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Title: Marinebase
Title (other): Database on aggregated data for the coastline of the Mediterranean, Atlantic, North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat and Baltic
Abstract
As a part of the work programme of the European Environment Agency (EEA), the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) has compiled a first version of a European marine database 'Marinebase'. This database on water quality parameters covers aggregated data related to eutrophication (nutrients, chlorophyll and oxygen in bottom water) and harmful substances (mainly metals in sediments and biota). [Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 58
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Contributer: Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchwater
Subject: European Communities. European UnionProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The Baltic Sea
Title (other): the largest brackish sea in the world
Abstract
The Baltic is the largest brackish water system in the world. Its only connection to more open seas are the shallow sounds between Sweden and Denmark. x01x02 The sea is slowly shrinking because of geological uplifting of land after the last glaciation. x01x02 In many respects the Baltic is similar to an inland lake or an estuary. It is unique in that there are areas where freshwater, brackish water and marine species are all present. Its salinity increases from east to west and from north to south. x01x02 The marked vertical and horizontal salinity gradients are reflected in different species communities and species numbers. The highest biodiversity is found in the south-west of the Baltic Sea. x01x02 Many of the marine species are at the limit of their distributions. x01x02 The main threats to biodiversity in the Baltic Sea are: o Eutrophication: this has caused increased amounts of planktonic algae, increased frequencies of toxic blooms of algae, the reduction of oxygen levels in the deep waters of the Baltic and a decline or disappearance of larger perennial macroalgae. o Fisheries: Fishery of the main target fish species such as cod, herring, salmon and eel is presently unsustainable due to over-exploitation and impairment of conditions for reproduction. Bycatches of marine mammals, seabirds and non-target fish species are too high. o Pollution by contaminants and oil: Organic contaminants have caused health and reproduction problems in marine mammals and birds. Oil has killed seabirds and negatively effected benthic communities. o Introduction of non-indigenous species: Changes in the structure and components of the ecosystem are caused by introduced species. Intentional introduction, fouling and ballast water are three important ways organisms have been introduced into the Baltic Sea. The river connections with the brackish waters in the Black and Caspian Seas increase the risk of introduction from these areas.[Mats Walday ; Tone Kroglund]
Author: Walday, Mats | Kroglund, Tone
Series Title: Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas | Seas around Europe
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUBaltic regionenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Northern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The Arctic Ocean
Title (other): home of the walrus
Abstract
The Arctic Ocean covers a large area with harsh climatic conditions. x01x02 There are strong seasonal and geographical variations in light, temperature and ice cover. x01x02 The European part of the Arctic Ocean covers only about 8 % of the total area of the Arctic Ocean, but due to its great depth it represents about 25 % of the total volume. x01x02 The system of ocean currents induces an east-west temperature gradient with warmer conditions in the eastern part of the European Arctic Ocean, strongly influenced by the warm Gulf Stream. This keeps the Norwegian Sea and a large part of the Barents Sea ice-free and favourable for the growth of a wide range of open-sea (pelagic) and bottom-living (benthic) species. This biological production sustains huge stocks of pelagic fish in these areas. x01x02 The extreme conditions in the area create unique marine ecosystems, and some species live on the border of their tolerance. x01x02 Generally, the environmental quality of these waters is high, but there are several reasons for concern, and an urgent need for more knowledge about the biological systems in this vulnerable area. x01x02 The main threats to biological diversity in the Arctic are o Extensive fishery is probably the greatest threat to biodiversity today. A better understanding of the effects of these fisheries is needed, especially of the effects of bycatch and effects on benthic habitats. o Effects of climatic changes are not yet unequivocally identified, but global warming can influence hydrographical conditions in the region. The recent possibility of ship passage along the Siberian coast may be an indication of such effects. o Accumulation of micro-contaminants in biota is of great concern, particularly since little is known about the relation between levels of contaminants and biological effects. Discharges from industry in the Russian area of Murmansk are considerable and make up a substantial part of total industrial outputs to the Arctic. Long-distance transport of contaminants from other areas is
Author: Walday, Mats
Series Title: Biogeographical regions in Europe | Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Northern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The North Sea
Title (other): bottom trawling and oil/gas exploitation
Abstract
The North Sea is a shallow and rather young ecosystem formed by the flooding of a landmass some 20 000 years ago. Its coasts and waters are still being colonised by new species from the Atlantic. The strong coupling between benthic and pelagic communities in the shallow parts of the sea makes it extremely productive and one of the most productive areas in the world, with a wide range of plankton, fish, seabirds and benthic communities. The North Sea is one of the world's most important fishing grounds. The sea is also rich in oil and gas. Anthropogenic impacts have been significant for many years. The marine ecosystems are under intense pressure from fishing, nutrient input, recreational use and habitat loss; most notable are the effects of fisheries and eutrophication. Until 1995, pollution was the main issue at the North Sea conferences. Over the last decade, there has been an increasing awareness and concern for the impaired status of several of the North Sea fish stocks, as well as the impact of fisheries on other parts of the ecosystem. The European Commission has recently developed biodiversity action plans, aiming to integrate biodiversity thinking into the areas of e.g. conservation of natural resources, fisheries and aquaculture.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Seas around Europe | Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUNorth Seaenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The Caspian Sea
