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106 entries found on 6 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 20

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Title: Das neue Europa: Regieren in einer Union mit bis zu 30 Mitgliedstaaten
Title (other): The new Europe: Governance in a Union of up to 30 Member States | La nouvelle Europe: La gouvernance dans une Union
jusqu'à 30 États Membres
Abstract
The paper is an analysis of recent academic literature and of EP reports on the White Paper on European Governance, recently published by the Commission.[European Parliament]
Author: Lehmann, Wilhelm
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; AFCO 101
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament | European Union / European Parliament
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-823-1683-1 | 92-823-1639-4 | 92-823-1684-X | PE 317.806
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU expansiongovernance
Subject: European Communities and European Union in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Infrastructure as basis for sustainable regional development
Abstract
The paper looks at the EU's infrastructure after the latest enlargement round. It states that the new EU members have to narrow the distance to the 'old' members in order to improve the competitiveness of their companies and the living conditions of the populace. At the same time, the persistent weakness of economic growth in the large, established countries of Western Europe has substantially increased the need for the old EU members to act - and not only because the traffic between East and West is expanding. Without the creation of good basic infrastructure in the new member countries in sectors such as electricity, gas, water, telecommunications, postal service, local public transport and waste disposal, the vision of a modern Europe with favourable living conditions in all regions will remain a pipe dream. The transition indicator system of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development shows that among the Central and Eastern European countries - ranked by their average rating for all the infrastructure sectors covered - only Hungary has already attained the Western European level. Slovakia brings up the rear. Since the end of the 1990s, not only Hungary but also the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia have narrowed the gap to the old EU. By contrast, Estonia, Poland and Slovakia have lost ground. Noticeable differences are visible in the five sectors of infrastructure analysed. For instance, in telecommunications, the Czech Republic, Estonia and Poland have already nearly reached the EU level. By contrast, none of the new member states has a road network to match those in Western Europe. If the Central European countries are to attain the same standard of infrastructure as the old EU they will have to invest a total of about 500 billion euro. The sectors requiring the most investment are water/waste water management and electric power. The Central European countries could upgrade their road and railway networks to match the old EU average with relatively little in
Author: Auer, Josef
Series Title: Current Issues / Deutsche Bank Research ; June 2004
Publisher: Deutsche Bank Research
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: infrastructural developmentEU expansionregional development
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Deutsche Bank Research (http://www.dbresearch.com/)
Title: Turkey and the European Union: Just another enlargement?
Title (other): Exploring the implications of Turkish accession ; On the occasion of the ?Turkey?s EU end-game?? ; European Policy
Summit of 17 June 2004.
Abstract
The paper analyses the likely political and economic impacts of Turkish membership of the EU for the Union itself. It asks whether Turkish accession can be managed in a similar way to that of other enlargements or whether critics are right that Turkey is too big, too poor, has too dangerous borders and is insufficiently 'European' to join the Union. Turkey was officially recognised as an EU candidate in December 1999, and in December 2002, the European Council announced that if Turkey met its political 'Copenhagen' criteria by the end of 2004 it would open negotiations without delay. Since then, major political reforms in Turkey have promoted democratisation, and led to considerable steps forward in the area of human rights including minority rights and in the area of civilian control of the military. At the same time, reforms are not complete and there are particular problems in many areas of implementation of reform including in the human rights area. Turkey is a large country in population terms and a small one in economic terms. If Turkey