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Title: 'Evaluation of governance, rule of law, judiciary reform and fight against corruption and organised crime in the Western
Balkans' : LOT 2 – Final Report
Table of Contents
List of abbreviations
Executive summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Objective and purpose
1.2 Scope of the evaluation
1.3 Methodology
2. Options to improve and strengthen the assessment approach and EU pre-accession assistance
2.1 Approach to improve assessment of EU pre-accession assistance
2.2 Intervention logic
2.3 Specific mid-term objectives for Judicial Reform and the Fight against Corruption and Organized Crime
2.4 Indicators for the specific objectives in the areas of Judicial Reform and the Fight against Corruption and Organized Crime
2.5 Identification of verification sources
3. Assessment tools for the Commission
3.1 Additional verification sources and tools
3.2 Strengths and weaknesses of current sources and tools
3.3 Recommendations to improve availability of indicators
4. Main conclusions and recommendations
Annex 1: Objectives, Indicators and Verification sources GRJCO
Annex 2: List of parameters and indicators relevant to assess efforts and progress in the field of measures on Justice Reforms and Rule of Law
Annex 3: List of parameters and indicators relevant to assess efforts and progress in the field of measures against corruption
Annex 4: List of parameters and indicators relevant to assess efforts and progress in the field of measures against organised crime
Annex 5: Review of assessment tools and sources
Annex 6: Albania questionnaire for preparation of Opinion
Annex 7: Interviews and meetings
Annex 8: References
Annex 9: Process of data collection
Annex 10: Questionnaire
Author (Corp. Body): Berenschot, Utrecht | imagos
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Uniongovernancejudiciarycorruptionreform
Southeastern Europecrime fighting
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relationsLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsPublic administration. Executive power
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesAlbaniaBosnia and HerzegovinaKosovo
MontenegroSerbiaCroatiaRepublic of Macedonia
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Title: 2013 Annual Activity Report : DG Justice
Title (other): 2013 Annual Activity Report : DG Justice : Annexes
Abstract
Justice, fundamental rights and citizenship policies are based on Europeans’ core values and principles – freedom, democracy, the rule of law, equality, tolerance, and respect of human rights.The Directorate-General for Justice’s overriding mission is to build a European Area of Justice for the benefit of everyone in the European Union. The DG delivers Justice for Citizens and Justice for Growth. This means that the aim is to vindicate and strengthen the rights of people living in the European Union, and remove barriers to their full participation in the internal market, whether they are acting as citizens, as entrepreneurs, as consumers or as workers, wherever they are in the EU.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
THE DG IN BRIEF
THE YEAR IN BRIEF
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS (5 MOST RELEVANT)
POLICY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE YEAR (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF PART I)
KEY CONCLUSIONS ON RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ON PART 2 AND 3)
INFORMATION TO THE COMMISSIONER
1. POLICY ACHIEVEMENTS
1.1 ACHIEVEMENT OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
1.1.1 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: PUTTING THE EUROPEAN JUDICIAL AREA AT THE SERVICE OF CITIZENS AND BUSINESS AND TRENGTHENING THE INTERNAL MARKET CONTINUES TO PROGRESS
1.1.2 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: STRENGTHENING CONFIDENCE IN THE EUROPEAN JUDICIAL AREA GOES HAND-IN-HAND WITH REINFORCING MUTUAL TRUST
1.1.3 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: ENSURING THE PROTECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND EMPOWERING EUROPEAN CITIZENS REQUIRES CONSTANT VIGILANCE FROM THE COMMISSION
1.1.4 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY AND COMBATTING DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF SEX, RACIAL OR ETHNIC ORIGIN, RELIGION AND BELIEF, DISABILITY, AGE AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION MADE SOME NOTABLE GAINS
1.1.5 ABB ACTIVITIES 3303 (JUSTICE IN CRIMINAL AND CIVIL MATTERS) AND 17 02(CONSUMER POLICY)CONTINUED TO DEVELOP THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK1.1.6 ABB ACTIVITY 18 05 (SECURITY AND SAFEGUARDING LIBERTIES) AND 33 04 (DRUGS PREVENTION AND INFORMATION) MODERNISED THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK
1.1.7 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02 (FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND CITIZENSHIP) HAD AN ESPECIALLY HIGH PROFILE DURING 2013, THE EUROPEAN YEAR OF CITIZENS
1.1.8 ABB ACTIVITIES 04 04(EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL SOLIDARITY AND GENDER EQUALITY) AND 33 06 (EQUALITY) SAW SOME SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS
1.2 SPECIFIC EFFORTS TO IMPROVE 'ECONOMY' AND 'EFFICIENCY' OF SPENDING AND NON-SPENDING ACTIVITIES
1.2.1 EXAMPLE: USE OF INTRANET
