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Title: Infrastructure networks in Central Europe and EU enlargement
Abstract
The paper draws attention to the spatial dimension of sustainability, where spatial self-defence is an important part of control over local assets that have to be preserved. In the existing European Union, where the national infrastructure networks have been relatively developed, the formation of a single market called first for concentration of efforts on the overlapping or inter-regional backbone level of networks. In the area now acceding to the EU, it is important to note that this programme cannot be applied with unchanged priorities in regions still lacking appropriate local networks, where great attention needs to be devoted to internal networks. In the integration process, the transition countries have to understand the importance of a multilayered network and pay equal attention to every layer of the transport network. The other issue that has been criticised is the structure of the backbone network. While the development of the trans-European networks in western Europe was governed by internal considerations - the intention of connecting national networks - the starting point in the eastern half of Europe was the external consideration of extending Trans-European Networks to the transition countries. Even the backbone elements of the Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment network, which enjoy priority today, still reflect this approach. The danger remains that the additions expressing the needs of candidate countries will become lost in the process. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Fleischer, Tamás
Series Title: Working Papers / Institue for world economics / Hungarian Academy of Sciences; 139
Publisher: Institute for world economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Hochschulen und ihre Abteilungen | Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninfrastructureCentral Europenetwork
Subject: ECSC - Euratom - European Community research centresEconomic conditions. Economic structure
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Title: Evaluation of Transport Projects in Central and Eastern Europe
Abstract
The report covers the European Investment Bank's (EIB) portfolio of completed transport projects in central and eastern Europe financed between 1990 and 1999, inclusive. During this period, the Bank financed 58 projects for a total disbursed amount of some u00804.9 billion. Of this, approximately 65% went to roads, 27% to railways, 6% to air transport and 2% to ports. The distribution between countries reflected their size, population and economic importance, with most funding going to the Czech Republic, Poland and Romania. All projects contributed significantly to the EU's key transport policy objectives, with a particular focus on infrastructure in urgent need of rehabilitation. Most of the ten projects examined in-depth were completed to specification, largely on time and on budget, with cost overruns of less than 15% of the original estimate. Only two projects suffered from much higher costs than forecast; attributable to a combination of inaccurate unit prices, latent road foundation problems and rampant domestic inflation. There were problems with bureaucratic and administrative delays in establishing guarantees, and procurement: delays of more than one year to the start of construction were not uncommon. The works were generally carried out to a high standard and should have a full working life if properly maintained. However, there are concerns that available funds for maintenance from central government may not be adequate, which would affect the sustainability of seven out of the ten projects. Nine out of the ten projects benefited from technical assistance, which was an EIB funding condition, and which facilitated the implementation of the projects. Five of these promoters, all in the roads sector, still rely on external assistance to implement EIB funded projects. Most of the projects were affected by significant changes in the pattern of transport demand during the transition. However, the Bank's projections were normally closer to the real situation than the promoters'. In terms of overal
Series Title: Evaluation Report
Author (Corp. Body): European Investment Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninfrastructureEast Central Europeroad networktransportation policy
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBTransport networks
