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580 entries found on 29 pages. starting on record 101 ending on 120

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Title: The pricing behaviour of Italian firms
Title (other): new survey evidence on price stickiness
Abstract
This study examines price setting behaviour of Italian firms on the basis of the results of a survey conducted by Banca d'Italia in early 2003 on a sample of around 350 firms belonging to all economic sectors. Prices are mostly fixed following standard mark-up rules, although customer-specific characteristics have a role, in particular in manufacturing and services where price discrimination across customers matters. Rival prices mostly affect pricesetting strategies in industrial firms. In reviewing their prices, firms follow either state-dependent rules or a combination of time and state-dependent ones. Concerning the frequency of price adjustments, a considerable degree of stickiness emerges both at the stage in which firms evaluate their pricing strategies and the stage in which they actually implement the price change. In 2002 most firms changed their price only once. Three alternative explanations of nominal rigidity are ranked highest by the firms interviewed: explicit contracts, tacit collusive behaviour and the perception of the temporary nature of the shock. Prices respond asymmetrically to shocks, depending on the direction of the adjustment (positive vs negative) and the source of the shock (demand vs supply). Real rigidities - captured by the degree of market competition, customers' search costs, the sensitivity of profits to changes in demand - play an important role in determining this asymmetry. Moreover, whereas cost shocks impact more when prices have to be raised than when they have to be reduced, demand decreases are more likely to induce a price change than demand increases. [Silvia Fabiani, Angela Gattulli and Roberto Sabbatini]
Author: Fabiani, Silvia | Gattulli, Angela | Sabbatini, Roberto
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 333
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Pricing behaviour of firmsItaly
Subject: Prices. Price policyBusiness economics. Companies
Countries Scheme: Italy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Statistics on the trading of goods - User guide
Title (other): Edition 1998
Abstract
This document is a guide aimed at users of the statistics on trade in goods with non-member countries and between Member States disseminated by Eurostat. It contains general information on methodological rules, collection and processing of data, elaboration of the results and access to Eurostat's statistics.[Eurostat]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 1998
Language: en
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Economic analysis and researchTradeForeign trade. Trade relationsData collection
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Statistics on the trading of goods - User guide
Title (other): Edition 2001
Abstract
This document is a guide aimed at users of the statistics on trade in goods with non-member countries and between Member States disseminated by Eurostat. It contains general information on methodological rules, collection and processing of data, elaboration of the results and access to Eurostat's statistics.[Eurostat]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-1830-3
Language: en
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Economic analysis and researchTradeForeign trade. Trade relationsData collection
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Statistics on the trading of goods - User guide
Title (other): Edition 2002
Abstract
This document is a guide aimed at users of the statistics on trade in goods with non-member countries and between Member States disseminated by Eurostat. It contains general information on methodological rules, collection and processing of data, elaboration of the results and access to Eurostat's statistics.[Eurostat]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-4726-5
Language: en
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Economic analysis and researchTradeForeign trade. Trade relationsData collection
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Geonomenclature
Title (other): Edition 2001
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-828-9960-8
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Domestic trade
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Elektrizitätspreise ? Preissysteme 2001
Title (other): Electricity prices ? Price systems 2001 | Prix de l?électricité ? Systèmes de prix 2001
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-4335-9
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Energy policy. Power generationPrices. Price policy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Elektrizitätspreise ? Preissysteme 1999
Title (other): Electricity prices ? Price systems 1999 | Prix de l?électricité ? Systèmes de prix 1999
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-828-9952-7
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: Energy policy. Power generationPrices. Price policy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Gaspreise ? Preissysteme 1999
Title (other): Gas prices ? Price systems 1999 | Prix du gaz ? Systèmes de prix 1999
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-828-9953-5
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: EnergyPrices
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Gaspreise ? Preissysteme 2001
Title (other): Gas prices ? Price systems 2001 | Prix du gaz ? Systèmes de prix 2001
