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Title: Strukturen der allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung und der Erwachsenenbildung in Europa : Liechtenstein ; 1999
Title (other): Structures of Education, Initial Training and Adult Education Systems in Europe : Liechtenstein ; 1999
Abstract
Strukturen der allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung und der Erwachsenenbildung in Europa Wer die allgemeine Organisation der Bildungssysteme in Europa kennen lernen möchte, findet die entsprechende Basisinformation in den ca. 40-Seiten umfassenden Länderberichten. Diese Monografien werden regelmässig überarbeitet und auf den neuesten Stand gebracht. Aufgrund ihrer einheitlichen Struktur, erleichtern sie Vergleiche zwischen den einzelnen Staaten. Behandelt werden die verschiedenen Bildungssysteme, vom Vorschul- bis zum Hochschulbereich, die Erwachsenenbildung sowie die berufliche Bildung im Schulwesen als auch im dualen System. Für jedes Niveau findet man kurz gefasste Informationen, insbesondere über Zugangsvoraussetzungen, Ausbildungsdauer, Lehrpläne, Evaluationsansätze und Ausbildung der Lehrer. Diese Monografien wurden von Eurydice in Zusammenarbeit mit dem ReferNet von CEDEFOP und den nationalen Beobachtungsstellen der europäischen Stiftung für Berufsausbildung erstellt. [Urheber s. Copyright] | Structures of education, vocational training and adult education systems in Europe For anyone trying to understand the general organisation of education systems in Europe, these monographs set out in some 40 pages for each country, full basic and regularly updated information on its own particular system. Devised in accordance with a common framework, they provide conveniently for inter-country comparison. The monographs describe the various levels of education from pre-primary to higher education, and initial vocational training whether provided exclusively in a school or other educational institution, or in the form of alternated work and training. Each level of education has its own concise description concerned primarily with its admissions procedures, duration, curriculum, methods of assessment and teacher training. These monographs have been produced by EURYDICE in close collaboration with the members of the CEDEFOP REFER Network and the national observatories of the European Training Foundation. [Author vide copyright] | Structures des systèmes d'enseignement, de la formation professionnelle et de l'éducation des adultes en Europe Pour qui cherche à connaître l'organisation générale des systèmes éducatifs en Europe, ces monographies proposent en une quarantaine de pages par pays une information de base, complète et régulièrement mise à jour. Conçues sur base d'un plan harmonisé, elles se prêtent aisément à une comparaison entre pays. La description porte sur les différents niveaux d'enseignement, du pré-primaire au supérieur, ainsi que sur l'éducation des adultes et la formation professionnelle initiale organisée soit entièrement en milieu scolaire, soit en alternance. Pour chaque niveau, on y trouve des informations succinctes essentiellement sur l'accès, la durée, le curriculum, les modes d'évaluation et la formation des enseignants. Ces monographies ont été produites par EURYDICE en collaboration avec les membres du réseau REFER du CEDEFOP et des Observatoires nationaux de la Fondation européenne pour la formation.