joins the Union in 2015 it will have a population of 82.1 million, slightly smaller than that of Germany at 82.4 million. By 2025, at 87 million people, Turkey will be the largest EU member state and will account for 15.5% of the EU's total population. Looking forward to 2050, population is predicted to stabilise at 97 million - 17.7% of EU-28's total population. Today, Turkey's economy is just 1.9% of EU-25 GDP. Assuming average annual growth of 5%, it would be 2.9% of GDP on accession in 2015. Turkey's GDP per head (at purchasing power parity) is only 27% of the EU average. Given its small size, Turkish accession will have minimal impact on the EU economy. As a large poor country, Turkey will be eligible for significant budget transfers from the Union. Likely budget flows in the first three years of Turkish membership are estimated at a total of u008045.5 billion, i.e. around u008015 billion a year. Turkey's own contributions to th
Author: Hughes, Kirsty
Series Title: A Friends of Europe working paper
Publisher: Friends of Europe
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: demographic developmentEU expansioneconomypoliticsTurkey
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. RegionsPopulation dynamics
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Friends of Europe (http://www.friendsofeurope.org/)
Title: Third cohesion report of the European commission - conclusions for Poland
Author: Grzegroz Grosse, Tomasz | Olbrycht, Jan
Series Title: Analyses & Opinions ; 23 | Analizy i Opinie ; 23
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionPolandregional policy
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: EU enlargement: How to reap the benefits
Abstract
This survey states that the overall economic impact of EU enlargement is likely to remain small. The new EU member states are very small compared with the 'old' EU countries and most economic integration has already taken place. The paper examines the reasons why only 42 per cent of the people in the EU-15 supported enlargement in May 2004 while 39 per cent were against it. Many people in the 'old' EU countries worry that the accession of fast-growing, low-cost economies could create enormous pressure in their countries. In particular, they fear that cheap Polish or Czech exports could price local products out of the market; that financial flows to the new member states could divert much-needed investment capital from West European businesses; and that an influx of low-wage workers from the East could push unemployment in the EU even higher. On the other hand, most West European companies are enthusiastic supporters of EU expansion. They expect enlargement to boost the sluggish European growth rate. They think that a larger EU will have a stronger say in global trade negotiations. They point out that enlargement has created the biggest single market in the western world, with GDP that can match the US and a population which, at 450 million, is 50 per cent larger than that of the US. Businesses also value the investment opportunities that come with integrating a bunch of fast-growing, fast-reforming countries into the more sclerotic EU economy. And they are looking forward to employing more highly skilled, motivated and lower-cost East European workers. The paper recognises that both sides have a point. Enlargement has increased competitive pressures in the 'old' EU and it will continue to do so. As businesses point out, this is exactly what is needed to shake up the slow-growing eurozone economies. But since these economies are rather inflexible, the adjustment costs could be substantial. The survey concludes that enlargement is unlikely to have a big impact on the 'old' EU. Econ
Author: Barysch, Katinka
Series Title: economicTrends ; 2/2004
Publisher: Centre for European Reform ( )
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioneconomygrowthcompetitive capacity
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. RegionsEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centre for European Reform (http://www.cer.org.uk/)
Title: A markup model of inflation for the euro area
Abstract
Equilibrium correction models of the price level are often used to model inflation. Such models assume that the long-run markup of prices over costs is fixed, but this may not be true for the Euro area economy, which has undergone major structural reforms over the last 25 years. We allow for shifts in the markup factor through estimating an equation that includes a timevarying intercept. The model fits the data better than a linear alternative, and suggests that a reduction in the price-cost markup contributed to disinflation in the Euro area during the 1980s. [Christopher Bowdler and Eilev S. Jansen]
Author: Bowdler, Christopher | Jansen, Eilev S.
