEWORK
APPENDIX F: INTERVIEWEES
Author (Corp. Body): Change institute
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUviolencereadiness to commit violenceIslamislamismMuslimradicalism
Subject: Social movements and groups
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmarkFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Study on the feasibility of processing asylum claims outside the EU against the background of the Common European Asylum
System and the goal of a Common Asylum Procedure : Final report
Abstract
With the development towards comprehensive and more sophisticated border control regimes, the problem of protection seekers’ access to EU territory has increasingly come into focus. Disorderly movement is presently the main avenue to safety in the EU, and human smugglers act as important facilitators. Single European states have sought ways out of this dilemma, and pioneered techniques of externalised processing. One of them is the operation of Protected Entry Procedures from the platform of diplomatic representations, allowing a non-national-to approach the potential host state outside its territory with a claim for asylum or other form of international protection, and-to be granted an entry permit in case of a positive response to that claim, be it preliminary or final.Provided they are well-crafted, Protected Entry Procedures could drain parts of the market for human smuggling, attract bona fide refugees who presently opt for the smuggling services and thereby decrease the total number of disorderly arrivals and partially eliminate the problem of returning the rejected caseload. An obvious security advantage for states is to know in advance who wishes to enter their territory. In addition, important synergies with integration and labour immigration policies can be created.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Objective of the Study
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Defining Protected Entry Procedures and Related Concepts
1.5 Convergence Areas between Protected Entry Procedures and Other Protection Regimes
2 Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU: Historical Precedents and Current Debates
2.1 Protection and Evacuation by Embassies during the Holocaust
2.2 Post-War Practices and Debates
...
3 The Legal Dimensions of Protected Entry Procedures
3.1 The Relevance of International, Supranational and Domestic Law
3.2 The Applicability of Protective Norms of International Law
...
3.3 Protected Entry Procedures and the Law of the European Union
4 Modelling Protected Entry Procedures
4.1 Protected Entry Procedures and its Relation to Other Systems of Refugee Protection
...
4.2 Unilateral Approaches or Multilateral Cooperation?
4.3 Inclusiveness and Formalisation
4.4 Filter Elements in Protected Entry Procedures
...
5 Benefits and Drawbacks of Protected Entry Procedures
5.1 Enhanced Control and the Gradual Drainage of the Smuggling Market
5.2 Will Numbers Increase, Decrease or Remain Unaffected?
5.3 Trade-Offs in the Area of Beneficiaries’ Substantive and Procedural Rights
...
5.4 Reception During Procedures and the Rejected Caseload
5.5 Risk and Cost Redistribution
5.6 Potential Synergies with Integration Policies
5.7 Potential Synergies with Labour Immigration Policies
5.8 The Added Value of the EU in Crafting External Processing Regimes
6 Current Systems for Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU and Selected Host States
6.1 Practice in States Operating Formal Protected Entry Procedures
...
| 6.2 Practice in States Not Operating a Formal Protected Entry Procedure
...
6.3 Practice in Three Non-EU Resettlement Countries
...
7 The Development Potential of External Processing in Europe
7.1 Comparative Overview and Critical Analysis of Existing Solutions...
...
7.2Future Scenarios for Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU
...