Title (other): enclosed and with many endemic species
Abstract
The Caspian is the largest enclosed sea in the world. It is brackish, with salinity up to 13.7 u0089. Significant changes in water levels occur. These, combined with the presence of large shallow areas, constitute a potential threat to biodiversity and especially to the many endemic species. The Caspian is rich in oil and gas. Increasing exploitation of these might pose a serious threat to biodiversity. The biological diversity of the Caspian Sea and its coastal zone makes the region one of the most valuable ecosystems in the world. The rate of biological endemism in the Caspian Sea is extremely high and it has a large number of representatives from almost all major phyla on earth. The Caspian, with its diversified habitats ranging from vast river systems to extensive wetland systems, supports a diverse flora and fauna with high natural productivity. The most important fauna of the Caspian Sea is the sturgeon, which constitute 85 % of the standing stock of the world's sturgeon population. The Caspian Sea lies on the crossing of migration routes of millions of migrating birds and offers refuge for a number of rare and endangered birds of the world ornithofauna. There is an urgent need to undertake an ecological survey of the coastal and marine species and habitats, their uses, values and threats, for each of the five Caspian states, which will result in an inventory of Caspian ecological resources. Strategies for the management of transboundary biodiversity, including threatened or endangered migratory species need to be developed. The major threats to the biodiversity of the Caspian Sea are: Regulation of the Caspian rivers, causing reduction in the area of delta vegetation, loss of reeds, cattail and bushes. Loss of vegetation resulting in loss of aquatic and coastal fauna. Many anadromous and semi-migratory species have been deprived of their natural spawning grounds. Illegal fishing and overfishing, dramatically reducing the sturgeon population. Sea-level changes, causing loss of habitats such as spawning gr
Author: Mamaev, Vladimir
Series Title: Seas around Europe | Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: State and pressures of the marine and coastal Mediterranean environment
Abstract
Human activity, including tourism, puts increasing pressure on a Mediterranean Sea that is still remarkably alive in spite of many problems, particularly in coastal areas. The report, prepared by the EEA and its European Topic Centre on the Marine and Coastal Environment in co-operation with the Mediterranean Action Plan, presents an overview of the Mediterranean marine and coastal environment.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Environmental issues series ; 5
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Southern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The North-east Atlantic Ocean
Title (other): huge, deep and heavily exploited
Abstract
The North-east Atlantic Ocean is a part of the Atlantic Ocean and is dominated by deep ocean basins, except the Celtic Sea, the shelf along the Bay of Biscay and Iberian coast. The formation of the North Atlantic deep water is one of the driving forces for the thermohaline circulation of the world's oceans. The primary productivity in the open ocean is low, but is increasing from south to north and towards shore. The biodiversity is high, but several species in the area are endangered of which lack of sustainable fishery management is probably the most important threat. Main actual and potential threats to marine habitats and biodiversity in the Northeast Atlantic are: o Lack of sustainable regulation of fisheries: Overfishing, bottom trawling, discards, catch of non targeted species o Pollution from maritime transport through oilspills and TBT in antifouling paints There is a lack of information and/or monitoring on species, habitats and fish stocks in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean except for coastal waters. The North-east Atlantic Ocean is protected by the OSPAR convention and some other more global conventions. Nature protection is focussed on coastal areas and poor in all other parts of the ocean. [Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas | Seas around Europe
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUNorth Seaenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Northern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: The Mediterranean Sea
Title (other): blue oxygen-rich, nutrient-poor waters
Abstract
The Mediterranean Sea is oligotrophic: it is rich in oxygen and poor in nutrients. Oligotrophy increases from west to east. The fauna and flora is one of the species richest of the world and there is a high rate of endemism. Introduced alien species are increasing in the eastern basin. Compared with the Atlantic, the Mediterranean marine communities have many different species with generally smaller individuals (Mediterranean nanism). Eutrophication in coastal areas has almost certainly resulted in an increase in fish catches of some pelagic fish species in the formerly low-nutrient waters of the Mediterranean Sea. The immunosuppressive effects of contaminants arising from agriculture, industrial activity and population growth may have contributed to the severity of mass mortalities among marine mammals in the Mediterranean Sea and the additional chronic effects of organochlorines could hinder, or even prevent, recovery of individuals from pathogenic disease. Introduction of alien species through ballast waters, fouling, import and invasion has resulted in the establishment of dense natural populations of species. However, the impact of some intruders like the tropical alga Caulerpa taxifolia has had catastrophic effects on the natural environment. Fishing has resulted in overexploitation of several fish stocks in the Mediterranean. Mortality of the monk seal is mostly associated with fishing. Overexploitation by intensive collection has led to a serious decline in some corals and many shellfish.[Author vide copyright]