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 306
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Economic dynamicsEU countriesInflationCointegrationTheory
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEconomic development. Economic growth
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Budgetary forecasts in Europe - the track record of stability and convergence programmes
Abstract
We analyse the performance of budgetary and growth forecasts of all stability and convergence programmes submitted by EU member states over the last decade. Differences emerge for the bias in budgetary projections across countries. As a second step we explore whether economic, political and institutional factors can explain this pattern. Our analysis indicates that the cyclical position and the form of fiscal governance are major determinants of forecast biases. Projected changes in the budgetary position are mainly affected by the cycle, the need of convergence before EMU and by electoral cycles. [Rolf Strauch, Mark Hallerberg and Jürgen von Hagen]
Author: Strauch, Rolf | Hallerberg, Mark | Hagen, Jürgen von
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 307
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU countriesEuropean stability pactForecastPublic BudgetingPublic Budget
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalPublic finance. Taxation
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: The 2004 EU Enlargement: Key Economic Issues
Abstract
The 2004 EU enlargement will most likely yield major benefits to the new member countries in the long run. The new members will be able to capture gains from trade in goods and services and will moreover benefit from a continued inflow of financial and real capital. Without doubt, these processes will significantly accelerate the economic growth in east Europe. However, even under optimistic assumptions, catching-up with the EU-15 countries will be a time-consuming process that will take several decades in most cases. The entering countries currently have fairly fragile macroeconomic situations. Sustainability of public finances can become a major policy concern for several of the new member countries. Significant transfers from the EU notwithstanding, the new members will face pressures on public spending after enlargement. The countries will have to co-finance EU-funded projects, and implementation of EU regulations will entail fiscal costs. In total, the fiscal effects are not straightforward and there can be small gains or losses for the different new members. EU membership and fully open borders will gradually lead to changes in industrial structure as well. Significant amounts of fairly low-skill manufacturing industry and services may gradually shift from EU-15 to new member countries. Agricultural productivity is evidently quite low in the new Member States with significant potential for improvement. This can lead to increased agricultural and food production in some of these countries, though food safety and CAP regulations imply limitations in this respect. The future of international WTO negotiations will also play an important role for the development of agriculture and the food processing industry in the new member countries. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Series Title: EEAG Report
Author (Corp. Body): European Economic Advisory Group
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionfinanceindustrial sectorEastern Europeeconomic growth
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEconomic and growth policiesIndustrial financing. Industrial managementMoney. Financing
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Economic Advisory Group (http://www.cesifo-group.de/)
Title: The future of rural areas in the CEE new Member States
Abstract
The aim of this report is to analyse the current situation and future prospects of rural areas in the eight central and eastern European countries acceding to the European Union on 1 May 2004 - Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and Slovenia - as well as in Romania and Bulgaria, which will likely become EU members in 2007. Rural development measures have become more important in recent years. As shown in the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy in June 2003, as well as in the conclusions of the Second European Conference on Rural Development, held in Salzburg in November 2003, this importance will grow further in the future. By improving the knowledge of rural areas in central and eastern Europe, the results of this analysis shall support policy makers who aim to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions in the EU. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Network of Independent Agricultural Expertsin the CEE Candidate Countries
Publisher: Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Mittel und Osteuropa
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionrural developmentrural arearural regionEast Central Europe
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalAgricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Free movement for persons : a practical guide for an enlarged European Union
Table of Contents
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
FREE MOVEMENT OF WORKERS - THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
How does the transitional arrangement operate? What is covered and what is not?
How then will individuals who wish to work outside their home country be affected by the transition arrangement?
What is the situation in Member States at the moment?
How will community preference work in practice?
WORKERS RIGHTS UNDER THE EU ACQUIS
What are the practical steps that must be undertaken by an EU citizen today to work in another Member State?
If an EU citizen wishes to work in a future Member State after accession, what are the practical steps to be taken?
If an EU citizen from a future Member State wishes to work in a current Member State, while the transition arrangement is in force, what are the practical steps to be taken?
Workers families
MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
What is meant by professional recognition?
When does professional recognition apply?
Why is the mutual recognition of professional qualifications necessary?
Are Member states obliged to regulate professional activities?
Is there any transitional period foreseen in this field?
Will mutual recognition be automatic?
Will acquired rights of practising professionals be respected?
How long does the recognition process take?
Are diplomas from countries other than EU States recognised?
Are linguistic requirements admissible?
CITIZENS' RIGHTS
Residence rights
What formalities are involved in the right of residence?
What are the implications of proposals in the pipeline?
CO-ORDINATION OF SOCIAL SECURITY
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: wage or salary earnercitizenEU expansionfreedom of movementqualification
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalHuman resourcesQualifications. Employment services
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Freizügigkeit : praktischer Leitfaden für die erweiterte Europäische Union
Abstract
Dieses Dokument informiert über Inhalt und Umfang der Arbeitnehmerfreizügigkeit in der Europäischen Union. [Redaktion ViFa Recht]
Table of Contents
EINLEITUNG
FREIZÜGIGKEIT DER ARBEITNEHMER - ÜBERGANGSZEIT
Wie funktioniert die Übergangsregelung? Was fällt darunter und was nicht?
