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Title: The 2004 EU Enlargement: Key Economic Issues
Abstract
The 2004 EU enlargement will most likely yield major benefits to the new member countries in the long run. The new members will be able to capture gains from trade in goods and services and will moreover benefit from a continued inflow of financial and real capital. Without doubt, these processes will significantly accelerate the economic growth in east Europe. However, even under optimistic assumptions, catching-up with the EU-15 countries will be a time-consuming process that will take several decades in most cases. The entering countries currently have fairly fragile macroeconomic situations. Sustainability of public finances can become a major policy concern for several of the new member countries. Significant transfers from the EU notwithstanding, the new members will face pressures on public spending after enlargement. The countries will have to co-finance EU-funded projects, and implementation of EU regulations will entail fiscal costs. In total, the fiscal effects are not straightforward and there can be small gains or losses for the different new members. EU membership and fully open borders will gradually lead to changes in industrial structure as well. Significant amounts of fairly low-skill manufacturing industry and services may gradually shift from EU-15 to new member countries. Agricultural productivity is evidently quite low in the new Member States with significant potential for improvement. This can lead to increased agricultural and food production in some of these countries, though food safety and CAP regulations imply limitations in this respect. The future of international WTO negotiations will also play an important role for the development of agriculture and the food processing industry in the new member countries. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Series Title: EEAG Report
Author (Corp. Body): European Economic Advisory Group
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionfinanceindustrial sectorEastern Europeeconomic growth
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalEconomic and growth policiesIndustrial financing. Industrial managementMoney. Financing
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Economic Advisory Group (http://www.cesifo-group.de/)
Title: Dépenses environnementales des industries en Belgique
Title (other): enquête pilote ; Rapport final : Décembre 1999 Convention B4-3040/99/98835/MAR/B2
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Umwelt | European Commission / Directorate General for the Environment
Contributer: Institut National de Statistique
Year: 1999
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: expendituresBelgiumindustrial sectorstatisticsenvironmental policy
Subject: Environment. Natural resources
Countries Scheme: Belgium
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Europäische Industrie : Sektorenüberblick ; Aktualisierung 2006
Title (other): European industry : a sectoral overview ; technical update 2006 | Industrie européenne : un apercu sectoriel ;
actualisation 2006
Series Title: Europäische Kommission - SEK ; 2005,1216
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen und Industrie / Referat B. "Weiterentwicklung der Industriepolitik"
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen und Industrie
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENTR-2006-01279-01-00-DE-TRA-00(EN)
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU countriesIndustrial statisticsindustrial sector
Subject: Industrial economics. Industrial sectors
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu./)
Title: Delocalisation of EU Industry : Delocalisation and the challenge of structural adjustment ; A review of policy options
Abstract
Relocation or delocalisation – derived from the French ‘délocalisation’ – is a hotly debated topic; it refers to the migration of jobs and production to other parts of the world, mostly poor(er) developing countries. The debate is fuelled by the perception that relocation has become more pervasive within and across sectors, with not only traditional low-skilled, but also high-skilled jobs being ‘delocalised’. Fear and public anxiety over job losses, fed by the popular media, have engendered a vivid policy debate. From a more rational perspective, relocation and deindustrialisation are the tangible and visible effects of a process of structural adjustment in which global economic integration, international competition and technological development are key drivers. Rather than focusing on its short-term effects, relocation should be approached from this broad, encompassing perspective.
