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106 entries found on 6 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 20

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Title: Living conditions in Europe - Statistical pocketbook
Abstract
The aim of the statistical pocketbook 'Living conditions in Europe' is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current living conditions in the fifteen Member States of the European Union (as well as in the EFTA countries where information is available). Data are drawn from a wide range of harmonised sources available in Eurostat, such as the European Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). Each of the eleven chapters focuses on a different area of social policy: population, households and families, education and training, labour market, earnings, income, social protection, consumption and housing, health, social participation and crime. Each chapter contains a selection of indicators which are presented in tables and charts and accompanied by a short commentary.
Series Title: Eurostat - Key Indicators
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-28-00-842-EN-I-EN | 92-828-9349-9
Language: en
Ressource: Datasets, Statistics
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/index.htm)
Title: European social statistics – Income, poverty and social exclusion
Abstract
This report is the first in a series of periodic publications on income poverty and social exclusion in the European Union. It includes information on income poverty,social exclusion and the interrelationship between the two phenomena.Its focus is on the incidence of social exclusion and poverty in the European Union,in particular on the identification of poverty risk groups.Moreover,information is included on the dynamics of income poverty and the issue of cumulative disadvantages.The report uses the most recent data available from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP).
Series Title: Eurostat - Detailed Tables
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-29-00-181-EN-I-EN | 92-828-9034-1
Language: en
Ressource: Datasets, Statistics
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/index.htm)
Title: Living conditions in Europe : Statistical pocketbook : Data 1998-2002
Abstract
The aim of the 2003 edition of the statistical pocketbook 'Living conditions in Europe' is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current living conditions in the fifteen old Member States of the European Union as well as in the four EFTA countries where information is available. Data are drawn from a wide range of harmonised sources available in Eurostat, such as the European Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). Different areas of the social field are described by a selection of indicators which are presented in tables and charts and accompanied by a short commentary. [Herausgeber]
Series Title: Eurostat - Pocketbooks
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-53-03-831-EN-N | 92-894-5885-2
Language: en
Ressource: Datasets, Statistics
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/index.htm)
Title: The production of data on homelessness and housing deprivation in the European Union: survey and proposals
Abstract
Homelessness and housing deprivation is perhaps the most extreme example of poverty and social exclusion in society today, both as a symptom and as a cause. However so far there are few official statistics on homelessness and housing deprivation, and these are rarely comparable between countries. This report highlights the various obstacles to a pan-European comparison, discusses the definition(s) of homelessness and housing deprivation and reviews systems for data collection, supporting the analysis with extensive appendices. It concludes with a series of concrete proposals. The report is considered to make an important contribution to the progress of efforts to gauge the scale and extent of homelessness and housing deprivation in a European context.
Series Title: Eurostat - Working papers and studies
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-CC-04-008 | 92-894-8170-6 | 1725-065X
Language: en
Ressource: Datasets, Statistics
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/index.htm)
Title: The knowledge society in Finland : Current situation and future trends
Abstract
In the context of its four-year work programme, Analysing and Anticipating Change to Support Socio-Economic Progress 2001-2004, the Foundation launched a project on 'European Knowledge Society (KS) foresights for living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations'. The purpose of this project is to increase understanding of the 'drivers' of a KS and to anticipate their potential impacts on living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations. EUFORIA has been set up as a project to chart the development of the KS in different EU member states using different means and methodologies. This report deals with the situation in Finland. [I. Ahokas, J. Kaivo-oja]
Author: Ahokas, I. | Kaivo-oja, J.
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: knowledge society
Subject: Economic conditionsSocial structure. Social conditions. Social changeInformation
Countries Scheme: Finland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: The knowledge society in Germany : Current situation and future trends
Abstract
In the context of its four-year work programme, Analysing and Anticipating Change to Support Socio-Economic Progress 2001-2004, the Foundation launched a project on 'European Knowledge Society (KS) foresights for living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations'. The purpose of this project is to increase understanding of the 'drivers' of a KS and to anticipate their potential impacts on living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations. EUFORIA has been set up as a project to chart the development of the KS in different EU member states using different means and methodologies. This report deals with the situation in Germany. [W. B. Korte, I. Meyer]
Author: Korte, W.B. | Meyer, I.
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: knowledge society
Subject: Economic conditionsSocial structure. Social conditions. Social changeInformation
Countries Scheme: Germany. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Perceptions of living conditions in an enlarged Europe
Abstract
With ten new Member States joining the European Union in May 2004 and other applications in waiting, Europe?s social portrait changes profoundly. Several myths and prejudices prevail. This new report shatters some of these and provides a snapshot of the widely varying situation regarding quality of life issues in the enlarged Europe.Drawing on the results of Eurobarometer surveys carried out in the EU and the 13 acceding and candidate countries (ACC), it examines different quality of life issues such as social exclusion and integration, working conditions, income and deprivation, migration, and fertility and family support. [Herausgeber]
Author: Alber, J. | Fahey, T.
