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86 entries found on 5 pages. starting on record 21 ending on 40

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Title: SMEs in European Contract Law
Author: Hesselink, Martin
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 378.300
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Small and medium-sized enterprisesContract law
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsContracts and guaranteesEnterprises
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Title: EU-Russia Human Rights Consultations
Abstract
This reflection document presents an assessment of the human rights consultations between the EU and Russia, placed in the more general context of their cooperation, as well as proposals and suggestions not only to improve their progress, but also to reshape their direction and objectives. It is based on a study of documents relating to these consultations and the other aspects of Russia-EU cooperation, as well as on discussions around these consultations held in Moscow, Brussels and Paris with representatives of the Council of the European Union, the Commission, and of Russian and international NGOs. It will focus on the respective positions of the different actors in this dialogue, and in particular the ways in which the roles of the European Parliament and civil society can be strengthened. [Anne Le Huerou]
Author: Le Huerou, Anne
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE381395
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: human rightscivil society
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsHuman rightsDemocracy and civil liberties
Countries Scheme: Russia
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Title: Biofuels sustainability criteria. Relevant issues to the proposed directive on the promotion of the use of energy from
renewable sources {COM(2008) 30 final}
Abstract
The role envisioned for liquid biofuels for transport has come under increased scrutiny in the past year or two, due to the potential social and environmental impacts associated with scaling up biofuels production and use from its low level?currently representing about 1% of transport fuels globally. The proposed EU Directive setting a target of 10% biofuels in transport sector by 2020 has therefore raised a number of concerns. The concerns about sustainability are addressed within the proposed Directive through criteria related mainly to GHG emissions, but also to biodiversity and other environmental impacts. The use of first generation biofuels in temperate climates is land-intensive and inefficient in technical terms, whereas first generation biofuels in tropical climates and second generation biofuels in general?offer a much more effective use of land resources. The use of GHG reduction criteria can provide incentives for producers to rely on the most productive feedstocks when sourcing biofuels for the EU market, which will often mean import of biofuels. A threshold of 50% or more would tend to eliminate many of the first generation biofuels produced in temperate climates. Member States should be encouraged to link financial incentives to the GHG reduction capabilities. Moreover, such incentives could be better linked to development cooperation in the case of imports, so as to insure that Least Developed Countries (i.e. in Africa) can gain access to larger markets rather than only the major producers such as Brazil. The calculation of GHG emissions associated with biofuels is complicated by the addition of factors associated with land use change, since the GHG impacts of land use change are beset by uncertainty both in physical terms as well as in the attribution of particular changes to production of particular biofuels. A further complication is introduced when indirect land use changes are incorporated, since these occur through combinations of market forces, illegal land use transformation, and regulat
Author: Johnson, Francis X. | Roman, Mikael | Hammerschlag, Roel
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 404.905
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Biofuelrenewable energy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEnergyEnvironment. Natural resources
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Title: Misleading practices of ?directory companies? in the context of current and future internal market legislation aimed at
the protection of consumers and SMEs
Abstract
Executive summary This study by Civic Consulting provides an overview of the extent of the problem of directory companies reported to apply misleading practices. It describes judicial and nonjudicial measures taken by affected enterprises and discusses initiatives by Member States aimed at tackling these practices. The study further presents an overview of the current EU legal framework and its national implementation. Finally, the study presents overall conclusions with a discussion of options for EU-level action. The analysis of this study has been based on several resources. Stakeholders and competent authorities have been involved throughout the process of the data analysis by means of interviews and surveys. Several case studies were carried out for the report to document court cases and actions taken against directory companies reported to apply misleading practices. A detailed legal analysis for three Member States was carried out (for Austria, the Netherlands and Spain). The country reports examine the transposition of the Directive concerning Misleading and Comparative Advertising and the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive into national legislation, and possible resulting loopholes, as well as jurisprudence and other measures taken by the respective Member States. [Dr Frank Alleweldt, Prof Jan Kabel, Dr Susanne Augenhofer]
Author: Alleweldt, Frank | Kabel, Jan | Augenhofer, Susanne
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.562
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Consumer protectiondomestic marketsmall-scale business
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsConsumption. Consumer protectionDomestic trade
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Title: Data protection from a transatlantic perspective : the EU and US move towards an international data protection agreement
?
