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Title: The policy of the EU in the field of border control and the fight against organised crime : how does it impact on the
promotion of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in Third Countries?
Title (other): La politique de l'ue dans le domaine du contrôle aux frontières et de la lutte contre la criminalité organisée :
quel est son impact sur la promotion des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales dans les pays tiers?
Abstract
The EU has embarked on an ambitious project of cooperation with third countries regarding policies of justice and home affairs. The European Commission has produced a Communication on the subject, the Council has published a Strategy and the two institutions together with some Member States have produced policy documents for the furtherance of the project with third countries specifically with Afghanistan, the Western Balkans, the Russian Federation and the USA. This briefing paper outlines the key elements in the documents which engage border control and the fight against organised crime. It then examines those elements in light of the relevant human rights obligations of the Member States under the European Convention on Human Rights in particular. It concludes that, so far, the centrality of human rights in the activities of the EU in border control and the fight against organised crime with third countries has not been made out. Even the references to human rights in the documents are limited, in some cases non-existent. The implementation of human rights standards in the action plans is seriously underdeveloped and requires urgent action if the Member States are to fulfil their obligations in international human rights law.[European Parliament]
Author: Guild, Elspeth
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 378.816 | DGExPo/B/PolDep/Study/2006(20
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Human rightsOrganized crimeborder protection
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community external relationsCriminal lawHuman rights
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Title: The threats facing the EU in its geographical neighbourhood
Abstract
The enlarged EU is confronted with a great variety of threats, risks and hazards potentially coming from its periphery. These, however, are quite different from the traditional ones of the past, and interact with one another in changeable and sometimes unpredictable ways. In turn, also the new neighbourhood of the EU includes very diverse situations and players, which require specific tools to be addressed. There is no single threat/risk/hazard coming from the broader neighbourhood that can be effectively tackled with a one-size-fits-all approach or through only one of the many policies the EU can resort to neither the ENP proper, nor SSR, not even ESDP, in whichever of its variants. The Union should overcome the persistent fragmentation of its policy instruments. It needs better coordination and more coherence between its different bodies and competences, and it must also acquire a broader view (geographically as well as functionally) of the root causes of its old and new vulnerabilities.[European Parliament]
Author: Missiroli, Antonio
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 348.617
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Subject: FrontiersPeace. Wars. TerrorismEuropean Community external relations
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Title: The Closed Armenia-Turkey Border: Economic and Social Effects, Including those on the People; and Implications for the
overall Situation in the Region
Abstract
The closure of the Turkish-Armenian border in April, 1993 has generated grave costs to Armenia. A re-opening of the border would benefit greatly Armenia's economy and society, even if some economic sectors may suffer from external competition. The opening would also favourably impact Armenia's political development and open the way to the county's full integration into the region. Turkey also loses significantly from the closure, while having much to gain from a policy reversal. (u0085) The case for opening the border is strong, when viewed from all perspectives. How could this win-win situation be brought about in the face of interlocking and highly sensitive political problems? The EU could contribute greatly to incentivize and support these successive steps by making an effective use of its accession process with Turkey and the inclusion of Armenia in the European Neighbourhood Policy. [Nathalie Tocci]
Author: Tocci, Nathalie | Gültekin-Punsmann, Burcu | Simão, Licínia
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.526
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: ArmeniaTurkey
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Title: EMCC company network : Managing change in EU cross-border mergers and acquisitions ; Case example : Air France-KLM:
Combining strengths for sustainability
Abstract
