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Title: EIRO thematic feature - Redundancies and redundancy costs
Abstract
This comparative study aims at giving an overview of existing national legislation on redundancy, focusing particularly on compensation payment provisions. It further seeks to reflect current debate on the issue and outline new approaches to dealing with redundancies.
Author: Kauppinen, Timo | Meixner, Marie
Contributer: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2005
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Subject: Social policyEmployment and unemploymentConditions of workDismissal from work. Labour mobilityWages. Severance pay
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen(http://www.eurofound.ie/)
Title: Addressing the gender pay gap : Government and social partner actions
Abstract
Wage differentials between men and women across Europe are a major policy concern for the European Commission and the social partners. This report provides an overview of national studies on the gender pay gap, and examines the policies and actions of governments and social actors to combat pay discrimination. The report first reviews quantitative and qualitative studies on the unadjusted and adjusted pay gap and examines the many factors cited to explain the wage differentials. Then it explores specific actions carried out by governments to reduce the gender pay gap, such as legislative measures, general recommendations, monitoring procedures and suppport for low-paid occupations. It also looks at joint initiatives and collective bargaining undertaken by the social partners, as well as highlighting successful good practice examples. [Anna Maria Ponzellini, Christine Aumayr, Felix Wolf]
Author: Ponzellini, Anna Maria | Aumayr, Christine | Wolf, Felix
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/18/EN
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Wage differentialgendergovernmental activity
Subject: Wages. Severance pay
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Austria
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Austria is laid down by the Labour Constitution Act (ArbVG). According to the ArbVG, collective agreements can be concluded only between collective organisations of employers and employees. Therefore, the Austrian labour law systematically benefits multi-employer bargaining. Consequently, the overwhelming majority of collective agreements are concluded at sectoral level. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: AUSTRIA
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Belgium
Abstract
The Belgian collective bargaining system is highly institutionalised and coordinated. Over 90% of employees are covered by a collective agreement, placing Belgium among the countries with the highest coverage in Europe. Also, the Belgian trade unions have a relatively high level of membership compared with the European average, with over 50% of employees belonging to a union. The same applies to the organisation rate of employers, as over 70% of employees work for an employer that is organised. [Eurofound]
Author: Keune, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagetrade unionlaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Belgium
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : France
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining is set out in the 1972 French Labour Code. In the last decades, collective bargaining has expanded, partly as a result of government initiatives. The importance of sectoral bargaining increased with the adoption of the 1982 Auroux laws, which obliged the bargaining parties already bound by a sectoral agreement to negotiate pay annually and to discuss the sector’s job classification system and its economic development every five years. The Auroux laws also stimulated company-level bargaining by making annual negotiations on pay and working time obligatory in companies with union representation. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 3
Language: en
Ressource: Sammlungen von Berichten, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: France
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Germany
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Germany is laid down by the Collective Agreements Act, 1949. Collective agreements can be concluded between employer associations (or individual employers) and trade unions. In contrast, works councils – statutory employee representation bodies elected at workplace and company level – may only conclude works agreements. Under the Works Constitution Act, these ‘shall not deal with remuneration and other conditions of employment that have been fixed, or are normally fixed, by collective agreement’. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawTrade unionWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: GERMANY