Author: Zenetos, Argyro | Siokou-Frangou, Ioanna | Gotsis-Skretas, Olympia
Series Title: Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas | Seas around Europe
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Southern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: Eutrophication in Europe's coastal waters
Title (other): Annex 1 | Annex 2
Abstract
Eutrophication is the enhanced primary production of marine algae due to excessive supply of nutrients from human activities, independent of the natural productivity level of the sea area in question. The main objectives of this report are to evaluate the causes, state and development of eutrophication in European coastal waters and identify areas where more monitoring data are needed to improve the assessment.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Topic report ; 7
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Contributer: Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)
Publisher: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchwater
Subject: European Communities. European UnionProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: Remote sensing?s contribution to evaluating eutrophication in marine and coastal waters
Title (other): Evaluation of SeaWIFS data from 1997 to 1999 in the Skagerrak, Kattegat and North Sea
Abstract
The aim of this report is to examine whether estimates of the plant pigment chlorophyll-a from satellite data can support the evaluation of eutrophication in European marine and coastal waters. Satellite images are a good indicator of the occurrence of algal blooms in relation to eutrophication but overestimate true chlorophyll-a concentrations in open sea areas by 60-70% and even more in coastal waters. The report recommends using chlorophyll-a images from March to April/May as an indicator of eutrophication in the North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat since they reflect the magnitude of the spring bloom in these areas.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 79
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9167-471-0
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchwater
Subject: European Communities. European UnionProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Testing of indicators for the marine and coastal environment in Europe
Title (other): Part 1: Eutrophication and integrated coastal zone management | Part 2: Hazardous substances | Part 3: Present state and
development of indicators for eutrophication, hazardous substances, oil and ecological quality | Part 3. Annexes
Abstract
The development of coastal indicators by EEA in the period 1998-2001 is described in this report, the first of three volumes. It explains the process and results of a study of potential state and pressure indicators for eutrophication. The report also describes the development of, and information gathering for, a response indicator measuring progress in integrated coastal zone management at subnational (regional) level. The report's primary aim is to test indicators for EEA reporting and not to undertake assessments.[Author vide copyright] | This report, the second in a three-volume series on development of coastal indicators by EEA, explains the process and results of a study of potential state and pressure indicators for hazardous substances in coastal waters. Due to a lack of reliable and comparable European data, the testing mainly concentrated on the method for aggregating data on six substances monitored in the North East Atlantic Ocean. The report's primary aim is to test indicators for EEA reporting.[Author vide copyright] | This report describes the present state and development of policy-relevant indicators for eutrophication, hazardous substances, oil and ecological quality in the marine and coastal environment in Europe. The third of three volumes on development of coastal indicators, it focuses on pressure, state and impact indicators.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 84 | Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 85 | Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 86
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency
Publisher: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9167-502-4 | 92-9167-508-3 | 92-9167-507-5
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Water policyEUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: Hazardous substances in the European marine environment
Title (other): Trends in metals and persistent organic pollutants
Abstract
This report provides an assessment of trends in concentrations of six hazardous substances in mussels and fish in Europe's seas since 1985. The trends are linked to reduction measures, foodstuff limit values and trends in inputs to coastal and marine waters. The results are presented in a series of maps.[Author vide copyright]
Author: Green, Norman | Birger Bjerkeng | Hylland, Ketil | Ruus, Anders | Rygg, Brage
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Topic report ; 2003,2
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9167-628-4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Marine pollutionWater policyEUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: Environment and sustainable development in the Mediterranean
Title (other): Ten years of cooperation: 1995?2005
Abstract
The Euro-Mediterranean partnership (EMP) was established by the Barcelona Declaration on 28 November 1995. Originally this was a joint initiative of 27 partners (15 EU Member States and 12 non-EU Mediterranean countries). The partnership has now expanded to 35 countries following the enlargement of the EU (1). The EMP is remarkable as the fi rst serious attempt to create lasting, powerful bonds between the countries located around the shores of the Mediterranean. In its first 10 years, the EMP has provided over EUR 8 billion in grant aid through the MEDA programme toward cooperation in infrastructural improvements, administrative reforms, preparation for investments, etc. In addition, the European Investment Bank (EIB) committed loans of EUR 6.1 billion to the region between 1996 and 2001 (of which EUR 2.3 billion in 1995-99) and is mandated to lend a further EUR 6.52 billion covered by the Community Guarantee Fund in the period 2000-07. In addition, the EIB established a further EUR 1 billion Mediterranean partnership facility at its own risk for large cross-regional transport, energy and environment projects.[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Mediterranean brochure rev. 13
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Umwelt
