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Title: Consumer inflation expectations in Poland
Abstract
Inflation expectations constitute a subject of particular contemporary interest to central banks, especially those pursuing a monetary policy based on a strategy of direct inflation targeting. Macroeconomic theory indicates that the transmission of monetary policy impulses and their impact on the real and nominal sectors of the economy bear a close relationship to properties of inflation expectations. Qualitative data on inflation expectations, as obtained from surveys, can be quantified with the use of probability or regression methods. This paper presents the results of two versions of the probability method, implemented in order to estimate numerical measures of Polish consumer inflation expectations, based on the monthly Ipsos-Demoskop survey. In addition, the unbiasedness and macroeconomic efficiency of Polish consumer inflation expectations are tested, as are the way in which these are formed. The pattern of responses to the survey question and quantified measures of Polish consumer inflation expectations are also compared with the respective findings for the euro area. [Tomasz £yziak]
Author: £yziak, Tomasz
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 287
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Monetary PolicyInflation expectationsPolandConsumersCentral Bankmonetary policyinflationPoland
consumercentral bank
Subject: Economic conditionsCurrency. Monetary policy
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Migration trends in selected applicant countries : Volume III Poland
Title (other): Dilemmas of a sending and receiving country
Abstract
Emigration, both politically and economically determined, has always been a phenomenon firmly present in the history as well as in the consciousness of the Poles. Throughout Polish history migration flows were initiated either by political factors (dissidents fleeing political repressions at the hands of the occupants or the communist regime) or economic ones (peasants of the overpopulated countryside leaving 'in search of bread'). The result of more than 100 years of intensive emigration was the development of a Polish diaspora spread throughout the world (Walaszek 2001); the building-up of migration networks facilitating foreign migration and the generation from international migration of an easily available means of accumulating capital and resolving short-term economic difficulties.Notwithstanding the scale and significance assumed by migration, accessible statistical data do not allow for an accurate estimation of the flows to and from Poland. Measurement of foreign migration is based first and foremost on registration and deregistration, rather than on people's real movements. Data from various sources are not compatible, and frequently even conflict with one another (Sakson 2002). This in part due to methodological limitations (with information on migration being collected ex ante, which is to say that a person who intends to emigrate declares both that intention and the planned length of stay), but also to some extent reflects economic considerations (other forms of measurement like the British International Passenger Survey are very costly), as well as civilisational changes shaping new forms of international mobility (i.e. circular or irregular migration), that fall outside the definitions and methods of measurement employed hitherto. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Korys, Izabela
Publisher: International Organization for Migration
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9068-183-7
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: immigrationEUeastwards expansionPoland
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEmployment and unemploymentAspects of migration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesPoland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: International Organization for Migration (http://www.iom.int/)
Title: Structures of Education, Vocational Training and Adult Education Systems in Europe : Poland ; 2003
Abstract
Structures of education, vocational training and adult education systems in Europe For anyone trying to understand the general organisation of education systems in Europe, these monographs set out in some 40 pages for each country, full basic and regularly updated information on its own particular system. Devised in accordance with a common framework, they provide conveniently for inter-country comparison. The monographs describe the various levels of education from pre-primary to higher education, and initial vocational training whether provided exclusively in a school or other educational institution, or in the form of alternated work and training. Each level of education has its own concise description concerned primarily with its admissions procedures, duration, curriculum, methods of assessment and teacher training. These monographs have been produced by EURYDICE in close collaboration with the members of the CEDEFOP REFER Network and the national observatories of the European Training Foundation. [Author vide copyright] | Structures des systèmes d'enseignement, de la formation professionnelle et de l'éducation des adultes en Europe Pour qui cherche à connaître l'organisation générale des systèmes éducatifs en Europe, ces monographies proposent en une quarantaine de pages par pays une information de base, complète et régulièrement mise à jour. Conçues sur base d'un plan harmonisé, elles se prêtent aisément à une comparaison entre pays. La description porte sur les différents niveaux d'enseignement, du pré-primaire au supérieur, ainsi que sur l'éducation des adultes et la formation professionnelle initiale organisée soit entièrement en milieu scolaire, soit en alternance. Pour chaque niveau, on y trouve des informations succinctes essentiellement sur l'accès, la durée, le curriculum, les modes d'évaluation et la formation des enseignants. Ces monographies ont été produites par EURYDICE en collaboration