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions organised a seminar for its company network on November 29-30, 2007, hosted by Santander at its corporate headquarters in Madrid, Spain. In intensive discussions over the two days, 32 representatives from companies, trade unions, universities, research organisations and the European Commission discussed the management of change in EU cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A). The Air France-KLM case was presented by Emmanuel Jahan, the company's director of EU Affairs. [Author vide Copyright]
Author: Huws,Ursula | O? Keefe, Brie
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/08/04/EN 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: MergerMerger controlAirlineTakeovercase studycross border cooperation
Subject: FrontiersEconomic and growth policiesEnterprises
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Title: A comparison of the now agreed VIS package and the US-VISIT system
Abstract
In recent years, U.S. and EU have both set up border-related database systems with striking similarities as regards names and major development phases occurring in the historical context of post-9/11. Nevertheless doubts are appropriate as to how far the parallels go between the European VIS finally adopted as an instrument of the common visa policy and US-VISIT known for its dedicated role in the war against terrorism. On the basis of a detailed examination of systems and contextual features, the present briefing undertakes to illustrate major divergences in terms of underlying purposes and means employed which once again confirm well-known transatlantic divides as to the significance of data protection, availability of data to a wide range of security authorities, perfectionist use of biometric control processes etc. The transatlantic comparison also takes note of rather disillusioning experiences made by US-VISIT: despite deployment of enormous financial resources, newest technology and the envisaged use of accompanying measures such as ETA, the modernisation of the Visa Waiver Program (VWP), the seamless protection of US borders appears still not in sight. Certainly a lesson to be retained in view of possible European ambitions to follow the U.S. on the same path![European Parliament]
Author: Hobbing, Peter
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 378.306
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: residency permitdata securitycontrol systemlegal systemterrorism
Subject: International relationsFrontiersLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: USA
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Title: The Closed Armenia-Turkey Border: Economic and Social Effects, Including Those on the People; and Implications for the
Overall Situation in the Region
Author: Tocci, Nathalie
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.526
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: political developmentnational bordereconomic policy
Subject: FrontiersForeign policyEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: ArmeniaTurkey
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Title: Proposed New EU Border Control Systems
Abstract
This briefing paper will focus in particular upon: the concept and architecture of the Entry/Exit system and how it could be embedded in the current EU framework; what would be if any the synergies with the other databases, especially VIS; and the similarities and differences with the US-VISIT system. an analysis of the two other measures proposed by the Commission (bona fide traveller and Electronic System of Travel Authorisation (ESTA) and comparative approaches the potential added value of these envisaged measures. [European Parliament]
Author: Peers, Steve
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.296
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: border protectionnational border
Subject: International relations. International lawFrontiers
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Title: An Analysis of the Commission Communications on Future Development of Frontex and the Creation of a European Border
Surveillance System (eurosur)
Abstract
On 13 February 2008, the European Commission tabled a border package, consisting of three communications1. dealing with the issue of EU external border management. Two of these documents, namely the communication on the evaluation and future development of Frontex2. and the communication on the creation of a European border surveillance system (Eurosur)3. propose significant evolutions with regard the role of the Frontex agency and the orientations of the EU integrated border management (IBM) concept. The evaluation of Frontex elaborated by the Commission services is timely: since the beginning of its operational phase in 2005, the agency has considerably developed its activities in all its domains of competence, and the EC subsidy to its budget has more than tripled over the period 2006-2008. The evaluation, however, falls short of critically assessing the consistence of Frontex activities with the fundamental values upheld by the EU. In this regard, it seems important to recall that Frontex is a first-pillar, Community body, which should not only respect the EU fundamental values in its activities, but also work for their promotion, particularly in a field which touches upon critical questions related to migration and freedom of movement.[European Parliament]
