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Title: Conditions of Imprisonment in EU Member States and the Candidate Countries
Title (other): Conditions d'incarcération dans les États membres de l'Union Européenne et les pays candidats à l'adhésion
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Author (Corp. Body): The International Centre for Prison Studies, King's College London, University of London, UK
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 358.897
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsHuman rights
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Progress Made and Existing Gaps in the Field of Judicial co-operation in criminal matters
Abstract
The briefing note provides an overview of the progress made and existing gaps in the field of judicial co-operation in criminal matters. It first reviews perceived difficulties with the pillar structure and examines the amendments that the Reform Treaty - due to be formally adopted at the European Council in December 2007 - would introduce. The different approaches to co-operation at a European level, i.e. mutual legal assistance, mutual recognition and approximation are also analysed. A particular emphasis is placed on current legislative proposals and other developments, such as the current state of play of the European Arrest Warrant, Eurojust and the European Judicial Network in criminal matters. Finally, the EU external relations in the field of judicial co-operation in criminal matters are also briefly mentioned. [European Parliament]
Author: Castillo, José
Series Title:European Parliament - Briefing Paper
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 393.265
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: European cooperationpenal policy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Strengthening Security and Fundamental Freedoms on the Internet - an EU Policy on the Fight Against Cyber Crime
Abstract
This study examines the human rights aspects of the Internet, and looks in detail at the relevant criminal law rules of the Council of Europe and the EU. It also examines other aspects of the issue of cyber-crime, such as data protection rights, the EUs Safer Internet programme, child pornography, attacks on information systems, terrorism, racism and xenophobia. The study concludes that the EU should set the following priorities in this area: a) the adoption of a non-binding Internet Bill of Rights, a draft of which is presented in the Annex; b) the development of EU substantive and procedural criminal law regarding cybercrime; and c) the development of EU operational action as regards cyber-crime.[European Parliament]
Author: Peers, Steve
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 408.335
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Data protectionHuman rightsinternetcriminality
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsHuman rightsComputer science
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Title: Implementation of the European Arrest Warrant and Joint Investigation Teams at EU and National Level
Abstract
The European Arrest Warrant and Joint Investigation Teams are two instruments of cooperation in the field of EU Freedom, Security and Justice. They are both currently used by Member States, but to different extents. The 2002 Council Framework Decision adopting the European Arrest Warrant has been challenged by national courts up to the constitutional level. Member States have also regularly implemented the European Arrest Warrant in contradiction with the text of the Framework Decision. Nevertheless, the European Arrest Warrant is the success story of EU judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Joint Investigation Teams, on the other hand, have been used much less by Member States. Additionally, the main EU legal basis has not yet been implemented in all Member States. Nonetheless, Joint Investigation Teams have demonstrated their usefulness in investigating the most serious forms of criminality. Both instruments could be used more efficiently, in particular through a stronger involvement of both Europol and Eurojust.[European Parliament]
Author: Long, Nadja
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 410.671
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: JudiciaryCooperationsecurity
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Opinion of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights on the Confiscation of proceeds of crime
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: returnEuropecriminalitydirectiveoffense
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: http//fra.europa.eu
Title: Opinion No. 2-2006 : EQUALISATION OF TREATMENT BETWEEN HOMOSEXUAL AND HETEROSEXUAL RELATIONS WITH REGARD TO THE AGE
LIMITS FOR SEXUAL OFFENCES - THE REMAINING EXCEPTIONS IN THE MEMBER STATES
Author (Corp. Body): Network of Independent Experts on Fundamental Rights
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: CFR-CDF.Opinion 2-2006.doc
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUacthomosexualitylegal minoritysexualitysexual abuse