avec les membres du réseau REFER du CEDEFOP et des Observatoires nationaux de la Fondation européenne pour la formation. | Strukturen der allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung und der Erwachsenenbildung in Europa Wer die allgemeine Organisation der Bildungssysteme in Europa kennen lernen möchte, findet die entsprechende Basisinformation in den ca. 40-Seiten umfassenden Länderberichten. Diese Monografien werden regelmässig überarbeitet und auf den neuesten Stand gebracht. Aufgrund ihrer einheitlichen Struktur, erleichtern sie Vergleiche zwischen den einzelnen Staaten. Behandelt werden die verschiedenen Bildungssysteme, vom Vorschul- bis zum Hochschulbereich, die Erwachsenenbildung sowie die berufliche Bildung im Schulwesen als auch im dualen System. Für jedes Niveau findet man kurz gefasste Informationen, insbesondere über Zugangsvoraussetzungen, Ausbildungsdauer, Lehrpläne, Evaluationsansätze und Ausbildung der Lehrer. Diese Monografien wurden von Eurydice in Zusammenarbeit mit dem ReferNet von CEDEFOP und den nationalen Beobachtungsstellen der europäischen Stiftung für Berufsausbildung erstellt. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
1. RESPONSIBILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION
1.1 Background
1.2 Basic principles - education
1.3 Distribution of responsibilities for the organisation and administration of the education and training system
1.4 Inspection, supervision and guidance
1.5 Financing
1.6 Advisory and consultative bodies
1.7 Private schools
2. PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION
2.1 Organisation
2.2 Curriculum/assessment
2.3 Teachers
2.4 Statistics
3. COMPULSORY EDUCATION
3.A. Primary education
3.A.1 Organisation of the school
3.A.2 Curriculum
3.A.3 Assessment/certification/guidance
3.A.4 Teachers
3.B. Compulsory secondary education (Gimnazjum)
3.B.1 Organisation of the school
3.B.2 Curriculum
3.B.3 Assessment/certification/guidance
3.B.4 Teachers
3.B.5 Statistics (3A and 3B)
4. POST-COMPULSORY EDUCATION
4.A. General secondary education
4.A.1 Organisation of the school
4.A.2 Curriculum
4.A.3 Assessment/certification/guidance
4.A.4 Teachers
4B Vocational secondary schools
4.B.1 Organisation
4.B.2 Curriculum
4.B.3 Assessment/certification/guidance
4.B.4 Statistics (4A and 4B)
4.C. Post-secondary vocational education
4.C.1 Curriculum
4.C.2 Assessment/qualifications/ guidance
4.C.3 Teachers
5. INITIAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN ALTERNANCE
5.1 Organisation
5.2 Vocational/initial training establishments
5.3 Access requirements
5.4 Financing
5.5 Assessment/qualifications
5.6 Teachers/ trainers
5.7 Statistics
6. TERTIARY EDUCATION
6.1 Admission
6.2 Fees
6.3 Academic year
6.4 Courses
6.5 Assessment/qualifications
6.6 Teachers
6.7 Quality assurance
6.8. Statistics
7. CONTINUING EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR ADULTS
7.1 Specific legislative framework
7.2 Administration and management
7.3 Funding
7.4 Human resources
Author (Corp. Body): Education Information Network in the EuropeanUnion | Eurydice
Publisher: Education Information Network in the EuropeanUnion | Eurydice
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: vocational educationadult educationPolandschool level of education
Subject: Educational systems in generalAdult education. Education of foreignersVocational education and training
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Eurydice (http://www.eurydice.org/)
Title: Third cohesion report of the European commission - conclusions for Poland
Author: Grzegroz Grosse, Tomasz | Olbrycht, Jan
Series Title: Analyses & Opinions ; 23 | Analizy i Opinie ; 23
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionPolandregional policy
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: Die Unterstützung der Roma-Gemeinschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa durch die EU
Title (other): European Union support for Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe | Soutien de l'UE aux communautés roms
d'Europe centrale et orientale
Table of Contents
1. Roma-Gemeinschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa
2. Vorbereitung des Beitritts zur Europäischen Union
3. Unterstützung der Roma
4. Weitere Informationen
5. Anhänge
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2003
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionhuman rightsEast Central Europe
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaRaces and ethnic groups
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEastern Central Europe. General ResourcesPolandSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicBulgaria
RomaniaSlovenia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Institutional change and economic performance in transition economies: the case of Poland
Abstract
Central and East European countries (CEEC) differ significantly with regards to their economic performance despite the fact that external policy prescriptions are very similar in all these countries. Extreme diversity and fragility in the performance of the main economic variables such as GDP growth, unemployment rates, public debt, trade balance and inflation are evident. Moreover, there seems to be no significant convergence on GDP level of the European Union but a considerable divergence among the CEECs and their regions can be observed. This paper argues that the fragility of economic performance is due to a certain level of institutional instability and a lack of consolidating the new institutional arrangements. The behaviour of economic agents is affected not only by formal institutions such as law, new constitutions and organisations, but also by social norms, old values and habits. There has been little consistency between formal and informal institutions since the new institutions were built on the dichotomy between old rules and new formal rules. The inconsistency between both seems to affect economic growth. The paper focuses primarily on Poland as a case study. In Poland, the accession towards the EU and the strong increase in foreign direct investments (FDI) has had a significant impact on growth and trade as well on the institutions of the Polish economy. The paper points out that the Polish economy is affected adversely by such factors as inconsistency between informal rules and new institutional settlement, fragility in the attitudes and behaviour of enterprises and problems of trust between economic agents. The paper consists of two main sections. The first section introduces some basic definitions and a brief overview of the relevant literature. The second section presents a model which shows the dynamic evolution of institutions. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Tridico, Pasquale