Author: Jeandoez, Julien
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.295
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: border regionborder protectioncross border cooperationillegal immigration
Subject: International relationsFrontiersForeign policy
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Title: Study on Conferring executive powers on Border Officers Operating at the External borders of the EU
Title (other): Study to examine the possibility of preparing a legal instrument in order to confer executive powers on officers
operating at the external borders of one of the countries under consideration or in the context of return enforcement :
Final report
Abstract
This document presents the results of the Study on the powers of border officers carried out by Unisys for the Directorate General Justice, Freedom and Security of the European Commission. This study has for objective to assess the situation in the 25 EU Member States, Norway, Iceland and Switzerland with respect to the possibility of conferring executive powers on border officers invited to operate at the external EU borders of another state or in the context of joint return enforcement. From there it draws suggestions for possible actions to increase the level of involvement of guest officers to contribute to an integrated management of the external borders.Basic information for this study has been collected through desktop research, face to face interviews with the competent authorities of the 28 involved States and contributions from experts involved in the project, as well as representatives from the European Agency for the management of the external borders (FRONTEX). It was conducted under the supervision of and in coordination with DG JLS.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Management Summary
1.1 Study Objectives
1.2 Border Management
1.3 Common EU legal basis and strategy
1.4 Common instruments
1.5 Approved Action plan, still to apply
1.6 Study Findings
1.7 Need for improvement
1.8 Recommendations
2 Introduction to the study
2.1 Description of the study and main objectives
2.2 Context of the study
2.3 Study methodology
3 Powers of border guards
33.1 Section summary
3.2 Chain of prerogatives
3.3 Border control services
3.4 Executive powers per country
4 Operations in other countries
4.1 Section summary
4.2 Border control and return
4.3 Other examples of cooperation
5 Comparative analysis of legal rules
5.1 Section summary
5.2 German approach
5.3 Requirement of international agreement
5.4 Pros and cons
5.5 Analysis per specific executive power
6 Assessment of requirements and barriers
6.1 Section summary
6.2 Synoptic table
6.3 Typology of legal requirements
6.4 Requirement of nationality
6.5 Language requirement
6.6 Constitutional Conferment of executive powers
6.7 Specific provisions concerning the exercise of executive powers by national officers abroad
6.8 Other requirements
6.9 Legal analysis within the Community context
7 Need for improvement
7.1 Section summary
7.2 Need for a legal basis
7.3 Solidarity vs Subsidiarity
7.4 Recommendations
8 Conclusions
9 Bibliography
10 Annexes
10.1 CD-ROM
10.2 Study framework and methodology
10.3 Overview of main border control services per country
10.4 Border Control cooperation between the US and Canada
10.5 Glossary
10.6 Table of Acronyms
10.7 Table on Public Authority Tasks
10.8 Overview of agreements
Author (Corp. Body): Unisys
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUborder protectioncross border cooperation
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Der Schengen-Raum : Europa ohne Grenzen
Title (other): The Schengen area : Europe without borders | L’espace Schengen : Une Europe sans frontières
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-46111-8 | DR-02-15-167-DE-N | 978-92-79-46108-8 | 978-92-79-46095-1
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Sonstige Nachschlagewerke
Keyword: EUfreedom of movementborder protectiontourist traffic
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: ESBG : Study on the feasibility of the creation of a European System of Border Guards to control the external borders of
the Union ; Final report
Abstract
The final report presents the results of the study on the feasibility of the creation of a European System of Border Guards to control the external borders of the Union carried out by Unisys for the Directorate General Home Affairs of the European Commission. The purpose of the study was to identify three models of what a European System of Border Guards could be composed of, when assessing the expert views in EU Member States, Schengen Associated Member States and at the EU level. After a thorough evaluation of the existing challenges and future opportunities, different options were proposed for improved cooperation at the external borders of the EU, including the increased role of the Frontex Agency. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Executive summary
