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32 entries found on 2 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 20

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Title: Comparing economic dynamics in the EU and CEE accession countries
Abstract
This paper presents evidence for structural differences in economic growth dynamics between the current EU and the central- and eastern European accession countries. Two important results emerge from the analysis. First, accession countries have posted higher average growth and wider output fluctuations than the euro area and other EU countries. Second, a set of different methodologies suggests that business cycles of accession countries have been less synchronised with the euro area than those of the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark. It is less clear whether accession countries are also less synchronised than the euro area "peripherals" (Greece, Portugal and Ireland). Moreover, synchrony differed across countries. Some accession economies, particularly Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, showed a close alignment with euro area fluctuations. Others, in particular the Czech Republic and Slovakia, revealed remarkable asymmetries, which are a reminder that sizeable idiosyncratic shocks remain a risk. [Ralph Süppel]
Author: Süppel, Ralph
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 267
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU enlargementEU countriesOptimum currency areaEastern EuropeComparisonExchange rateEconomic Growth
Subject: European Community external relationsCurrency. Monetary policy
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Trade advantages and specialisation dynamics in acceding countries
Abstract
The paper analyses the evolution of the trade specialisation pattern in the ten countries which will join the EU in 2004, by studying the dynamics of their comparative advantages over the period 1993-2000. The study finds that, although some countries are still broadly relying on natural resources, most of them enjoy significant comparative advantages in many manufactured goods. Moreover, in spite of large technological gaps inherited from the long period of centrally planned economy, some were able to specialise in 'high tech' products. Finally, most countries recorded large specialisation improvements in items for which the world demand expanded at the fastest rate over the Nineties; in particular, Estonia, Hungary, Malta and Slovenia showed an overall positive comparative advantage in the set of the most demanded products. [Andrea Zaghini]
Author: Zaghini, Andrea
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 249
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU enlargementInternational division of labourComparative advantageMaltaNortheast EuropeEastern EuropeCyprus
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Unemployment, hysteresis and transition
Abstract
We quantify the degree of persistence in unemployment rates of transition countries using a variety of methods benchmarked against the EU. In part of the paper, we work with the concept of linear 'Hysteresis' as described by the presence of unit roots in unemployment. Since this is potentially a narrow definition, we also take into account the existence of structural breaks and non-linear dynamics in unemployment. Finally, we examine whether CEECs' unemployment presents features of multiple equilibria: if it remains locked into a new level whenever a structural change occurs. Our findings show that, in general, we can reject the unit root hypothesis after controlling for structural changes and business cycle effects, but we can observe the presence of a high and low unemployment equilibria. The speed of adjustment is faster for CEECs than the EU, although CEECs tend to move more frequently between equilibria. [Miguel León-Ledesma and Peter McAdam]
Author: León-Ledesma, Miguel | McAdam, Peter
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 234
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: UnemploymentEU countriesHysteresisMarkov processEastern EuropeComparisonTime series analysis
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
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Title: The Black Sea
Title (other): an oxygen-poor sea
Abstract
Nearly 87 % of the Black Sea is entirely anoxic (without oxygen) and contains high levels of hydrogen sulphide. This is the result of past geological events, its shape and its specific water balance (high degree of isolation from the world ocean, deep water depression with a maximum depth of 2 212 metres (m) in the centre of the sea, the extensive drainage basin and the large number of incoming rivers). x01x02 Deep pelagic and benthic organisms are largely absent. x01x02 The wide diversity of biotopes provides favourable conditions for invasion of alien species to the Black Sea. x01x02 The composition and structure of the marine communities is constantly changing with the decline of certain species and the expansion of others. x01x02 Generally, in undisturbed natural conditions species diversity in Black Sea fauna is approximately three times less than that in the Mediterranean. x01x02 Increasing salinity due to inappropriate water management and regulation, and pollution of brackish coastal lakes and estuaries represents a threat to relics and endemic species, especially in the Sea of Azov. x01x02 As a result of eutrophication, primary production has increased and the number of species has declined. These changes, as well as inappropriate fishing practices, have affected the fish stocks. A change towards small pelagic fish, i.e. anchovy and sprat, has been observed. x01x02 Deterioration of some marine habitats and a lack of laws and technology for regulating the introduction of alien species, for example via ballast waters, have allowed the invasion of such species. These have produced mass populations, which have changed the equilibrium of the native marine ecosystems. Growing concern for the fate of the Azov-Black Sea basin is stimulating a search for efficient countermeasures to combat unwanted alien settlers, since they are now the dominant species across the food web. x01x02 Overexploitation of fish stocks in combination with the invasion of the comb jellyfish Mnemiopsis leidyi has caused the collapse of
Series Title: Seas around Europe | Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environment