Series Title: SEI working paper; 74
Publisher: Sussex European Institute
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninstitutional changeinstitutional economicseconomic changePoland
Subject: European Community budget and financial managementEconomic policy and planningEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Sussex European Institute (http://www.sussex.ac.uk/sei/)
Title: Nice or bust : The Polish position after the Brussels Summit
Abstract
The paper states that Poland appears determined to maintain its uncompromising position following the failure of the Brussels Summit to reach agreement on the draft constitution. Both the government and opposition are declaring that no compromise is possible other than to wait until at least 2009 before deciding whether to change the Nice voting system. Fears still linger in Poland of a dominant Germany in Europe. And Poland's Government is afraid of the political effects of claims German citizens might make on Poland for property lost since 1939 once the country joins the EU. But in fact, Poland appears to be fighting to retain the ability to block EU decisions - which the Nice formula enables - in order to be able to reverse the stringent financial terms it was handed at the Copenhagen Summit. This combination of a united political class backed by the population and opinion-makers makes it difficult to see what kind of compromise on the constitution can be worked out in the coming months. It appears that Poland is boxing itself into a British position in terms of public opinion: opinion polls show that Polish support for pro-European policies is falling. Last July, 57% per cent of Poles thought that EU membership was a good thing, but that figure slipped to 40% in November 2003. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Bobinski, Krzysztof
Publisher: Unia & Polska Foundation, Warsaw
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionpublic opinionPoland
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaPolitical aspects. Doctrines
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Unia & Polska Foundation, Warsaw (http://www.epin.org/)
Title: Preparing for the absorption of the Structural Funds in Poland
Title (other): Critical overview and recommendations
Abstract
The paper calls for an immediate start on the Polish national development plan for the period beyond 2006. The plan must be fundamentally different from the current National development plan for 2004-2006. First of all, it must cover a longer time span and focus on domestic development objectives and circumstances. While it should take into account the evolving EU cohesion policy, it must nevertheless stem from consideration given to Poland's strategic interests. It should give much more priority to economic development and entrepreneurship. It should be based on a domestic structural economic transformation strategy as well as a domestic regional development policy. The intellectual approach to the issue of the EU funds must change. The experience of EU member states shows that it is not as important what percentage of the funds is spent - which is what the Polish government is focusing on - as whether they are spent sensibly. This should be the focus of planners and decision-makers. The system of managing programmes financed under the Structural Funds after 2006 should be decentralised and simplified. 16 and not just one regional development operating programme should be established and provincial authorities should be granted wider executive powers. The organising and legislative work should be intensified in the run-up to May 2004, i.e. the day of Poland's accession to EU membership, so as to best use the EU funds granted for 2004-2006. Changes are particularly needed in the system of public finances, IT and financial spending control systems and administration training. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Grzegorz Grosse, Tomasz | Olbrycht, Jan
Series Title: Institute of Public Affairs / Analyses & Opinions; 7
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionEuropean Structural Fundnational developmentPolandeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: Costs and Benefits of Poland's Membership in the European Union
Abstract
The paper analyses the costs and benefits of Poland's membership in the European Union. It also analyses an alternative scenario, which assumes that Poland fails to join the European Union. The report presents two scenarios of the consequences (costs and benefits) of membership, taking into account the final results of accession negotiations. The consequences of Poland's integration with the European Union are analysed with respect to the three current pillars of EU policies. The analysis of the first pillar covers the most important Community policies. The benefits and costs of integration are thoroughly analysed in the areas of agriculture, social policy, environmental protection policy, research and development policy, trade policy, competition policy, transport policy, education and human resources. The paper also focuses on the other two pillars - the Common Foreign and Security Policy (including the creation of the framework for the European Security and Defence Policy) and internal security, co-operation in the area of the judiciary, the police and the customs. Here, the most important thing is the attempt to answer the question of what the political and institutional benefits of EU membership would be for Poland. The last section of the publication deals with social communication. It analyses the social consequences of membership of the EU and the public perceptions of these consequences. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Centrum Europejskie Natolin < Warsaw>