1.2.2 EXAMPLE: MISSION COSTS
2. MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES
2.1 MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES BY DG JUSTICE
2.2 BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION TASKS ENTRUSTED TO OTHER SERVICES AND ENTITIES
| 2.3 ASSESSMENT OF AUDIT RESULTS AND FOLLOW UP OF AUDIT RECOMMENDATIONS
3. ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
4. MANAGEMENT ASSURANCEDECLARATION OF ASSURANCE
ANNEXES
ANNEX 1: STATEMENT OF THE RESOURCES DIRECTOR
ANNEX 2: HUMAN AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES
ANNEX 3: DRAFT ANNUAL ACCOUNTS AND FINANCIAL REPORTS
ANNEX 4: MATERIALITY CRITERIA
ANNEX 5: INTERNAL CONTROL TEMPLATES FOR BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION (ICTS)
ANNEX 6: IMPLEMENTATION THROUGH NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC-SECTOR BODIES AND BODIES GOVERNED BY PRIVATE LAW WITH A PUBLIC SECTOR MISSION - not applicable
ANNEX 7: AARs OF EXECUTIVE AGENCIES AND THE EAMR OF THE UNION DELEGATIONS – not applicable
ANNEX 8: DECENTRALIZED AGENCIES – not applicable
ANNEX 9: PERFORMANCE INFORMATION INCLUDED IN EVALUATIONS
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Justice_aar_2013_ final
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Geschäfts- und Jahresberichte
Keyword: reportEUEuropean Commissionjudiciarywork
Subject: European Community institutionsLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: 2014 Annual Activity Report : DG Justice
Title (other): 2014 Annual Activity Report : DG Justice : Annexes
Abstract
The Directorate-General for Justice had as its overriding mission to build a European Area of Justice for the benefit of everyone in the European Union. It aimed to vindicate and strengthen the rights of people living in the European Union, and to remove barriers to their full participation in the internal market, whether acting as citizens, as entrepreneurs, as consumers or as workers, throughout the EU.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
THE DG IN BRIEF
THE YEAR IN BRIEF
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
POLICY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE YEAR (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF PART 1)
KEY CONCLUSIONS ON RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ON PART 2 AND 3)
INFORMATION TO THE COMMISSIONER
1. POLICY ACHIEVEMENTS
1.1 ACHIEVEMENT OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
1.1.1 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1
1.1.2 POLICY AREA JUSTICE: GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2
1.1.3 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 1
1.1.4 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2
1.1.5 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 3
1.1.6 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 4
1.1.7 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 5
1.1.8 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 6
1.1.9 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 7
1.1.10 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 8
1.1.11 ABB ACTIVITY 33 02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 9
1.1.12 ABB ACTIVITY 33 03: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 1
1.1.13 ABB ACTIVITY 33 03: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2
1.1.14 ABB ACTIVITY 33 03: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 3
1.1.15 ABB ACTIVITY 33 03: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 4
1.1.16 ABB ACTIVITY 33 AWBL-02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 1
1.1.17 ABB ACTIVITY 33 AWBL-02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2
1.1.18 ABB ACTIVITY 33 AWBL-02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 3
1.1.19 ABB ACTIVITY 33 AWBL-02: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 4
1.2 EXAMPLE OF EU-ADDED VALUE AND RESULTS/IMPACTS OF PROJECTS OR PROGRAMME FINANCED
1.3 ECONOMY AND EFFICIENCY OF SPENDING AND NON-SPENDING ACTIVITIES
1.3.1 EXAMPLE 1
1.3.2 EXAMPLE 2
2. MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES
2.1 MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES BY DG JUSTICE
2.1.1 GRANT DIRECT MANAGEMENT
2.1.2 PROCUREMENT DIRECT MANAGEMENT
2.1.3 FRAUD PREVENTION AND DETECTION
2.2 BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION TASKS ENTRUSTED TO OTHER DGS AND ENTITIES
2.2.1 CROSS-SUB-DELEGATIONS
2.2.2 EXPENDITURE IN INDIRECT MANAGEMENT
2.3 GENERAL CONCLUSION ON CONTROL EFFICIENCY AND COST-EFFECTIVENESS IN ALL FUNDS IMPLEMENTED BY DG JUSTICE
| 2.4 ASSESSMENT OF AUDIT RESULTS AND FOLLOW UPOF AUDIT RECOMMENDATIONS
3. ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
4. MANAGEMENT ASSURANCE
4.1 REVIEW OF THE ELEMENTS SUPPORTING ASSURANCE
4.2 OVERALL CONCLUSION ON ASSURANCE
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Ref. Ares(2015)1411106 | justice _aar_201 4_final
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Geschäfts- und Jahresberichte
Keyword: reportEUEuropean Commissionjudiciarywork
Subject: European Community institutionsLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: A comparison of the now agreed VIS package and the US-VISIT system
Abstract