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | European Communities / Office for Official Publications
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-4336-7
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Normen und Standards
Subject: EnergyPrices
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Pressure from the East European member states
Title (other): Tax Burdens, Locational Competition and Reform Requirements within the EU-25
Abstract
The discussion presently taking place in the large eurozone economies about the reform of the social welfare state is dominated by two assertions: Western Europe as an investment location is too expensive due to its high tax burden, and, second, countless jobs are threatened from low-wage competition from the new EU member states. These claims are only partially true. Whereas the overall tax load in France is above the EU-15 average, the German tax load lies in the middle range. In addition, the export of jobs to the new member states has been declining since 2003. The reforms introduced in the EU and Germany subsumed under the headings of the Lisbon Strategy or Agenda 2010 are not solely in response to the EU's eastward expansion. Nonetheless, the EU's enlargement has contributed to an increased willingness to implement reforms and has stimulated, for example, efforts to adapt the structure of tax revenue in an effort to meet global challenges. It is hardly accurate, however, to speak of a «race to the bottom», which has supposedly been touched off by the new member states. What is needed is the elimination of obstacles that hamper investment, growth and employment. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Hishow, Ognian N.
Series Title: SWP Comments ; 24
Publisher: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionlow wageeconomic changesocial welfaretax reform
Subject: European Community budget and financial managementEconomic and social developmentMarkets. Competition
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (http://www.swp-berlin.org/)
Title: Eurozone Enlargement
Title (other): Exploring Uncharted Waters
Abstract
The paper summarises the outcomes of a research project on 'The Eastward Enlargement of the Eurozone' that has been, since 2001, conducted by leading research institutions from Estonia, Finland, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia, coordinated by the Freie Universität Berlin's Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence. The project was supported by the European Commission's 5th Framework Programme. The report draws on the research that has been laid down in a set of working papers and several books, analyses impacts on markets and policies, and assesses the changes that have occurred so far. It also discusses what impact enlargement will have on the eurozone as a whole, its capacity to act, and on institutional consequences. On 1 May 2004, ten countries joined the European Union. The new members are Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. Enlargement increased the EU population to 450 million, making the EU the world's largest single market in population terms. A market of this size can be expected to give a boost to investment and job creation, raising levels of prosperity throughout Europe. Enlargement will, however, create new challenges: the Central and East European countries (CEEC) may take decades to catch up economically with their western neighbours unless adequate assistance from the old member countries is being provided. Thus, the success of enlargement depends both on the speed of the process and on the procedure how to implement the right political and economic mechanisms towards sustainable self-financed growth. This process may even be aggravated by the eurozone's eastward enlargement which strips the CEEC of monetary policy independence and the application of traditional economic instruments. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Bolle, Michael
Contributer: Ezoneplus Research Consortium
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionmonetary policyEast Central Europe
Subject: European Community financial managementDemand. Market. ConsumptionMonetary agreements and zones. International debt
Countries Scheme: EASTERN EUROPE
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Ezoneplus Research Consortium (http://www.ezoneplus.org/)
Title: User's handbook to the rules of preferential origin used in trade between the European Community and other European
countries
Table of Contents
Preface
General information
PART 1 Information concerning the concept of originating products
1 What is origin?
8 2 What is non-preferential origin?
3 What is preferential origin?
8 4 Can all products benefit from preferential origin?
5 Where can I find out if my goods qualify for preferential treatment?
6 What is tariff classification?
7 Are there any criteria other than working or processing that have to be fulfilled?
8 What is cumulation?
9 What is bilateral cumulation?
10 What is diagonal cumulation?
11 What is full cumulation?
12 What is the difference between diagonal and full cumulation?
13 What is pan-European cumulation?
14 Which countries are operating the pan-European cumulation system of origin?
15 Where can I find the Protocol for the country I am trading with?
16 Which Agreement applies to my goods?
PART 2 Analysis of an origin protocol
Introduction
Structure of the Origin Protocols
Title I: General Provisions
Article 1 - Definitions
Title II: Definition of the concept of "originating products"
Article 2 - General requirements
Questions:
3 1 How can my product obtain origin?