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Italy
Abstract
Italian industrial relations are characterised by a low degree of ‘legal institutionalisation’. Legislation and the state have a limited role in the regulation of collective bargaining, conflict and union representation. In fact, it is possible to say that there is almost a complete abstention of the law. However, the Protocol of 23 July 1993, a tripartite agreement, represents a kind of ‘constitutional charter for industrial relations’, ‘the basic agreement’ that formed the basis for subsequent accords. [Eurofound]
Author: Burroni, Luigi | Pedaci, Marcello
Contributer: University of Teramo
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Italy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Spain
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining and the binding character of collective agreements is enshrined in the Spanish Constitution (Section 37.1). The system of collective bargaining is thoroughly regulated in Title III of the Workers’ Statute. In particular, Section 82.3 establishes the legally binding character of collective agreements negotiated in conformity with the rules of the Workers’ Statute. However, the same provision stipulates (as an exception to the general rule) that company agreements may deviate from the wages set by a statutory collective agreement negotiated at a higher level, provided certain requirements are fulfilled. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos-Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 7
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyminimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Spain
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Ireland
Abstract
In Ireland, collective bargaining is organised as a three-tier system, with a dominance of bargaining and complementary bargaining at sectoral and company level. For over two decades collective bargaining, covering the unionised private and public sectors, has been regulated by national tripartite ‘social partnership’ agreements, drawing up guidelines on minimum and maximum wage increases. There have been seven successive triennial Social Partnership Agreements, or national wage agreements, since 1987. [Eurofound]
Author: van Klaveren, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS), University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 5
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Ireland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Pay in Europe in the 21st century
Abstract
The issue of wages has attracted particular attention at European level since the onset of the economic crisis. Changes in economic governance, notably within the European semester, have prompted discussions on wage?setting mechanisms. While, overall, wage?bargaining regimes have remained relatively stable over time in many countries, the most substantial changes were seen in Member States facing more difficult economic circumstances. This report provides comparative time series on wage?bargaining outcomes across the EU Member States and Norway, discussing pay developments against the background of different wage?bargaining regimes and looks into the link between pay and productivity developments. It also investigates the different systems and levels of minimum wages in Europe at present, carrying out an accounting exercise through a hypothetical scenario of a minimum wage set at 60% of the median national wage (with some alternative scenarios as well for comparison) in order to benchmark and evaluate minimum wage levels and systems in Europe, and to discuss the possibilities and difficulties of coordination in this matter.[Author vide Copyright]
Author: Aumayr-Pintar, Christine | Cabrita, Jorge | Fernández-Macías, Enrique | Vacas-Soriano, Carlos
Contributer: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens und Arbeitsbedingungen
Publisher: Amt für Veröffentlichungen der Europäischen Union
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-897-1137-1 | TJ-01-13-769-EN-C | EF/13/88
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU countriesWagesNorway
Subject: Wages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Fortschritte bei der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern : Jahresbericht 2010 ; Ausgewogene Vertretung von Frauen und
Männern in Führungspositionen in der Wirtschaft
Title (other): Report on Progress on Equality between Women and Men in 2010 : The gender balance in business leadership | Avancer sur
la voie de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes: Rapport annuel 2010 ; L’équilibre hommes-femmes dans le