In recent years, U.S. and EU have both set up border-related database systems with striking similarities as regards names and major development phases occurring in the historical context of post-9/11. Nevertheless doubts are appropriate as to how far the parallels go between the European VIS finally adopted as an instrument of the common visa policy and US-VISIT known for its dedicated role in the war against terrorism. On the basis of a detailed examination of systems and contextual features, the present briefing undertakes to illustrate major divergences in terms of underlying purposes and means employed which once again confirm well-known transatlantic divides as to the significance of data protection, availability of data to a wide range of security authorities, perfectionist use of biometric control processes etc. The transatlantic comparison also takes note of rather disillusioning experiences made by US-VISIT: despite deployment of enormous financial resources, newest technology and the envisaged use of accompanying measures such as ETA, the modernisation of the Visa Waiver Program (VWP), the seamless protection of US borders appears still not in sight. Certainly a lesson to be retained in view of possible European ambitions to follow the U.S. on the same path![European Parliament]
Author: Hobbing, Peter
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 378.306
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: residency permitdata securitycontrol systemlegal systemterrorism
Subject: International relationsFrontiersLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: USA
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Title: Access to justice in Europe: an overview of challenges and opportunities
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Access to Shelters of Undocumented Migrant Women Fleeing Domestic Violence : The Legal and Practical Situation in the
Member States
Abstract
This study is a literature review about the ability of undocumented migrant women who experience domestic violence to access shelter and support. The study brings together data on characteristics of this group of women and the difficulties they face in seeking help. It includes eight case studies and important lessons about the political/economic, social and individual-level barriers to their seeking the help they need to preserve their Human Right to safety. [European Parliament]
Author: McCracken, Katie | Cook, Kate | Chantler, Khatidja
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Contributer: OpCit Research, London, the UK
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 493.027 | BA-03-13-630-EN-C | 978-92-823-4912-0
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Migrantswomanviolenceassistance
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsMigration
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesFinlandPolandGreeceItalySpain
FranceNetherlands
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Title: Accords de réadmission et respect des droits de l'homme dans les pays tiers. Bilan et perspectives pour le parlement
européen
Author: Charles, Claudia
Series Title:European Parliament - Note
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.528
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: third countriesrefugeeillegal immigrationhuman rights
Subject: International relations. International lawLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsHuman rights
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Title: Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and the Black Sea Region
Abstract
The Black Sea Region (BSR) has emerged as an important intersection of political, economic and security considerations and is now firmly into the attention and policy focus of the European Union and other international organizations. Increased movement of people, terrorist threats, economic opportunity, diffusion of the political ideas and model of the Euro-Atlantic community, energy diversification and security are only a few of the phenomena worthy of sustained attention and multi-faceted policy. The European Neighbourhood Policy is presently the main framework guiding EU activities in this part of the world. Beyond it, the Black Sea space is something of a constructed region, which contains an enormous diversity of states. [Vladimir Shopov]
Author: Shopov, Vladimir
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.544
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: FreedomGood governanceJurisprudenceBlack SeaSecurity Policy
Subject: International cooperationInternational relationsPeace. Wars. TerrorismLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
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Title: Austria - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUAustrialegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Austria. General Resources
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Title: Belgium - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Belgiumbilateral relationsEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Belgium
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Title: Biofuels sustainability criteria. Relevant issues to the proposed directive on the promotion of the use of energy from
renewable sources {COM(2008) 30 final}
Abstract