8 Conclusions
Table of Cases
Bibliography
Author: Noll, Gregor ; 1139136186 | Fagerlund, Jessica | Liebaut, Fabrice
Contributer: The Danish Centre for Human rights
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumright of asylumAustraliaDenmarkEUFranceGreat Britaininternational law
Canadaslave trademigrationNetherlandsAustriaprotectionismlawSwitzerlandSpainUnited States of America
Subject: European Community external relationsEuropean Community treaties and agreementsHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Austria. General ResourcesSwitzerland. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmark
SpainFranceUnited KingdomNetherlandsCanadaUSAAustralia
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Title: Joint strategic country evaluation of the development cooperation of Denmark, Sweden and the European Union with
Bangladesh 2007 - 2013 : Final Report
Title (other): Joint strategic country evaluation of the development cooperation of Denmark, Sweden and the European Union with
Bangladesh 2007 - 2013 : Final Report ; Volume II – Annexes | Fiche Contradictoire : Joint Country Level Evaluation of
Bangladesh | Joint strategic country evaluation of the development cooperation of Denmark, Sweden and the European Union
with Bangladesh 2007 - 2013 : Final Report ; Executive Summary
Abstract
This Joint Country Evaluation of the development cooperation of Denmark, Sweden and the European Union with Bangladesh has a dual objective of firstly providing accountability through an overall independent assessment of the cooperation strategy and delivery of the Evaluation Partners in Bangladesh, and secondly informing future decision-making through lessons learnt. The main focus of the evaluation is the development cooperation extended during the 2007-2013 period, including both spending and non-spending activities.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
LIST OF ACRONYMS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF THE EVALUATION
1.2 EVALUATION PROCESS
1.3 EVALUATION METHODOLOGY
1.4 LIMITS OF THE EVALUATION
1.5 CONTEXT OF EPS’ENGAGEMENT IN BANGLADESH
2. STRATEGIC RELEVANCE AND AID EFFECTIVENESS
2.1 EQ1: STRATEGIES
2.2 EQ2: COHERENCE, COORDINATION AND COMPLEMENTARITY
2.3 EQ9: AID MODALITIES AND CAPACITIES
3. ASSESSMENT OF EPS’SUPPORT IN MAJOR AREAS OF ENGAGEMENT
3.1 EQ3: EPS’SUPPORT TO PRIMARY EDUCATION (STEP 1)
3.2 EQ4: RESULTS IN PRIMARY EDUCATION (STEP 2)
3.3 COMBINING EQ3 & EQ4: CONTRIBUTION OF EPS’SUPPORT TO PRIMARY EDUCATION RESULTS (STEP 3)
3.4 EQ5: PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
3.5 EQ6: HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE
3.6 EQ7: CLIMATE CHANGE AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
3.7 EQ8: GENDER EQUALITY
4. OVERALL ASSESSMENT AND CONCLUSIONS
4.1 OVERALL ASSESSMENT: PROMOTING INCLUSIVE GROWTH IN A CHALLENGING CONTEXT
4.2 CONCLUSIONS
5. RECOMMENDATIONS
| LIST OF ANNEXES
ANNEX 1 - TERMS OF REFERENCE
ANNEX 2 - NATIONAL CONTEXT AND EVALUATION PARTNERS ENGAGEMENT IN BANGLADESH
ANNEX 3 - METHODOLOGY OF THE EVALUATION AND EVALUATION QUESTIONS
ANNEX 4 - LIST OF EVALUATION PARTNERS INTERVENTIONS
ANNEX 5 - DETAILED FACTS AND FINDINGS FOR EACH EVALUATION QUESTION
ANNEX 6 - PROJECT FICHES
ANNEX 7 - LIST OF PEOPLE MET
ANNEX 8 - LIST OF DOCUMENTS CONSULTED
ANNEX 9 - MINUTES OF THE DISCUSSION SEMINAR IN DHAKA
Author (Corp. Body): Aide a? la De?cision Economique
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Internationale Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung | COWI AS | Dänemark | Schweden
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2011/Lot 4 | N° 2014/350917/1 | Ref. Ares (2016)5406779
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BangladeshevaluationeducationDenmarkdemocratizationdevelopment aidEUfinancial assistance
gender mainstreamingdisaster controlclimate changecooperationhuman rightsperspectiveprimary educationprivate sectorSweden
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and other financial instrumentsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesDenmarkSwedenBangladesh
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Title: Country studies for the report "Surveillance by intelligence services" - project on National intelligence authorities
and surveillance in the EU : fundamental rights safeguards and remedies - Legal update ; Short Thematic Report, Vol. II
Abstract
These reports from EU Member States provided the background for the second volume of FRA’s report on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The country studies were prepared by FRA’s research network, FRANET. These studies were commissioned as background material for FRA’s project on "National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies". The information and views contained in the documents do not necessarily reflect the views or official position of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only. It does not constitute legal advice or a legal opinion.FRA would like to express its appreciation for the comments received from FRA’s National Liaison Officers on some national reports.[Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUhuman rightssecurity policy
Subject: Human rights
Countries Scheme: Germany 20th Century. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSwedenEstonia
LatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatiaRomaniaSlovenia
GreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Agentur für Grundrechte (http://fra.europa.eu/)
Title: Country studies for the report 'Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU' :
standing and operational space of NGOs in contributing to respecting and promoting fundamental rights in EU Member