Countries Scheme: EASTERN EUROPESOUTHERN EUROPE
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Title: Infrastructure expenditures and costs
Title (other): Practical guidelines to calculate total infrastructure costs for five modes of transport : final report
Author (Corp. Body): ECORYS Transport, Rotterdam
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie und Verkehr
Year: 2005
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: infrastructure
Subject: Transport
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Title: PINE - prospects for inland navigation within the enlarged Europe
Title (other): Full final report
Author (Corp. Body): Buck Consultants International, The Netherlands
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie und Verkehr
Year: 2005
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninfrastructure
Subject: Transport
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Title: European Development Cooperation in Infrastructure
Title (other): A review of the past twelve years. Transport, Water, Energy and Urban Development
Table of Contents
1 THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK OF EUROPEAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
1.1 THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS – THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
1.2 THE PARIS DECLARATION (OECD/DAC)
1.3 THE EUROPEAN CONSENSUS ON DEVELOPMENT
2 TRANSPORT
2.1 THE CHALLENGES OF TRANSPORT IN DEVELOPMENT
2.2 THE EC RESPONSE
2.2.1 Transport Sector policy support programme
2.2.2 Roads
2.2.3 Railways
2.2.4 Airports and air traffic
2.2.5 Ports and waterways
2.3 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SECTOR/REGION
2.4 SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
3 WATER
3.1 THE CHALLENGES OF WATER AND SANITATION IN DEVELOPMENT
3.2 THE EC RESPONSE
3.2.1 The European Union Water Initiative (EUWI)
3.2.2 The ACP-EU Water Facility
3.2.3 Water Sector policy support programmes
3.2.4 Integrated Water Resource Management
3.2.5 Water supply and sanitation
3.2.6 Solid waste management/Disposal
3.2.7 Water resources policy and protection
3.3 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SECTOR/REGION
3.4 CROSS-CUTTING ISSUES
4 ENERGY
4.1 THE CHALLENGES OF ENERGY IN DEVELOPMENT
4.2 THE EC RESPONSE
4.2.1 The Energy Initiative
4.2.2 The Energy Facility
4.2.3 Other issues
4.3 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SECTOR / REGION
5 URBAN DEVELOPMENT
5.1 THE CHALLENGES OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT
5.2 THE EC RESPONSE
5.2.1 Urban development actions
5.2.2 Rehabilitation and reconstruction
5.2.3 Risk reduction and disaster prevention
5.3 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SECTOR / REGION
5.4 GOOD GOVERNANCE AND OTHER CROSS-CUTTING ISSUES
6 NETWORKS, LINKS, CONTACTS AND EXCHANGE TOOLS RELATED TO INFRASTRUCTURE ISSUES (EC ADDRESSES AND WEB LINKS)
6.1 INFORMATION ON PROJECTS AND PROGRAMMES, FORECASTS AND CALLS FOR TENDER / PROPOSALS
6.2 CONTACT FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
6.3 NETWORKS AND EXCHANGE INSTRUMENTS
6.4 WEBSITES AND PUBLICATIONS
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: energydevelopment aid policyinfrastructuretown developmenttransportationwater
Subject: Development aid. Aid programmes and aid organizations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Risk assessment methodologies for Critical Infrastructure Protection : Part I: A state of the art
Table of Contents
1 Risk Assessment Methodologies for Critical Infrastructures. Setting the scene
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The policy framework in EU and worldwide
1.2.1 The European programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP)
1.2.2 The US Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP)
1.2.3 National Strategy and Action Plan for Critical Infrastructure Protection in Canada
2 State of the art of Risk Assessment methodologies in EU and worldwide
2.1 Criteria for methodology assessment
2.2 Risk Assessment methodologies: Theoretical Background
2.3 Risk Assessment methodologies in EU and worldwide
2.3.1 Better Infrastructure Risk and Resilience (BIRR)
2.3.2 Protection of Critical Infrastructures - Baseline Protection Concept (BMI)
2.3.3 CARVER2
2.3.4 Critical Infrastructure Modelling Simulation (CIMS)
2.3.5 Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System (CIPDSS)
2.3.6 Critical Infrastructure Protection modelling and Analysis (CIPMA)
2.3.7 CommAspen
2.3.8 COUNTERACT
2.3.9 The DECRIS approach