The role envisioned for liquid biofuels for transport has come under increased scrutiny in the past year or two, due to the potential social and environmental impacts associated with scaling up biofuels production and use from its low level?currently representing about 1% of transport fuels globally. The proposed EU Directive setting a target of 10% biofuels in transport sector by 2020 has therefore raised a number of concerns. The concerns about sustainability are addressed within the proposed Directive through criteria related mainly to GHG emissions, but also to biodiversity and other environmental impacts. The use of first generation biofuels in temperate climates is land-intensive and inefficient in technical terms, whereas first generation biofuels in tropical climates and second generation biofuels in general?offer a much more effective use of land resources. The use of GHG reduction criteria can provide incentives for producers to rely on the most productive feedstocks when sourcing biofuels for the EU market, which will often mean import of biofuels. A threshold of 50% or more would tend to eliminate many of the first generation biofuels produced in temperate climates. Member States should be encouraged to link financial incentives to the GHG reduction capabilities. Moreover, such incentives could be better linked to development cooperation in the case of imports, so as to insure that Least Developed Countries (i.e. in Africa) can gain access to larger markets rather than only the major producers such as Brazil. The calculation of GHG emissions associated with biofuels is complicated by the addition of factors associated with land use change, since the GHG impacts of land use change are beset by uncertainty both in physical terms as well as in the attribution of particular changes to production of particular biofuels. A further complication is introduced when indirect land use changes are incorporated, since these occur through combinations of market forces, illegal land use transformation, and regulat
Author: Johnson, Francis X. | Roman, Mikael | Hammerschlag, Roel
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 404.905
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Biofuelrenewable energy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEnergyEnvironment. Natural resources
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Title: Bulgaria - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsBulgariaEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Bulgaria
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Title: Climate Change Legislation and Initiatives at International Level and Design options for Future International Climate
Policy
Abstract
This paper provides background information for the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP) and the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP) in December 2007 in Bali, Indonesia. Significant action is required at the highest urgency to ensure that global greenhouse gas emissions peak until 2015 and decline to at least half of current levels to prevent dangerous interference with the climate system (chapter 2). The next years will be decisive as to whether this turn can be accomplished. [Dr. Niklas Höhne, Sara Moltmann, Dr. Martina Jung]
Author: Höhne, Niklas
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 393.514
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: climate changeenvironmental law
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEnvironmentClimate
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Title: Comparative study on access to justice in gender equality and anti-discrimination law : Corrigendum
Author (Corp. Body): Milieu Ltd.
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: VC/2009/0288
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationEUaffirmative actionlegal usagelegal assistance
Subject: European Community law in generalLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEqual opportunities
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Comparative study on access to justice in gender equality and anti-discrimination law : Synthesis Report
Table of Contents
Key points (EN, FR, DE)
Executive summary (EN, FR, DE)
Abbreviations
1. Background and context
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Legal framework
1.3. Legal and regulatory framework at national level
1.3.1. Overview of the areas and grounds covered in each country
1.3.2. The definition of discrimination
1.3.3. Multiple discrimination
2. Specific structures to access justice in anti-discrimination matters
3. Procedural guarantees
3.1. Legal standing and participatory status
3.1.1. Individual victims of discrimination
3.1.2. Legal entities
3.2. Burden of proof and evidence
3.3. Time limits
3.4. Length of the procedure
3.5. Costs of the procedure
3.5.1. Costs of the judicial proceedings
3.5.2. Legal aid schemes
4. Requirement for an effective, proportionate and dissuasive remedy
5. A summary of issues by country
6. Best practices
7. Conclusions, suggestions and recommendations for possible action at EU and national level
7.1. Recommendations at national level
7.2. Recommendations at EU level
Annex IA Specific structures
Annex IB Legal standing
Annex IC Time
Annex ID Legal costs
Annex IE Sanctions
Annex IF Compensation
Annex II Methodology note
Annex III Sources of information
Author (Corp. Body): Milieu Ltd.