2 Introduction
2.1 Study context and objective
2.2 Methodology
2.2.1 Desktop research
2.2.2 Use of the questionnaires
2.2.3 Visits and interviews
2.2.4 Consolidation and analysis
2.3 Contextual issues
3 Progress made
3.1 Existing instruments
3.1.1 IBM Strategy
3.1.2 Revised Schengen Borders Code
3.1.3 Frontex mandate
3.1.4 Eurosur
3.1.5 New Schengen Evaluation Mechanism
3.2 Measures under way
3.2.1 Smart Border package implementation
3.2.2 Financial framework for border financing 2014-2020
4 Opportunities identified with regard to ESBG
4.1 Member States’ views
4.2 Frontex feedback
4.3 European Parliament’s position
5 Recommendations
5.1 Why a phased approach?
5.2 Proposed Models
5.2.1 Model 1 –Optimal use of existing instruments
5.2.2 Model 2 – Shared responsibility
5.2.3 Model 3 - Full integration at EU level
5.3 Comparison of the three models
5.4 Cost and benefits analysis
5.4.1 General considerations
5.4.2 Procurement of equipment and services
5.4.3 Centralisation of structures and activities
5.5 Roadmap for Implementation
6 Annexes
...
Table of Figures
...
Table of Tables
...
Author: van de Poele, Marie | Cojanu, Gabriela | Robrock, Anne
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres | Unisys
Year: 2014
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationEUborder protectionmodel construction
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Technical Study on Smart Borders : Final Report
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Objective
1.2 Scope
2. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
2.1. Overall approach
2.2. Analysis criteria
2.3. Options analysis
2.4. Basic assumptions
2.5. Relevant sources of law
3. EES AND RTP - BORDER CONTROL PROCESSES
3.1. ...
4. USE OF BIOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS
4.1. ...
5. DATA
5.1. ...
6. ARCHITECTURE
6.1. ...
7. STATISTICS AND FORECASTS
7.1. ...
8. CONCLUSIONS
8.1. ...
9. OPTIONS FOR THE PILOT
APPENDIX A. - APPENDIX K...
Author (Corp. Body): pwc
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Inneres
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-41798-6 | DR-01-14-990-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: data processingEUborder protectioncross border cooperationillegal immigrationinformation exchangetourist traffic
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in generalInformation transferElectronic data processing
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Thematic global evaluation of the European Union’s support to Integrated Border Management and fight against Organised
Crime : Final Report ; Volume 1
Title (other): Thematic global evaluation of the European Union’s support to Integrated Border Management and fight against Organised
Crime : Final Report ; Volume 2 | Thematic global evaluation of the European Union’s support to Integrated Border
Management and fight against Organised Crime : Final Report ; Volume 3a | Evaluation of European Union’s Support to
Integrated Border Management and fight against organised crime : Minutes of the seminar ; 27 June 2013 | Fiche
Contradictoire : Evaluation of the European Union’s support to Integrated Border Management and fight against Organised
Crime in third countries ; Ref. Ares(2014)940873 | Evaluation of the European Union's support to Integrated Border
Management and fight against Organised Crime : Final report | Evaluation of the European Union's Support to Integrated
Border Management (IBM) and fight against Organised Crime (OC) : Ref. 1319 ; EVINFO
Abstract
This Final Report presents the outcome of the Thematic global evaluation of European Union support to Integrated Border Management and fight against Organised Crime. The evaluation was commissioned by the DG DEVCO Evaluation Unit and implemented between 2011 and early 2013. The purpose of the evaluation is to assess to what extent EU development assistance in the area of Integrated Border Management and fight against Organised Crime (IBM and OC) was relevant, effective, efficient and sustainable in providing expected impacts, along with EU added value. It also aims to analyse co-ordination and complementarity with other donors and actors, the coherence with relevant EU policies and partner governments’ priorities and activities as well as with international commitments in IBM and OC. The evaluation covers EU aid delivery over the period 2002-2010.The geographical scope of the evaluation covers all regions where EU co-operation was implemented, including the Enlargement countries, as these interventions are expected to provide interesting lessons for other regions.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Objectives, scope and coverage of the evaluation