States
Abstract
These reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for a comparative analysis for the report ‘Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU’. The country studies were prepared by FRA’s research network, FRANET. The information in the country studies comes from reports prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET. The information and views contained in the document do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of FRA. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2017
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUcapacity to acthuman rightscivil society
Subject: Human rightsSociety. Human relations
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSweden
EstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatiaRomania
SloveniaGreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
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Title: Country studies for the report "Together in the EU" - project on Social Inclusion and Migrant Participation in Society :
Migrants and their Descendants ; Social Inclusion and Participation in Society
Abstract
These reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for the FRA report on Together in the EU - Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants. The information in the country studies is prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET. This document was commissioned under contract as background material for a comparative analysis by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) for the project ‘Social Inclusion and Migrant Participation in Society’. The information and views contained in the document do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUhuman rightsmigration policy
Subject: Human rightsPopulation structure
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSweden
EstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatiaRomania
SloveniaGreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
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Title: Country studies for the project on Rehabilitation and mutual recognition – practice concerning EU law on transfer of
persons sentenced or awaiting trial : background material for the FRA report on Criminal detention and alternatives
Abstract
These country reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for the FRA report on Criminal detention and alternatives: fundamental rights aspects in EU cross-border transfers. The information in the country reports is prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET. This document was commissioned under contract as background material for comparative analysis by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) for the project ‘Rehabilitation and mutual recognition- practice concerning EU law on transfer of persons sentenced or awaiting trial’. The information and views contained in the document do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUjudiciaryhuman rightslegal policypenal law
Subject: Criminal lawHuman rightsJudicial system. Judicial law
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinland
SwedenEstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatia
RomaniaSloveniaGreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Country studies for the project on right to interpretation and translation and the right to information in criminal
proceedings in the EU : background material for the FRA report "Rights of suspected and accused persons across the EU"
Abstract
These country reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for the FRA report on 'The right to interpretation and translation and the right to information in criminal proceedings in the EU'. The information in the country reports is prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET. This document was commissioned under contract as background material for comparative analysis by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) for the project 'The right to interpretation and translation and the right to information in criminal proceedings in the EU'. The information and views contained in the document do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA. The document is made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUpenal policyhuman rightslegal protection
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal theoryHuman rights
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSweden
EstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatiaRomania
SloveniaGreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
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Title: Country studies for the report "Surveillance by intelligence services" - project on National intelligence authorities
and surveillance in the EU : fundamental rights safeguards and remedies ; background material for the FRA report on
National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU, Vol. I
Abstract
These country reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for the FRA report on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The information in the country reports is prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET. These documents were commissioned under a specific contract as background material for the project on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The information and views contained in the documents do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. The documents are made publicly available for transparency and information purposes only and do not constitute legal advice or legal opinion. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Agentur für Grundrechte
Year: 2014