2 What does "wholly obtained" mean?
3 What does sufficiently worked or processed mean?
Article 3 - Cumulation in the European Community
Article 4 - Cumulation in Bulgaria
Article 5 - Wholly obtained products
Article 6 - Sufficiently worked or processed products
Questions:
1 Are there any circumstances where non-originating materials can be used to produce an originating product?
2 How should Annex II be read?
Article 7 - Insufficient working or processing operations
Article 8 - Unit of qualification
Article 9 - Accessories, spare parts and tools
Article 10 - Sets
Article 11 - Neutral elements
Title III: Territorial requirements
Article 12 - Principle of territoriality
Article 13 - Direct transport
Article 14 - Exh
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Steuern und Zollunion | European Commission / Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Anleitungen, Checklisten, Leitfäden, Lehrmaterial
Keyword: Foreign TradeFree tradeRules of origin
Subject: Foreign trade. Trade relationsCustoms tariffs. Free trade
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Evaluation of the Transatlantic Business Dialogue (TABD)
Title (other): subject of request for services, final report
Author (Corp. Body): European Evaluation Consortium, TEEC
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: BUDG-02-01 L2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Foreign trade policy
Subject: Commercial agreements. Trade negotiations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Erweiterung der EU 2004
Title (other): Übergangsmaßnahmen der Beitrittsakte im Zollbereich : Informationsunterlage | EU enlargement in 2004, transitional
customs measures of the Act of Accession, information document | Élargissement de l'UE en 2004, mesures douanières
transitoires de l'Acte d'adhésion, document d'information
Abstract
Diese Unterlage wurde von den Dienststellen der Kommission ausgearbeitet, um nützliche Informationen über die Erweiterung der EU 2004 für Zollverwaltungen, Wirtschaftsbeteiligte und sonstige Interessenten bereitzustellen. Behandelt werden hauptsächlich die Übergangsmaßnahmen im Zollbereich. Darüber hinaus enthalten die Anhänge Informationen über bestimmte landwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse, die Mehrwertsteuer und die Verbrauchsteuern. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Table of Contents
I. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG
II. EINLEITUNG: DIE GRUNDREGELN DES BEITRITTS
III. ÜBERGANGSMASSNAHMEN FÜR ALLE NEUEN MITGLIEDSTAATEN
1. Nachweis des Gemeinschaftscharakters (Handel innerhalb der erweiterten Gemeinschaft)
2. Nachweis der Präferenzursprungseigenschaft (Handel mit Drittländern)
IV. ZOLLLAGER, FREIZONEN, FREILAGER
V. AKTIVE VEREDELUNG
VI. UMWANDLUNG UNTER ZOLLAMTLICHER ÜBERWACHUNG
VII. VORÜBERGEHENDE VERWENDUNG
VIII. PASSIVE VEREDELUNG
IX. BUCHMÄSSIGE ERFASSUNG, NACHERHEBUNG, ERSTATTUNG UND ERLASS
X. VERBINDLICHE ZOLLTARIF- ODER URSPRUNGSAUSKÜNFTE
XI. EINIGE PRAKTISCHE BEISPIELE
1. Erteilung und Geltungsdauer der Bewilligung
2. Beendigung vor dem Beitritt begonnener Zollverfahren
3. Erhebungsfrist und Bemessungsgrundlagen für die Zölle
XII. BESONDERE ZOLLREGELUNGEN FÜR EINZELNE BEITRITTSLÄNDER
1. Zypern
2. Malta
3. Ungarn
XIII. SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN
Anhang 1 Spezifische Übergangsmaßnahmen für bestimmte landwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse
Anhang 2 Spezifische Übergangsmaßnahmen für Zucker
Anhang 3 Übergangsmaßnahmen im Mehrwertsteuerbereich für den Beitritt der 10 Bewerberländer zur Union
Anhang 4 Übergangsmaßnahmen der Beitrittsakte im Zollbereich - Verknüpfung mit den Verbrauchsteuerverfahren
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Steuern und Zollunion | European Commission / Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union | Ausschuss für den Zollkodex | Customs Code Committee | Comité du code des douanes
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: TAXUD/763/2003
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Tariff harmonizationTariff policyCustoms lawCustoms uniontariff policytariff union
Subject: Customs tariffs. Free trade
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: The European Community's rules of origin for the generalised system of preferences : a guide for users [+ annexes 1-4]
Title (other): Les règles d'origine du système des préférences généralisées de la communauté européene : manuel de
l'utilisateur [+ annex 1-4]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Steuern und Zollunion | European Commission / Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union