Subject: European Community law in generalLaw of personsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Report on the current state of play of the 2003 Council Recommendation on the prevention and reduction of health-related
harm, associated with drug dependence, in the EU and candidate countries : Final Report ; Annex 2: Systematic Literature
Reviews - part of Deliverable 2
Table of Contents
Introduction
1 Definition of PICO-Questions
2 Review on naloxone distribution
2.1 Background
2.2 Methods
2.3 Results
2.3.1 Primary studies and systematic reviews
2.3.2 Reviews and Guidelines
2.3.3 Evaluation of “take-home”-programmes
2.4 Remarks from general guidelines
2.5 Discussion
2.6 Conclusions and Recommendations
3 Review on prison release management
3.1 Background
3.2 Methods
3.3 Results
3.3.1 Systematic review and primary studies
3.3.2 Background articles, reports and guidelines
3.3.3 Models and interventions in different countries
3.4 Discussion
3.5 Conclusions and recommendations
4 Needle exchange programmes in prison
4.1 Background
4.2 Methods
4.3 Results
4.3.1 Reviews and primary studies
4.3.2 Different types of NSP in prison
4.3.3 Guidelines and political papers
4.4 Discussion
4.5 Conclusions and recommendations
5 Review on route of administration
5.1 Background
5.2 Methods
5.3 Results
5.3.1 Interventions to influence route of administration
5.3.2 Factors influencing the route of administration
5.4 Conclusions
6 Search strategies
Abbreviations
Literature
Author: Grabenhofer-Eggerth, Alexander ; 1030184143 | Weigl, Marion | Busch, Martin
Contributer: Sogeti, Paris | Gesundheit Österreich GmbH, Wien | Executive Agency for Health and Consumers
Publisher: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug dependencedrug policyEUhealth carelegal usage
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial problems in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsMedical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Further insights into aspects of the illicit EU drugs market
Title (other): Further insights into aspects of the EU illicit drugs market : summaries and key findings
Abstract
This report provides the results from an analysis of characteristics and operations of the EU’s illicit drugs market as called for by the European Commission. The study is a follow-up of the earlier European Commission study presenting an analysis of the developments of the global illicit drugs market, the drug problems and drug policy responses in the period 1998-2007 (Reuter and Trautmann 2009). The discussions of that study resulted in a number of further research questions considered important for future drug policy making in the EU. The questions regarded as most important by the European Commission have been put together in a call for a further analysis of the EU illicit drugs market and responses to it, focusing on a number of aspects in the following four areas:A. An analysis of specific characteristics, mechanisms and factors that govern the EU illicit drugs market, including a concep-tual framework for thinking about the structure of the supply side of that market, an assessment whether there have been significant shifts in how drugs are supplied in the EU and an assessment of the extent to which drug suppliers are involved in different drugs and other criminal activities.B. A detailed analysis of the size and share of the EU illicit drug market, providing an estimate of the volume of the ‘EU market’ in illicit drugs (production and trafficking) and of the profits generated by this market, analysing whether the EU drugs market is more supply or demand driven and exploring various aspects of drug use: user types, availability and consumption estimates.C. A detailed analysis of a number of potential policy impacts on the EU drug market(s) in recent years, assessing the impact of opioid substitution treatment (OST) on the European heroin market and the impact of policy changes on two EU drug markets.D. Scanning the future – exploring expert views on future key trends of the illicit drug markets and policy responses in the EU.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
General introduction
Highlights
Key findings and summaries
Part I: Drugs market: an assessment from the demand side
Introduction
Report 1 Cannabis market: user types, availability and consumption estimates
Report 2 Amphetamine, ecstasy and cocaine: typology of users, availability and consumption estimates
Report 3 Heroin market: use characteristics, size of the market and impact of OST on the heroin market
Introduction
Report 3.1 Exploring heroin consumption
Report 3.2 Sizing national heroin markets in the EU: insights from self–reported expenditures in the Czech Republic and England
Report 3.3 The impact of opioid substitution treatment (OST) on the European heroin market
Report 4 Estimating the size of the EU cannabis market
Part II: Drugs market: selected features
Report 1 Opioid consumption and substitution treatment in Finland and Sweden: a similar path with different outcomes?