Series Title: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions - Quality of life in Europe
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0255-9 | TJ-58-04-813-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: International relationsEconomic conditionsSocial environment. Social behaviourSocial structure. Social conditions. Social change
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Advancement of the knowledge society : Comparing Europe, the US and Japan
Abstract
This report provides results on the advancement indicators of the knowledge-based society for EU countries, enhanced where possible by data from the EU acceding and candidate countries, the US and Japan. It is based on available statistical information and can be used as a starting point in the foresight process. The purpose of the project, now in its second phase (2002?2003), is to increase understanding of the drivers of the knowledge society and to anticipate the potential impact on living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations. [European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions]
Author: Ellermann, L. | Meyer, I. | Roncoszek, D. | Korte, W.B.
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: working conditionsinformation societyliving conditionsknowledge society
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeWorking condititions. Work organizationInformation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesUSAJapan
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Quality of life in Europe : an illustrative report
Author: Fahey, Tony | Layte, Richard | Smith, Emer | Whelan, Christopher | Fisher, Kimberly (University of Essex)
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social problemsSocial structure. Social conditions. Social changeHealth. Illness
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Monitoring quality of life in Europe
Abstract
The challenges arising from low employment rates, an ageing population, changing family structures and social exclusion have pushed ?quality of life? issues to the front of the EU social policy agenda. The Foundation has launched an initiative to improve the monitoring and reporting of living conditions and quality of life in Europe. The first step was to develop a conceptual framework that would be appropriate for the Foundation?s mission to meet information needs of policy-makers among public authorities and social partners, specifically at EU level.This report examines key concepts, research and policy developments related to quality of life. It identifies gaps in information and develops a strategy for monitoring. It recommends focusing on a limited number of life domains and analysing the linkages between them, with time use regarded as a crucial aspect of the interrelationships. The conclusions prepare the way for a new survey of quality of life in 28 European countries. This survey will enable the Foundation to describe and analyse trends on a comparative basis and to identify emerging issues for future EU policy. [Herausgeber]
Author: Fahey, Tony | Nolan, Brian | Whelan, Christopher T.
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0210-9 | TJ-51-03-350-EN-C | EF/02/108/EN
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Quality of life
Subject: Social policySociological analysisSocial structure. Social conditions. Social change
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Time and work : duration of work
Title (other): Temps et travail : la durée du travail
Abstract
This report looks at working hours and work schedules and their implications for living and working conditions. Most European countries have experienced a gradual reduction in working hours over the past two decades, accompanied by different working time arrangements and a variation in individual working hours and rhythms. While this has in general led to an improvement in working conditions, it can also be problematic for some people because of the disruption in work and the stress it generates. In addition, work itself has intensified and the flexibility of working time has resulted in variations in the pattern and duration of working times, the organisation of work in more or less regular cycles and irregular organisational procedures, all of which can lead to a disruption of the normal patterns of living. In short, it is not certain that recent developments in the area of working time and work rhythms have significantly improved the living and working conditions of employees. [Herausgeber]
Author: Boisard, Pierre
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: TJ-42-02-852-EN-C | 92-897-0154-4
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeConditions of workHours of work
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Quality of work and employment in Europe : Issues and challenges
Title (other): La qualité du travail et de l?emploi en Europe : Enjeux et défis
Abstract
Employment, and in particular quality of work and employment, is the focus of this paper. It covers four aspects identified by the European Foundation as key dimensions of quality of work and employment: career and employment security; health and well-being; skills development; and the reconciliation of working and non-working life. [Herausgeber]
Series Title: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions - Foundation Papers ; 1
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0156-0 | TJ-42-02-860-EN-C
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeLevels of educationConditions of workHealth. Illness
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Living conditions, working conditions and industrial relations in the knowledge society : Summary of workshops Dublin,
13-14 July and 27-28 November 2000
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeConditions of workIndustrial relationsInformationConferences. Seminars
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Understanding, anticipating and managing change : Identifying the drivers of change : Conference to launch the European
Monitoring Centre on Change : Brussels, 23 October 2001
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0137-4 | TJ-42-01-141-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeConditions of workConferences
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Zeiten in der Stadt und Lebensqualität
Title (other): Times in the City and Quality of Life | Temps de la ville et qualité de vie
Abstract
A summary of the main findings of comparative research undertaken in five European countries published in the journal BEST No. 1/99. [Herausgeber]
Author: Boulin, Jean Yves | Mückenberger, Ulrich
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-828-8563-6 | SX-27-99-225-DE-C
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeUrban areas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Analyse und Vorhersehen von Wandel zur Unterstützung des sozioökonomischen Fortschritts : Vierjahresprogramm 2001-2004
Title (other): Analysing and anticipating change to support socio-economic progress : Four-year programme 2001-2004
Abstract
The Foundation's seventh four-year programme aims both to provide continuity, building on the expertise established over the past 25 years, and innovation, exploring new and emerging issues and addressing the societal changes and the continuing challenge to improve living and working conditions. [European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0056-4 | TJ-36-01-370-..-C
Language: en | de
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: working conditionsliving conditionssocial changesocioeconomic development
Subject: Economic development. Economic growthSocial structure. Social conditions. Social changeConditions of work