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EUhuman rightssecurity policy
Subject: Human rights
Countries Scheme: Germany 20th Century. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSwedenEstonia
LatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatiaRomaniaSlovenia
GreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFrance, EuropeUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Consumer market study on the functioning of legal and commercial guarantees for consumers in the EU : Final report
Title (other): Consumer market study on the functioning of legal and commercial guarantees for consumers in the EU : Annex ; Final
report | Consumer market study on the functioning of legal and commercial guarantees for consumers in the EU : Executive
Summary | Consumer market study on the functioning of legal and commercial guarantees for consumers in the EU : Country
fiche: Austria
Abstract
This study about legal and commercial guarantees, funded by the European Union in the frame of the EU Consumer Programme (2014-2020), looks at the extent to which sellers are aware of, and comply with, relevant EU legislation; the way in which legal and commercial guarantees are communicated to consumers; and the extent to which consumers are aware of their rights and are willing to make use of them. The study also seeks to provide a better understanding of the way consumers perceive commercial guarantees and their impact on purchasing decisions.The study covers all EU Member States, Iceland and Norway. Between September 2014 and August 2015, the following activities were carried out: a regulatory review of the implementation of the Consumer Sales Directive; consultations with retailers, manufacturers, consumer bodies, ECC-net, ADR bodies and enforcement authorities; an online consumer survey measuring consumers’ experience with legal and commercial guarantees; an online behavioural experiment consisting of a choice and willingness-to-pay experiment as well as a comprehension test; a mystery shopping exercise replicating consumers’ experiences when it comes to seeking information regarding legal and commercial guarantees, and executing their rights; and a price collection exercise recording commercial guarantee prices for four different consumer good categories.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1. Introduction and background
1.1 Objectives and scope of the study
1.2 Main tasks and methodology used
1.2.1 Main task 1: Regulatory review and stakeholder consultation
1.2.2 Main task 2: Consumer survey
1.2.3 Main task 3: Price collection
1.2.4 Main task 4: Mystery shopping
1.2.5 Main task 5: Behavioural experiment
1.3 Terminology used in this study
2. The legal guarantees regulatory environment in the EU
2.1 The applicable EU legislation
2.2 Implementation of the Consumer Sales Directive in the EU28
2.3 Enforcement issues
3. Consumer information
3.1 Informing consumers about the free of charge, two-year legal guarantee
3.1.1 Information provided in online stores
3.1.2 Information displayed in-store with the product or provided spontaneously by a sales person
3.1.3 Informing consumers about the legal guarantee period
3.2 Information provided with commercial guarantees
3.2.1 Information displayed with the commercial guarantee
3.2.2 Information provided about terms and conditions of the commercial guarantee
3.2.3 Reminding consumers about the legal guarantee
3.2.4 Communicating price information to consumers
3.3 The importance of providing information to increase consumers’ trust in sellers and authorities
4. Consumer understanding and decision making
4.1 Understanding of the legal guarantee
4.2 Knowledge of legal guarantee provisions
4.2.1 Knowledge about the length of the legal guarantee period
4.2.2 Legal guarantee provisions
4.2.3 Knowledge about what is covered by the legal guarantee
4.2.4 Burden of proof
4.2.5 Freezing/reset of guarantee duration
4.2.6 Spare parts
4.2.7 Original packaging
5. Sellers’ and consumers’ awareness of legal and commercial guarantee provisions
5.1 Consumers’ views about information provided about legal and commercial guarantees
5.1.1 Consumers’ evaluation of information received about the legal guarantee
| 7.1.2 Extent to which consumers seek redress
7.1.3 Consumers’ experiences when seeking redress
7.1.4 Impact of problems when seeking redress on trust in sellers, public authorities and consumer organisations
7.1.5 Unfair commercial practices
7.1.6 Level of consumer detriment, as reported by consumers
7.2 Remedies
7.2.1 Sellers’ or manufacturers’ liability?
7.2.2 Consumers’ views on the hierarchy of remedies
7.2.3 Remedies offered when seeking redress
7.2.4 How do sellers communicate about the hierarchy of remedies?
7.2.5 Prior overview of costs linked to a repair
7.2.6 How long does it take to provide consumers with a remedy?
7.3 Redress
7.3.1 Do consumers abuse their legal and commercial guarantee rights?
7.3.2 Effectiveness of complaints handling by ADR/ODR
7.3.3 Consumers’ trust in public authorities and consumer organisations to protect their rights
8. Key conclusions and recommendations
8.1 Information provision and consumer understanding
8.1.1 Information provision about legal andcommercial guarantees
8.1.2 Consumer understanding
8.2 Consumer choice and comparison
8.2.1 The commercial guarantee market
8.2.2 Consumers’ understanding and choice of commercial guarantees
8.3 Consumer problems
8.3.1 Incidence of problems
8.3.2 Problem areas identified by the study with regards to sellers’ compliance
8.3.3 Effectiveness of complaint handling
8.3.4 Cross-border enforcement of consumer guarantees rights
| 5.1.2 Consumers’ evaluation of information received about commercial guarantees