Report 2 Managing potential conflict in illegal markets: an exploratory study of cocaine smuggling in the Netherlands
Report 3 `Polymorphous criminal networks’: considering criminal groups’ engagement across markets
Report 4 Insights about cannabis production and distribution costs in the EU
Part III: Drug policy issues
Report 1 Impact of decriminalisation of personal possession offences in Portugal
Report 2 Impact of changes in the Netherlands coffee shop policies on local markets: politics, policies, confusion and chaos: the problems associated with implementing the Dutch weed pass
Report 3 Exploring trends in the illicit drugs market and drug policy responses in the EU
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe, Cambridge | Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | Trimbos Institute | Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-29287-3 | DS-31-13-828-EN-N | 978-92-79-28674-2 | DS-30-13-272-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug abusedrug policyEUcriminality
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsHealth. Illness
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Report on the evaluation of the transposition and impacts of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA on drug trafficking :
Final Report ; March 2013
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Transposition of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA
2.1 Implementation procedure
2.2 Definition of “drugs”
2.3 Trafficking in drugs
2.4 Trafficking in precursors
2.5 Incitement, aiding and abetting and attempt (Article 3 FD)
2.6 Penalties
2.7 Confiscation
2.8 Jurisdiction
2.9 Liability of legal persons
2.10 Impact of the Framework Decision on national legislation
2.11 Overall compliance of Member States’ legislation with FrameworkDecision 2004/757/JHA
3.0 Application of the legislation transposing the Framework Decision
3.1 Application of the Framework Decision provisions in practice
3.2 Interpretation of the Framework Decision by courts
3.3 Procedural data
3.4 Penalties
3.5 Jurisdiction
3.6 Confiscation
3.7 Summary
4.0 Cooperation between Member States and Member States and EU bodies
4.1 General aspects
4.2 Involvement of EU bodies
4.3 Main issues in cooperation between Member States in drug trafficking cases
4.4 Summary
5.0 Summary of the results
5.1 General impact
5.2 Transposition of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA
5.3 Application of the Framework Decision
5.4 Cooperation between Member States and Member States and EU bodies
Annex 1: List of interviewees
Annex 2: Bibliography
Annex 3: Questionnaires to national experts
Annex 4: List of national experts
List of tables
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28885-2 | DS-31-13-641-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUlegal usagejurisdiction
Subject: European Community lawSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Preparatory study for an impact assessment on a new legislative instrument replacing the Council Framework Decision