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf : Die Arbeitszeitregelungen von Frauen und Männern
Title (other): Combining Family and Work : The Working Arrangements of Women and Men | Conciller vie familiale et vie professionnelle :
Répartition du temps de travail entre hommes et femmes
Abstract
During the summer of 1998 more than 30,000 persons aged between 16 to 64 years from 16 European countries were interviewed about their current employment status, their working conditions and their preferences. This leaflet summarises the main findings of the survey on the subject of current participation in paid work and future preferences of men and women who are living together as a couple. [Herausgeber]
Author: Bielenski, Harald | Hartmann, Josef
Publisher: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen | European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-828-9634-X | TJ-30-00-447-DE-C
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social changeConditions of workHours of workAge-sex distribution. Family
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Migrants, minorities and employment : exclusion, discrimination and anti-discrimination in 15 member states of the
European Union (en)
Abstract
FOREWORD The material in this report is a unique collection of evidence on employment disadvantage, discrimination and exclusion of migrants and ethnic minorities in 15 countries of the EU. It appears during the year when the two Council Directives - the Racial Equality Directive and the Employment Equality Directive - are due to be transposed into the legislation of Member States. The evidence of this report stands as a counter to anyone who until now considered the Equality Directives to be unnecessary, by documenting incidents and types of employment discrimination across the EU, and providing an insight into the processes of exclusion. It also highlights examples of 'good practices' in the area, carried out by governments, employers, trade unions, NGOs and migrant organisations, and finishes with selected recommendations for the EU and its Member States. Tackling discrimination at work is important, not only for reasons of social cohesion and social justice, but also because it makes good business sense, and now, increasingly, because the law will require it. European employers are increasingly realising that discrimination is bad for business. It leads to low morale and motivation, lower productivity, workplace tensions, higher labour turnover, and difficulties in recruitment. On the other hand, the benefits of diversity and a properly managed diverse workforce are also clear, with companies more able to take advantage of newly varied markets and provide better and more culturally-sensitive products and services. In June 2003 the European Commission launched a new campaign aimed at raising awareness of discrimination in Europe. I hope that this report will contribute to this process, and play its part in helping to heighten public and official awareness on issues of discrimination in the employment sector. The data for this report was assembled for the EUMC by its RAXEN National Focal Points in each of the 15 Member States. The EUMC then invited the International Centre for
Table of Contents
CONTENTS
FOREWORD .............................................................................................. 2
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................... 5
PART I: Methodological and Formal Issues of Data Comparability ....... 8
2. INTRODUCTION...................................................................... 8
2.1. Aims and Organization of the study............................................... 8
2.2. How the study was conducted ....................................................... 8
2.3. Conceptual and methodological framework.................................... 9
3. TERMINOLOGY AND LEGAL/INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MIGRANTS AND MINORITIES ......... 11
3.1. Overview and problems related to comparability of data............... 11
3.2. Terms and definitions used in Member States............................... 13
3.3. Legislation and Policies: the legal framework for immigrant- and minority policies and anti-discrimination.............. 15
PART II: Inventory of Existing and Non-Existing Data ......................... 22
4. MIGRANTS AND MINORITIES IN THE EMPLOYMENT SECTOR...................................................... 22
4.1. Demographic data, geographical distribution and data gaps identified..................................................................... 22
4.2. Labour force participation, employment and unemployment ......... 27
4.3. Segmentation, industries and occupations .......................................... 35 4.4. Self-employment........................................................................ 37
4.5. Educational achievements and employment ................................. 40
4.6. Incomes, wages and salaries........................................................ 43
4.7. Working conditions .................................................................... 46
4.8. The Informal sector .................................................................... 48
Author (Corp. Body): European Monitoring Centre onRacism and Xenophobia
Publisher: International Centre for MigrationPolicy Development (ICMPD)
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social change
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: http://fra.europa.eu
Title: Migrants, minorities and legislation
Title (other): documenting legal measures and remedies against discrimination in 15 Member States of the European Union
Abstract
Foreword This study comprises a unique collection of material on anti-discrimination legislation and case law in the European Union in 2003. Referring to the year when the EU Council Directive on Racial Equality (along with the Employment Equality Directive) was due to be transposed, this study presents a comparative analysis of existing and developing legal measures and remedies against discrimination of migrants and ethnic minorities. Thus, this study focuses on how different Member States approach the implementation of the Racial Equality Directive by either adapting current legislation or establishing new separate laws. On the other hand, an overview of existing non-discrimination legislation across the EU shows up to which degree anti-discrimination, anti-racism or general equality provisions have already been part of the Member States' constitutions or specific laws. In addition, the study also highlights exemplary court cases and complaints concerning discrimination, and finishes with selected recommendations for the EU and its Member States. Legislation-be it civil, administrative or penal law-builds the foundation of every action and policy against discrimination. In transposing the Council Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC Member States use a variety of methods, legal provisions and legal wording. Whereas some countries' status quo has demanded only minor amendments to comply with the Directives, it is clear that in countries lacking a history of strong anti-discrimination legislation the two Directives have induced a major positive change. I hope that this report, which also identifies existing shortcomings and areas of problems, will contribute to this encouraging process. The data for this report was compiled for the EUMC by its RAXEN National Focal Points in each of the (at the time) 15 Member States. The EUMC then invited the International Centre for Migration Policy Development in Vienna (ICMPD) to bring this material together in the form of the current report.