Wie wirkt sich die Übergangsregelung für Arbeitnehmer aus, die außerhalb ihres Heimatlands arbeiten möchten?
Wie ist zurzeit die Rechtslage in den Mitgliedstaaten?
Wie funktioniert die Gemeinschaftspräferenz in der Praxis?
ARBEITNEHMERRECHTE NACH DEN GEMEINSCHAFTSVORSCHRIFTEN ÜBER DIE FREIZÜGIGKEIT
Welche praktischen Schritte muss ein Unionsbürger heute unternehmen, um in einem anderen Mitgliedstaat arbeiten zu können?
Welche praktischen Schritte sind zu unternehmen, wenn ein Unionsbürger nach der Erweiterung in einem neuen Mitgliedstaat arbeiten möchte?
Welche praktischen Schritte sind zu unternehmen, wenn ein Unionsbürger aus einem neuen Mitgliedstaat in einem alten Mitgliedstaat arbeiten möchte, während die Übergangsregelung in Kraft ist?
Familienangehörige der Arbeitnehmer
GEGENSEITIGE ANERKENNUNG VON BERUFSQUALIFIKATIONEN
Was bedeutet Anerkennung von Berufsqualifikationen?
Wann ist die Anerkennung von Berufsqualifikationen erforderlich?
Warum ist die Anerkennung von Berufsqualifikationen erforderlich?
Sind die Mitgliedstaaten verpflichtet, freiberufliche Tätigkeiten zu reglementieren?
Gibt es eine Übergangszeit für diesen Bereich?
Erfolgt die gegenseitige Anerkennung automatisch?
Werden die erworbenen Rechte praktizierender Freiberufler respektiert?
Wie lange dauert das Anerkennungsverfahren?
Werden Diplome aus Drittstaaten anerkannt?
Dürfen bestimmte Sprachkenntnisse verlangt werden?
BÜRGERRECHTE
Aufenthaltsrecht
Welche Formalitäten sind mit dem Aufenthaltsrecht verbunden?
Wie werden sich die Vorschläge auswirken, die sich zurzeit in Vorbereitung befinden?
KOORDINIERUNG DER SOZIALEN SICHERHEIT
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2002
Language: de
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: wage or salary earnercitizenEU expansionfreedom of movementqualification
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalHuman resourcesQualifications. Employment services
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Libre circulation des personnes: Guide pratique pour une Union Européenne élargie
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
LIBRE CIRCULATION DES TRAVAILLEURS - PÉRIODE TRANSITOIRE
Comment fonctionne le régime transitoire? Quels aspects couvre-t-il et quels autres exclut-il?
En quoi les particuliers qui souhaitent travailler hors de leur pays seront-ils concernés par le régime transitoire?
Quelle est actuellement la situation dans les États membres?
Comment s'appliquera concrètement la préférence communautaire?
DROITS DES TRAVAILLEURS DANS LE CADRE DE L'ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE
Quelles dispositions pratiques un citoyen de l'UE doit-il prendre aujourd'hui pour travailler dans un autre État membre?
Quelles démarches doit entreprendre un citoyen de l'UE désireux de travailler dans un futur État membre, après l'adhésion?
Que doit faire un citoyen de l'UE originaire d'un futur État membre qui souhaite travailler dans un actuel État membre pendant la durée de validité du régime transitoire?
Famille des travailleurs
RECONNAISSANCE MUTUELLE DES QUALIFICATIONS PROFESSIONNELLES
Qu'entend-on par reconnaissance professionnelle?
Quand la reconnaissance professionnelle s'applique-t-elle?
Pourquoi la reconnaissance mutuelle des qualifications professionnelles est-elle nécessaire?
Les États membres sont-ils tenus de réglementer les activités professionnelles?
Prévoit-on une période transitoire dans ce domaine?
La reconnaissance mutuelle sera-t-elle automatique?
Les droits acquis des personnes actives seront-ils respectés?
Combien de temps dure une procédure de reconnaissance?
Les diplômes des pays autres que les États membres de l'UE sont-ils reconnus?
Les critères linguistiques sont-ils recevables?
DROITS DES CITOYENS
Droit de séjour
Quelles formalités implique le droit de séjour?