Table of Contents
EINLEITUNG
1. ZUSTÄNDIGKEITEN UND VERWALTUNG
1.1 ALLGEMEINER HINTERGRUND
1.2 DIE GRUNDLAGEN DES BILDUNGSSYSTEMS:
1.3 KOMPETENZVERTEILUNG FÜR DIE ORGANISATION UND VERWALTUNG DES BILDUNGSWESENS
1.4 INSPEKTION/ AUFSICHT/ BERATUNG
1.5 FINANZIERUNG
1.6 BERATUNGSORGANE UND MITWIRKUNGSGREMIEN
1.6 PRIVATES BILDUNGSWESEN
2. VORSCHULERZIEHUNG
2.1 ORGANISATION
2.2 LEHRPLÄNE/ EVALUIERUNG
2.3 LEHRKRÄFTE/ PÄDAGOGISCHE FACHKRÄFTE
3. ALLGEMEINE UND BERUFLICHE BILDUNG IM RAHMEN DER SCHULPFLICHT
3A PRIMARBILDUNG
3A.1 ORGANISATION DER SCHULE
3A.2 LEHRPLAN
3A.3 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ZEUGNISSE/ BERATUNG
3A.4 LEHRKRÄFTE
3B SEKUNDARBILDUNG
3BI REALSCHULE
3BI.1 ORGANISATION DER SCHULE
3BI.2 LEHRPLAN
3BI.3 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ZEUGNISSE/ BERATUNG
3BI.4 LEHRKRÄFTE
3BII. OBERSCHULE
3BII.1 ORGANISATION DER SCHULE
3BII.2 LEHRPLAN
3BII.3 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ZEUGNISSE/ BERATUNG
3BII.4 LEHRKRÄFTE
3BIII.GYMNASIUM
3BIII.1 ORGANISATION DER SCHULE
3BIII.2 LEHRPLAN
3BIII.3 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ZEUGNISSE/ BERATUNG
3BIII.4 LEHRKRÄFTE
4. SEKUNDARBILDUNG I IM ANSCHLUSS AN DIE SCHULPFLICHT M
4A DAS 10. SCHULJAHR
4B VORBEREITUNGSLEHRGANG FACHHOCHSCHULREIFE
4C HOCHSCHULZUGANG
5. BERUFSAUSBILDUNG
5.1 ORGANISATION
5.2 EINRICHTUNGEN DER BERUFSAUSBILDUNG
5.3 FINANZIERUNG
5.4 LEHR-/ AUSBILDUNGSPLAN
5.5 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ZEUGNISSE/ BERATUNG
5.6 AUSBILDERINNEN/ LEHRKRÄFTE
6. TERTIÄRER BEREICH
6A NICHT-UNIVERSITÄRE HOCHSCHULBILDUNG
6A.1 ZULASSUNGSBEDINGUNGEN
6A.2 STUDIENGEBÜHREN/ AUSBILDUNGSFÖRDERUNG FÜR STUDIERENDE
6A.3 STUDIENJAHR
6A.4 STUDIENGÄNGE
6A.5 LEISTUNGSBEURTEILUNG/ ABSCHLÜSSE
6A.6 DOZENTINNEN
6B UNIVERSITÄRE HOCHSCHULBILDUNG
6B.1 ZULASSUNGSBEDINGUNGEN
6B.2 STUDIENGEBÜHREN/ AUSBILDUNGSFÖRDERUNG FÜR STUDIERENDE
6B.3 STUDIENJAHR
6B. | INTRODUCTION
1. RESPONSIBILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION
1.1 Background
1.2 Foundations of the education system: Basic principles and legal framework
1.3 Division of responsibilities for the organization and administration of the education system
1.4 Inspection/Supervision/Guidance
1.5 Financing
1.6 Guidance centres and advisory bodies
1.7 Private education
2. PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION
2.1 Organization
2.2 Curriculum/Assessment
2.3 Teachers
2.4 Statistics
3. COMPULSORY EDUCATION AND TRAINING (BASIC SCHOOL)
3A Primary education
3A.1 School organization
3A.2 Curriculum
3A.3 Assessment/Qualifications/Guidance
3A.4 Teachers
3A.5 Statistics
3B Secondary education
3B.I Realschule
3BI.1 School organization
3BI.2 Curriculum
3BI.3 Assessment/Qualifications/Guidance
3BI.4 Teachers
3BI.5 Statistics
3BII Oberschule
3BII.1 School organization
3BII.2 Curriculum
3BII.3 Assessment/Qualifications/Guidance
3BII.4 Teachers
3BII.5 Statistics
3BIII Gymnasium
3BIII.1 School organization
3BIII.2 Curriculum
3BIII.3 Assessment/Qualifications/Guidance
3BIII.4 Teachers
3BIII.5 Statistics
4. POST-COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION
4A The tenth school year
4B Preparatory course for the Fachhochschulreife
4C Access to higher education
5. INITIAL/VOCATIONAL TRAINING
5.1 Organization
5.2 Vocational training institutions
5.3 Financing
5.4 Apprenticeship/Training plan
5.5 Assessment/Qualifications/ Guidance
5.6 Trainers/Teachers
5.7 Statistics
LIECHTENSTEIN Structures of Education, Initial Training and Adult Education Systems in Europe. EURYDICE/CEDEFOP 19
6. HIGHER EDUCATION
6A Non-university higher education
6A.1 Admission
6A.2 Fees/Student finance
6A.3 Academic year
6A.4 Study courses
6A.5 Assessment/Qualifications
6A.6 Lecturers
Author (Corp. Body): Education Information Network in the EuropeanUnion | Eurydice
Publisher: Education Information Network in the EuropeanUnion | Eurydice
Year: 1999
Language: de
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: vocational educationadult educationLiechtensteinschool level of education
Subject: Educational systems in generalAdult education. Education of foreignersVocational education and training
Countries Scheme: Liechtenstein