2004/757/JHA on illicit drug trafficking : Final Report ; March 2013
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Structure of the report
2.0 Context for the study
2.1 Competency of the EU
2.2 EU anti-drugs policy
2.3 United Nations Conventions
2.4 Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA and its rationale
3.0 Problem definition
3.1 The problem of major Illicit drug trafficking
3.2 Main drivers of the problems
3.3 Who is affected by the problems and how?
3.4 How would the problem evolve in the baseline scenario
3.5 Right to act and subsidiarity
4.0 Rationale, Objectives and Intervention Logic for a New EU Legislative Instrument
4.1 Rationale
4.2 Objectives and intervention logic
5.0 Policy options
5.1 Discarded options
5.2 Legal basis and decision-making procedure
5.3 Consistency of the options with EU policies and fundamental rights
5.4 Assessment criteria
5.5 Cluster A – scope for action
5.6 Cluster B – definition of offences
5.7 Cluster C – level of sanctions (Imprisonment)
5.8 Cluster D – financial penalties
5.9 Financial penalties for legal persons
5.10 Cluster E – aggravating and mitigating circumstances
5.11 Cluster F – jurisdiction
5.12 Territorial jurisdiction
5.13 Cluster G – judicial and law enforcement co-operation
5.14 Cluster H – Data and statistics
6.0 Comparison of the options and identification of the preferredoption
6.1 Comparison of impacts of the policy options
6.2 Scope for action
6.3 Definition of offences
6.4 Level of sanctions
6.5 Financial penalties
6.6 Aggravating and mitigating circumstances
6.7 Jurisdiction
6.8 Judicial and law enforcement cooperation
6.9 Data and statistics
6.10 Outline of the preferred policy option
7.0 Monitoring and evaluation
Annex One: List of interviewees
Annex Two: Research Materials
Annex Three: Summary Tables
Annex Four: Detailed Cost Analysis
Author (Corp. Body): ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam | ECLAN / European Criminal Law Academic Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28898-2 | DS-31-13-643-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUlegal usagejurisdiction
Subject: European Community lawSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on judicial cooperation, mutual legal assistance and extradition of drug traffickers and other drug-related crime
offenders, between the EU and its Member States and Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries
Table of Contents
0. Acronyms & abbreviations
1. Executive Summary
2. Introduction to Cooperation, MLA and Extradition between EU and its MS and LAC countries
2.1. Introductory note
2.2. Historical development of EU-LAC bi-regional cooperation
2.3. EU Cooperation Projects for CELAC
3. State of the art within the LAC Region: analysis of the MLA/extraditionsystem in place
3.1. Justice system and legal cooperation in the Region: historical andcultural factors and institutional design
3.2. Characteristics of Judicial Cooperation in LAC countries
3.3. Drug Trafficking in the LAC Region
4. Analysis of extradition and MLA between LAC countries and the EU.
4.1. Overview of LAC participation in multilateral conventions with EU MS
4.2. Mapping of LAC & EU MS participation in bilateral MLA agreements
4.3. Mapping and assessing on the bilateral extradition agreements
4.4. Assessment of the LAC and EU MS participation in international conventions on drug trafficking
4.5. Analysis of the LAC countries’ participation in international agreements and the transfer of sentenced drug traffickers: bilateral and multilateral conventions. Extradition to serve sentences at home
5. The functioning of international legal instruments signed between LAC countries and EU MS, and of other practical tools
5.1. Research Data sheet
5.2. Analysis of the use of bilateral extradition agreements
5.3. Comparative analysis of the use of international legal instruments on drug-related crimes
5.4. Operational gaps and potential obstacles of existing tools
6. Study report Main Findings
6.1. Main Findings
7. Conclusions
7.1. General Conclusions
7.2. Key Conclusions
Author: Parra, Javier Luis | Arnaiz, Amaya | Bodoque, Ángel
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | FIIAPP | COMJIB
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-33266-1 | DS-02-13-428-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimeEUjudiciarycooperationLatin America
Subject: European Community treaties and agreementsSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesLatin America and Caribbean. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on Corruption in the Healthcare Sector : HOME/2011/ISEC/PR/047-A2
Table of Contents
Executive summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Research objectives
1.2 Research approach
1.3 Terminology
1.4 Legal context
1.5 Structure of this report
2 Healthcare and corruption
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Informal payments
2.3 Medical devices
2.4 Pharmaceuticals
3 Typologies of healthcare corruption
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Towards a corruption-in-healthcare typology
3.3 Bribery in medical service delivery
3.4 Procurement corruption
3.5 Improper marketing relations
3.6 Misuse of (high level) positions
3.7 Undue reimbursement claims
3.8 Fraud and embezzlement
3.9 Misuse of legal rights
4 Policies and practices
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Generic policies and practices
4.3 Control and sanctioning
4.4 Bribery in medical service delivery
4.5 Procurement corruption
4.6 Improper marketing relations
4.7 Critical patient, pressure group and media involvement
4.8 Findings
5 Conclusions and recommendations
Annex A 86 cases of corruption in health
Annex B Eurobarometer perceptions
Annex C EU 28 MS research
Annex D Country reports
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
The Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Annex E Country profile template
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Inneres
Contributer: ECORYS | EHFCN
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: HOME/2011/ISEC/PR/047-A2 | 978-92-79-33864-9 | DR-04-13-003-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: fraudEUhealth carecorruption
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsMedical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study for an impact assessment on a proposal for a new legal framework on the confiscation and recovery of criminal
assets
Table of Contents
Preface
Contents
Tables
Figures
Abbreviations
Summary
CHAPTER 1. Introduction
CHAPTER 2. Method
2.1 Formulating the problem
2.2 Data collection
...