Year: 2007
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Parlamentaria und Reden
Keyword: Foreign TradeFree tradeRules of origin
Subject: Foreign trade. Trade relationsCustoms tariffs. Free trade
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu/)
Title: Enlargement: What can enterprises in the new Member States expect?
Title (other): Questions and answers
Abstract
The biggest ever enlargement of the European Union both in terms of scope and diversity is scheduled to take place on the 1 of May 2004 when 10 of the 13 candidate countries are expected to join the Union. This constitutes a challenge both for the current member states and for candidate countries but at the same time opens significant new opportunities for businesses across Europe. A single set of trade rules, a single tariff, and a single set of administrative procedures in many areas will apply not only just across the existing member states but also across the single market of the enlarged Union. Many enterprises in candidate countries have understood the new opportunities linked to enlargement. Entrepreneurs are aware that new legislative requirements will have to be applied in areas such as standards and certification. However, it is often less clear to them what exactly is needed. In addition, most enterprises are unaware of the fact that the EU runs a large number of direct or indirect support measures in all candidate countries, which will help them to prepare their business for the enlarged single market. This paper is meant to raise the awareness of the impact which enlargement will have on business in the acceding countries and to provide useful links for further information on enlargement related issues. The paper concentrates on the following enterprise aspects of enlargement: the economic impact of enlargement, measures to improve business environment (including rules and EU standards for industrial products), EU support to small and medium-sized enterprises and the likely impact on some specific sectors (steel, automotive, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and textiles). It complements information of other services of the European Commission regarding e.g. the economic impact of enlargement, competition rules, company law, taxation issues, health and safety at work, education and training, and environmental protection. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansiontrade policybusiness managementeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEconomic and growth policiesEconomic development. Economic growthDemand. Market. ConsumptionBusiness management. Company activity
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Preparing for EU membership: the paradox of doing what the EU does not require you to do
Abstract
One way to prepare for EU membership is not just to learn all the EU rules, but also to look at how other countries have coped with the demands of membership and learn from their successes and failures. In essence, preparation for membership requires a sort of risk analysis and market research. With respect to assessing the risks of membership, instead of ticking off adopted legal acts, the governments of the acceding countries should identify the things that can go wrong. They should find out which are their weak points and take preventive action now rather than respond with remedial measures later on. Although it is never too late to carry out this risk analysis, failure to apply and enforce properly EU rules means, at best, that the Commission will eventually haul them before the EU Court of Justice. At worst, they will have failed to enjoy the full benefits of membership and protect adequately their citizens, consumers and environment. Market research is also a useful tool for increasing the benefits of membership. Indeed, the EU has a huge internal market, which offers many opportunities that can be exploited by the alert and nimble Member States. Just as companies structure their internal operations to improve their market prospects, so should the acceding countries do to improve their prospects within the EU system. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Nicolaides, Phedon
Series Title: EIPASCOPE ; 2003/2
Publisher: European Institute of Public Administration
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionmarket researchrisk assessment
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEconomic and growth policiesEconomic development. Economic growthDemand. Market. Consumption
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Institute of Public Administration (http://www.eipa.nl/)