Quelles sont les conséquences des propositions actuellement à l'étude?
COORDINATION DE LA SÉCURITÉ SOCIALE
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2002
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: wage or salary earnercitizenEU expansionfreedom of movementqualification
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalHuman resourcesQualifications. Employment services
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document
Title: Die Erweiterung der Europäischen Union
Title (other): Eine historische Chance | Enlargement of the European Union : An historic opportunity | Élargissement de l'Union
européenne : Une chance historique
Table of Contents
Eine bisher einmalige Erweiterung
Die Heranführungsstrategie
Der Erweiterungsprozess: Von den Verhandlungen zur Ratifizierung
Die Vorbereitungen der EU für die Erweiterung
Anhänge
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-5600-0 | 92-894-5601-9 | 92-894-5602-7
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: joining of the European UnionEU expansioncommerceinvestmentnational economy
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEuropean Community budget and financial management
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Enlargement of the European Union : an historic opportunity
Abstract
Dieser Text bietet einen historischen und gegenwärtigen Überblick über die EU-Erweiterung. [Redaktion ViFa Recht]
Table of Contents
An unprecedented enlargement
Pre-accession strategy
The Accession process: from negotiation to ratification
The EU's preparations for enlargement
Annexes
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-5601-9
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: joining of the European UnionEU expansioncommerceinvestmentnational economy
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEuropean Community budget and financial management
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Élargissement de l'Union européenne
Title (other): Une chance historique
Table of Contents
Un élargissement sans précédent
La stratégie de pré-adhésion
Le processus d'adhésion: de la négociation à la ratification
Les préparations de l'Union européenne à l'élargissement
Annexes
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-5602-7
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: joining of the European UnionEU expansioncommerceinvestmentnational economy
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEuropean Community budget and financial management
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Standpunkt: EU-Finanzmarktintegration: Reflexion ja, Müdigkeit nein
Title (other): Standpoint: Financial market integration in the EU: reflection yes, fatigue no
Abstract
The paper deals with Turkey's prospects of joining the European Union. For the start of accession negotiations, the political criteria should be fully met. Nonetheless, the question of EU membership for Turkey still polarises opinion, which differs over cultural factors and the assessment of costs and benefits for the EU. However, by the time Turkey possibly enters the Union around the middle of the next decade, the political and institutional framework of the EU itself is likely to have changed greatly. Independently of Turkish accession, it must be asked whether the EU needs criteria that can be quantitatively measured and verified in order to assess the accession candidates at the next enlargements. For in the wake of the past enlargements the EU has changed in quality and disparity. Turkey has made substantial progress with regard to macroeconomic stabilisation over the past two years, but its economy remains vulnerable to shocks. Sustained economic stability will require a continuation of the current reform policy. But Turkey does not lag too far behind the other current accession candidates Bulgaria and Romania. Turkey has also undertaken substantial efforts to improve its institutional and regulatory infrastructure. Here again, while Turkey lags the other accession candidates on a number of indicators, overall it does not compare too unfavourably with them. Not surprisingly, the gap between Turkey and the ten new EU members is more substantial. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Böttcher, Barbara | Jaeger, Markus | Quitzau, Jörn
Series Title: EU-Monitor; 18,2004
Publisher: Deutsche Bank / Research
Year: 2004
Language: en | de
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discussionEU expansion
Subject: European Communities and European Union in general
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Deutsche Bank / Research (http://www.dbresearch.de)
Title: The Enlargement Address Book
Table of Contents
Introduction
Useful Internet addresses
An unprecedented enlargement
1. EC Representations in the new Member States and EC Delegations in the candidate countries
2. National Co-ordinators of EU funds in the new Member States and in the Candidate Countries
2.1 Pre-Accession Instruments
3. National Programmes
4. Multi-Country Programmes and Implementation Mechanisms
4.1 Opening of Community Programmes
4.2 Opening of Community Agencies
5. Cross-Border Co-operation Programme
6. The European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights
7. Useful Addresses
8. Frequently Requested Addresses
Author (Corp. Body): The EU Enlargement Information Centre
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninstitution
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEuropean Community institutions and organs
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: When negotiations begin: the next phase in EU-Turkey relations
Abstract