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: VC/2009/0288
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationEUaffirmative actionlegal usagelegal assistance
Subject: European Community law in generalLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEqual opportunities
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Comparative Study on Authentic Instruments - National Provisions of Private Law, Circulation, Mutual Recognition and
Enforcement, Possible Legislative Initiative by the European Union (United Kingdom, France, Germany, Poland, Romania,
Sweden)
Abstract
This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the national provisions of private law and private international law in the field of authentic instruments with special focus on their mutual recognition and enforcement within selected EU Member States. The results of this comparative analysis serve as a basis for evaluating if a legislative initiative of the European Union in this field is worthwhile or necessary. For that purpose, the study contains some proposals on the legal basis and the form as well as on the scope and the content of a possible regulatory intervention by the European Union.[European Parliament]
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Author (Corp. Body): Conseil des notariats de l'Union européenne
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.329
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Private international lawPrivate Lawlegal policy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsScience policy
Countries Scheme: GERMANYSwedenPolandRomaniaFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Comparative Study on the Legal Systems of the Protection of Adults Lacking Legal Capacity - National Rules of Private
Law, of Private Iinternational Law and a Possible Legislative Initiative of the European Union (United Kingdom, France,
Germany, Sweden, Czech Republic, Romania)
Abstract
This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the legal systems of protection of adults lacking legal capacity within selected EU Member States. The first two parts of the study contain for each Member State concerned a detailed description and assessment of the national provisions of private law and of international private law on the protection of adults lacking legal capacity. The final part of the study indicates and evaluates the advantages and the possible content of a legislative initiative of the UE in the field of the protection in crossborder situations of adults lacking legal capacity.[European Parliament]
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Author (Corp. Body): Institut suisse de Droit comparé (Lausanne, Suisse)
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.328
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Legal policylegal policy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsScience policy
Countries Scheme: GERMANYSwedenCzech RepublicRomaniaFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to non-contractual obligations
arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality. Final Report
Table of Contents
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2 FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY
2.1 CONTEXTUAL FRAMEWORK
2.2 THE LEGAL BACKGROUND
2.2.1 Introduction
2.2.2 International Legal Jurisdiction. Regulation 44/2001
2.2.3 Applicable law
2.2.4 An ex-ante look at the problems of which rules of law apply
3 STUDY METHODOLOGY
3.1 METHODOLOGY
3.1.1 Introduction
3.1.2 Methodological summary
3.1.3 The timing
3.1.4 The Results
3.1.4.1 Distribution of answers
3.1.4.2 Information-gathering procedure
3.1.5 Interactions with Media and Press Associations
3.2 THE TEAM FOR THE STUDY
4 STUDY FINDINGS
4.1 ‘CURRENT INTERESTS’: PERSONALITY RIGHTS VERSUS FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
4.2 COMPARED VISION OF THE PERSONALITY RIGHTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EU (SUBSTANTIVE FORMATIVE REGULATION IN THE LEGAL SYSTEMS OF THE MEMBER STATES)
4.3 THE GRADUAL HARMONISATION/UNIFICATION OF NON-CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
4.4 EUROPEAN PRIVACY LAW AND ALLEGED INFRINGEMENTS OF PERSONALITY RIGHTS
4.4.1 International judicial competence of the courts of the Member States
4.4.1.1 Substantive scope of the jurisdiction of special competence
4.4.1.2 Autonomous concept of criminal or quasi-criminal subject matter of Article 5.3. R 44/2001
4.4.1.3 Legal qualification of the place where the damaging act occurs or could occur and illicit acts against private life
4.4.2 The law applying to non-contractual obligations deriving from acts against personality rights. The conventional European and Community rules in the area of non-contractual civil liability
4.4.2.1 Agreement 108 of the Council of Europe
4.4.2.2 Directive 95/46/EEC
4.4.2.3 Rome II Regulation
4.4.2.4 Exclusion of defamation from Rome II
i. Legislative proposals prior to the adoption of Rome II
ii. The end result: exclusion of the issue
4.5 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CONFLICT-OF-LAW RULES IN THE NATIONAL LAW OF EU MEMBER STATES
4.5.1 An overview
4.5.2 General rules
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/C4/028.
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUpersonalityprivacylaw
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsDemocracy and civil liberties
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations
arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality. Annex I - Survey Questionnaires.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION
2. QUANTITATIVE SURVEY
3. QUALITATIVE SURVEY
Author (Corp. Body): Universidad del Pai?s Vasco / Facultad de Ciencias Econo?micas, Bilbao | mainstrat
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/C4/028.
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: personalityprivacylaw
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsDemocracy and civil liberties
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations
arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality. ANNEX II – Survey Answers
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION
2. QUANTITATIVE SURVEY
3. QUALITATIVE SURVEY
Author (Corp. Body): Universidad del Pai?s Vasco / Facultad de Ciencias Econo?micas, Bilbao | mainstrat
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/C4/028.
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: personalityprivacylaw
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsDemocracy and civil liberties
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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