5.1.3 Access to information about guarantees (actively searched by consumers)
5.2 Consumers’ awareness of the existence of a legal guarantee
5.3 Sellers’ awareness about the free-of-charge, two-year legal guarantee
5.4 Stakeholders’ opinions on consumers’ awareness and access to information
6. Consumers’ experience with commercial guarantees
6.1 The commercial guarantee market
6.1.1 Examination of commercial guarantees offered online
6.1.2 Examination of commercial guarantees offered in-store
6.1.3 Examination of commercial guarantees offered with cars
6.1.4 Buying products with a commercial guarantee
6.2 Consumers’ purchase behaviour for commercial guarantees
6.2.1 Details about the purchasing process
6.2.2 Comparing commercial guarantees before making a purchase
6.2.3 Reasons for buying a commercial guarantee
6.2.4 Reasons for not buying commercial guarantees
6.2.5 What could convince consumers to buy a commercial guarantee?
6.2.6 Consumers’ experience with withdrawal from a commercial guarantee bought online
6.3 Consumers’ choice and understanding of commercial guarantees
6.3.1 Proportion of respondents choosing the correct option
6.3.2 The impact of information, complexity and framing on commercial guarantee choice
6.3.3 Impact of motivations, comprehension and cognitive ability on performance in the choice experiment
6.4 Willingness to pay for commercial guarantees
6.4.1 Average willingness-to-pay
6.4.2 Impact of product price and duration of the commercial guarantee on willingness to pay
6.4.3 Impact of motivations on willingness to pay
6.4.4 Impact of awareness and knowledge of legal guarantees on willingness-to-pay
6.4.5 Impact of trust in sellers and institutions on willingness to pay (WTP)
7. Consumer experience: problems, remedies and redress
7.1 Problems
7.1.1 Proportion of consumers encountering problems
| Annex
ANNEX 1 MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE LEGAL GUARANTEES REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT IN THE EU
A1.1 Terminology around guarantees
A1.2 The applicable EU legislation
A1.3 State of play of the implementation of the legislation
ANNEX 2 THE LEGAL GUARANTEE FOR SECOND HAND GOODS
A2.1 Buying second hand goods
A2.2 Informing consumers about the legal guarantee for second hand goods and its length
ANNEX 3 VALUATION OF THE LEGAL AND COMMERCIAL GUARANTEE MARKET
A3.1 Valuation of the paid-for commercial guarantee market
A3.2 Valuation of the integral commercial guarantees market
A3.3 Valuation of the legal guarantee market
ANNEX 4 BEHAVIOURAL EXPERIMENT REGRESSION ANALYSIS
ANNEX 5 REFERENCES
ANNEX 6 METHODOLOGY
A6.1 Literature review and stakeholder consultation
A6.2 Price collection
A6.3 Consumer survey
A6.4 Mystery shopping exercise
A6.5 Behavioural experiment design
Author (Corp. Body): Ipsos London Economics Deloitte consortium
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-53734-9 | DS-02-15-930-EN-N | 978-92-79-53727-1 | DS-02-15-931-EN-N | 978-92-79-53762-2 | DS-01-15-922-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUguaranteecommerceinternetlegal claimconsumerconsumer protection
Subject: European Community law in generalConsumption. Consumer protection
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesAustria. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandIceland
NorwaySwedenEstoniaLatviaPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaCroatia
RomaniaSloveniaGreeceItalyMaltaPortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFranceUnited KingdomIrelandLuxembourgNetherlands
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Denmark: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Bühring, Tobias
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesDenmark
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on digitalisation of company law
Title (other): Study on digitalisation of company law : Member states report
Abstract
Company Law comprises the legislation that regulates all the procedures related to creation, registration, operation, governance and dissolution of companies. The purpose of EU rules in this area is to:Enable businesses to start a business within the EUProvide protection for shareholders and other parties involved in companies' operationsMake businesses more efficient and competitiveMake it possible for companies to do business in different EU Member States and to cooperate with companies in other EU countriesIn this field, the current study measures the state of affairs regarding the use of digital tools in company law, with the objective of measuring the benefits, constraints and challenges associated with such digitalisation.This study offers a detailed analysis of 14 Member States' (Belgium, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Spain, and United Kingdom) registration, filing, publication and dissolution procedures and some information (e.g. main authorities involved in company law procedures, recent developments on company registration) for all of the 28 Member States....[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
DOCUMENT META DATA
DOCUMENT HISTORY
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
GLOSSARY
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 CONTEXT
1.2 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.3 STRUCTURE OF THE DOCUMENT
2 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
3 MAIN FINDINGS
3.1 PROCEDURES OVERVIEW
3.2 REGISTRATION OF COMPANIES
3.3 FILING OF COMPANY INFORMATION
3.4 DISSOLUTION OF COMPANIES
3.5 PUBLICATION
3.6 COST ANALYSIS
4 SCENARIOS ANALYSIS