Author: Zee, Frans A. van der | Manshanden, Walter J.J. | Jonkhoff, Wouter
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.656 | IP/A/ITRE/ST/2006-15
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: industrial sectorchange of location
Subject: Development plans. RegionsIndustrial enterprises
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Title: Final Report On Study on Critical Dependencies of Energy, Finance and Transport Infrastructures on ICT Infrastructure
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Objectives and Main Purpose of the Study
1.3 Project Embedding
2 Approach and Methodology
2.1 Key Terms
2.1.1 Selection Criteria and Process
2.2 Modelling
2.2.1 Identifying European Critical Infrastructures
2.2.2 Identifying high ICT-dependent ECI
2.2.3 ICT Threats and Vulnerabilities
3 Critical Technical Objects and Processes
3.1 Sector Energy Infrastructures
3.1.1 ... Electricity
3.1.2 ...Gas
3.1.3 ... Oil
3.2 Sector Finance Infrastructures
3.2.1 ... Securities Transactions
3.2.2 ... Payment Systems
3.3 Sector Transport Infrastructures
23.3.1 ... Air Traffic
3.3.2 ... Waterways
3.3.3 Sub-sector Railways
3.3.4 ... Road
4 Critical ICT Dependencies
4.1 Sector Energy Infrastructures
4.1.1 ... Electricity
4.1.2 ... Gas
4.1.3 ... Oil
4.2 Sector Finance Infrastructures
4.2.1 ... Securities Transactions
4.2.2 ... Payment Systems
4.3 Sector Transport Infrastructures
4.3.1 ... Air Traffic
4.3.2 ... Waterways
4.3.3 ... Railways
4.3.4 ... Road
4.4 Secure Private Network
4.4.1 Electronic Highway
4.4.2 SWIFTNet
4.4.3 SIAnet
4.5 Summary of Sectoral Findings
5 Relevant Risks, Threats and Vulnerabilities
5.1 Overview
5.2 ICT-Threats
5.2.1 ...
6 Existing Protection Strategies
6.1 Standards
...
6.2 Best Practises
6.2.1 ...
7 Synergies, Conclusions and Trends
7.1 Standards
7.2 Best Practises
7.3 Conclusions
7.4 Trends
8 Policy Lines
...
9 Stakeholder Involvement
...
A Annex
Author: Gottwald, Stephan
Contributer: Industrieanlagen Betriebsgesellschaft | MVV decon | PSI | SRC security consulting | Centre for European Security Strategies | Deutschland / Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: dependenceEUindustrial sectorinformation technologyinfrastructurecommunication technologysecurity
Subject: Peace. Wars. TerrorismIndustrial enterprisesInformation transfer
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Business Climate Indicator for the Euro area (presentation paper)
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2000
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU countriesEconomic Growthindustrial sector
Subject: Economic development. Economic growthIndustrial economics
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen (http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/)
Title: Study on Civil Security R&D in major third countries (SER3CO) : Final Report, within the Framework Contract of Security
Studies – ENTR/09/050
Abstract
Policy attention to the security industry increased substantially after the terrorist attacks in the U.S. on September 11th, 2001. With an increased demand for security, the global security market grew a tenfold to around €100 billion in 2011. Many studies expect that growth of the worldwide security market will continue to exceed the growth rate of world GDP.In summer 2012 the European Commission launched an action plan for an innovative and competitive security industry to enhance growth and increase employment in the EU’s security industry. Better understanding of the main competitive strengths and weaknesses of the security industries in the EU and in major other countries should facilitate the development of policy measures to generate a business environment that enables the EU security industry to keep its leading position.One of the main problems in the EU security market identified by the Commission is its fragmentation along national and sometimes even regional boundaries. One of the first steps to address this problem the Commission proposes is to set up an EU-wide certification system for airport screening (detection) equipment and for alarm systems 3. Insight in costs and benefits of harmonized certification schemes will provide essential information for establishing such schemes at the EU level....The study has been executed by a team of specialists from the framework consortium partners ECORYS, DECISION and TNO, in collaboration with associated partners FOI (Sweden), HCSS (the Netherlands) and PLANCONSULT (Austria). The latter were invited for their access to sources and contacts in respective countries.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Scope and objectives of the study
1.1 General Context – Background
1.2 Aims and Objectives of the study
1.3 Approach
1.4 Chapter Outline
2 Comparative overview of the security industry
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Global and European security market overview
2.2.1 General issues related to market size estimates
2.2.2 Security market taxonomy
2.2.3 Global and EU security market estimates