1.2 Definitional framework
2 Methodology
2.1 Overall approach and key elements of the methodology
2.2 Data collection and analysis
2.3 Sampling of cases
2.4 Challenges and limitations
3 Background and context of EU support to IBM and OC
3.1 The concept of IBM
3.2 EU key reference documents and policy framework
3.3 Inventory of EU support to IBM and OC
3.4 The intervention logic
4 Answers to the Evaluation Questions
4.1 EQ 1 on EU policy framework
4.2 EQ 2 on 3Cs
4.3 EQ 3 on aid delivery methods
4.4 EQ 4 on legal, regulatory and institutional framework
4.5 EQ 5 on border co-operation
4.6 EQ 6 on security and the threat of organised crime
4.7 EQ 7 on flow of persons and management of migration
4.8 EQ 8 on flow of legitimate goods and improved revenue collection
4.9 Overall assessment of the EU support
5 Conclusions and recommendations
5.1 Conclusions
5.2 Recommendations
List of tables
List of figures
List of boxes
List of acronyms and abbreviations
| VOLUME II: DETAILED INFORMATION MATRIX
1. EQ1- Policy Framework
2. EQ2- 3Cs
3. EQ3- Aid delivery methods
4. EQ4- Legal and regulatory framework
5. EQ5- Border co-operation
6. EQ6- Security and threat of crime
7. EQ7- Flow of persons and management of migration
8. EQ8- Flow of legitimate goods and revenue collection
VOLUME IIIA: ANNEX 1 TO 9 - TOR, EVALUATION MATRIX AND OUTPUTS OF DESK PHASE ACTIVITIES
1. Annex 1: Terms of Reference
2. Annex 2: Final Evaluation Matrix
3. Annex 3: Inventory
4. Annex 4: CSP analysis
5. Annex 5: RSP analysis
6. Annex 6: Results of Survey to EU Delegations
7. Annex 7: ROM analysis
8. Annex 8: List of People Interviewed
9. Annex 9: List of documents and sources of information
Minutes
1 Introduction
2 Welcoming speech by Mr Martyn Pennington, Head of DG DEVCO Evaluation Unit
3 Part I and Part II: Introduction and key findings
4 Part III: Main conclusions and recommendations
Author (Corp. Body): PARTICIP GmbH Consultants für Entwicklung und Umwelt, Freiburg im Breisgau
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | ADE | European Centre for Development Policy Management | DRN | Overseas Development Institute, London | DIE | EGEVAL II
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/social LOT2 | Specific contract No 2011/263105 | Ref. Ares(2014)940873 | Ref. 1319
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUborder protectionorganized crime
Subject: Aid programmesFrontiers
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General Resources
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Title: Report from the Commission of assessing the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of
visa policy
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: C(2015) 7455 final
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: citizenthird countriesEUidentificationcooperationreciprocity
Subject: FrontiersMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Report from the Commission of 22.4.2015 assessing the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the
area of visa policy
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: C(2015) 2575 final
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: citizenthird countriesEUidentificationcooperationreciprocity
Subject: FrontiersMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Report from the Commission assessing the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of visa
policy
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: C(2014) 7218 final
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: citizenthird countriesEUidentificationcooperationreciprocity
Subject: FrontiersMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2017 : European Migration Network
Title (other): Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2017 : European Migration Network ; Statistical Annex
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Legal migration and mobility
International protection and asylum
Unaccompanied minors and other vulnerable groups
Integration
Irregular migration including border control
Return
Actions addressing trafficking in human beings
Maximising the development impact of migration and mobility
1. LEGAL MIGRATION AND MOBILITY
1.1. Developments at the European Union (EU) level
1.2. Economic migration measures at national level
1.3. Students and researchers
1.4. Family reunification and family formation
1.5. Information on routes to and conditions of legal migration
1.6. Long-term residence and intra-EU mobility of legally resident third-country nationals
