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Title: World Investment Report 2004
Title (other): The Shift Towards services
Abstract
Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into Central and Eastern Europe declined from a record $31 billion in 2002 to a low of $21 billion last year, the result of the end of privatisation in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, according to the World Investment Report 2004: The Shift Towards Services. Despite the decline in 2003, the report predicts that the medium-term prospects for further FDI growth in Central and Eastern Europe are good. In all, FDI inflows last year rose in 10 of the region's countries and fell in nine, with most countries receiving less than $1 billion. Inward FDI flows as a percentage of gross fixed capital formation in Central and Eastern Europe declined from 17% in 2002 to 10% in 2003. The region´s modest performance last year suggests that no large-scale diversion of FDI from the older European Union members to the Central and Eastern European countries has occurred. Greenfield projects, spread over a longer period and generally smaller in size, could not immediately compensate for the fall in privatisation-related FDI in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, despite the fact that both countries had been selected as locations for new automobile plants by transnational corporations. In particular, thanks to FDI in large assembly projects, Slovakia is on its way to becoming a major European hub for automobile production. Aside from the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the decline in FDI inflows was small, from $19 billion in 2002 to $18 billion in 2003. The ups and downs of FDI among the Central and Eastern European countries in 2003 re-established Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary as the three top locations for inward FDI in the region. Far from diverting FDI flows from the old members of the EU, the group of eight Central and Eastern European countries that joined the EU in May 2004 saw their combined FDI inflows shrink from $23 billion in 2002 to $11 billion in 2003. Economic growth is expected to drive FDI growth in Central and Eastern Europe. Flows to EU accession countries are likel
Series Title: World Investment Report 2004
Author (Corp. Body): United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Publisher: United Nations
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: foreign investmentEU expansionEast Central Europetransfer into private ownershipeconomic growth
Subject: European Community external relationsEconomic and growth policiesAutomobile industry. Aeronautical industry. ShipbuildingInvestments. Investment policy
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: UNCTAD (http://www.unctad.org/)
Title: Leitfaden zur beihilfekonformen Finanzierung, Umstrukturierung und Privatisierung staatseigener Unternehmen :
Arbeitsunterlage der Kommissionsdienststellen
Title (other): Guidance Paper on state aid-compliant financing, restructuring and privatisation of State-owned enterprises | Document
d'orientation concernant le financement, la restructuration et la privatisation des entreprises publiques conformément
aux règles en matière d’aides d'État
Abstract
Mit diesem Leitfaden sollen die Mitgliedstaaten der EU darüber informiert werden, welche EU-Beihilfevorschriften bei der Finanzierung, Umstrukturierung und/oder Privatisierung staatseigener Unternehmen zu beachten sind. Zudem wird ausführlich erläutert, wie die Kommission die wichtigsten Grundsätze des EU-Beihilfenrechts anwendet. Der Leitfaden bezieht sich ausschließlich auf die bestehenden EU-Beihilfevorschriften. Beihilfesachenwerden immer einzeln anhand des jeweiligen Sachverhalts geprüft. Außerdem wird in diesem Leitfaden ausgeführt, wie sich die EU-Beihilfevorschriften aufpolitische Strategien und Entscheidungen von Mitgliedstaaten auswirken könnten, die Programme zur wirtschaftlichen Anpassung aufgelegt haben, mit denen sie unter anderem durch Umstrukturierung und/oder Privatisierung staatseigener Unternehmen die Staatshaushalte entlasten wollen. [Urheber s. Copyright][DE]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wettbewerb
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: SWD (2012) 14
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU state aid controlState propertyEnterprisefinancial aidtransfer into private ownership
Subject: Public finance. State aidEnterprises
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (ec.europa.eu)
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