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 83-910358-8-3
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionCFSPintegrationPolandeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community institutions and organsEuropean Community external relationsEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centrum Europejskie Natolin < Warsaw> (http://www.natolin.edu.pl/)
Title: Elections to the European Parliament 2004:
Title (other): Voter attendance and significance to the Polish electorate and political landscape
Abstract
Polish politicians are increasingly often referring to the prospect of next year's elections to the European Parliament. Voters, however, are still unaware of the fact that these elections are to take place. Only 27% of Poles know that they will be choosing their representatives to the European Parliament in general elections. The European Parliament plays only a minor role in the present institutional makeup of the European Union. Elections to the European Parliament do not entail any obvious political consequences. As a result, the significance of these elections to Western European politicians and voters is only secondary to national parliamentary elections. As a rule, they only play the role of a 'barometer' of the national political landscape, providing information on voter preferences that may later be used in national elections. Therefore, low voter turnout can be primarily attributed to the absence of political consequences of European elections, rather than to the rejection of the European integration ideal. Studies conducted with reference to current EU member states suggest that the following factors promote higher voter turnout in elections to the European Parliament: compulsory voting, concurrent national parliamentary elections, perceived weakness of domestic institutions and overall support for the country's membership of the EU. In Poland, owing to a very low assessment of domestic institutions and hopes placed in democratic institutions of the EU, as well as the fact that elections to the European Parliament will be an interesting novelty to Polish voters, one may expect a relatively high turnout. If European and national parliamentary elections are held at the same time, then even the opposite of the situation in Western Europe may occur: elections to the European Parliament might 'prop up' voter turnout at national parliamentary elections. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Falkowski, Mateusz
Series Title: Analyses & Opinions; 11
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionelection to the European ParliamentPolandvoting pattern
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community institutionsElections. Electoral law
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: Real-time systems
Title (other): Reflections on Higher Education in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia
Abstract
The book examines how four systems of higher education in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia moved from one very specific vision of society to another. It considers this a rare example of social mobilisation on a scale unprecedented in the recent history of the four countries involved. The book is an outcome of a dialogue, conducted in a series of workshops, organised by the Dutch Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. Thus began what turned out to be an intense multi-level dialogue between the four countries themselves on the higher education challenges they face, between participants based in institutions and those working in ministries, and between the four countries and western European higher education policy researchers. In the first phase of the project (1999-2000) a series of five workshops were held for a core group of some twenty representatives from the four countries. Participants were drawn from people working at senior management levels within universities, and senior representatives of the Ministry of Education and national co-coordinating bodies for higher education. In the second phase of the project (2001-2002) two further policy workshops were organised as well as national workshops in each of the four countries designed to take the discussions deeper into each system. The book attempts to capture some of the insights that have emerged from this dialogue with the view to contributing to the ongoing policy development and reform process in the four countries. The authors also believe that these insights will be of interest more widely in the region, and particularly to the other six acceding countries in central and eastern Europe. The Center for Higher Education Policy Studies has arranged three workshops for this wider group of 10 countries over the past two years, and hopes that this book will provide further impetus for the broadening and deepening of this dialogue in the crucial years ahead. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: File, Jon | Goedegebuure, Leo
Publisher: Centrum voor Studies van het Hoger Onderwijsbeleid | Vysoké Ucení Technické
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 80-214-2384-6
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: vocational training systemEU expansionuniversity level of education
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaLevels of educationUniversities. Higher education institutions
Countries Scheme: PolandCzech RepublicHungarySlovenia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: CHEPS (http://www.utwente.nl/cheps/)
Title: A United Front: European Union Enlargement, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Polish Agriculture
Abstract