1.7. Other measures on legal migration schemes
1.8. Schengen Governance
1.9. Visa Policy
2. INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION INCLUDING ASYLUM
2.1. Implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and related policy developments
2.2. Changes in legislation, policies and practices2.4. Efficiency and quality of the national asylum system
2.5. Challenges in the national asylum system
2.6. Relocation and Resettlement programmes
3. UNACCOMPANIED MINORS AND OTHER VULNERABLE GROUPS
3.1. Developments at the EU level
3.2. Unaccompanied minors applying for asylum
3.3. Other vulnerable groups applying for asylum
3.4. Unaccompanied minors not applying for asylum
3.5. Other vulnerable groups not applying for asylum
| 4. INTEGRATION
4.1. Developments at the EU level
4.2. Integration of third-country nationals
5. IRREGULAR MIGRATION INCLUDING BORDER CONTROL
5.1. Developments at European Union level
5.2. Enhanced border management at the external borders
5.3. Preventing and tackling of misuse of legal migration channels
5.4. The fight against facilitation of irregular migration and irregular stay
6. RETURN
6.1. Enhancing return migration management including cooperation among EU Member States on return practices
6.2. Main national developments in the field of return
6.3. Strengthening cooperation with third countries of origin and transit on return and reintegration management
7. ACTIONS ADDRESSING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS
7.1. Developments at the European Union (EU) level
7.2. National strategic developments and legislative changes
7.3. Improving identification of and provision of information and assistance to third-country national victims of human trafficking
7.4. Cooperation between (Member) States
7.5. Cooperation with third countries
8. MAXIMISING THE DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF MIGRATION AND MOBILITY
8.1. Progress towards mainstreaming migration in development policies
8.2. Cooperation with partner/third countries for economic migration
8.3. Efforts to mitigate ‘Brain Drain’
8.4. Migrants’ remittances
8.5. Working with diasporas
ANNEX 1. RETURN
ANNEX 2. BORDER AND MIGRATION MANAGEMENT
| Annex
1 Common European Asylum System
2 Unaccompanied minors and othe vulnerable groups
3 Legal migration and integration
4 Securing Europe's external borders
5 Irregular migration and return
6 Actions addressing trafficking in human beings
Author (Corp. Body): European Migration Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2018
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumEUborder protectionintegrationadolescentslave trademigrationmigration policy
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in generalHuman rightsAspects of migration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Changing Influx of Asylum Seekers 2014-2016 : Synthesis Report for the EMN Study
Abstract
All (Member) States have historically experienced changes in the influx of applicants for international protection and other migrants, typically coinciding with conflicts worldwide and changes to migratory routes into the EU. However, in 2014-2016 (Member) States experienced an unprecedented influx of incoming applicants for international protection: the number of applications lodged rose to 1 320 000 million in 2015 and 1 260 000 million in 2016, though the scale and peak moments differed greatly between (Member) States. The mass influx led to backlogs of registrations of international protection applications, pressures on reception centres, and other operational and organisational challenges. (Member) States took numerous measures across different areas to deal with this unprecedented influx.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Study aims
1.2 Study rationale
1.3 Scope and approach of the study
1.4 EU legal and policy context
1.5 Structure of the report
2 NATIONAL CONTEXTS
2.1 Fluctuations in 2014-2016
2.2 Legislative and policy changes in 2014-2016
2.3 Cooperation at national level
2.4 Cooperation at international level
3 NATIONAL RESPONSES TO FLUCTUATIONS IN 2014-2016
3.1 Main areas
3.1.1. Border control and law enforcement
3.1.2. Reception services
3.1.3. Wider reception services
3.1.4. Registration procedures
3.1.5. Asylum procedures
3.1.6. Integration measures
3.1.7. Impact of the influx on adjacent areas: family reunification
3.2 Involvement of non-state entities
3.3 The role of local authorities
4 FINANCING AND STAFFING OF THE IMPLEMENTED MEASURES
4.1 Methods of financing
4.2 Impact on staff and internal organisation of national authorities
