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Title: Evaluation of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs & Drug addiction
Title (other): Final report
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary
1.1 Mandate and methods for the evaluation of EMCDDA
1.2 Achievement of EMCDDA's objectives: relevance and quality of activities
1.3 Organisation and performance
1.4 Capacity & Resources
1.5 Recommendations
2. Objectives and Method
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Objectives of the study
2.3 Methodology
2.4 Key issues
3 Relevance and quality of EMCDDA activities
3.1 Description of the Output of the EMCDDA 1995-1999
3.2 Relevance of the output
3.3 Process Descriptions and Analysis of Output
3.4 Quality control of Products
3.5 Dissemination of Products
3.6 Quality of Output
4 Networks
4.1 The REITOX structure
5. Organisational and administrative efficiency
5.1 Background
5.2 The Management Board
5.3 The Scientific Committee
5.4 Internal Sturcture
5.5 Administrative style
5.6 Financial Management
5.7 Staffing
5.8 Key Issues
6. Capacity of EMCDDA to cope with enlargement
7. Capacity of EMCDDA to achieve its goals
8. Conclusions and Recommendations
8.1 General
8.2 Relevance and Quality of the Centre's Activities
8.3 Success in Establishing Operation Networks
8.4 Logistical and Administrative Efficiency
8.5 Potential to Cope with Enlargement
8.6 Adequacy of EMCDDA's Resources to Meet ist Operational Challenges
Appendix 1 Planned Work Programems 1995-99
Appendix 2 Outputs 1995-99
Author (Corp. Body): Deloitte & Touche Europe Services
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug policyinstitutionnetwork
Subject: European Community institutionsMedicine. Diseases
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Attitudes and opinions of young people in the European Union on drugs
Title (other): Report
Abstract
The public opinion poll analysed in this report was carried out in the fifteen Member States between 27 April and 10 June 2002 for Eurobarometer 57.2, at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Home Affairs, and organised by the Press and Communication Service's "Analysis of Public Opinion" Unit. The report analyses the attitudes and opinions of young citizens of the European Unionaged 15 to 24 regarding drugs. It is subdivided into chapters covering:• drug use in the European Union• reasons for trying drugs• difficulties in stopping using drugs• consequences of the use of drugs• dangers of different substances• possible sources of information on drugs• management of drug-related problems[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Introduction
CHAPTER 1
Exposure to drugs and personal use
3 1.1. General situation in the European Union
3 1.2. Experimentation and recent use in the Member States
5 1.3. Ease of acquisition of drugs
1.4. Recent use by socio-demographic category
CHAPTER 2
Motivation for trying drugs and difficulties in stopping using them
2.1. Main reasons for trying drugs
2.2. Main reasons why it is hard to stop using drugs
2.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic criteria
CHAPTER 3
Consequences of drug use
3.1. Opinions in the whole of the European Union
3.2. Opinions at Member State level
3.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic criteria
CHAPTER 4
Dangerousness of different substances
4.1. Assessment of the dangerousness of substances in the European Union
4.2. Assessment of the dangerousness of substances at Member State level
4.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic category
CHAPTER 5
Possible sources of information on drugs
5.1. Possible sources of further information in the European Union
5.2. Possible sources of further information in the Member States
5.3. Variations in choice by socio-professional category
CHAPTER 6
Management of drug-related problems
6.1. Measurement of reactions to specific propositions
6.2. Opinions on the most effective methods of managing drug-related problems
6.3. Opinions on the most effective approaches at Member State level
6.4. Variation of opinions by socio-demographic category
Annexes
Technical specifications
Bilingual questionnaire
Author: Callemien, Marc
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres | European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research / European Opinion Research Group
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug policycrime fighting
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalSocial problems in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Assessment of the joint action on new synthetic drug 16. June 1997
Title (other): Contract ref: JAI/B5831/2001/C2
Table of Contents
Nur Hauptüberschriften: 1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 THE JASD
1.2 THE ASSESSMENT STUDY
1.3 THE FUTURE
1.4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
2.BACKGROUND TO THE ASSESSMENT 2.2 THE SCOPE OF EU ACTION AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK
3.THE OUTPUTS ACHIEVED TO FAR
3.1 THE MECHANISMS
3.2 THE SUBSTANCES SCRUTINIZED
4.THE APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT
4.1 THE AIMS OF THE ASSESSMENT
4.2 THE METHODOLOGY USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
4.3 THE ASSESSMENT TOOLS
4.4 THE WORK PLAN
5.ASSESSMENT OF THE JOINT ACTION PROCESSES
5.1 ORGANISATIONS CONSULTED BY MEMBER STATES
5.2 AN ASSESSMENT OF EWS EFFECTIVENESS
5.3 AN ASSESSMENT OF RISK ASSESSMENT ROBUSTNESS
5.4 COMMISSION AND COUNCIL ACTIONS
6.ASSESSMENT OF THE JOINT ACTION EFFECTIVENESS