processus décisionnel des sociétés
Table of Contents
Fortschritte bei der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern – Jahresbericht 2010
1 Einleitung
2 Gleiche wirtschaftliche Unabhängigkeit
3 Gleiches Entgelt für gleiche oder gleichwertige Arbeit
4 Gleichstellung in Entscheidungsprozessen
5 Würde und Unversehrtheit – der geschlechtsspezifischen Gewalt ein Ende setzen
6 Geschlechtergleichstellung über die Europäische Union hinaus
7 Governance
8 Fazit
Graphs and tables
Ausgewogene Vertretung von Frauen und Männern in Führungspositionen in der Wirtschaft
Einleitung
1 Ausgewogene Vertretung von Frauen und Männern in Führungspositionen in der Wirtschaft – Fakten und Zahlen
2 Der Wirtschafts- und Geschäftsnutzen der Gleichberechtigung
3 Strategien zur Förderung einer ausgewogenen Vertretung von Frauen und Männern in Führungspositionen
4 Schlussfolgerung
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-17787-3 | KE-AU-11-001-DE-C | 978-92-79-17789-7 | KE-AU-11-001-EN-C | KE-AU-11-001-FR-C | 978-92-79-17788-0
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUexecutive positionsalarygender-specific factorsaffirmative action
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesPersonnel managementWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)Quelle / Source:
Title: The Transposition of Recast Directive 2006/54/EC : Update 2011
Table of Contents
Members of the European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality
Part I
The Transposition of the Recast Directive 2006/54/EC – Update 2011
Susanne Burri
Part II
National Law: 27 Reports from the Experts of the Member States, EEA Countries, Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey
AUSTRIA – Neda Bei
BELGIUM – Jean Jacqmain
BULGARIA – Genoveva Tisheva
CROATIA – Goran Selanec
CYPRUS – Lia Efstratiou-Georgiades
CZECH REPUBLIC – Kristina Koldinská
DENMARK – Ruth Nielsen
ESTONIA – Anneli Albi
FINLAND – Kevät Nousiainen
FRANCE – Sylvaine Laulom
GERMANY – Beate Rudolf
GREECE – Sophia Koukoulis-Spiliotopoulos
HUNGARY – Csilla Kollonay Lehoczky
ICELAND – Herdís Thorgeirsdóttir
IRELAND – Frances Meenan
ITALY – Simonetta Renga
LATVIA – Kristine Dupate
LIECHTENSTEIN – Nicole Mathé
LITHUANIA – Tomas Davulis
LUXEMBOURG – Anik Raskin
FYR of MACEDONIA – Mirjana Najcevska
MALTA – Peter G. Xuereb
THE NETHERLANDS – Rikki Holtmaat
NORWAY – Helga Aune
POLAND – Eleonora Zieli?ska
PORTUGAL – Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho
ROMANIA – Roxana Te?iu
SLOVAKIA Zuzana Magurová
SLOVENIA - Tanja Koderman Sever
SPAIN – Berta Valdés de la Vega
SWEDEN – Ann Numhauser-Henning
TURKEY – Nurhan Süral
UNITED KINGOM – Aileen McColgan
Annex 1 – Questionnaire
Annex II – Bibliography
Author: Burri, Susanne | van Eijken, Hanneke
Contributer: Europäisches Netzwerk von Rechtsexpertinnen und Rechtsexperten auf dem Gebiet der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-22167-5 | DS-31-11-416-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: employmentequal opportunityEUwomanequality of treatmentman
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesPersonnel managementWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Der geschlechtsspezifische Verdienstabstand in Europa aus rechtlicher Sicht
Title (other): The Gender Pay Gap in Europe from a Legal Perspective | L’écart de rémunération entre femmes et hommes en Europe
d’un point de vue juridique
Table of Contents
EINLEITUNG
Der geschlechtsspezifische Verdienstabstand: weiterhin Grund zur Sorge
Der Begriff des geschlechtsspezifischen Verdienstabstandes
1. DIE ALLGEMEINE SITUATION IN EUROPA
1.1. Merkmale des geschlechtsspezifischen Verdienstabstandes
1.2. Vom unbereinigten/absoluten Verdienstabstand zum bereinigten Verdienstabstand
2. DER RECHTSRAHMEN
2.1. Verfassungsrechtliche Bestimmungen
2.2. Gesetze
3. INSTRUMENTE DER SOZIALPARTNER
3.1. Kollektivverhandlungen
3.2. Maßnahmen, mit denen die Sozialpartner veranlasst/verpflichtet werden, gegengeschlechtsspezifische Verdienstunterschiede vorzugehen
3.3. Andere Maßnahmen der Sozialpartner zur Bekämpfung des geschlechtsspezifischenVerdienstabstandes
4. SPEZIELL AUF ARBEITGEBER AUSGERICHTETE INSTRUMENTE
4.1. Maßnahmen im Bereich der Statistik
4.2. Maßnahmen im Bereich der Entgelttransparenz
4.3. Maßnahmen im Bereich der öffentlichen Auftragsvergabe
4.4. Maßnahmen zur Entwicklung von Gleichstellungsplänen/Gleichstellungsstrategien
4.5. Sonstige Maßnahmen, mit denen Arbeitgeber angeregt werden, dengeschlechtsspezifischen Verdienstabstand zu bekämpfen
5. SONSTIGE INSTRUMENTE ZUR BESEITIGUNG DER VERDIENSTUNTERSCHIEDE
5.1. Instrumente, die Betroffene beim Nachweis von Entgeltdiskriminierung unterstützenkönnen
5.2. Instrumente, die bei der Einführung geschlechtsneutraler Arbeitsbewertungs- undEntgeltsysteme behilflich sein können