2.3.10 European Risk Assessment and Contingency Planning Methodologies for Interconnected Energy Networks (EURACOM)
2.3.11 Fast Analysis Infrastructure Tool (FAIT)
2.3.12 Multilayer Infrastructure Network (MIN)
2.3.13 Modular Dynamic Model
2.3.14 Agent-Based Laboratory for Economics (N-ABLE)
2.3.15 Net-Centric Effects-based operations MOdel (NEMO)
2.3.16 Network Security Risk Assessment modelling (NSRAM)
2.3.17 RAMCAP-Plus
2.3.18 Risk and Vulnerability analysis (RVA )
2.3.19 Sandia Risk Assessment Methodology
2.3.20 National Infrastructure Protection Plan Risk Management Framework
2.3.21 Risk Management for Critical Infrastructure Sectors (Canada)
2.4 Gap analysis
References
Summary table of risk assessment methodologies
Author: Giannopoulos, Georgios | Filippini, Roberto | Schimmer, Muriel
Series Title:JRC Technical Notes
Contributer: Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen | Commission of the European Communities / Joint Research Centre
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-23839-0 | LB-NA-25286-EN-N | EUR 25286 EN | JRC 70046
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUendangermentinfrastructurerisk assessmentsecurity
Subject: Peace. Wars. TerrorismNuclear industry. Nuclear safety
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCanadaUSA
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Title: Study : Stock-taking of existing critical infrastructure protection activities ; Final report
Table of Contents
1 Executive Summary
1.1 Understanding of the situation
1.2 Purpose and scope of stock-taking initiatives
1.3 Project Approach
1.3.1 Data Gathering
1.3.2 Analysis
1.3.3 Synthesis
1.4 Key Insights and Trends
1.4.1 Organizational Model
1.4.2 Strategy & Policy
1.4.3 Methodology & Standards
1.4.4 Public-Private Partnership & International Collaboration
1.4.5 Funding & Human Resources
1.4.6 Training & Exercises
1.4.7 Sector-Specific Key Players & Initiatives
2 Austria
2.1 Summary
2.2 Organisational Model
2.3 Strategy & Policy
2.4 Methodology & Standards
2.5 Public – Private Partnership & International Collaboration
2.6 Funding & Human Resources
2.7 Training & Exercises
2.8 Sector-Specific Key Players & Initiatives
3 Belgium
...
4 Bulgaria
...
5 Cyprus
...
6 Czech Republic
...
7 Denmark
...
8 Estonia
...
9 European Union
...
10 Finland
...
11 France
...
12 Germany
...
13 Greece
..
14 Hungary
..
15 Ireland
...
16 Italy
...
17 Latvia
...
18 Lithuania
...
19 Luxembourg
...
20 Malta21 The Netherlands
...
22 Norway
...
23 Poland
...
24 Portugal
...
25 Romania
...
26 Slovakia
...
27 Slovenia
...
28 Spain
...
29 Sweden
...
30 United Kingdom
...
31 Worldwide CIP Research Report
31.1 R&D ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE EU COUNTRIES
31.1.1 Summary
31.1.2 United States31.1.4 Japan
31.1.5 Brazil
31.1.6 Australia
31.2 Academic forums
32 Annex: Member State Summary Report
Author (Corp. Body): Booz & Company
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/D1/037
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: inventoryEUinfrastructurerisk assessmentsecurity
Subject: Peace. Wars. Terrorism
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCanadaUSABrazilJapanAustralia
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Title: Final Report On Study on Critical Dependencies of Energy, Finance and Transport Infrastructures on ICT Infrastructure
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Objectives and Main Purpose of the Study
1.3 Project Embedding
2 Approach and Methodology
2.1 Key Terms
2.1.1 Selection Criteria and Process
2.2 Modelling
2.2.1 Identifying European Critical Infrastructures
2.2.2 Identifying high ICT-dependent ECI
2.2.3 ICT Threats and Vulnerabilities
3 Critical Technical Objects and Processes
3.1 Sector Energy Infrastructures
3.1.1 ... Electricity
3.1.2 ...Gas
3.1.3 ... Oil
3.2 Sector Finance Infrastructures
3.2.1 ... Securities Transactions
3.2.2 ... Payment Systems
3.3 Sector Transport Infrastructures
23.3.1 ... Air Traffic
3.3.2 ... Waterways
3.3.3 Sub-sector Railways
3.3.4 ... Road
4 Critical ICT Dependencies
4.1 Sector Energy Infrastructures
4.1.1 ... Electricity
4.1.2 ... Gas
4.1.3 ... Oil
4.2 Sector Finance Infrastructures
4.2.1 ... Securities Transactions
4.2.2 ... Payment Systems
4.3 Sector Transport Infrastructures
4.3.1 ... Air Traffic
4.3.2 ... Waterways
4.3.3 ... Railways
4.3.4 ... Road
4.4 Secure Private Network
4.4.1 Electronic Highway
4.4.2 SWIFTNet
4.4.3 SIAnet
4.5 Summary of Sectoral Findings
5 Relevant Risks, Threats and Vulnerabilities
5.1 Overview
5.2 ICT-Threats
5.2.1 ...