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Europäische Umweltagentur ; 2151637-6
Title: The Caspian Sea
Title (other): enclosed and with many endemic species
Abstract
The Caspian is the largest enclosed sea in the world. It is brackish, with salinity up to 13.7 u0089. Significant changes in water levels occur. These, combined with the presence of large shallow areas, constitute a potential threat to biodiversity and especially to the many endemic species. The Caspian is rich in oil and gas. Increasing exploitation of these might pose a serious threat to biodiversity. The biological diversity of the Caspian Sea and its coastal zone makes the region one of the most valuable ecosystems in the world. The rate of biological endemism in the Caspian Sea is extremely high and it has a large number of representatives from almost all major phyla on earth. The Caspian, with its diversified habitats ranging from vast river systems to extensive wetland systems, supports a diverse flora and fauna with high natural productivity. The most important fauna of the Caspian Sea is the sturgeon, which constitute 85 % of the standing stock of the world's sturgeon population. The Caspian Sea lies on the crossing of migration routes of millions of migrating birds and offers refuge for a number of rare and endangered birds of the world ornithofauna. There is an urgent need to undertake an ecological survey of the coastal and marine species and habitats, their uses, values and threats, for each of the five Caspian states, which will result in an inventory of Caspian ecological resources. Strategies for the management of transboundary biodiversity, including threatened or endangered migratory species need to be developed. The major threats to the biodiversity of the Caspian Sea are: Regulation of the Caspian rivers, causing reduction in the area of delta vegetation, loss of reeds, cattail and bushes. Loss of vegetation resulting in loss of aquatic and coastal fauna. Many anadromous and semi-migratory species have been deprived of their natural spawning grounds. Illegal fishing and overfishing, dramatically reducing the sturgeon population. Sea-level changes, causing loss of habitats such as spawning gr
Author: Mamaev, Vladimir
Series Title: Seas around Europe | Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: EU Extension to the East and Exporting Jobs
Title (other): Tax harmonization may hurt more and benefit less
Abstract
This paper deals with the discussion in Germany about job exports to the low-cost Eastern European members of the EU. It states that the critics of EU enlargement in Germany have overlooked that Eastern and Western Europe strongly differ in their capital formation and productivity levels. The result is a slight re-orientation of German capital exports towards the new member states. The paper argues that this should be accepted, not prevented by means of tax harmonisation, which would reduce growth rates in the new member states. This, in turn, would simply increase the cost of EU enlargement to the West in the form of higher transfers. The paper concludes that tax harmonisation in the Union could hardly cure Germany's problems of sluggish growth and a high unemployment rate. Instead of calling for a reversal of growth-friendly policies in the East, it would be better to examine where Germany's net contribution to the EU budget could be reduced. The greatest potential to cut spending lies in the area of the Common Agricultural Policy. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Hishow, Ognian N.
Series Title: SWP Comments ; 8
Publisher: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | German Institute for International and Security Affairs
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionfreedom of movementmigrationEastern Europetaxation policy
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community budget and financial managementEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (http://www.swp-berlin.org/)
Title: The 2004 EU Enlargement: Key Economic Issues
Abstract
The 2004 EU enlargement will most likely yield major benefits to the new member countries in the long run. The new members will be able to capture gains from trade in goods and services and will moreover benefit from a continued inflow of financial and real capital. Without doubt, these processes will significantly accelerate the economic growth in east Europe. However, even under optimistic assumptions, catching-up with the EU-15 countries will be a time-consuming process that will take several decades in most cases. The entering countries currently have fairly fragile macroeconomic situations. Sustainability of public finances can become a major policy concern for several of the new member countries. Significant transfers from the EU notwithstanding, the new members will face pressures on public spending after enlargement. The countries will have to co-finance EU-funded projects, and implementation of EU regulations will entail fiscal costs. In total, the fiscal effects are not straightforward and there can be small gains or losses for the different new members. EU membership and fully open borders will gradually lead to changes in industrial structure as well. Significant amounts of fairly low-skill manufacturing industry and services may gradually shift from EU-15 to new member countries. Agricultural productivity is evidently quite low in the new Member States with significant potential for improvement. This can lead to increased agricultural and food production in some of these countries, though food safety and CAP regulations imply limitations in this respect. The future of international WTO negotiations will also play an important role for the development of agriculture and the food processing industry in the new member countries. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Series Title: EEAG Report
Author (Corp. Body): European Economic Advisory Group
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionfinanceindustrial sectorEastern Europeeconomic growth
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEconomic and growth policiesIndustrial financing. Industrial managementMoney. Financing
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Economic Advisory Group (http://www.cesifo-group.de/)
Title: Excise duty tables : special version I with information from the candidate countries to the European Union ;