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Title: European Prospects of the Western Balkans
Title (other): The European Union and Moldova ;Relations between Turkey and the European Union ; Europejska perspektywa Ba¸kanów
Zachodnich ; Unia Europejska a Moldawia ; Relacje Turcji z Unià Europejskà
Author: Tekieli, Stanislaw | Wróbel, Jacek | Balcer, Adam
Series Title: CES Studies ; 13 | Prace OSW; 13
Publisher: Centre for Eastern Studies | OÊrodek Studiów Wschodnich
Year: 2004
Language: en | pol
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUEU expansionTurkeyWestern Europe
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community external relations and associated countries
Countries Scheme: LiechtensteinTurkey
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Title: Overview of family business relevant issues : Country fiche Liechtenstein
Author: Mandl, Irene
Contributer: KMU Forschung Austria Austrian Institute for SME Research
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Family businessLiechtenstein
Subject: Enterprises
Countries Scheme: Liechtenstein
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Title: Best execution under MiFID : peer review report
Abstract
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has conducted a peer review on how national regulators (national competent authorities or NCAs) supervise and enforce the MiFID provisions relating to investment firms’ obligation to provide best execution, or obtain the best possible result, for their clients when executing their orders. ESMA found that the level of implementation of best execution provisions, as well as the level of convergence of supervisory practices by NCAs, is relatively low. The review was conducted on the basis of information provided by 29 NCAs and complemented by on-site visits to the NCAs of France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland and Spain.[Author vide Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): European Securities and Markets Authorities
Year: unknown
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ESMA/2015/494
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Public finance. TaxationFinancial institutions. Credit systems. Payment systems
Countries Scheme: PolandMaltaSpainFranceLiechtensteinLuxembourg
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Title: Reasonable accommodation for disabled people in employment contexts : A legal analysis of EU Member States, Iceland,
Liechtenstein and Norway ; Including summaries in English, French and German
Abstract
Gegenstand dieses Berichts sind die Pflichten zum Treffen angemessener Vorkehrungen für Menschen mit Behinderung in Beschäftigung und Beruf. Der Bericht geht außerdem auf den Zusammenhang zwischen „angemessenen Vorkehrungen“ und „Zugänglichkeit“ ein und untersucht andere gesetzliche Bestimmungen, die angewendet werden können, um die Zugänglichkeit von Arbeitsstätten zu verbessern. Es werden rechtliche Entwicklungen auf UN- und EU-Ebene sowie Entwicklungen in 31 Ländern (die 28 EU-Mitgliedstaaten sowie Island, Liechtenstein und Norwegen) untersucht. Der Bericht stützt sich auf unterschiedliche Quellen, die in der Studie enthaltenen Informationen über die Entwicklungen in den 31 Ländern stammen jedoch im Wesentlichen aus einer Reihe von Länderberichten, die von den Mitgliedern des Europäischen Netzwerks von Rechtsexpertinnen und Rechtsexperten für Geschlechtergleichstellung und Nichtdiskriminierung erarbeitet wurden.[Urheber s. Copyright]
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
RÉSUMÉ
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Focus and aims
1.2 Methodology
1.3 Legal and policy context
1.3.1 The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020
...
1.4 Structure of the report
2. REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION LAW AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Reasonable accommodation in the CRPD
2.2.1 Content and classification of the duty
...
2.3 Reasonable accommodation in the Employment Equality Directive
2.3.1 Content and classification of the duty
...
2.4 Reasonable accommodation in national laws
2.4.1 Legislative formulations of the duty
...