6 Existing Protection Strategies
6.1 Standards
...
6.2 Best Practises
6.2.1 ...
7 Synergies, Conclusions and Trends
7.1 Standards
7.2 Best Practises
7.3 Conclusions
7.4 Trends
8 Policy Lines
...
9 Stakeholder Involvement
...
A Annex
Author: Gottwald, Stephan
Contributer: Industrieanlagen Betriebsgesellschaft | MVV decon | PSI | SRC security consulting | Centre for European Security Strategies | Deutschland / Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: dependenceEUindustrial sectorinformation technologyinfrastructurecommunication technologysecurity
Subject: Peace. Wars. TerrorismIndustrial enterprisesInformation transfer
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on Risk Governance of European Critical Infrastructures in the ICT and Energy Sector : Final Report to European
Commission
Abstract
The primary goal of this project was to propose a Risk Governance Framework for European CIs in the interface between the ICT and energy sector, based on the analysis of actors, regulatory, market and technical factors, decision processes, problem framing, development of risk scenarios and application to them of a Risk Governance Framework. In addition we were asked to provide suggestions on how to implement the results of this study.A Risk Governance Framework based on the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC) model has been developed. This report describes how the framework was developed, including significant involvement of stakeholders, and describes the framework. The framework is presented, in an Annex, as a stand-alone format that can be used by stakeholders when they are carrying out the risk governance process. Finally the report draws out conclusions and makes recommendations for the implementation of the framework.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 The Project
1.2 Project Goals
1.3 Report Structure
1.4 Project Team
2 Context
2.1 The European Energy Supply System
2.1.1 Dependency and Interconnectedness
2.1.2 Critical Energy Infrastructures
2.1.3 The Energy-ICT Interface
2.2 EU Activities to date in the field of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Cyber Security
2.2.1 Critical Infrastructure Protection
2.2.2 European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection
2.2.3 Directive on the Identification and Designation of European Critical Infrastructure and the assessment of the need to improve their protection
2.2.4 Critical Infrastructure Warning Information Network
2.2.5 European Cyber Security Policy
2.3 The Rationale for Developing a Programme of Risk Governance for the ICT-Energy Sector
3 Methodology
3.1 Tasks
3.1.1 Literature Review
3.1.2 Project Workshop 1
3.1.3 Stakeholder Workshop 1
3.1.4 Stakeholder Questionnaire
3.1.5 Related EC activities
3.1.6 Development of the Risk Governance Framework
3.1.7 Stakeholder Workshop 2
4 Analysis
4.1 Literature Review
4.2 Project Workshop
4.3 Stakeholder Workshop 1
4.4 Questionnaire
4.5 Related EC Activities
4.6 Stakeholder Workshop 2
5 Risk Governance Framework
5.1 Introduction for Member States
5.1.1 Background
5.1.2 Purpose
5.1.3 Potential interested stakeholders
5.2 The context of the Risk Governance Framework
5.2.1 Scope
5.2.2 Clarification: Use of framework for cross-border and cross-boundary ICT/energy interfaces
5.2.3 Outline
5.2.4 Roles and Responsibilities
5.3 Pre-assessment Phase
5.4 Appraisal phase
5.5 Characterisation and Evaluation Phase
5.6 Management phase
5.7 Outputs
6 Conclusions and Recommendations
6.1 Conclusions
6.2 Recommendations and next steps
7 Glossary
Annexes
Author: Perks, Jonathan | Hyde, Jonathan | Falconer, Angela
Contributer: AEA Technology Plc, Harwell | risksolutuions | ESR Technology | DIALOGOIK
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/D1/026 | AEA/ED05761/Issue 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: generation of energyEUinformation technologyinfrastructurecommunicationrisk assessment
Subject: Peace. Wars. TerrorismEnergy policy. Power generationInformation networks
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on Risk Governance of European Critical Infrastructures in the ICT and Energy Sector : Final Report to European
Commission ; Annex
Abstract