2.3 Analytical inputs
...
2.4 Analytical challenges
...
2.5 Analytical process
...
CHAPTER 3. Problem definition
3.1 Reasons to confiscate and recover criminal assets
...
3.2 Identifiable problems
...
3.3 Causes of the problem
3.4 Theoretical exposition
...
3.5 Existing measures at EU level
...
3.6 Member-State baselines
...
CHAPTER 4. Objectives for the EU
4.1 The EU’s right to act
...
4.2 Objectives
CHAPTER 5. Policy options
5.1 EU-level actions
...
5.2 Grouping actions into policy options
CHAPTER 6. Analysis
6.1 Trends and drivers
...
6.2 Phase 1: analysis of EU-level actions
...
6.3 Phase 2: analysis of policy options
...
6.4 Ranking of policy options
CHAPTER 7. Monitoring and evaluation
7.1 Indicators
...
7.2 Monitoring and evaluation arrangements
...
References
EU documents cited
Legal cases
Appendix A. Summary of fieldwork
Appendix B. Confiscation statistics
Appendix C. Organised crime typologies
Appendix D. Microeconomic analysis
Appendix E. Fundamental rights
Appendix F. Member-State legislation
Appendix G. Conferrals of power
Appendix H. Analysis of EU-level actions
Appendix I. Asset recovery in the UK
Appendix J. EU-27 profitability model
Appendix K. Economic impacts
Appendix L. Social impacts
Appendix M. Environmental impacts
Author: Forsaith, James | Irving, Barrie Leslie ; 141977418 | Nanopoulos, Eva
Series Title:RAND EUROPE - Technical report
Contributer: Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Inneres
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUlawoffenseassets
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsFinancing. Private finance. Financial policy
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Understanding illicit drug markets, supply-reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the European Union
Table of Contents
Preface
Table of Figures
Table of Tables
Acknowledgements
CHAPTER 1 Executive summary
Beau Kilmer, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula and Stijn Hoorens
Introduction
Key insights
Recommendations
Closing thoughts
CHAPTER 2 Introduction
Stijn Hoorens and Beau Kilmer
CHAPTER 3 A framework for thinking about drug markets
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Beau Kilmer and Priscillia Hunt
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Background: an economic framework for thinking about the market for drugs
3.3 Indicators and policy-relevant data for understanding drug markets
3.4 Conclusions and recommendations
CHAPTER 4 Indicators for understanding supply-reduction efforts
Beau Kilmer, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Priscillia Hunt and Lila Rabinovich
4.1 Introduction
4.2 RAND’s framework for supply-side interventions
4.3 Sources of supply and supply-reduction strategies
4.4 Indicators for understanding supply-reduction strategies
4.5 Conclusions
CHAPTER 5 Indicators for understanding drug-related crime
Emma Disley, Stijn Hoorens, Priscillia Hunt, Beau Kilmer, Rosalie LiccardoPacula, Lila Rabinovich and Jennifer Rubin
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Previous approaches to thinking about drug-related crime
5.3 The RAND framework for thinking about drug-related crime
5.4 Drug-related crime data
5.5 Possible indicators of drug-related crime
5.6 The nature of the association between drugs and crime: A review of the literature
5.7 Generating attribution factors
5.8 Conclusions
CHAPTER 6 Insights from three case studies
Stijn Hoorens, Susan Kirk, Lila Rabinovich and Emma Disley
6.1 The United Kingdom
6.2 Czech Republic
6.3 Spain
6.4 Conclusions
REFERENCES
Reference list
APPENDICES
Appendix A. Creating price series without data: Harnessing the power of forensic data