3. ACCESSIBILITY-ENHANCING LEGAL REQUIREMENTS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION IN EMPLOYMENT
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Accessibility in the CRPD
3.2.1 Accessibility as a CRPD general principle
...
3.3 Accessibility-enhancing obligations in EU law
3.4 Accessibility-enhancing legal obligations in national law
3.4.1 Accessibility obligations in employment: a relatively low profile?
...
4. CONCLUSION
4.1 Apparent inconsistency with UN and/or EU standards
4.1.1 Apparent inconsistency with the CRPD
...
4.3 Implementation, promotion and guidance
4.4 Accessibility enhancing obligations and employment
4.5 Recommendations
4.5.1 Court of Justice of the EU and the meaning of ‘disability’
...
5. BIBLIOGRAPHY
6. CASES AND STATUTES
6.1 Legislation
6.1.1 EU legislation
6.1.2 National legislation
6.2 Bylaws, policy documents and soft law
6.2.1 EU documents
6.2.2 National documents
6.3 Case law
6.3.1 Decisions of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
6.3.2 EU case law
6.3.3 National caselaw and decisions of equality bodies
ANNEX OF COUNTRY SPECIFIC INFORMATION
Author: Ferri, Delia | Lawson, Anna
Contributer: European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination, Utrecht | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-55335-6 | DS-01-16-199-3A-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: laborwork environmenthandicappedemploymentemployment conditionsEUlegislative provision
Subject: European Community law in generalWorking condititions. Work organizationPhysical handicaps
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorwayLiechtenstein
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Country report Non-discrimination : Liechtenstein 2015 ; Including summaries in English, French and German
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
RÉSUMÉ
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG
INTRODUCTION
1 GENERAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2 THE DEFINITION OF DISCRIMINATION
...
3 PERSONAL AND MATERIAL SCOPE
...
4 EXCEPTIONS
...
5 POSITIVE ACTION (Article 5 Directive 2000/43, Article 7 Directive 2000/78)
...
6 REMEDIES AND ENFORCEMENT
...
7 BODIES FOR THE PROMOTION OF EQUAL TREATMENT (Article 13 Directive 2000/43)
8 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES
...
9 COORDINATION AT NATIONAL LEVEL
10 CURRENT BEST PRACTICES
11 SENSITIVE OR CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES...
12 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS
ANNEX 1: TABLE OF KEY NATIONAL ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION
ANNEX 2: TABLE OF INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS
Author: Marxer, Wilfried ; 129656542 | Hornich, Patricia
Contributer: European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination, Utrecht | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-53472-0 | DS-04-15-865-3A-N
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: old personequal rights lawlaborhandicapemploymentequal opportunitydiscriminationethnic origin
EUhomosexualityIslamLiechtensteinminorityMuslimracelegal usagereligious communitysexuality
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesRacial policyReligionsEmployment and unemployment
Countries Scheme: Liechtenstein
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Title: Developing Anti-Discrimination Law in Europe : The 28 EU Member States, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey compared
Abstract
Over 10 years ago a major and unprecedented evolution occurred in the European Union with the adoption in 2000 of two pieces of EU legislation in the field of anti-discrimination: the Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC) and the Employment Equality Directive (2000/78/EC). The transposition and implementation of these legal provisions into the national legal systems of the 28 Member States is described in a series of annually updated country reports produced by the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field. In addition, the Network also includes candidate countries (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland and Turkey) and, since 2012, EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway). The Network annually reports on their national legislation compared with the anti-discrimination standards set by the EU. This Network was established and is managed by the Human European Consultancy and the Migration Policy Group. The national reports are written by independent national experts in each country covered by the Network. The information is provided in response to questions set out in a template format which closely follows the provisions of the two Directives, although all countries included in the Network do not have the same compliance obligations. The 33 reports cover national law, the establishment of enforcement mechanisms, jurisprudence and the adoption of other measures. They contain information current as of 1 January 2014. As such, they are a valuable source of information on national anti-discrimination law and can be found on the Network’s website at: www.non-discrimination.net. This Comparative Analysis, drafted by Isabelle Chopin and Catharina Germaine (Migration Policy Group), compares and analyses the information set out in the 2013 country reports in a format mirroring that of the country reports themselves and draws some conclusions from the information contained in them. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction
1 Protected grounds of discrimination
A. Introduction to the transposition of the anti-discrimination Directives
B. Which grounds are covered?...
D.Religion or belief
Specific provisions on ... – ethos-based organisations
E.Disability
Specific provisions on disability – the reasonable accommodation duty
...