5.3. Beobachtung von Kollektivvereinbarungen, Arbeitsbewertungssystemen usw.
5.4. Die Rolle der Arbeitsaufsichtsbehörden
5.5. Spezielle entgeltpolitische Maßnahmen
Inhalt
6. PROBLEME DER DURCHSETZUNG VON ENTGELTGLEICHHEITSVORSCHRIFTEN
6.1. Gerichtliche Klageverfahren
6.2. Verfahren vor nationalen Gleichstellungsstellen
7. ZUSAMMENHANG ZWISCHEN DEM GESCHLECHTSSPEZIFISCHEN VERDIENSTABSTAND UND ANDEREN TEILEN DES RECHTS
8. BEWÄHRTE VERFAHREN
9. SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN
Anhang I Literaturverzeichnis
Anhang II Mitglieder des Europäischen Netzwerkes von Rechtsexpertinnen
Author: Foubert, Petra ; 171567366
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Beschäftigung, Soziales und Chancengleichheit
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-16252-7 | KE-32-10-353-DE-C | 978-92-79-16253-4 | KE-32-10-353-EN-C | 978-92-79-16254-1 | KE-32-10-353-FR-C
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationEUsalarygender-specific factorslaw
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial securityEqual opportunitiesWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: The Gender Pay Gap in Europe from a Legal Perspective : (including 33 country reports)
Table of Contents
Members of the European Network of Legal Expertsin the Field of Gender Equality
Part 1
The Gender Pay Gap in Europe from a Legal Perspective
Introduction
The gender pay gap: a continuing source of sorrow
The concept of the gender pay gap
1. The general situation in Europe
2. The legal framework
3. Instruments of social partners
4. Instruments specifically aimed at employers
5. Other instruments to close the pay gap
6. Problems of enforcement of equal pay rules
7. Relationship between the gender pay gap and other parts of law
8. Some good practices
9. Conclusion
Part II
National Law: Reports from the Experts of the Member States, EEA Countries,Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
FYR of Macedonia
Malta
Netherlands, the
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom, the
Annex I: Questionnaire
Annex II: Selected Bibliography
Author: Foubert, Petra ; 171567366 | Burri, Susanne | Numhauser-Henning, Ann ; 124121780
Contributer: Europäisches Netzwerk von Rechtsexpertinnen und Rechtsexperten auf dem Gebiet der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Beschäftigung, Soziales und Chancengleichheit
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationEUsalarygender-specific factorslaw
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial securityEqual opportunitiesWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: The Transposition of Recast Directive 2006/54/EC
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Members of the European Network of Legal Expertsin the Field of Gender Equality
Part I: The Transposition of the Recast Directive
1. Introduction
2. Short summary of findings
2.1. Transposition of the Directive
2.2. No specific transposition of the Directive
2.3. Transposition of specific provisions
2.4. Transposition of ‘novelties’ or ‘clarifications’ in the Recast Directive
2.4.1. Equal treatment and equal opportunities
2.4.2. Gender reassignment
2.4.3. Indirect discrimination
2.4.4. Positive action
2.4.5. Horizontal provisions applicable to occupational social security schemes
2.4.6. Reconciliation
2.4.7. Assessment and report on the exclusions
2.4.8. Enforcement
3. Some conclusions
Part II: Reports from the Experts of the Member States and EEA Countries
AUSTRIA Anna Sporrer
BELGIUM Jean Jacqmain
BULGARIA Genoveva Tisheva
CYPRUS Evangelia Lia Efstratiou-Georgiades
CZECH REPUBLIC Kristina Koldinská
DENMARK Ruth Nielsen
ESTONIA Anneli Albi
FINLAND Kevät Nousiainen
FRANCE Sylvaine Laulom
GERMANY Beate Rudolf
GREECE Sophia Koukoulis-Spiliotopoulos
HUNGARY Csilla Kollonay Lehoczky
ICELAND Herdís Thorgeirsdóttir
IRELAND Frances Meenan
ITALY Simonetta Renga
LATVIA Krist?ne Dupate
LIECHTENSTEIN Nicole Mathé
LITHUANIA Tomas Davulis
LUXEMBOURG Anik Raskin
MALTA Peter G. Xuereb
NETHERLANDS Rikki Holtmaat
NORWAY Helga Aune
POLAND Eleonora Zieli?ska
PORTUGAL Maria Do Rosário Palma Ramalho
ROMANIA Roxana Te?iu
SLOVAKIA Zuzana Magurová
SLOVENIA Tanja Koderman Sever
SPAIN Berta Valdés
SWEDEN Ann Numhauser-Henning
UNITED KINGDOM Aileen McColgan
Annex I: Questionnaire
Annex II: Bibliography
Author: Burri, Susanne | Prechal, Sacha ; 133178439
Contributer: Europäisches Netzwerk von Rechtsexpertinnen und Rechtsexperten auf dem Gebiet der Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern
Publisher: European Commission / Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: employmentequal opportunityEUwomanequality of treatmentman
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesPersonnel managementWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Secondary earners and fiscal policies in Europe
Abstract
Women’s labour market participation is known to be responsive to fiscal (dis)incen-tives. The effects of different fiscal policies can be seen in increased hours worked, income earned or labour force participation rates for women. For potential entrants the effects can be seen in increased numbers starting work. This report examines work incentives and disincentives for secondary earners created by tax-benefit systems. Its aim is to identify potential work disincentives created by fiscal systems for secondary earners in couples. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1. Introduction