The primary goal of this project was to propose a Risk Governance Framework for European CIs in the interface between the ICT and energy sector, based on the analysis of actors, regulatory, market and technical factors, decision processes, problem framing, development of risk scenarios and application to them of a Risk Governance Framework. In addition we were asked to provide suggestions on how to implement the results of this study.A Risk Governance Framework based on the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC) model has been developed. This report describes how the framework was developed, including significant involvement of stakeholders, and describes the framework. The framework is presented, in an Annex, as a stand-alone format that can be used by stakeholders when they are carrying out the risk governance process. Finally the report draws out conclusions and makes recommendations for the implementation of the framework.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Annex 1: Literature review
Annex 2: Stakeholder Workshop 1
Annex 3: Risk Governance Questionnaire
Annex 4: Stakeholder Workshop 2
Annex 5: Risk Governance Framework with Templates
Annex 6: Case Study Application for the Risk Governance Framework
Annex 7: ICT / Energy System Interfaces
Annex 8: Example Defences
Annex 9: Policy Brief
Contributer: AEA Technology Plc, Harwell | risksolutuions | ESR Technology | DIALOGOIK
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2007/D1/026 | AEA/ED05761/Issue 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: generation of energyEUinformation technologyinfrastructurecommunicationrisk assessment
Subject: Peace. Wars. TerrorismEnergy policy. Power generationInformation networks
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: IPA - interim evaluation and meta-evaluation of IPA assistance : Country Report Bosnia and Herzegovina ; The European
Union's IPA Program for Western Balkans and Turkey
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Summary
1 Scope of work
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Summary methodology
1.3 Sectors and projects included in the sample
1.4 Sources of information
2 Sector analysis
2.1 Elaboration of the sectoral objectives and baseline
2.2 Quality infrastructure and statistics
...
2.3 Education, employment and social dialogue
...
3 IPA Programme Performance
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Effectiveness
...
3.3 Efficiency
...
3.4 Sustainability
...
4 Impact analysis of IPA assistance
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Does IPA assistance address priority issues?
4.3 Impact in Quality Infrastructure and Statistics
...
4.4 Additional impact
...
5 Key conclusions and recommendations
5.1 Thematic and programme level conclusions and recommendations
5.2 Associated recommendations for each conclusion
...
Annexes
Annex 1 Detailed information on the scope of the assistance
Annex 2 List of documents used
Annex 3 List of interviews
Annex 4 Sectoral Analysis
Statistics sector analysis
Education sector analysis
Employment, labour market and social protection and inclusion sector analysis
Social inclusion and protection
Annex 5 The evaluation methodology
Annex 6 Debriefung note
Author: Hague, Mat | Malekovic, Sanja | Zondag, Marie-Jose
Contributer: ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: II23914rep
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: labor marketemploymenteducationBosnia and Herzegovinadevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistance
infrastructuresocial policystatistics
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsSocial policyHuman resources
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesBosnia and Herzegovina
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Title: IPA - interim evaluation and meta-evaluation of IPA assistance : Evaluation of Multi Beneficiary Programmes ; The
European Union's IPA Program for Western Balkans and Turkey
Table of Contents
List of abbreviations
1 Scope of work
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Summary methodology
1.2.1 Methods of data collection
1.3 Structure of the sample
1.4 Sources of information
2 Performance of IPA Multi Beneficiary projects
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Effectiveness of Multi Beneficiary projects
2.2.1 Effectiveness in institution building
2.2.2 Effectiveness in infrastructure
2.2.3 Effectiveness in regional organisations2.3 Efficiency
2.3.1 Efficiency in institution building
2.3.2 Efficiency in infrastructure investment
2.3.3 Efficiency in regional organisations
2.3.4 General issues on efficiency
2.3.5 Supportive analyses with regard to efficiency
2.3.6 Conclusions on efficiency
2.4 Sustainability
2.4.1 Sustainability of institution building projects
2.4.2 Sustainability of infrastructure investment
2.4.3 Sustainability of regional organisations
2.4.4 Conclusions on sustainability
2.5 Impact
2.5.1 Additional impact
2.5.2 Conclusions on impact
2.6 Lessons learned
2.6.1 Institution building