... disability – health and safety
F.Sexual orientation
G.Age
... age
H.Assumed and associated discrimination
I.Multiple discrimination
2 Definitions and scope
A. Direct discrimination
...
B. Indirect discrimination
...
C. Harassment
...
D. Instructions to discriminate...
E. Personal scope
F. Material scope
Employment
Social protection
Social advantages
Education
Access to and supply of goods and services3 Exceptions to the principle of equal treatment and positive action
A. Genuine and determining occupational requirements
B. Armed forces and other specific occupations
C. Nationality
...
D. Family benefits
E. Public security, public order, criminal offences, protection of health, and protection of the rights and freedoms of others
F. Other exceptions
G. Positive action
...
4 Access to justice and effective enforcement
A. Judicial and administrative procedures
Legal action in the private sector
... public sector
Obstacles to effective access to justice
B. Legal standing and associations
Entities which may engage in procedures
...
To engage ‘on behalf of’
Collective redress
Legitimate interest
C. Burden of proof
D. Victimisation
...
E. Sanctions and remediesA. Grounds covered
...
B. Competencies of equality bodies
6 Implementation and compliance
A. Dissemination of information and social and civil dialogue
... and awareness-raising
...
Dissemination of information and wareness-raising
...
B. Ensuring compliance
Conclusion
Author: Chopin, Isabelle ; 1026392233 | Germaine-Sahl, Catharina ; 1053777302
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | Europäisches Netz unabhängiger Sachverständiger im Bereich der Nichtdiskriminierung | Human European Consultancy, Utrecht | Migration Policy Group
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-46193-4 | DS-AW-15-001-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: equal rights lawhandicapemployment policydiscriminationEUhealth policyraceracial policy
legal usagereligionsocial policy
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial policy. Social welfareEqual opportunitiesRacial policySick and handicapped
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorway
Republic of MacedoniaLiechtensteinTurkey
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Title: Developing Anti-Discrimination Law in Europe : The 28 EU Member States, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey compared
Abstract
Over 10 years ago a major and unprecedented evolution occurred in the European Union with the adoption in 2000 of two pieces of EU legislation in the field of anti-discrimination: the Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC) and the Employment Equality Directive (2000/78/EC). The transposition and implementation of these legal provisions into the national legal systems of the 28 Member States is described in a series of annually updated country reports produced by the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field. In addition, the Network also includes candidate countries (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland and Turkey) and, since 2012, EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway).2 The Network annually reports on their national legislation compared with the anti-discrimination standards set by the EU. This Network was established and is managed by the Human European Consultancy and the Migration Policy Group. The national reports are written by independent national experts in each country covered by the Network. The information is provided in response to questions set out in a template format which closely follows the provisions of the two Directives, although all countries included in the Network do not have the same compliance obligations. The 33 reports cover national law, the establishment of enforcement mechanisms, jurisprudence and the adoption of other measures. They contain information current as of 1 January 2013.3 As such, they are a valuable source of information on national anti-discrimination law and can be found on the Network’s website at: www.non-discrimination.net. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction
1 Protected grounds of discrimination
A. Which grounds are covered?
Table: Protected grounds
B. Racial or ethnic origin
C. Religion or belief
Specific provisions ... – ethos-based organisations
D. Disability
Specific provisions ... – the reasonable accommodation duty
Table: ...
Specific provisions on disability – health and safety
E. Sexual orientation
F. Age
Specific provisions on age
G. Assumed and associated discrimination
H. Multiple discrimination
2 Definitions and scope
A. Direct discrimination
...
B. Indirect discrimination
...
C. Harassment
...
D. Instructions to discriminate
...
E. Personal scope
F. Material scope
...