Turkey's fulfilment of the EU's first set of political criteria qualifies the country to start negotiations. But EU membership is much more demanding than most of Turkey's political and business elite realise. They hope that they can bargain away many of the onerous requirements for EU membership. But the accession process is not about finding common interests between equal partners. Rather, it is about agreeing a timetable for the candidate country to apply the EU's laws at home. Most Turks will welcome the start of accession negotiations as confirming their country's identity as a modern, European country. The political elite hopes that it will ensure Turkey's future as a democracy with a stable economy. But the Turks will find that the EU is not just a club based on a shared identity, but also a huge set of rules and regulations. Its day-to-day business is not about values but about fire safety in shops and hygiene standards in dairies. European integration reaches deep into a country's policies and institutions. It affects not just high politics but daily life: how animals are slaughtered, how sewage is treated, and what products can be advertised on billboards. The EU covers foreign and security policies too, many of which are very sensitive in Turkey. For example, Turkey will have to demand visas from countries on the EU's black-list, including from the Russian and Iranian tourists which contribute significantly to the Turkish economy. Turkey will also have to align its policies towards neighbouring countries such as Iran, Syria and Armenia with those of the Union. Turkey will find it hard to accept such a strong external influence. The practical consequences of membership negotiations will be difficult, but the change in mentality required will be even harder. The Ottoman Empire was a great power. Britain's experience shows how hard it can be for ex-empires to accept sharing sovereignty in the EU, especially if they go on thinking that it is primarily an economic uni
Author: Grabbe, Heather
Series Title: Centre for European Reform essays
Publisher: Centre for European Reform
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionintegration dispositionintegration policypolitical integration
Subject: International relationsEuropean Communities and European Union in generalEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centre for European Reform (http://www.cer.org.uk/)
Title: Turkey, the EU, and Freedom in the World: An Examination of EU Accession through the Lens of Data on Political Rights
and Civil Liberties
Abstract
Turkey's EU membership application is fraught with more difficulties than that of any other country to apply. The EU has been unwilling to rule Turkey out, but at the same time it has not fully committed to accepting Turkey as a member. At this point there is no definitive way to determine whether the EU has dealt with Turkey as it would with any other country with a similar human rights record but less controversy. It is only possible to evaluate what data exist and estimate where that should place Turkey in the accession process. By looking at data from Freedom House's Freedom in the World survey of political rights and civil liberties, this article suggests an alternative way of evaluating Turkey's position with respect to the EU. The evidence here suggests that Turkey is not yet as advanced in democratic reforms as other candidate countries have been, and therefore the EU cannot be blamed for its hesitance thus far. But it also indicates that Turkey is in a position different from all other candidates and that it could benefit from more active engagement than the EU is now offering. Turkey is a valuable ally to Europe and the West as a whole, and the EU should encourage positive trends in any way it can. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Repucci, Sarah
Series Title: Insight Turkey ; Vol 6.2004
Publisher: Freedom House
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: civil rightsEU expansionintegration policyhuman rights
Subject: International relationsEuropean Communities and European Union in generalEuropean Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Freedom House (http://www.freedomhouse.org/)
Title: Convergence of real GDP per capita in the EU15: How do the accession countries fit in?
Abstract
The EU15 countries' real GDP per capita levels adjusted for purchasing power converged in 1960-2001. Convergence occurred in two spells, in 1960-73 and 1986-2001, with an interim period of stagnation. In this paper, we analyse both s and b convergence and discuss the impact of EU membership, trade and investment. We also analyse how seven accession countries fit into the historical picture of the EU15 area. The CEE countries are well positioned to catch up with the incumbent EU countries. After the mid-1990s, an increase in productivity and high investment rates have supported economic growth in the accession countries. Still, the experience of the EU15 countries shows that convergence cannot be taken for granted. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Kaitila, Ville
Series Title: European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes - Working paper ; 25
Contributer: European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes
Publisher: Centre for European Policy Studies
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9079-467-4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: gross domestic productEUEU expansionconvergenceEast Central Europe
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEconomic and growth policiesEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centre for European Policy Studies (http://shop.ceps.be/)
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