Title: Strategien der wichtigsten Mitglieder der Welthandelsorganisation (WTO) im Hinblick auf die kommenden
Landwirtschaftsverhandlungen
Title (other): Strategies of the main members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in connection with the forthcoming agriculture
negotiations | Les stratégies des principaux membres de l'Organisation Mondiale du Commerce (OMC) en vue des prochaines
négociations agricoles
Abstract
Die auf den Landwirtschaftsbereich begrenzten multilateralen Handelsverhandlungen wurden im März 2000 wieder aufgenommen. Wie im Artikel 20 des Agrarübereinkommens vorgesehen, entsprechen sie den Auflagen aus der WTO-Agenda, auf die sich die Mitgliedsländer in Marrakesch am 15. April 1994 bei der Unterzeichnung der Schlussakte verpflichtet hatten. Sie enthält die Ergebnisse der multilateralen Handelsverhandlungen der Uruguay-Runde. Am Ende der ersten Verhandlungsetappe, die sich bis in den März 2001 zog, wurden 45 Vorschläge und drei Fachbeiträge hinterlegt. In diesen drei Fachbeiträgen werden die wichtigsten handelsbezogenen und nicht handelsbezogenen Themen behandelt, die im Zusammenhang mit der multilateralen Liberalisierung des Handels im Landwirtschaftsbereich stehen, für die das WTO-Agrarübereinkommen den Rahmen bildet. [Europäisches Parlament]
Author: Trouvé-Teychenné, Odile
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; AGRI 136 AXX
Publisher: Europäisches Parlament / Generaldirektion Wissenschaft
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 307.890
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Trade agreementAgricultureworld trade
Subject: Agricultural markets. Agricultural pricesCommercial agreements. Trade negotiations
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: The WTO negotiations in the field of agriculture and food : Strategic positions of the US and China
Title (other): Les négociations de l'OMC dans le domaine de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation les positions stratègiques des USA et
de la Chine
Abstract
Chinese accession to the WTO will give it the right to participate in the current agriculturalnegotiations. An obvious question is whether China’s accession is likely to make agreementin the agricultural negotiations easier or more difficult. China’s WTO membership will affectthe alliances and coalitions that are formed between the principal participants. There isclearly a need to analyse the effects of Chinese WTO membership on the EU/US dialogue inparticular. This report begins with an analysis of developments in US farm policy since theconclusion of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture in 1995. It examines recentagricultural policy changes in the US and the likely outcome for the next Farm Bill,preparations for which have already started in the US Congress (Chapter 1). China is not yeta participant in these negotiations, so the views attributed to it in the report are speculativebut informed by an analysis of China’s agricultural policy objectives and trade regime whichis presented in Chapter 2. This chapter also describes what is known about the details ofChina’s WTO accession offer on agriculture, and it evaluates the growing literature on whatChina’s WTO membership might mean for China’s agricultural trade. Finally, Chapter 3examines the main issues at stake in the current round of agricultural trade negotiations. Theprincipal objective of this chapter is to identify those areas where China’s interests are likelyto coincide with the EU’s, and where those interests are likely to differ. [Executive Summary]
Author: Matthews, Alan | Ingersent, K.
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; AGRI 135
Publisher: Europäisches Parlament / Generaldirektion Wissenschaft
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 306.383
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Trade agreementFood marketagricultureworld trade
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural developmentCommercial agreements. Trade negotiations
Countries Scheme: USAChina
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation of the application of the lifts directive (95/16/EC)
Title (other): subject of request for services, final report
Author (Corp. Body): European Evaluation Consortium, TEEC
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: BUDG-02-01 L2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Machinery industry
Subject: Machinery industryMarkets. Competition
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
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