Publisher: Europäische Gemeinschaften / Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2005
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-9571-5 | KH-67-05-743-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Southern Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Priority issues in the Mediterranean environment (revised version)
Title (other): Problèmes prioritaires pour l?environnement méditerranéen
Abstract
The main problems in southern and eastern Mediterranean countries are the inadequate treatment of urban waste and management of chemicals in contrast to northern countries where efforts should be deployed to overcome the problems raised by use of chemicals and their impacts on environment. In the northern Mediterranean region, which is the most industrialised, there are a priori necessary prevention mechanisms, correction technologies and the appropriate legal framework. However, there is a lack of political willingness from the countries to enforce environmental regulation. The southern Mediterranean region is, however, growing at the expense of the environment since neither the economic conditions nor the required technologies are available. The number one priority in environmental management in the Mediterranean region is to develop the necessary environmental legislation and to enforce it. Ratification of protocols remains a challenge for the region. Most of the existing multilateral environmental agreements have low numbers of ratifications.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Les principaux problèmes des pays du sud et de l'est méditerranéens consistent en un traitement des déchets urbains et une gestion des produits chimiques inadéquats, par opposition aux pays du nord où des efforts devraient être déployés pour surmonter les problèmes posés par l'utilisation de produits chimiques et leurs impacts sur 'environnement. Dans la région méditerranéenne du nord, qui est la plus industrialisée, il existe a priori les mécanismes de prévention nécessaires, les technologies correctrices ainsi que le cadre juridique approprié. Il y a, en revanche, un manque de volonté politique de ces pays à faire respecter la réglementation environnementale. La région méditerranéenne du sud connaît toutefois une croissance qui se fait aux dépens de l'environnement du fait qu'elle ne dispose ni des conditions économiques, ni des technologies requises. La grande priorité en matière de gestion environnementale dans la région méditerranéenne consiste à élaborer la législation environnementale nécessaire et à la faire respecter. La ratification des protocoles reste un défi pour la région. La plupart des accords environnementaux multilatéraux existants comptent un nombre restreint de ratifications.
[Author vide copyright]
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - EEA report ; 2006,4
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Umweltagentur | European Environment Agency | United Nations Environment Programme / Mediterranean ActionPlan
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9167-812-0 | 92-9167-882-1 | TH-AL05-006-EN-C | TH-AA-06-001-EN-C | 1725-9177
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Southern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: An exhaustive analysis of employment trends in all sectors related to sea or using sea resources / Main report
Title (other): Final report for the European Commission, DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs | [Umschlagtitel] Employment trends in all
sectors related to sea or using sea resources
Abstract
The development of maritime policy requires a number of key issues to be addressed,including an understanding of the employment impact and trends of activities related to thesea or using sea resources. For example, in the past the economic and employmentimpact of activities related to the sea have been underestimated because of the rathernarrow definition of the maritime cluster (including mainly activities related to shipping,ports and shipbuilding). The maritime cluster concept has not traditionally comprisedactivities such as coastal tourism, cruise tourism, offshore and coastal wind energy – all ofwhich are strong growth sectors in Europe. Furthermore, an effective implementation ofEuropean policies in the maritime field requires an assessment of the policies aimed atboosting sea related employment. (Autor s.Copyright)
Table of Contents
1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 EUROPEAN OVERVIEW – CURRENT LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT
3.0 SHIPBUILDING
4.0 MARINE EQUIPMENT
5.0 SEAPORTS AND RELATED SERVICES
6.0 RECREATIONAL BOATING
7.0 SHIPPING
8.0 OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION
9.0 MARITIME SERVICES
10.0 MARITIME WORKS
11.0 OFFSHORE AND COASTAL WIND ENERGY
12.0 MARINE AGGREGATES
13.0 COASTAL TOURISM
14.0 NAVY
15.0 FISHERIES
16.0 SECTORAL POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
17.0 FUTURE GROWTH POTENTIAL AND RELEVANT POLICY ACTION
18.0 CONCLUSIONS
Author (Corp. Body): ECOTEC Research & Consulting
Publisher: European Commission / Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Directorate General
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Dockersemployment trendfisheryshipbuildingtourism
Subject: Employment and unemploymentOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the economic effects of maritime spatial planning / final report
Abstract
In the case of Maritime Spatial Planning, the European Commission aims to support its Member States with a tool that enables their maritime economies to grow sustainably. This implies minimum conflicts between economic activities AND other economic or human activities, whilst a good environmental status of the marine areas is realised. The question to be answered in this study is whether Maritime Spatial Planning leads to these desired effects. More specifically, it aims to find out whether and on which scale economic effects for maritime stakeholders in the European Union will occur due to Maritime Spatial Planning. In order to answer this question, Maritime Spatial Planning has first been conceptualised, addressing items such as the input and process needed to achieve Maritime Spatial Planning as well as the effects likely to result. It was found that if the process is managed properly the economic effects are fourfold: (1) enhanced coordination and simplified decision processes, (2) enhanced legal certainty for all stakeholders in the maritime arena, (3) enhanced cross border cooperation and (4) enhanced coherence with other planning systems.