2. Literature review
3. A brief overview of tax-benefit systems in the European countries
4. Profile of secondary earners in today’s Europe
4.1. Household structure and couple types
4.2. Characteristics of secondary earners
5. Work incentives for secondary earners
5.1. The estimates of Marginal Effective Tax Rates based on EUROMOD
5.2. Comparing the estimates of Marginal Effective Tax Rates from EUROMOD and the OECD tax-benefit model
5.3 The estimates of Participation Tax Rates based on OECD tax-benefit model
6. Discussion: fiscal disincentives and employment patterns
6.1 Marginal Effective Tax Rates and work intensity
6.2 Participation Tax Rates and levels of employment
7. Concluding summary
Bibliography
Appendices
Table of figures
List of tables
Author: Rastrigina, Olga | Verashchagina, Alina ; 185651208 | Bettio, Francesca ; 135670977
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini | Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale | enege
Publisher: Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-47457-6 | DS-02-15-322-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: taxationincomeEUfiscal policytaxation policy
Subject: European Community law in generalTaxation. Fiscal policyWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Visions for Gender Equality
Abstract
As the European Commission’s current work programme for gender equality - out-lined in its Strategy for equality between men and women 2010-2015 - draws to a close and the EU considers the way forward for gender equality policies, this publication offers a range of perspectives on what has been achieved to date, the challenges that lie ahead, and possible priorities for policy action to stimulate change and accelerate progress in key areas. It is designed to feed into the development of a new strategic and comprehensive vision to guide action at EU level post-2015, as the new EU leadership which took office in 2014 looks to the future and seeks to identify priorities for action at European level in the wake of the worst economic crisis for generations. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Introduction. By Francesca Bettio and Silvia Sansonetti
Part I. New frontiers: what should the next 'big thing' in gender equality policy be?
Equality, freedom and the sexual division of labour. By Nancy J. Hirschmann
Gender equality in times of inequality, crisis and austerity: ... By Diane Perrons.
A renewed focus on gender. By Janne Fardal Kristoffersen
Men as a target for action in gender equality policies. By Jeff Hearn
Part II: What have we achieved so far and what challenges remain in key areas?
Challeging sterotypes and every-day sexism. By Brigitte Grésy
Equal pay for work of equal level. By Damian Grimshaw
Pensions and gender: a critical gap in our radar screens? By Platon Tinios
Gender inequality in leisure time. By J. Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal
A holistic approach to the provision of care: ... By Annelie Nordström
The challenge and opportunity of migration from a gender perspective. By Bridget Anderson
Unlocking the psychological keys to economic independence. By Marianne Bertrand
Gender equality in decision-making: going beyond quotas. By Lenita Freidenvall
Dignity, integrity and ending gender violence in the European Union. By Andrea Krizsan
Genderes violence: a cause and a consequence of inequality. By Nancy Lombard
Part III: Governance and communication for gender equality
Gender equality governance and tools: ... By Birgitta Aseskog
Gender equality governance and tools: ... renewes focus and a clear vision. By Johanna Kantola
The governance of gender equality: ... stakeholder mobilisation and participation. By Ulrike Liebert
Gender equality and non-discrimination: how to tackle multiple discrimination effectively? By Hege Skjeie
Cross-cutting issues for the gender equality agenda 2015 and beyond. By Trudie Knijn
The role of the internet and new media: amplifier of gender inequalities of vehicle for change? By Maria Edström
Bringing gender topics into the mainstream in schools. By Angelika Paseka
References
Contributors
Author: Bettio, Francesca ; 135670977 | Sansonetti, Silvia | Davis, Jacki
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher | Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini | Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Mailand | enege
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-47777-5 | DS-02-15-320-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: equal opportunityEUwomangenderviolenceequality of treatmentequality of rightsgovernance
wage differencemanpension payments
Subject: European Community law in generalBenefit plans. PensionsEqual opportunitiesWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Emerging trends in earnings structures of couples in Europe
Abstract