The EU has a long history of successful enlargements. In 1957, six founding members -Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands - signed the Treaty of Rome. Since then, four enlargement waves have followed. However, the enlargement facing the EU today is without precedent in terms of scope and diversity. In particular, the EU has never before faced the proposition of a Polish candidacy and its agricultural sector. For their part, Poland and other candidate countries still have work to do in preparing for accession. Further, reform and modernisation of the Polish agricultural sector are necessary. Political management will be required from both Brussels and Warsaw. The paper provides a detailed background of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) as well as an overview of Polish agriculture and forecasts potential assimilation problems and their solutions. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Kryn, Jeremy
Publisher: Center for International Private Enterprise
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: agricultural policyEU expansionPoland
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaAgricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Center for International Private Enterprise (http://www.cipe.org)
Title: Center for International Relations
Title (other): Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych
Abstract
CIR is an independent, non-governmental, 12-year old think-tank, dedicated to the study of international relations and those foreign policy issues, which are of crucial importance to Poland, Europe and transatlantic relations in both the long and the short-term. CIR carries out its own research projects, prepares reports and analyses and participates in international projects in cooperation with similar institutions in several countries. CIR has also founded the Foreign Policy Club - an influential forum for foreign policy analysis and debate, involving hundreds of leading politicians, diplomats, civil servants, local government officials, academics, students, journalists and representatives of other NGOs. [gemäß den Informationen des Anbieters]
Series Title: Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych
Author (Corp. Body): Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych
Year: unknown
Language: en | pol
Ressource: Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NGO)
Keyword: foreign policyinternational politicsPoland
Subject: European Community external relationsPolitics
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesPoland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych (http://www.csm.org.pl/)
Title: Employment developments in childcare services for school-age children: Poland
Abstract
The Foundation is working on sustainable childcare services currently available for school-age children in the 25 Member States of the European Union (EU25). The study aims to support the debate on modernisation of care systems in Europe, to review existing information on childcare services and pinpoint gaps in the level of service in the enlarged EU, and to identify measures at national, regional and local levels to create sustainable childcare services for school-age children. This report, on Poland, is one of six in-depth country studies that have been conducted in order to complement the more general review of childcare systems in the EU25. [Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour force participationChild careserviceservice jobschoolchild
Subject: Social policySocial services. Social workLabour market
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen(http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Republic of Poland Convergence Programme
Title (other): 2005 update
Author (Corp. Body): Polska
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Parlamentaria und Reden
Keyword: Fiscal PolicyEconomic policy
Subject: Economic policy and planning
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Republic of Poland Convergence Programme
Title (other): 2004 update
Author (Corp. Body): Polska
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Parlamentaria und Reden
Keyword: Fiscal PolicyEconomic policy
Subject: Economic policy and planning
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Republic of Poland Convergence Programme
Title (other): approved by the Council of Ministers on April 30, 2004
Author (Corp. Body): Polska
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Parlamentaria und Reden
Keyword: Fiscal PolicyEconomic policy
Subject: Economic policy and planning
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Innovation policy profile: Poland
Title (other): Innovation policy in six candidate countries: the challenges
Author: Kozlowski, Jan
Publisher: Aide à la Décision Economique
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: INNO-99-02
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Innovation policy
Subject: Economic conditions. Economic structureIndustrial research
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Benchmarking of existing national legal e-business practices
Title (other): Country report Poland
Author: Jurkiewicz, Dariusz
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen und Industrie
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: DG ENTR/04/68
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: E-BusinessElectronic data interchangeInformation lawEnterprise
Subject: Commercial law. Company lawCommunicationAspects of technology
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu./)
Title: An evaluation of Phare-financed programmes - Poland
Title (other): Final report, October 1999
Author (Corp. Body): RDH/LDK Consortium
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU enlargementEU countriesSmall and medium-sized enterprisesPoland
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBMedium and small industries
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesPoland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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