Table of Contents
Contents
Foreword III
1. Executive summary V
Part I: Methodological and formal issues of data comparability 1
2. Introduction 1
2.1. Aims and organization of the study 1
2.2. How the study was conducted 2
2.2.1. Conceptual and methodological framework 2
2.2.2. Problems related to comparability and non-availability of data 4
3. Terminology and background information 5
Part II: Inventory of existing and non-existing data 15
4. EU regulations: implementing the Racial Equality Directive (and the Employment Equality Directive) 15
4.1. Direct and indirect discrimination 23
4.2. Harassment 29
4.3. Instruction to discriminate 32
4.4. Genuine and determining occupational requirements 39
4.5. Positive action 43
4.6. Burden of proof 49
4.7. Specialised bodies 52
5. Other legal basis for anti-discrimination: constitutional provisions 66
6. Criminal law, penal provisions, racial motivation as aggravating circumstance 70
7. Special legislation 76
8. The Member States' legal framework 80
8.1. Recent developments in aliens' legislation 80
8.1.1. Immigration 80
8.1.2. Asylum 85
8.1.3. Integration/regularisation 88
8.2. Autochthonous and 'co-ethnic' minorities 94
8.3. International conventions 98
9. Jurisdiction: complaints about and court cases concerning discrimination 102
9.1. Anti-discrimination cases 102 XIII
9.2. Penal cases/racial crimes 108
Part III: Common problems and conclusions 117
10. Common and specific problems 117
11. Conclusions and recommendations 118
11.1. Options and strategies for improved data comparability 118
11.2. Conclusions and recommendations to the EU and its Member States 119
Annex 121
References 129
Author (Corp. Body): European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia
Contributer: International Centre for Migration Policy Development(ICMPD)
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social structure. Social conditions. Social change
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: http://fra.europa.eu
Title: Positions of 10 Central and Eastern European countries on EU institutional reforms:
Title (other): Analytical survey in the framework of the CEEC-DEBATE project
Abstract
The paper analyses the national debate on the future of Europe in the candidate countries from Central and Eastern Europe. The positions taken by representatives of governments and national parliaments at the European Convention show that divergences in the EU integration process do not occur between new and older Member States, but in relation to the interests of each country. All Central and Eastern European countries argue for maintaining and reinforcing the community method, which would strengthen their political power and allow defending their interests in international fora. They are mostly concerned about the role and representation of small and medium sized countries in an enlarged EU. It is not possible to consider the 10 Central European countries as a homogenous group. Each country has its own political and strategic preferences and interests. At the same time, official positions of most Central European governments are similar on guiding principles such as the wish of preserving the institutional balance, maintaining the current number of institutions and ensuring more openness and transparency. On the institutions, national positions represent many similarities such as rejection of the idea of a permanent President of the European Council (with the exception of Poland) and a support for team presidency (e.g. Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia). Basically all of the applicant countries follow the same line of argumentation and their representatives have participated in common initiatives, such as the "group of 16", a joint initiative of 16 smaller and medium Member States and candidates for accession on the reform of institutions. In some cases, positions have been modelled according to or got inspired from national positions of some of the current Member States. To illustrate, the Bulgarian and the Czech proposals are very close to the Belgian position. Like some current EU Member States, including Austria, Sweden and Finland, the countries that last joined the EU
Author: Franck, Christian | Pyszna-Nigge, Dorota
Publisher: Université Catholique
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionintegration policyconventionEast Central Europeconstitution
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community institutions and organsPolitical science in generalSocial structure. Social conditions. Social change
Countries Scheme: EASTERN EUROPE
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