6.1 PURPOSE, SCOPE AND ACHEIVEMENTS: THE EVIDENCE
6.2 PURPOSE, SCOPE AND ACHEIVEMENTS: MEMBER STATE VIEWS
6.3 SUMMARY ASSESSMENT OF THE JOINT ACTION
7.POLICY ALTERNATIVES AND POLITICAL FEASIBILITY
7.1 RADICAL REFORM
7.2 INCREMENTAL REFORM
7.3 THE POLITICAL FEASIBILITY
8.CONCLUSIONS
9.RECOMMENDATIONS
9.1 IN THE CASE OF A RADICAL REFORM STRATEGY
9.2 IN THE CASE OF AN INCREMENTAL REFORM STRATEGY
1.ANNEX 1: TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT
2.ANNEX 2: ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY
3.ANNEX 3: JASD LOGFRAME ANALYSIS
4.ANNEX 4: QUESTIONNAIRE TO EU MEMBER STATES
5.ANNEX 5: DETAILED ASSESSMENT OF THE JASD PROCESS
6.ANNEX 6: DETAILED ASSESSMENT OF JASD EFFECTIVENESS
7.ANNEX 7: THE 5 CASE STUDIES
8.ANNEX 8: QUALITATIVE QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES (SECTION 6)
9.ANNEX 9: ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
Author (Corp. Body): Evaluation Partnership
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug abusedrug policy
Subject: European Community law in generalMedicinal drugs. Toxic substances
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Young people and drugs
Title (other): Fieldwork: April-May 2004
Table of Contents
PRESENTATION
ANALYSIS
1. Note on methodology
2. Exposure to drugs
2.1. Facility of getting drugs
2.2. Confrontation with drugs
2.2.1. Confrontation with cannabis and drugs
2.2.2. Consumption of drugs, alcohol and cigarettes
3. Why do young Europeans experiment with drugs?
4. Difficulties in stopping drug use
5. The consequences of consuming drugs
6. Ways of tackling drug-related problems
7. Sources of information on drugs
8. The danger of drugs
8.1. The danger of different types of products
8.2. Attitudes of young people with regard to alcohol, cannabis and ecstasy
8.3. Attitudes with regard to consumers of alcohol and cigarettes
9. The opinion of young people on various drug-related issues
9.1. Anti-drug control
9.2. Other aspects associated with drug consumption
9.2.1. Supplying clean needles and syringes
9.2.2. Punishment of drug users
9.2.3. The relation between the cost of drugs and drug-related problems
CONCLUSION
ANNEXES
TECHNICAL NOTE
QUESTIONNAIRE
Contributer: EOS Gallup Europe | Taylor Nelson Sofres
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug abusedrug policyyouth
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalSocial problems in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Further insights into aspects of the illicit EU drugs market
Title (other): Further insights into aspects of the EU illicit drugs market : summaries and key findings
Abstract
This report provides the results from an analysis of characteristics and operations of the EU’s illicit drugs market as called for by the European Commission. The study is a follow-up of the earlier European Commission study presenting an analysis of the developments of the global illicit drugs market, the drug problems and drug policy responses in the period 1998-2007 (Reuter and Trautmann 2009). The discussions of that study resulted in a number of further research questions considered important for future drug policy making in the EU. The questions regarded as most important by the European Commission have been put together in a call for a further analysis of the EU illicit drugs market and responses to it, focusing on a number of aspects in the following four areas:A. An analysis of specific characteristics, mechanisms and factors that govern the EU illicit drugs market, including a concep-tual framework for thinking about the structure of the supply side of that market, an assessment whether there have been significant shifts in how drugs are supplied in the EU and an assessment of the extent to which drug suppliers are involved in different drugs and other criminal activities.B. A detailed analysis of the size and share of the EU illicit drug market, providing an estimate of the volume of the ‘EU market’ in illicit drugs (production and trafficking) and of the profits generated by this market, analysing whether the EU drugs market is more supply or demand driven and exploring various aspects of drug use: user types, availability and consumption estimates.C. A detailed analysis of a number of potential policy impacts on the EU drug market(s) in recent years, assessing the impact of opioid substitution treatment (OST) on the European heroin market and the impact of policy changes on two EU drug markets.D. Scanning the future – exploring expert views on future key trends of the illicit drug markets and policy responses in the EU.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
General introduction
Highlights
Key findings and summaries
Part I: Drugs market: an assessment from the demand side
Introduction
Report 1 Cannabis market: user types, availability and consumption estimates
Report 2 Amphetamine, ecstasy and cocaine: typology of users, availability and consumption estimates
Report 3 Heroin market: use characteristics, size of the market and impact of OST on the heroin market
Introduction
Report 3.1 Exploring heroin consumption
Report 3.2 Sizing national heroin markets in the EU: insights from self–reported expenditures in the Czech Republic and England
Report 3.3 The impact of opioid substitution treatment (OST) on the European heroin market
Report 4 Estimating the size of the EU cannabis market
Part II: Drugs market: selected features
Report 1 Opioid consumption and substitution treatment in Finland and Sweden: a similar path with different outcomes?