5 SCALING DOWN OR DISMANTLING MEASURES FOLLOWING A DECREASE IN NUMBERS
6 FUTURE PREPAREDNESS
7 CHALLENGES, GOOD PRACTICES AND LESSONS LEARNT
7.1 Challenges
7.2 Good practices and lessons learnt
8 CONCLUSIONS
Author (Corp. Body): European Migration Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2018
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumright of asylumasylum procedureEUborder protectionintegrationmigrationlegal usage
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: 2016 Annual Report on Migration and Asylum : European Migration Network
Title (other): Annual Report 2016 on Migration and Asylum ; Statistical Annex ; European Migration Network ; A Synthesis of Annual
Policy Reports 2016 submitted by EU Member States and Norway
Table of Contents
Executive summary
1 INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION INCLUDING ASYLUM
1.1 The implementation of the Common European Asylum System
1.1.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
1.1.2 Changes in legislation, policies and practices at national level
1.1.3 Institutional changes in the national asylum system
1.1.4 Jurisprudence
1.1.5 Efficiency and quality of the national asylum system
1.2 Cooperation with the European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
1.2.1 Participation in EASO activities
1.2.2 Provision of support by EASO to the Member States
1.3 Intra -EU solidarity including relocation
1.4 Enhancing the external dimension including resettlement
2 UNACCOMPANIED MINORS AND OTHER VULNERABLE GROUPS
2.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
2.2 Unaccompanied minors measures at national level
2.3 Other vulnerable groups
3 LEGAL MIGRATION AND MOBILITY
3.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
3.2 Economic migration measures at national level
3.2.1 Facilitating admission
3.2.2 Satisfying labour market needs
3.2.3 Efforts to avoid social dumping and labour exploitation of Third-country nationals
3.2.4 Misuse of legal immigration channels for Third-country national workers
3.3 Other Legal Migration and Mobility measures
3.3.1 Students and researchers
3.3.2 Family reunification and family formation
3.3.3 Information on routes to and conditions of legal migration
3.3.4 Guaranteeing certain rights for third-country nationals who are already legally resident on the territory
3.3.5 Visa policy and Schengen governance
4 INTEGRATION
4.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
4.1.1 Promoting integration through socio economic participation at national level
| 4.1.2 Promoting integration through civic participation: Rights and Obligations, achieving equal treatment and belonging
4.1.3Promoting integration of specific groups
4.1.4 Non-Discrimination
4.1.5 Promoting integration at local level and cooperation, consultation and coordination of local stakeholders
4.1.6 Awareness raising on migration in the host society
4.1.7 Involvement of countries of origin
5 MAXIMISING THE DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF MIGRATION AND MOBILITY
5.1.1 Progress towards mainstreaming of migration in development policies
5.1.2 Cooperation with partner / third countries for economic migration
5.1.3 Efforts to mitigate ‘brain drain’
5.1.4 Working with diasporas
6 SECURING EUROPE’S EXTERNAL BORDERS
6.1 Enhanced border management at the external borders
6.1.1 Border control measures: technology, equipment and infrastructure, including systems linked to EU instruments and actions to coordinate different types of border checks
6.1.2 Border control measures: other activities to improve the effectiveness of controls at external borders (e.g. training and policy)
6.1.3 Preventing and combating irregular immigration by ensuring reinforced cooperation with third countries in the area of border management
6.1.4 Preventing and tackling of misuse of legal migration channels
7 IRREGULAR MIGRATION AND RETURN
7.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
7.2 EMN RETURN EXPERT GROUP (REG) RETURN AND REINTEGRATION ACTIVITIES DEVELOPED DURING 2016 PLUS OTHER COOPERATION MEASURES
7.3 Prevention of unsafe migration and the fight against facilitation of irregular migration (‘smuggling’) at national level
7.3.1 Prevention of unsafe migration
7.3.2 Combatting facilitation of irregular migration
7.3.3 Monitoring of migrant smuggling
7.3.4 Monitoring and identifying migration routes
7.4 Main developments in the field of return and re-integration
| 7.5 Strengthening cooperation with third countries of origin and transit on return migration management
7.5.1 Ensuring implementation of all EU readmission agreements to their full effect