4.1 POLICY OPTIONS - POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR COMPANY LAW PROCEDURES
4.2 POLICY OPTIONS - POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR PUBLICATION OF COMPANY INFORMATION
5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
6 ANNEXES
ANNEX I – A – REGISTRATION PROCESS: HISTORIC DEVELOPMENTS
ANNEX I – B – REGISTRATION PROCESS: ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION
ANNEX I – C – PUBLICATION
MEMBER STATES REPORT
1 GLOSSARY
1.1 BELGIUM
1.2 CYPRUS
1.3 CZECH REPUBLIC
1.4 DENMARK
1.5 ESTONIA
1.6 FINLAND
1.7 FRANCE
1.8 GERMANY
1.9 GREECE
1.10 HUNGARY
1.11 POLAND
1.12 PORTUGAL
1.13 SPAIN
1.14 UNITED KINGDOM
Author: Alexandropoulou, Antigoni ; 132540851 | Senini, Enrica | Somers, Geert
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | everis group
Year: 2017
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: liquidationdigitalizationEUcorporate ruleslegislationbusiness managementflotationcorporation law
Subject: European Community law in generalCommercial law. Economic law
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandEstoniaPoland
Czech RepublicHungaryGreecePortugalSpainCyprusBelgiumFranceUnited Kingdom
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Impact of information on patients’ choice within the context of the Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and
of the Council on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare : Final Report
Abstract
The Executive Agency for Consumers, Health and Food (CHAFEA), acting on behalf of the European Commission (DG SANCO) commissioned Ipsos and London Economics to undertake a study into the impact of information on patients’ choice in the context of Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and the Council on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare.The study is divided into two phases: Phase I is based on a controlled online experiment and survey undertaken in eight Member States which investigated the impact of information on respondents’ choice to seek healthcare cross-border in the EU. Phase I also included a survey of payers. In Phase II a shortened version of the Phase I experiment was implemented along with a survey that asked respondents questions about their experience on the National Contact Point websites.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Glossary
Executive summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Objective
1.2 Phase I method
1.3 Survey of citizens and doctors
1.4 Payer survey
1.5 Literature review
1.6 Behavioural experiment
1.7 Design of choice experiment
1.8 Phase II method
2 Literature review Phase I
2.1 Overview of cross-border healthcare provision
2.2 Country-level evidence
3 Payer survey Phase I
3.1 Directive 2011/24/EU and cross-border patient care
3.2 The content of National Contact Point websites
4 Consumer and doctor survey Phase I
4.1 Previous experience of cross-border medical treatment
4.2 Destination of previous cross-border travel for medical treatment
4.3 Reasons for travelling cross-border for medical treatment
4.4 Potential reasons for travelling cross-border for medical treatment
4.5 Confidence in healthcare systems
4.6 Recommendations for cross-border travel
5 Drivers of cross-border patient choice Phase I
5.1 Price
5.2 Waiting time
5.3 Trust
5.4 Language
6 National Contact Point visitor questionnaire Phase II
6.1 Reasons for visiting the National Contact Points
6.2 How easy it was to find information on the NCP websites
6.3 How helpful the information was
7 Drivers of cross-border patient choice Phase II
7.1 The effect of price on choice of cross-border healthcare
7.2 The effect of waiting time on choice of cross-border healthcare
7.3 The effect of price and waiting time
7.4 Effect of complexity of information framing on choice
8 Conclusions and recommendations
References
Annex 1 Survey of citizens and doctors Phase I
Annex 2 NCP Visitor questionnaire Phase II
Annex 3 Invitation screens NCP visitor questionnaire Phase II
Annex 4 Regression results Phase I and II
Annex 5 Confidence in national healthcare systems Phase I
Tables, Figures and Boxes
Author (Corp. Body): London Economics | Ipsos
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency
Year: 2014
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUhealth policyhealth carecross border cooperationinformation processpatient law
Subject: Medical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmarkFinlandSwedenEstoniaPoland
Czech RepublicHungarySloveniaItalySpain
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Peer review on “Furthering quality and flexibility of Early Childhood Education and Care”
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Beschäftigung, Soziales und Integration
Year: 2019
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Teaching
Subject: Education and training
Countries Scheme: Denmark
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the documentQuelle / Source: Europäische Kommission
Title: The policy road to better and more affordable care for all children?
Title (other): Peer Review on "Furthering quality and flexibility of Early Childhood Education and Care" : Thematic Discussion Paper
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Beschäftigung, Soziales und Integration
Year: 2018
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Teaching
Subject: Education and training
Countries Scheme: Denmark
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the documentQuelle / Source: Europäische Kommission
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