Report 2 Managing potential conflict in illegal markets: an exploratory study of cocaine smuggling in the Netherlands
Report 3 `Polymorphous criminal networks’: considering criminal groups’ engagement across markets
Report 4 Insights about cannabis production and distribution costs in the EU
Part III: Drug policy issues
Report 1 Impact of decriminalisation of personal possession offences in Portugal
Report 2 Impact of changes in the Netherlands coffee shop policies on local markets: politics, policies, confusion and chaos: the problems associated with implementing the Dutch weed pass
Report 3 Exploring trends in the illicit drugs market and drug policy responses in the EU
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe, Cambridge | Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen | Trimbos Institute | Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-29287-3 | DS-31-13-828-EN-N | 978-92-79-28674-2 | DS-30-13-272-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug abusedrug policyEUcriminality
Subject: European Community law in generalSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutionsHealth. Illness
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Youth attitudes on drugs : Analytical report
Abstract
Drugs and drug-related problems are major concerns for EU citizens and pose a threat to the safety and health of European society and its citizens. The use of drugs, particularly among young people, is at a historically high level. The European Commission has been studying the drug phenomenon in EU Member States for several years. In 2002 and 2004, surveys were conducted among young people in the then 15 EU Member States (Special Eurobarometer No 172 and Flash Eurobarometer No 158). In 2008, a survey was conducted among a similar group in the 27 EU Member States (Flash Eurobarometer No 233).The current Flash Eurobarometer on “Youth attitudes on drugs”(No 330), requested by Directorate-General Justice, builds on these earlier surveys in order to measure the trend in attitudes of this target group towards drugs. In response to recent developments in the EU drug market, in the current survey, young people were also asked about their experiences with and attitudes towards new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs, so-called new psychoactive substances or “legal highs”.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Introduction
Main findings
1. Access and use of illicit drugs and substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs
1.1 Access to illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco
1.2 Self-reported use of cannabis
1.3 Experience with new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs
2. Becoming better informed about illicit drugs and drug use
2.1 Potential sources of information
2.2 Information channels used in the past year
3. Perceived health risks of using drugs
4. To ban or regulate illicit drugs and new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs?
4.1 To ban or regulate illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco?
4.2 To ban or regulate new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs?
5. How should society’s drug problems be tackled?
I. Annex tables
II. Survey Details
III. Questionnaire
Series Title: Flash Eurobarometer ; 330
Author (Corp. Body): The Gallup Organization
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Kommunikation
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drugdrug usedrug abuseEUyouthadolescent
Subject: European Community law in generalMedical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Attitudes and opinions of young people in the European Union on drugs : Report
Title (other): Report
Abstract
The public opinion poll analysed in this report was carried out in the fifteen Member States between 27 April and 10 June 2002 for Eurobarometer 57.2, at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Home Affairs, and organised by the Press and Communication Service's "Analysis of Public Opinion" Unit. The report analyses the attitudes and opinions of young citizens of the European Unionaged 15 to 24 regarding drugs. It is subdivided into chapters covering:• drug use in the European Union• reasons for trying drugs• difficulties in stopping using drugs• consequences of the use of drugs• dangers of different substances• possible sources of information on drugs• management of drug-related problems[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Introduction
CHAPTER 1
Exposure to drugs and personal use
3 1.1. General situation in the European Union
3 1.2. Experimentation and recent use in the Member States
5 1.3. Ease of acquisition of drugs
1.4. Recent use by socio-demographic category
CHAPTER 2
Motivation for trying drugs and difficulties in stopping using them
2.1. Main reasons for trying drugs
2.2. Main reasons why it is hard to stop using drugs
2.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic criteria
CHAPTER 3
Consequences of drug use
3.1. Opinions in the whole of the European Union
3.2. Opinions at Member State level
3.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic criteria
CHAPTER 4
Dangerousness of different substances
4.1. Assessment of the dangerousness of substances in the European Union
4.2. Assessment of the dangerousness of substances at Member State level
4.3. Variations in opinions by socio-demographic category
CHAPTER 5
Possible sources of information on drugs
5.1. Possible sources of further information in the European Union
5.2. Possible sources of further information in the Member States
5.3. Variations in choice by socio-professional category
CHAPTER 6
Management of drug-related problems
6.1. Measurement of reactions to specific propositions
6.2. Opinions on the most effective methods of managing drug-related problems
6.3. Opinions on the most effective approaches at Member State level
6.4. Variation of opinions by socio-demographic category
Annexes
Technical specifications
Bilingual questionnaire
Series Title:Special Eurobarometer ; 172 | Eurobarometer ; 57,2
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres | European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research / European Opinion Research Group
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug usedrug abusedrug policyyouthadolescentcrime fighting
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalSocial problems in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
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