Abstract
Recent years have been marked by a growing demand of personal data for public security purposes. Access and protection of those data are climbing the transatlantic political agenda. They have raised tensions and fostered forms of cooperation. The possible conclusion of an international binding agreement on a common transatlantic framework on data protection would be a further and crucial step ahead. The scope of this study is to pave the way for launching a parliamentary debate on those issues. Therefore, it aims at providing a comparative analysis of the EU and US legislation concerning the protection of personal data collected for public security purposes. It also discusses some of the main challenges posed by new technologies as well as analyses the most relevant cases-studies of transatlantic data exchange. Finally, it takes into consideration the published outcomes of the work of the High Level Contact Group. [European Parliament]
Author: De Hert, Paul | Bellanova, Rocco
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.320
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: data protection
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsDissemination of information
Countries Scheme: EUROPEUSA
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Title: Ethnicity and Race-based Profiling in Counter-terrorism, Law Enforcment and Border Control
Abstract
The aim of this study is to synthesize legal arguments and research findings relating to ethno-racial profiling in the field of anti-terrorist policies and legal instruments. The ultimate goal is to formulate guidelines and recommendations for the European legislators. In Part I, the study provides an analysis of the concept and utility of profiling. This includes an assessment of the most important substantive criteria of profiling and the necessary safeguards. Part II focuses on the compatibility of profiling with the most important international, European and national human rights instruments, along with European instruments in the context of the fight against terrorism, police and judicial cooperation and exchange of information and intelligence between Member States, while also taking into account the rights and guarantees provided to individuals in terms of privacy, data protection and nondiscrimination. Part III explores the impact of profiling on minority communities, police-minority relations, and the effectiveness of police and anti-terrorist law enforcement endeavours. Finally, Part IV offers recommendations on possible ways to carry out research on racial profiling and monitoring police activities in order to identify racial profiling practices. [European Parliament]
Author: Pap, András
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.326
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Human rightsethnicityterrorism
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsHuman rightsRacial policy
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Title: Patient Mobility in the European Union
Abstract
Study on Legislative Proposals on Patients Rights in Cross-Border Health Care. Analysis of the Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients rights in cross-border health {COM(2008) 414 final} and of the Communication from the Commission A Community framework on the application of patients rights in cross-border healthcare {COM(2008) 415 final}. [Federico Forchielli, Matteo Fusco]
Author: Forchielli, Federico | Fusco, Matteo
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.577
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Health policypublic healthconsumer protection
Subject: International cooperationLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsHealth. Illness
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Title: Minority Rights in the Western Balkans
Abstract
Executive summary Minority rights have received increasing attention in recent decades, and are the subject of various international treaties and frameworks. Given the demographic complexity of the region and its recent turbulent history of ethnic relations, minority protection is of particular importance in the Western Balkans, a region which comprises Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, FYRoMacedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. There is no consensus on the definition and characteristics of a minority, and this issue is often politically contested. Most commonly, a minority is considered a non-dominant group with an identity distinct from that of the majority population in a country. Minority rights refer to group-specific rights, in addition to general human rights and civil and political liberties, that any individual member of the minority can choose to enjoy. Minority protection refers to the overall institutional and policy framework in which these minority rights are embedded. Importantly, minority protection will only be effective when both majority and minority groups have incentives to adhere to the established institutions and rights. The extent and nature of legal frameworks for minority rightsconstitutional and other legal instruments, international commitments, and bilateral treaties and agreementsvary considerably across the Western Balkans region. On the whole, however, the legal provisions for minorities are extensive in all countries, and they have all signed up to most relevant international treaties and frameworks. [...][Stefan Wolff, Ana-Maria Anghelea, Ivana Djuric]
Author: Wolff, Stefan | Anghelea, Ana-Maria | Djuric, Ivana
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.559
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Demographic structureMinority politicsminority law
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: AlbaniaBosnia and HerzegovinaYugoslavia (Serbia, Montenegro)CroatiaRepublic of Macedonia
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Title: Policy Options for the Proposed Directive on Patient's Rights in Cross-border Healthcare
Abstract
The objective of the study is to highlight policy options in relation to the recent proposal put forth by the European Commission for a directive on the application of patients rights in cross-border healthcare. [...][Janne Sylvest; Benita Kidmose Rytz]
Author: Sylvest, Janne | Kidmose Rytz , Benita
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 416.201