Are couples in Europe becoming more gender-equal? This short statistical paper examines two specific aspects of the question: (i) the emerging trends in couples’ earnings structure, and (ii) the extent to which more equal earnings relates to more equal domestic work contributions. We found a continued majority of male sole- or main-earners, but also a decline in this gender imbalance over the three year period. It is not yet known, however, whether this will ultimately be seen to have been driven by the economic crisis or to be part of a continuing trend towards more gender-equal couple earnings structures. This short statistical report is part of a series of reports on gender equality in the work force and reconciliation of work, family and private life. These reports have been commissioned by the Justice Directorate General of the European Commission. The study was jointly undertaken by RAND Europe and the University of Groningen. These reports should be of interest to policy makers and academics with an interest in improving gender equality in the work force and improving the compatibility of having a career in combination with a family and private life. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Preface
Table of Contents
Figures
Tables
Summary
Abbreviations
1. Context
2. Couple strategies analysis: data and definitions
3. Couples in 2010
4. Changes between 2007 and 2010
5. Changes in household earnings structures: a typology of countries
6. Earnings structures and time spent on domestic work
7. Conclusions
References
Appendix A: Distribution of couples by earnings structure and country, 2010
Appendix B: Males’ and females’ self-reported time spent on domestic work by types of households and country
Author: Tsang, Flavia | Rendall, Michael S. ; 171192184 | Rohr, Charlene
Series Title: Rand Europe - Short Statistical Report ; 5
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-36171-5 | DS-02-14-192-EN-N | RR-364-EC | Contract ref. no. JUST/2011/GEND/PR/1081/A4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: occupationmarried coupleEUsalaryaffirmative actionhouseworkexpenditure of time
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesHours of workWages. Severance payDemographic analysis. Demographic statistics
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Gender equality in the workforce : Reconciling work, private and family life in Europe ; Final Report
Abstract
This report summarises and synthesises the findings of a research project entitled ‘Reconciling work, private and family life: production of statistical reports’, which consisted of six related Short Statistical Reports (SSRs). The SSRs examined the topics of the Barcelona childcare targets (SSR1); labour force participation rates of men, women and parents (SSR2); balancing work and family for single parents (SSR3); gender inequalities in the transition from school to work (SSR4); share of earnings and domestic work within couples (SSR5); and access to family-friendly working schedules (SSR6). This research was commissioned by the European Commission Directorate General for Justice and Fundamental Rights. It was undertaken by RAND Europe and researchers at the Department of Sociology at the University of Groningen. RAND Europe is an independent not-for-profit policy research organisation that aims to improve policy and decision-making in the public interest, through research and analysis. RAND Europe’s clients include European governments, institutions, NGOs and firms with a need for rigorous, independent, multidisciplinary analysis. The research group led by Professor Melinda Mills at the Department of Sociology, University of Groningen has a strong record of high quality scientific research in the area of cross-national comparative research, gender equality, work-family reconciliation and advanced statistical analysis with large-scale data. This report has been peer-reviewed in accordance with RAND’s quality assurance standards. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Preface
Abstract
Table of Contents
Figures
Tables
Summary
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
1. Introduction
1.1. Background: Gender equality and work-life reconciliation
1.2. Structure of this report
2. Gender inequalities in the early career
2.1. Substantial gender differences in the transition to first job across Member States
3. Combining parenthood and employment
3.1. Mothers are underrepresented in the workforce
3.2. Women and particularly mothers have more part-time jobs
3.3. Women’s work is more interrupted by parenthood than men’s
3.4. Single mothers more likely to be unemployed or in low-skilled jobs
4. Earnings contributions and sharing domestic work within couples
4.1. Persistent majority of male sole- or main-earners households
4.2. Recent decrease in the proportion of men as the sole income provider
4.3. Women do majority of domestic work regardless of earning contributions
5. Policy levers: missed targets and mismatched needs
5.1. Access to childcare
5.2. Flexible working hours
6. Conclusion and discussion
Reference
Author: Mills, Melinda | Tsang, Flavia | Präg, Patrick
Series Title:Rand Europe - Research report
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-36171-5 | DS-02-14-192-EN-N | RR-462-EC | Contract ref. no. JUST/2011/GEND/PR/1081/A4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: single parentflexibility of working hourstrainingevaluationmarried coupleparenthoodEUfamily policy
womansalaryequality of rightsaffirmative actioncareerchild caremother
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesQuality of education and its developmentSchooling. Transition from school to workNursery schools. Primary schools. Secondary schoolsHours of workWages. Severance payFamily environment
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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