Appendix B. Summary of major publicly-available datasets on drug supply and drug offences in the EU
Appendix C. Data collected about drug prices, purity and seizures in 3rd countries
Series Title:RAND Europe - Report
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2008/C2/001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policydrug sceneEU
Subject: Social problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCzech RepublicSpainUnited Kingdom
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study to Assess the Extent of Abuse of Non-Profit Organisations for Financial Criminal Purposes at EU Level
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Conclusions
Recommendations
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 EC research context
1.3 Balancing state security concerns and the needs of civil society
1.4 Overall aims and purpose of the study
1.5 Structure of the report
2.0 Summary of methodology and tasks
2.1 Delphi survey
2.2 Literature review
2.3 Case studies
2.4 Caveats and clarifications
2.5 Development of concepts and analysis
3.0 Findings
3.1 Review of the existing evidence base
3.2 Delphi survey findings
3.3 Case history archive
4.0 General view of the evidence in relation to the research questions
5.0 Conclusions and recommendations
Recommendations
Appendix 1. Delphi survey questionnaire
Bibliography
Author (Corp. Body): Matrix Insight
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUmoney economynon-profit charactercriminalityorganizations
Subject: Economic law. Competition lawCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Match-fixing in sport : A mapping of criminal law provisions in EU 27
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Bildung und Kultur
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: professional sportsconflict of interest
Subject: Criminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Quelle / Source: http://ec.europa.eu | Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document
Title: Study on minimum sanctions in the EU Member States : Final report ; Tender JUST/2013/JPEN/0047/A4
Table of Contents
Preface
Country codes
Summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Research objective
1.3 Research approach
2. Legal situation on minimum sanctions
2.1 Scoping and definition
2.2 Minimum sanctions – general overview
2.2.1 Minimum imprisonment sanctions
...
2.3 General “technical” minimum limits
2.3.1 General minimum limits of imprisonment sanctions
...
2.4 Categorisation of offences
2.5 Minimum sanctions for specific offences
2.5.1 Preliminary remarks
...
2.6 Sources of minimum sanctions
2.7 Limitations to minimum sanctions
2.8 Situations in which minimum sanctions fall below their levels
2.8.1 Introduction
...
3. Individualisation of sanctions
3.1 Sentencing: imposition of sanction
3.1.1 Mitigating circumstances and reduced sanction
...
3.2 Mitigation: early release mechanisms
3.3 Mitigation in practice
3.3.1 Experience
...
4. Implications of minimum sanctions on criminal law
4.1 On substantive law
4.2 On procedural law
5. Legal history and debate
5.1 Brief overview of the legal history throughout the Member States
5.2 Purpose of minima: practitioners’ perception at the national level
5.3 Trends and tendencies in the Member States
5.4 Constitutional debate in the Member States
5.5 Obstacles to EU legislation in regard to minimum sanctions?
6. Statistical analysis
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Levels of minimum sanctions
6.3 Imposition and execution
6.5 Deterrence
6.5.1 Minimum sanctions and deterrence
...
7. Summary and conclusions
7.1 Summary of the results
7.1.1 Legal systems
...
7.2 Conclusions
7.2.1 General remarks
...