incorporates all amendments received up to 18 July 2003
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Steuern und Zollunion | European Commission / Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Statistiken
Keyword: Consumption tax
Subject: Taxation. Fiscal policy
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Governance, Finance and Capacity : a review of waste management practices in the 12 EU Accession Candidates
Abstract
The report concentrates on two major challenges facing municipalities in the central and eastern European countries: how to meet the strict requirements of EU accession, and how to deal with the rising waste burden.The report was prepared within the framework of the European Commission LOGON II project. In the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the field of waste management in the existing 15 EU member states. Today, policy innovations, coupled with new and improved technologies provide a better spread of options to decision makers. Networks of best practice and organisations with mandates to build capacity at the local level support the development of integrated waste management strategies throughout the EU. Unfortunately, many of these advances have not yet taken root in the 12 EU acession candidate countries. The information presented in this report provides a mixed view of waste management in the EU accession candidates. There are great differences between and often even within candidate countries. There are some recurring deficiencies that are common to all 12 countries to one extent or another. The most striking problem is the failure to communicate. Local authorities rarely communicate with each other, have poor internal co-ordination between municipal departments, and have insufficient systems of consultation with local stakeholder groups. These problems, if left unchecked, will seriously undermine the efforts to implement and enforce environmental legislation. Efficient waste management comes at a cost and this cost is presently too large for most municipalities in the central and eastern European countries. The provisions contained within waste legislation (especially those relating to taxes and charges) do not adequately cover the cost of providing quality waste management. Moreover, despite the influx of foreign aid and investment, most notably from the European Union, the bulk of this money remains tied up at the central level. The result is that too little money filters down
Author: Cameron, Edward
Contributer: Österreichischer Städtebund | CEEC LOGON Project
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: waste managementEU expansionmunicipal budgetEast Central Europe
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaPollutionWaste management
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document
Title: What makes regions in Eastern Europe catching up?
Title (other): The role of foreign investment, human resources and geography
Abstract
This paper analyses regional growth in eastern Europe in the second half of the 1990s, when regional disparities sharply increased. It aims to identify the factors behind growth and to investigate in particular the role of (foreign) investment, education and innovation as well as geographical factors in a model of economic growth. The key relationships are estimated with spatial econometric tools on empirical data for the period 1995-2000. The paper concludes that it was foreign direct investment and not capital accumulation as such, which was the main driving factor behind regional growth in eastern Europe. Second, there are clear agglomeration advantages and better resources (human capital, research, FDI) in capital areas, which make those regions growth leaders. In addition, EU border regions, where a large share of FDI is registered and intensive cross border relations have established, generally could enjoy higher growth. The location advantage of proximity to EU markets benefits these regions and puts others at a disadvantage. Third, one can observe regional clustering of growth: regions surrounded by high growth areas showed a high growth performance. Evidently, own innovation activity played an insignificant role for regional growth. By contrast technology transfer was the main source of productivity growth in Eastern European regions. Testing the technology gap model with human capital as a conditioning factor, the paper finds that this was a likely way of technology transfer. Above all, however, FDI has to be considered as a main channel of technology spillovers, the more so, if combined with human capital of higher level education. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Tondl, Gabriele | Vuksic, Goran
Series Title: ZEI Working Paper; B03-12
Publisher: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: foreign investmentEU expansioneconometricsEastern Europeregional policy
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBDevelopment plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (http://www.zei.de/)
Title: South-East Europe: Economic Performance, Perspectives and Policy Challenges
Abstract
The study presents an overview of the economic and social developments in the region in recent years. It focuses on a comparative perspective, using Greece as a benchmark for the region. Section II focuses on the basic economic and social facts and trends. Section III examines the quality of institutions in south-eastern European countries. Section IV looks at recent macro-economic developments. Section V discusses recent trade and foreign direct investment patterns and performance. The analysis identifies the following four main areas where policies should be pushed further to promote competitiveness, economic growth and stability in Southeast Europe: openness to trade and foreign direct investment; regional co-operation; strengthening governance; EU leadership. As in the case of the current EU accession countries, the prospect of future EU membership can play a decisive role in overcoming internal resistance to reform and facilitating institutional improvements. The EU should realise its responsibility for providing such a perspective and exerting leadership in the region, which otherwise could remain a weak and unstable part of Europe for too long. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Traistaru, Iulia | Hagen, Jürgen von
Series Title: ZEI Working Paper; B03-16