Employment
Social protection
Social advantages
Education
Access to and supply of goods and services
Beyond the Directives
3 Exceptions to the principle of equal treatment and positive action
A. Genuine and determining occupational requirements
B. Armed forces and other specific occupations
C. Nationality
...
D. Family benefits
E. Public security, public order, criminal offences, protection of health, and protection of the rights and freedoms of others
F. Other exceptions
G. Positive action
...
4 Access to justice and effective enforcement
A. Judicial and administrative procedures
Legal action in the private sector
Legal action in the public sector
Obstacles to effective access to justice
B. Legal standing and associations
Entities that may engage in procedures
...
To engage ‘on behalf of’
Collective redress
Legitimate interest
C. Burden of proof
D. Victimisation
...
E. Sanctions and remedies
5 The role of equality bodies compared
...
6 Implementation and compliance
A. Dissemination of information and social and civil dialogue
Dissemination of information and awareness raising
Social and civil dialogue
B. Ensuring compliance
Conclusion
ANNEX 1 ...
...
Author: Chopin, Isabelle ; 1026392233 | Germaine-Sahl, Catharina ; 1053777302
Contributer: Human European Consultancy, Utrecht | Migration Policy Group | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Europäisches Netz unabhängiger Sachverständiger im Bereich der Nichtdiskriminierung
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-36348-1 | DS-AW-14-001-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: equal rights lawhandicapemployment policydiscriminationEUhealth policyIcelandLiechtenstein
MacedoniaNorwayraceracial policylegal usagereligionsocial policyTurkey
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial policy. Social welfareEqual opportunitiesRacial policySick and handicapped
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorway
Republic of MacedoniaLiechtensteinTurkey
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Title: A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2015 : A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU
non-discrimination law in the EU Member States, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein,
Montenegro, Norway, Serbia and Turkey
Abstract
The objective of this report is to compare and contrast anti-discrimination law in the 28 EU Member States and EU candidate countries (namely the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey), as comprehensively described in the annually updated country reports written by the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination and summarised in this publication. In addition, the report includes EEA countries, namely Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, which became part of the previous network in 2012.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
1 PROTECTED GROUNDS OF DISCRIMINATION
1.1 Introduction to the transposition of the anti-discrimination directives
1.2 Grounds of discrimination
1.2.1 Racial or ethnic origin
1.2.2 Religion or belief
1.2.3 Disability
1.2.4 Sexual orientation
1.2.5 Age
1.3 Assumed and associated discrimination
1.4 Multiple and intersectional discrimination
2 DEFINITIONS AND SCOPE
2.1 Forms of discrimination
2.1.1 Direct discrimination
2.1.2 Indirect discrimination
2.1.3 Harassment
2.1.4 Instructions to discriminate
2.2 Scope of discrimination
2.2.1 Personal scope
2.2.2 Material scope
3 EXCEPTIONS TO THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION AND POSITIVE ACTION
3.1 Genuine and determining occupational requirements
3.2 Armed forces and other specific occupations
3.3 Nationality
3.4 Family benefits
3.5 Public security, public order, criminal offences, protection of health and protection of the rights and freedoms of others
3.6 Other exceptions
3.7 Positive action
4 ACCESS TO JUSTICE AND EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT
4.1 Judicial and administrative procedures
4.1.1 Legal actions in the private sector
4.1.2 Legal actions in the public sector
4.1.3 Obstacles to effective access to justice
4.2 Legal standing and associations
4.2.1 Entities which may engage in procedures
4.2.2. To engage ‘on behalf of’
4.2.3 Collective redress
4.3 Burden of proof
4.4 Victimisation
4.5 Sanctions and remedies
5 EQUALITY BODIES
5.1 Grounds covered
5.2 Competencies of Equality Bodies
6 IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPLIANCE
6.1 Dissemination of information and social and civil dialogue
6.1.1 Dissemination of information and awareness-raising
6.1.2 Social and civil dialogue
46.2 Ensuring compliance
7 CONCLUSION
Annex 1. Main national specific anti-discrimination legislation
Annex 2. Signature/ratification of international conventions
Annex 3. National specialised bodies
Author: Chopin, Isabelle ; 1026392233 | Germaine-Sahl, Catharina ; 1053777302