Table of Contents
Executive summary
I. Introduction: What is maritime spatial planning?
II. The effects of maritime spatial planning
III. Methodological approach to demonstrating the economic effects of maritime spatial planning
IV. Results
V. Conclusions and recommendations
Annexes / References
Author (Corp. Body): Policy Research Corporation
Publisher: European Commission / Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Directorate General
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU policyOcean utilizationEnvironmental DegradationEcological Regional Planningsustainable development
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. RegionsOceans. Seas
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Title: Study on the economic effects of maritime spatial planning / case studies
Abstract
The first case study has a national scope and involves a wide variety of the maritime activities identified in the main report. The second case study is concentrated around one specific activity/subject and has a transnational scope. The first case study concerns the economic benefits of MSP in Portugal. .... The second case study concerns the development of a transnational electricity grid between Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. The development of this grid has significant benefits.
Table of Contents
I. Introduction: Case studies and relevance
II. Case study I: Maritime spatial planning in Portugal
III. Case study II: Maritime spatial planning and a transnational grid
IV. Annexes
V. References
Author (Corp. Body): Policy Research Corporation
Publisher: European Commission / Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Directorate General
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU policyOcean utilizationEconomic effectivenessEcological Regional Planningsustainable development
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. RegionsOceans. Seas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document
Title: Maritime security and surveillance: case study
Title (other): Ex-post evaluation of PASR activities in the field of security and interim evaluation of FP7 security research
Author (Corp. Body): Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Marine policyShip safetySecurity Policy
Subject: Automobiles. Aeroplanes. Trains. BoatsOceans. Seas
Countries Scheme: Global Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu/)
Title: Hazardous substances in Europe's fresh and marine waters
Title (other): An overview
Abstract
Chemicals are an essential part of our daily lives and are used to produce consumer goods, to protect or restore our health and to boost food production, to name but a few examples. Some chemicals, however, are hazardous, raising concerns for the environment and human health. Hazardous substances are emitted to fresh and marine waters via a number of pathways and can have detrimental effects on aquatic biota. Humans can be exposed to hazardous substances in water through the ingestion of contaminated drinking water and the consumption of contaminated freshwater fish and seafood. A wide range of legislation now exists in Europe to address the release of hazardous substances to the environment, including water. New challenges exist, however, including the issues of chemical mixtures and emerging pollutants.[Author vide copyright]
Author: Collins, Robert | Brack, Werner | Lützhøft, Hans?Christian Holten | Bjerregaard, Poul | Boxall, Alistair
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 2011,8
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-9213-214-9 | 1725-2237 | TH-AK-11-008-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Marine pollutionWater policyEUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
Title: Safe water and healthy water services in a changing environment
Abstract
This report summarises existing knowledge of climate change impacts on water services and health; the nature and effectiveness of the policy response; and the coverage and gaps in existing assessments of these themes. [Author vide copyright]
Author: Asquith, Michael | Jacobsen, Bo | Jarosinska, Dorota | Kristensen, PeterX | Scialanca, Elisabetta
Series Title: Europäische Umweltagentur - Technical report ; 2011,7
Contributer: Europäische Umweltagentur
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 1725-2237 | 978-92-9213-213-2 | TH-AK-11-007-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: HealthClimate changeWaterWater policyEUenvironmental researchenvironmental policy
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEcologyProtection of the environmentOceans. Seas
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Umweltagentur (http://www.eea.eu.int/)
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