7.5.2 Prevention of irregular migration from third countries: (a) the Southern Mediterranean countries; (b) countries within the Eastern Partnership; (c) the Western Balkans; and (d) the Western Mediterranean and the African Atlantic coast
7.6 Enhancing return migration management including cooperation among EU Member States on return practices
7.6.1 Frontex joint return operations
7.6.2 New or planned measures to develop swift, sustainable and effective return using a common EU approach
8 ACTIONS ADDRESSING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS
8.1 Developments at the European Union (EU) Level
8.2 Improving the identification of and provision of information to victims at national level
8.2.1 Information on assistance and support to victims, including child victims
8.2. 2 Evident trends at national level
8.2.3 Cooperation with third countries
Annex
1 Common European Asylum System
2 Unaccompanied Minors And Other Vulnerable Groups
3 European Policy On Legal Migration And Integration
4 Securing Europe’s External Borders
5 Irregular Migration And Return
6 Actions Addresing Trafficking In Human Beings
Author (Corp. Body): European Migration Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Year: 2017
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumEUborder protectionintegrationadolescentslave trademigrationmigration policy
remigration
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in generalHuman rightsAspects of migration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Annual Report on Migration and Asylum 2018 : European Migration Network
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Legal migration and mobility
International protection including asylum
Unaccompanied minors and other vulnerable groups
Integration
Citizenship and statelessness
Borders, visa and Schengen
Irregular migration including migrant smuggling
Trafficking in human beings
Return and readmission
1. LEGAL MIGRATION AND MOBILITY
1.1. Developments at European Union (EU) level
1.2. Transposition of EU legislation on legal migration
1.3. Economic migration measures at national level
1.4. Students and researchers
1.5. Family reunification and family formation
1.6. Information on routes to and conditions of legal migration
1.7. Other measures regarding legal migration
2. INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION INCLUDING ASYLUM
2.1. Implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and EU related policy developments
2.2. Relocation and resettlement programmes
3. UNACCOMPANIED MINORS AND OTHER VULNERABLE GROUPS
3.1. Developments at EU level
3.2. Unaccompanied minors applying for asylum
3.3. Other vulnerable groups applying for asylum
3.4. Unaccompanied minors not applying for asylum
3.5. Other vulnerable groups not applying for asylum
4. INTEGRATION
4.1. Developments at EU level
4.2. Integration of third-country nationals
4.3. Non-discrimination
4.4. Promoting integration at local level and cooperation, consultation and coordination of local stakeholders
4.5. Awareness raising on migration in the host state
4.6. Integration measures in the countries of origin and/or involving diaspora communities
5. CITIZENSHIP AND STATELESSNESS
5.1. Developments at EU level
5.2. Citizenship
5.3. Statelessness
| 6. BORDERS, VISA AND SCHENGEN
6.1. Developments at EU level
6.2. Border control measures/management
6.3. Visa policy
6.4. Schengen governance
7. IRREGULAR MIGRATION INCLUDING MIGRANT SMUGGLING
7.1. Developments at EU level
7.2. Preventing and tackling the misuse of legal migration channels
7.3. The fight against facilitation of irregular migration (‘smuggling’) and prevention of irregular stay
8. TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS
8.1. Developments at EU level
8.2. National strategic policy developments
8.3. Improving identification of and provision of information to third-country national victims of trafficking in human beings
9. RETURN AND READMISSION
9.1. Developments at EU level
9.2. Main national developments in the field of return
9.3. Strengthening cooperation with third countries of origin and transit on return and reintegration management
Author (Corp. Body): European Migration Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Year: 2018
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumEUborder protectionintegrationadolescentslave trademigrationmigration policy
Subject: FrontiersEuropean Community law in generalHuman rightsAspects of migration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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