2.3 Overview of third country security markets
2.3.1 USA
2.3.2 Russia
2.3.3 Japan
2.3.4 South Korea
2.3.5 Israel
2.3.6 China
2.3.7 Brazil
2.4 Competitive position of the airport screening and alarm systems industries
2.4.1 Introduction
2.4.2 Overview of the airport screening sector
2.4.3 Overview of the intruder and fire alarms sector
2.5 Summary and conclusions
2.5.1 Competitive position of selected countries
2.5.2 Market attractiveness of selected countries
3 Alarm systems and airport screening equipment: certification and conformity assessment
3.1 Comparative overview of certification schemes around the world
3.1.1 Alarm systems
3.1.2 Airport screening equipment
3.2 EU Certification and conformity assessment – CBA alarm systems
3.2.1 Introduction
3.2.2 Baseline
3.2.3 Quantifying the baseline
3.2.4 Policy options
3.3 EU Certification and conformity assessment – CBA airport screening equipment
3.3.1 Baseline scenario
3.3.2 Quantifying the baseline
3.3.3 Policy options
4 Security R&D programmes
4.1 Introduction
4.2General context: overall R&D landscape and security environment
4.2.1 Security environment
4.2.2 National innovation system
4.3 Security R&D
4.3.1 Expenditures
4.3.2 Main actors
4.3.3 Thematic priorities
4.4 Lessons from the security R&D in major third countries and recommendations for the EU
Author (Corp. Body): Ecorys
Contributer: DECISION | TNO | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen und Industrie
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: FU98407
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: defense mechanismBrazilChinaserviceEUendangermentindustrial sectorIsrael
Japanair trafficsecuritysecurity policySouth KoreaterrorismenterpriseUnited States of Americacompetition
Subject: European Community treaties and agreementsVarious information networks and systems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesUSABrazilIsraelChinaJapan
Korea (South)
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: FP7 Security Advisory Group Annual Summary : June 2011 – June 2012
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. The SecAG Process for 2011/2012
3. Work Programme 2013
4. Reflections on the first four Work Programmes Calls
5. Conclusion
Appendix 1: Enhancing end-user engagement
Appendix 2: Summary of FP7 Security Research Workshops
Author: Sleigh, Andrew
Contributer: Europäische Kommission | FP Security Advisory Group
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUresearchborder protectionindustrial sectorinfrastructureinternetsecuritysecurity policy
enterprise
Subject: European Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Support Group for Ukraine : Activity Report ; The first 18 months
Abstract
This report provides an account of the activities of the Support Group for Ukraine in the course of its first eighteen months of full operation (from approximately September 2014 to the first half of this year). The Support Group was created in Spring 2014 on the initiative of the President of the European Commission, in response to the appointment of a reform-minded government following the dramatic events of the previous Winter. It was swiftly realised that for Ukraine to survive the early crisis period, and ultimately to fully achieve and draw maximum benefit from political association and economic integration with the EU, it would have to realise fundamental and systemic governance and economic reforms.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2. INTRODUCTION
3. REFORM PLANNING, GOVERNANCE AND RULE OF LAW
3.1. Public Administration Reform
3.2. Anti-corruption
3.3. Rule of law reform
3.4. Central government
3.5. The Verkhovna Rada
3.6. Constitutional, electoral and other political reforms
4. ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE
4.1. Public Financial Management
4.2. Financial sector
4.3. Trade and industry
4.4. Energy sector
4.5. Transport
4.6. Agriculture and sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures
4.7. Education and Science Policy
4.8. Environment
5. HEALTH, LABOUR AND INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
5.1. Public health5.2. Employment and the labour market
5.3. Internally displaced persons
6. FINANCIAL COOPERATION
7. LESSONS LEARNED AND OUTLOOK
8. ANNEX 1: ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF MEASURES ACHIEVED WITH SGUA INVOLVEMENT
9. ANNEX II: PRINCIPAL ITEMS OF EU FINANCIAL COOPERATION PROVIDED TO UKRAINE, 1991- 2015
Author (Corp. Body): Support Group for Ukraine
Contributer: Europäische Kommission | Europäische Kommission / Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: labor marketemploymenteducational policyenergyEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistancefinancial management
health policygovernancecommerceindustrial sectoragriculturelegal usagereformtransportationUkraineenvironmental policy
administrationindustrial reformscience policy
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesUkraine
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Title: Study on the responsible management of the supply chain in the garment sector