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-58015-4 | DS-04-16-375-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: old ageequal rights lawhandicapdiscriminationethnic originEUfaithimplementation
IcelandLiechtensteinMacedoniaMontenegroNorwayracereligionSerbiasexualityTurkey
comparison
Subject: European Community law in generalEuropean Community treaties and agreementsHuman rights
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorwayMontenegroSerbia
Republic of MacedoniaLiechtensteinTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2015 : A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU gender
equality law in the EU Member States, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro,
Norway, Serbia and Turkey
Abstract
This report provides a general overview of the ways in which EU gender equality law has been implemented in the domestic laws of the 28 Member States of the European Union, as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (the EEA countries) and four candidate countries (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey). The analysis is based on the country reports written by the gender equality law experts of the European equality law network (EELN). At the same time, this report explains the most important elements of the EU gender equality acquis.. The term ‘EU gender equality acquis’ refers to all the relevant EU Treaty and EU Charter of Fundamental Rights provisions, legislation and the case law of the CJEU in relation to gender equality.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION
2 GENERAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 Constitutional provisions
2.2 Equal treatment legislation
3 IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRAL CONCEPTS
3.1 Sex/gender/transgender
3.2 Direct sex discrimination
3.3 Indirect sex discrimination
3.4 Multiple discrimination and intersectional discrimination
3.5 Positive action
3.6 Harassment and sexual harassment
3.7 Instruction to discriminate
3.8 Other forms of discrimination
4 EQUAL PAY AND EQUAL TREATMENT AT WORK
4.1 The EU principle of equal pay
4.2 The scope given to the equal pay principle in national law
4.3 Equal treatment at work; access to work and working conditions
4.3.1 The personal and material scope
4.3.2 Exceptions
4.3.3 Particular difficulties
5 MATERNITY, PATERNITY, PARENTAL AND OTHER TYPES OF LEAVES
5.1 Pregnancy and maternity protection
5.2 Maternity leave
5.3 Adoption leave
5.4 Parental leave
5.5 Paternity leave
5.6 Time off/care leave
5.7 Leave in relation to surrogacy
5.8 Leave sharing arrangements
5.9 Flexible working-time arrangements
6 OCCUPATIONAL PENSION SCHEMES (CHAPTER 2 OF DIRECTIVE 2006/54)
6.1 Direct and indirect sex discrimination in occupational social security schemes
6.2 Personal scope
6.3 Material scope
6.4 Exclusions from material scope
6.5 Case law and examples of sex discrimination
6.6 Sex as an actuarial factor
6.7 Difficulties
7 STATUTORY SCHEMES OF SOCIAL SECURITY (DIRECTIVE 79/7)
7.1 Implementation principle of equal treatment
7.2 Personal scope
7.3 Material scope
7.4 Exclusions from material scope
7.5 Sex as an actuarial factor
7.6 Difficulties
8 SELF-EMPLOYED WORKERS (DIRECTIVE 2010/41/EU AND PROVISIONS OF THE RECAST DIRECTIVE)
8.1 Implementation of Directive 2010/41/EU
8.2 Personal Scope
| 8.3 Different categories of self-employed workers and life partners
8.4 Material Scope
8.5 Positive action
8.6 Social protection
8.7 Maternity benefits
8.8 Occupational social security
8.9 Exceptions related to occupational social security
8.10 Prohibition of discrimination
9 EQUAL TREATMENT IN RELATION TO GOODS AND SERVICES
10 VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN RELATION TO THE ISTANBUL CONVENTION
11 ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE
11.1 Victimisation
11.2 Burden of proof
11.3 Remedies and sanctions
11.4 Access to courts
11.5 Equality bodies
11.6 Social partners
11.7 Collective agreements
12 OVERALL ASSESSMENT: LAW ON THE BOOKS VERSUS LAW IN PRACTICE
ANNEX 1 – EU GENDER EQUALITY DIRECTIVES
Directive 79/7/EEC
Directive 92/85/EEC
Directive 2004/113/EC
Directive 2006/54/EC
Directive 2010/18/EU
Directive 2010/41/EU
ANNEX 2 – LIST OF EQUALITY BODIES
Author: Timmer, Alexandra | Senden, Linda ; 1054683689
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-58017-8 | DS-04-16-376-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: equal rights lawlaborequal opportunityleave for parentsEUwomangenderequality of treatment
IcelandLiechtensteinmanMacedoniaMontenegromaternal leaveNorwaylawSerbiaTurkey
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rights
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorwayMontenegroSerbiaRepublic of Macedonia
LiechtensteinTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Gender equality law in Europe : How are EU rules transposed into national law in 2015?