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: health policypatient law
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsMedical care. Health control
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Title: Comparative Study on the Legal Systems of the Protection of Adults Lacking Legal Capacity - National Rules of Private
Law, of Private Iinternational Law and a Possible Legislative Initiative of the European Union (United Kingdom, France,
Germany, Sweden, Czech Republic, Romania)
Abstract
This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the legal systems of protection of adults lacking legal capacity within selected EU Member States. The first two parts of the study contain for each Member State concerned a detailed description and assessment of the national provisions of private law and of international private law on the protection of adults lacking legal capacity. The final part of the study indicates and evaluates the advantages and the possible content of a legislative initiative of the UE in the field of the protection in crossborder situations of adults lacking legal capacity.[European Parliament]
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Author (Corp. Body): Institut suisse de Droit comparé (Lausanne, Suisse)
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.328
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Legal policylegal policy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsScience policy
Countries Scheme: GERMANYSwedenCzech RepublicRomaniaFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Comparative Study on Authentic Instruments - National Provisions of Private Law, Circulation, Mutual Recognition and
Enforcement, Possible Legislative Initiative by the European Union (United Kingdom, France, Germany, Poland, Romania,
Sweden)
Abstract
This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the national provisions of private law and private international law in the field of authentic instruments with special focus on their mutual recognition and enforcement within selected EU Member States. The results of this comparative analysis serve as a basis for evaluating if a legislative initiative of the European Union in this field is worthwhile or necessary. For that purpose, the study contains some proposals on the legal basis and the form as well as on the scope and the content of a possible regulatory intervention by the European Union.[European Parliament]
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Author (Corp. Body): Conseil des notariats de l'Union européenne
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.329
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Private international lawPrivate Lawlegal policy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsScience policy
Countries Scheme: GERMANYSwedenPolandRomaniaFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Forced Marriages and Honour Killings
Abstract
This report aims at providing a comparative analysis of the ways in which forced marriages and honour killings are framed in the laws and practices taking place across the different Member States of the EU as well as in a selection of neighbouring countries. While statistical data on forced marriages and honour killings is often scarce, this report shows that these practices can be indeed found in a number of countries. At times of carrying the comparative analysis the legal context requires specific attention, not least for defining forced marriages but also for looking at the various steps which are taken to counter this phenomenon. Forcing someone to marry is a specific crime only in few EU Member States legal systems. Protection against forced marriage is however provided in a number of Member States by a broad range of activities including marriage law, immigration law, counselling, media presence and cooperation with civil society. When looking at the circumstances surrounding forced marriages, it appears that forced marriage has roots in traditional-patriarchical family structures, low-income situations and lack of education not in a specific culture or religion. Further, existing data suggest that forced marriage can some times result in honour killings. The report also addresses the ways in which these domains are being addressed at EU level, as well as the limits and potential for future EU action. [European Parliament]
Author: Robbers, Gerhard
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.334
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: marriage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsCriminal law
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Title: Access to justice in Europe: an overview of challenges and opportunities
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Austria - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUAustrialegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Austria. General Resources
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Title: Belgium - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Belgiumbilateral relationsEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Belgium
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Title: Bulgaria - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsBulgariaEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Bulgaria
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Title: Cyprus - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUlegal usageCyprus
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Cyprus
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Title: The Czech Reupublic - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in Europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUlegal usageCzech Republic
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Czech Republic
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Title: Germany - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in Europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsGermanyEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Germany. General Resources
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Title: Denmark - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in Europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsDenmarkEUlegal usage
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Denmark
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