Title (other): External Support – Study on responsible management of the supply chain in the garment sector - 2015 : Final report
Abstract
The objective of this study is to contribute to an ongoing background analysis, building on work already carried out within and outside of the European Commission with respect to engagement in the garment sector to support sustainability in the garment industry. The analysis will essentially serve to assist the Commission in clarifying its ideas and identifying potential focus areas on where added value in the sector can be provided at EU level.The main components of this study are (1) an analysis of social, environmental and economic indicators for different garment producing countries, (2) an overview and characterisation of key sustainability initiatives in the garment sector and (3) an analysis of possible opportunities to make supply chains in the garment sector more responsible.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
List of tables
List of figures
Table of acronyms and abbreviations
Terms and definitions
Executive summary
Introduction
Methodology
1 Sustainability initiatives and voluntary standards in the garment sector
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Grouping standards and other initiatives
1.3 Focus on social aspects
1.4 Focus on the environment
1.5 Initiatives that address several aspects of responsible supply chain management
1.6 Key trends in sustainability initiatives
1.6.1 From voluntary standards to partnership programs
1.6.2 Focus on one production country
1.6.3 Focus on health and safety
2 Garment producing countries
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Some general observations about the selected countries
2.2.1 Key indicators
2.2.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.3 Bangladesh
2.3.1 Key indicators
2.3.2 Detailed sector profile
2.3.3 Key issues in the garment sector
2.3.4 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.3.5 Trade flows
2.4 Cambodia
2.4.1 Key indicators
2.4.2 Detailed sector profile
2.4.3 Key issues in the garment sector
2.4.4 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.4.5 Trade flows
2.5 India
2.5.1 Key indicators
2.5.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.5.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.2.4 Trade flows
2.6 Indonesia
2.6.1 Key indicators
2.6.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.6.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.2.4 Trade flows
2.7 Morocco
2.7.1 Key indicators
| 2.7.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.7.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.2.4 Trade flows
2.8 Pakistan
2.8.1 Key indicators
2.8.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.8.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.2.4 Trade flows
2.9 Sri Lanka
2.9.1 Key indicators
2.9.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.9.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.8.4 Trade flows
2.10 Tunisia
2.10.1 Key indicators
2.10.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.10.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.9.4 Trade flows
2.11 Turkey
2.11.1 Key indicators
2.11.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.11.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.10.4 Trade flows
2.12 Vietnam
2.12.1 Key indicators
2.12.2 Detailed sector profile
2.12.3 Key issues in the garment sector
2.12.4 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.12.5 Trade flows
2.13 Ethiopia
2.13.1 Key indicators
2.13.2 Key issues in the garment sector
2.13.3 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.13.4 Trade flows
2.14 Myanmar
2.14.1 Key indicators
2.14.2 Detailed sector profile
2.14.3 Key issues in the garment sector
2.14.4 EU trade and development interest, economic importance of the garment sector
2.15 China as an investment partner
3 Engaging in responsible management of the garment supply chain at EU level – looking ahead
4 Findings and recommendations
4.1 Countries in focus (Where?)
4.2 Issues to focus on (What?)
4.3 Implementation (How?)
5 Bibliography
Author (Corp. Body): AETS
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Internationale Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: FWC COM 2011 - Lot 1 – Studies and Technical Assistance in all Sectors | Contract N° 2015/368356/1 | EuropeAid/129783/C/SER/Multi
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EthiopiaanalysisBangladeshChinadevelopment aidEUmanufacturingIndia
indicatorIndonesiaindustrial sectorCambodiaclothingMoroccoMyanmarPakistansocial indicatorsSri Lanka
TurkeyTunisiaenvironmental compatibilityVietnameconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsTextile industry
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesMoroccoTunisiaEthiopia
TurkeyBangladeshIndiaPakistanSri LankaChinaIndonesiaCambodiaMyanmarVietnam
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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