Publisher: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionsocial changeSoutheastern Europeeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community institutionsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General ResourcesSouthern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (http://www.zei.de/)
Title: Measuring the effective levels of company taxation in the new member states : a quantitative analysis
Author: Finkenzeller, Martin | Spengel, Christoph
Series Title:European Commission / Directorate-General forTaxation and Customs Union - Taxation papers ; 7/2004
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: DOC TAXUD/2004/4303 - EN | 92-894-79610-4 | 1725-7557
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Tax PolicyTax lawTax system
Subject: Taxation. Fiscal policy
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Gründung von Partnerschaften im Hinblick auf den Beitritt : Multilingual abridged edition
Title (other): Creating partnerships for Pre-Accession | Création de partenariats en vue de la Préadhision (fr)
Abstract
Hintergrund des Workshops war die geplante Erweiterung der Europäischen Union um 10 mittel- und osteuropäische Länder. Diese Länder müssen sich mit wichtigen Fragen bezüglich der Landwirtschaft und der ländlichen Entwicklung befassen. [...] Dementsprechend wurde im Juni 1999 ein Workshop mit dem Titel "Gründung von Partnerschaften im Hinblick auf den Beitritt" veranstaltet. Sein Ziel war es, die ländliche Entwicklung in den Vorbeitritts-Ländern durch die Förderung einer aktiven Partnerschaft und einen Erfahrungs- und Wissensaustausch unter den vielen beteiligten Akteuren zu unterstützen. [Europäisches Parlament]
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; AGRI 132/AM
Author (Corp. Body): HushållningsSällskapens Förbund, Stockholm
Publisher: Europäisches Parlament / Generaldirektion Wissenschaft
Year: 1999
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 168.643/AM
Language: de
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU enlargementrural developmenteastwards expansion
Subject: International relationsAgricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General ResourcesEastern Central Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies
Abstract
The School of Slavonic and East European Studies is one of the world's leading specialist institutions, and the largest national centre in the UK, for the study of Central, Eastern and South-East Europe and Russia; it possesses one of the most important research libraries in its field. [Author vide copyright]
Series Title: School of Slavonic and East European Studies
Author (Corp. Body): University College / School of Slavonic and East European Studies
Year: unknown
Language: en
Ressource: Hochschulen und ihre Abteilungen
Keyword: SociologyContemporary historycultureeconomyEast Central EuropeSoutheastern Europe
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEconomic policy. Planning. Social policy. Social problemsCulture. Society
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General ResourcesEastern Central Europe. General ResourcesSOUTHERN EUROPE
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: School of Slavonic and East European Studies (http://www.ssees.ac.uk/)
Title: Innovation policy in six candidate countries
Title (other): the challenges Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia | final report
Author (Corp. Body): Aide à la Décision Economique
Publisher: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: INNO-99-02
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Innovation policy
Subject: Economic conditions. Economic structureIndustrial research
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Innovation capabilities of the six EU candidate countries
Title (other): comparative data based analysis | final version
Author: Mickiewicz, Tomasz | Radosevic, Slavo
Publisher: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: INNO-99-02
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Innovation policy
Subject: Economic conditions. Economic structureIndustrial research
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: KMU in Europa - inklusive einer ersten Betrachtung der Beitrittsländer
Title (other): SMEs in Europe, including a first glance at EU candidate countries | Les PME en Europe, avec un premier regard sur les
pays candidats
Series Title: Beobachtungsnetz der europäischen KMU ; 2002,2 | Observatory of European SMEs ; 2002.2 | Observatoire des PME europ´eennes ; 2002,2
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen
Contributer: EIM, Economisch Instituut voor het Midden en Kleinbedrijf | KPMG Special Services
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-3556-9 | 92-894-3557-7 | 92-894-3558-5
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Small and medium-sized enterprisesEnterpriseCorporate policy
Subject: Economic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: An evaluation of Phare-financed programmes in support of SMEs : Final synthesis report
Author: Monck, Charles | Bateman, Milford | Kudela, Jean-Jacques
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU enlargementEU countriesSmall and medium-sized enterprisesEastern Europe
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBMedium and small industries
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: An evaluation of Phare-financed telecommunications and posts programmes
Title (other): Final report, April 2000
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe | WIK Consult GmbH | Prognos GmbH
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU enlargementEU countriesPostal and Telecommunications Services
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBAudiovisual industry. Post and telecommunications
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General ResourcesSlovenia
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Title: Mid term evaluation of Tacis-LIEN-Programme
Title (other): Report, May 2000
Author (Corp. Body): ITAD | Information, Training and Agricultural Development | WIST | Women in Societes in Transition
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU countriesEconomic assistancetechnical assistance
Subject: Economic aid and technical assistance
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Europe. General ResourcesCentral Asia. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu/)
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