Bibliography
Annex A Mitigating circumstances
Annex B Imposition and execution
Annex C Research team
Annex D Questionnaire
Author (Corp. Body): European Criminal Law Academic Network | ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-50347-4 | DS-01-15-553-EN-N | JUST/2013/JPEN/0047/A4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: deterrenceEUimprisonmentfinelawpenalty
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on criminal sanction legislation and practice in representative Member States : Final Report
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Criminal offenses and sanctions in representative Member States
2.1. Child Pornography
2.2. Drug Trafficking
2.3. Money Laundering
2.4. Frauds with no cash means of payment
2.5. Illegal Entry
3. Diagnosis, recommendations and proposals
Author (Corp. Body): Thomson Reuters Aranzadi
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-38539-1 | JUST/2011/JPEN/PR/0066/A4 | DS-04-14-632-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: frauddrug-related crimeEUmoneyillegal immigrationchildpornographylegal usage
penal lawpayment transactions
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesSwedenLatviaPolandHungary
RomaniaItalySpainCyprusFranceUnited Kingdom
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: A Guide for Users to the European Small Claims Procedure : A short introduction to the main practical aspects of the use
of the procedure based on the Regulation
Abstract
The purpose of this Guide is to give a direct introduction to the European Small Claims Procedure, referred to throughout the Guide as ‘the procedure’. The Guide is designed to assist users of the procedure in understanding what each of its stages involves. In particular it should assist a party wishing to commence a procedure case and also a party against whom a case has been lodged. The guide is relatively short and straightforward, for ease of access and intelligibility. It does not go into very great detail, deliberately, the intention being to keep the description of the various aspects of the procedure as short and simple as possible. For a more detailed description of the procedure, and for additional information which may enable users of the procedure to understand it in more depth, the companion Practice Guide can be used, references to whose contents can be found in most of the paragraphs of the Users’ Guide, for example ‘PG 1.1’. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Introduction: Contemplating legal action to recover a cross-border claim in the EU
Part One: The purpose, uses and scope of the procedure described
Part Two: Questions about costs and expenses?
Part Three: Taking a small claim to court
Part Four: Responding to a claim
Part Five: Proceeding to judgment
Part Six: After the judgment
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-35863-0 | DS-02-14-145-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: delictEUlegal usagepenal lawoffense
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on paving the way for future policy initiatives in the field of fight against organised crime: the effectiveness
of specific criminal law measures targeting organised crime : Final report
Abstract
Organised crime poses a threat to the security and freedom of European citizens and impacts the lives of people worldwide. Recognising the severity of the problem and the need for coordinated action, the EU has initiated a number of measures to encourage closer cooperation between Member States and the adoption of common legal, judicial and investigative frameworks to address organised crime. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
PREFACE
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
PART 1: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
2.BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY – EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORKS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ORGANISED CRIME
2.1. ...
3. METHODOLOGY
3.1. ...
PART 2: NATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW TOOLS USED IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ORGANISED CRIME
4. MAPPING AND TRANSPOSITION ASSESSMENT OF MS LEGISLATION WITH REFERENCE TO FRAMEWORK DECISION 2008/841/JHA
4.1. ...
5. FURTHER/ALTERNATIVE CRIMINAL LAW TOOLS TO FIGHT ORGANISED CRIME
5.1. ...
6. IMPLEMENTATION OF LAWS RELATING TO PARTICIPATION IN A CRIMINAL ORGANISATION
6.1. ...
PART 3: LEGAL AND INVESTIGATIVE TOOLS
7. LEGAL AND INVESTIGATIVE TOOLS
7.1. ...
PART 4: NATIONAL SPECIALISED JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES INVOLVED IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ORGANISED CRIME
8. AN OVERVIEW OF NATIONAL SPECIALISED JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, PROMISING PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES
8.1. ...
PART 5: CASE STUDIES
9. THE ITALIAN CASE STUDY
9.1. ...
10. UK CASE STUDY
10.1. ...
PART 6: CONCLUSIONS
11. CONCLUSIONS
11.1. ...
REFERENCES
APPENDIX A: LEGAL SOURCES
APPENDIX B: MAIN NATIONAL SPECIALIST AGENCIES OPERATING IN THE FIELD OF ORGANISED CRIME
APPENDIX C: INTERVIEWEES FOR UK CASE STUDY
Author: Di Nicola, Andrea ; 106687574X | Gunev, Filip ; 1057018023 | Levi, Michael ; 171516753
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres | Rand Europe, Cambridge | ecrime group | Centre for the Study of Democracy
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-44630-6 | HR-06-14-242-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationEUcase studylaw enforcementlegislationGreat BritainItalyorganizations
organized crimelegal usage
Subject: European Community treaties and agreementsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesItalyUnited Kingdom
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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