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Title: Measures to address the challenges of work-life balance in the EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway :
Including summaries in English, French and German
Abstract
The purpose of this report is to provide a comparative analysis of the extent to which 31 European states (the 28 Member States and the 3 EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) have adopted measures which promote the reconciliation of working and private and family life. In contrast with the focus of recent reports of the European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality, the focus is on measures which go beyond those required by EU law. In particular, the report is concerned with flexible arrangements governing the time during which and the place in which work is undertaken, with flexibility in use of family-related leave, with carers’ leave and with measures permitting the sharing of parts of maternity leave between parents. The report does not address measures adopted by states to promote women’s re-entry into the labour market after periods of absence, as distinct from their return to full-time work after periods of part-time work related to domestic responsibilities or other reasons. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive summary
Résumé
Zusammenfassung
1. Introduction
1.1 Purpose and scope of the Report
1.2 The legislative context in European Union Law
1.3 Setting the report in context
1.4 Structure of the report
2. Family, work and gender equality
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Models of work-life ‘balance’
2.2.1 The impact of parental leave on women’s labour-market participation
2.2.2 The impact of part-time work on women’s labour market status
2.3 Reconciliation and gender (in)equality
2.4 The importance of childcare
2.5 Conclusion
3 Part-time/flexible work
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Part-time work
3.2.1 Rights to work (or to request to work) part time
3.2.2 Restrictions on the timing of requests to work part time
3.2.3 Restrictions on ‘part-time’ working hours
3.2.4 Restricting the right to work part time on the basis of the employer’s interests
3.2.5 Collectively agreed rights to part-time working arrangements
3.2.6 Returning to full-time work
3.3 The organisation of working time
3.4 Remote working/homeworking
3.5 Uptake of part-time work/flexible working
3.6 Conclusion
4 Sharing leave
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Maternity leave
4.2.1 Shared leave
4.2.2 Part-time leave
4.3 Paternity leave
4.3.1 Shared leave
4.3.2 Part-time leave
4.4 Parental leave
4.4.1 Ordinary and additional ‘parental leave’
4.4.2 Additional child-related leave
4.4.3 Part-time leave
4.5 Uptake of leave
4.6 Conclusion
5 Care leaves
5.1 Care leaves
5.2 Conclusion
6 Leave, working arrangements and labour-market equality
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Labour-market participation
6.3 Part-time working arrangements
6.4 Conclusions
Author: McColgan, Aileen ; 171134397
Contributer: European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination, Utrecht | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-54060-8 | DS-02-15-982-3A-N
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: working hoursoccupationequal opportunityEUfamilyleisure timematernal leavepart-time work
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesEducation and trainingEmployment and unemploymentWorking condititions. Work organizationHours of workLeisure pursuits. Sport. Holidays
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Family-related working schedule flexibility across Europe
Abstract
Working time flexibility is a potentially important lever to foster the reconciliation of work, family, and private life. Giving workers greater autonomy and more control over their working times could empower them to better balance their work and non-work demands. This could then in turn lead to less work-family conflict, greater female labour force participation, higher fertility and greater gender equality on the labour market. In this report, we draw on two indicators, namely whether workers report 1) the possibility of varying the start and/or end of working day for family reasons (by at least one hour), and 2) the possibility of organising working time in order to take whole days off for family reasons (without using holidays). Our findings show that there is considerable cross-national variation in the reported availability of family-related working schedule flexibility that may be explained by economic factors and the workers’ age. The presence of young children in the household had hardly any effect on the availability of work schedule flexibility. These findings suggest a mismatch between the need for and the availability of flexible working times. This short statistical report is part of a series of reports on gender equality in the work force and reconciliation of work, family and private life. These reports have been commissioned by the Justice Directorate General of the European Commission. The study was jointly undertaken by RAND Europe and the University of Groningen. These reports should be of interest to policy makers and academics with an interest in improving gender equality in the work force and improving the compatibility of having a career in combination with a family and private life. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Preface
Table of Contents
Figures and tables
Summary
Abbreviations
1. Introduction
2. Data
3. How prevalent is family-related work schedule flexibility across countries?
4. How can country differences in family-related work schedule flexibility be understood?
5. Which groups of workers have access to family-related work schedule flexibility?
6. How can the gender gap in the perceived availability of family-related work schedule flexibility be understood?
7. Discussion and policy recommendations
References
Technical appendix
Author: Präg, Patrick ; 1075290503 | Mills, Melinda ; 143567098
Series Title: Rand Europe - Short Statistical Report ; 6
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-36171-5 | DS-02-14-192-EN-N | RR-365-EC | Contract ref. no. JUST/2011/GEND/PR/1081/A4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: flexibility of working hoursevaluationEUfamily policyleisure timeequality of rightsaffirmative actioncomparison
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesHours of workFamily environment
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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