Abstract
This report provides a general overview of the transposition of EU gender equality law in the 28 Member States of the European Union, as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (the EEA countries) and four candidate countries (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey). The overview is based on the country reports written by the gender equality law experts of the European equality law network (EELN). This report explains the most important elements of the EU gender equality acquis and its implementation at the national level. The term ‘EU gender equality acquis’ refers to all the relevant Treaty and Charter provisions, legislation and the case law of the CJEU in relation to gender equality.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION
2 GENERAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 Constitutional provisions
2.2 Equal treatment legislation
3 IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRAL CONCEPTS
3.1 Sex/gender/transgender
3.2 Direct sex discrimination
3.3 Indirect sex discrimination
3.4 Multiple discrimination and intersectional discrimination
3.5 Positive action
3.6 Harassment and sexual harassment
3.7 Instruction to discriminate
3.8 Other forms of discrimination
4 EQUAL PAY AND EQUAL TREATMENT AT WORK
4.1 The EU principle of equal pay
4.2 The scope given to the equal pay principle in national law
4.3 Equal treatment at work; access to work and working conditions
4.3.1 The personal and material scope
4.3.2 Exceptions
4.3.3 Particular difficulties
5 MATERNITY, PATERNITY, PARENTAL AND OTHER TYPES OF LEAVES
5.1 Pregnancy and maternity protection
5.2 Maternity leave
5.3 Adoption leave
5.4 Parental leave
5.5 Paternity leave
5.6 Time off/care leave
5.7 Leave in relation to surrogacy
5.8 Leave sharing arrangements
5.9 Flexible working-time arrangements
6 OCCUPATIONAL PENSION SCHEMES (CHAPTER 2 OF DIRECTIVE 2006/54)
6.1 Direct and indirect sex discrimination in occupational social security schemes
6.2 Personal scope
6.3 Material scope
6.4 Exclusions from material scope
6.5 Case law and examples of sex discrimination
6.6 Sex as an actuarial factor
6.7 Difficulties
7 STATUTORY SCHEMES OF SOCIAL SECURITY (DIRECTIVE 79/7)
7.1 Implementation principle of equal treatment
7.2 Personal scope
7.3 Material scope
7.4 Exclusions from material scope
7.5 Sex as an actuarial factor
7.6 Difficulties
8 SELF-EMPLOYED WORKERS (DIRECTIVE 2010/41/EU AND PROVISIONS OF THE RECAST DIRECTIVE)
8.1 Implementation of Directive 2010/41/EU
8.2 Personal Scope
8.3 Different categories of self-employed workers and life partners
| 8.4 Material Scope
8.5 Positive action
8.6 Social protection
8.7 Maternity benefits
8.8 Occupational social security
8.9 Exceptions related to occupational social security
8.10 Prohibition of discrimination
9 EQUAL TREATMENT IN RELATION TO GOODS AND SERVICES
10 VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN RELATION TO THE ISTANBUL CONVENTION
11 ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE
11.1 Victimisation
11.2 Burden of proof
11.3 Remedies and sanctions
11.4 Access to courts
11.5 Equality bodies
11.6 Social partners
11.7 Collective agreements
12 OVERALL ASSESSMENT: LAW ON THE BOOKS VERSUS LAW IN PRACTICE
Author: Timmer, Alexandra | Senden, Linda ; 1054683689
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-58037-6 | 2315-3849 | DS-AD-16-001-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: equal rights lawequal opportunitydiscriminationEUwomanequality of treatmentequalityIceland
LiechtensteinmanMacedoniahuman rightsMontenegroNorwaylawlegal usageSerbiasexual harassment
Turkey
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rights
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandNorwayMontenegroSerbiaRepublic of Macedonia
LiechtensteinTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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