2.6.2 Infrastructure development
2.6.3 Regional organisations
3 Added value of multi-beneficiary approach
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Value added of MBP in addressing specific regional issues
3.3 Efficiencies of the MBP process
4 Key conclusions and recommendations
4.1 Conclusions
4.2 Recommendations
Annexes
Annex 1 Evaluation matrix
Annex 2 List of interviews – approached people
Annex 3 List of documents used
Annex 4 Objectives of the projects in the sample
Annex 5 Regional and horizontal projects MBP 2007-2011
Author (Corp. Body): ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KOP/MD II23914rep MBPdef
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistanceinfrastructureinstitutionregional developmentSoutheastern Europe
Turkey
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsDevelopment plans. RegionsPublic administration. Executive power
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
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Title: Evaluation of the Financial Assistance Programme for Turkish Cypriot Community : Final report ; FWC COM 2011 Lot 1:
Studies and Technical Assistance in all sectors
Table of Contents
Glossary of Acronyms
Executive Summary
Main Report
1. Introduction
1.1. Background
1.2. Objectives and Scope of the Evaluation
1.3. Methodology
1.4. Structure of the Evaluation Report
2. Evaluation Findings
2.1. Programme Intervention Logic
2.2. Programme Implementation Performance
2.3. Future Programme
3. Conclusions (Lessons Learned) and Recommendations
3.1. Programme Intervention Logic
3.2. Programme Implementation Performance
3.3. Future Programme
Annexes
Annex 1: Scope of the Evaluation (Sections 1 and 2 of the ToR)
Annex 2: Programme Global, Strategic, and Specific Objectives
Annex 3: Programme Financial Performance Data
Annex 4: Detailed Programme Evaluation
Annex 4.1: Objective 1 – Developing and Restructuring of Infrastructure
Annex 4.2: Objective 2 – Promoting Social and Economic Development
Annex 4.3: Objective 3 – Fostering Reconciliation, Confidence Building Measures, and Support to Civil Society
Annex 4.4: Objective 4 – Bringing the Turkish Cypriot community closer to the European Union
Annex 4.5: Objective 5 – Preparing the Turkish Cypriot community to introduce and implement the acquis communautaire
Annex 5: List of Documentation
Annex 6: List of Interviewees
Author (Corp. Body): B & S EUROPE | PROMAN
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EUROPEAID/129783/C/SER/multi | Specific Contract N° 2012/295522/1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistanceinfrastructuresocial changeeconomic development (on national level)
civil societyCyprus
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCyprus
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Title: Closer to the European Union : EU assistance to the Turkish Cyptiot Community
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-25645-5 | NI-30-12-678-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistanceinfrastructuresocial changeeconomic development (on national level)civil society
Cyprus
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCyprus
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Title: Ad-hoc evaluation of the CARDS regional programmes in the Western Balkans : Final Report
Table of Contents
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 KEY EVALUATION FINDINGS
1.2 MAIN CONCLUSIONS
1.3 RECOMMENDATIONS
2 INTRODUCTION
3 CONTEXT AND BACKGROUND
3.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
3.2 THE BACKGROUND AND THE CONTEXT OF THE EVALUATION
3.3 OVERVIEW OF THE CARDS REGIONAL PROGRAMME
3.4 LIMITATIONS OF THE PRESENT STUDY
3.5 SCOPE OF THE EVALUATION
4 EVALUATION QUESTIONS AND THE OVERALL PERFORMANCE OF THE CARDSREGIONAL PROGRAMME
4.1 RELEVANCE AND DESIGN
4.2 EFFICIENCY
4.3 EFFECTIVENESS
4.4 IMPACT
4.5 SUSTAINABILITY
5 CROSS-CUTTING FINDINGS
5.1 THE ROLE OF ROM/MONIS
5.2 THE INVOLVEMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN SETTING PRIORITIES
5.3 REGIONAL PROGRAMME AND REGIONAL SOLUTIONS
6 SPECIFIC THEMATIC SECTIONS
6.1 JUSTICE AND HOME AFFAIRS
6.2 PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
6.3 INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
6.4 INSTITUTION BUILDING
7 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
7.1 CONCLUSIONS
7.2 RECOMMENDATIONS
ANNEX 1 - DATA GATHERING AND DATA ANALYSIS
I - DATA GATHERING
ANNEX 2 –FOLLOW-UP TO PREVIOUS RECOMMENDATIONS
ANNEX 3 – PROJECTS ANALYSED IN DETAIL
SOUTH-EAST EUROPE TRANSPORT OBSERVATORY (SEETO)
A – JUSTICE AND HOME AFFAIRS
B - PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
C - INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES
D - INSTITUTION BUILDING
ANNEX 4 – PROJECT LIST AS PROVIDED BY THE EC
ANNEX 5 - LIST OF PROJECTS SELECTED FOR IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS
ANNEX 6 - PROJECTS COVERED BY MONIS ANALYSIS
ANNEX 7 - LIST OF INTERVIEWEES
ANNEX 8 – WEB SURVEY ANALYSIS
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Contributer: Deloitte Consulting
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unioninfrastructureinstitutionjudiciaryprivate sector
Southeastern Europe
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSoutheastern Europe, Balkan peninsula. General Resources
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Title: Phare ex post evaluation of country support implemented from 1997 – 1998 to 2000 – 2001 : Consolidated Summary Report
Abstract
This ex post evaluation focuses on the assessment of the Phare Programme support allocated by the European Community to ten central and eastern European candidate countries. The evaluation covers the country support allocated in the years 1997–1998 and implemented until the end of 2001. The European Commission, Directorate General for Enlargement launched the evaluation with three purposes: - assisting candidate countries in drawing lessons by supporting a series of ten country evaluations implemented in partnership with their administrations; - providing, for the purposes of the Commission’s reporting, external accountability on the use of the Phare funds; and - supporting the building of evaluation capacity in the candidate countries by involving and training local consultants and evaluation managers from the partner country administrations.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1. This evaluation
1.1 Purposes
1.2 Method
2. Background
2.1 From transition to accession
2.2 Expenditure under evaluation
2.3 Intervention logic of Phare following the 1998 reform
2.4 The 1998 Phare management reform
3. Overall evaluation – findings and conclusions
3.1 Relevance
3.2 EU value added
3.3 Impact on legislation and administration
3.4 Socio-economic impact
3.5 Unintended impacts
3.6 Relating impacts to costs
4. Lessons learned
4.1 Design of country strategies and projects
4.2 Management of projects
4.3 Innovative instruments
4.4 Generic reform of public administration
Author (Corp. Body): PLS Rambøll Management, Kopenhagen | Eureval C
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUEU expansioninfrastructureadministration
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Additional support programme for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in 2001 : Draft programme
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Contributer: European Agency for Reconstruction
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: displaced personelectric power industrydevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionrefugeeinfrastructurehousing construction
Subject: Aid programmes
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesRepublic of Macedonia
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Title: Support programme for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in 2001 : Draft programme
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: educationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European UnionEuropean integrationinfrastructurejudiciaryMacedonia
reformadministration
Subject: Aid programmes
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesRepublic of Macedonia
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Title: A support programme for Montenegro in 2001 : Draft programme
Author (Corp. Body): European Agency for Reconstruction
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aidEUjoining of the European Unioninfrastructuremunicipal administrationMontenegrosecurityroad traffic
technical assistancetransportation
Subject: Aid programmesLocal governmentTraffic. Transport safety
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesMontenegro
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Title: CARDS Regional Programme 2001 : Draft programme
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: AlbaniaBosnia and Herzegovinademocratizationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European UnioninfrastructureYugoslavia
judiciarycooperationCroatiaMacedoniapolicereformenvironmental protectionadministrationfurther education
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: AlbaniaBosnia and HerzegovinaYugoslavia (Serbia, Montenegro)CroatiaRepublic of Macedonia
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