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Title: Infrastructure as basis for sustainable regional development
Abstract
The paper looks at the EU's infrastructure after the latest enlargement round. It states that the new EU members have to narrow the distance to the 'old' members in order to improve the competitiveness of their companies and the living conditions of the populace. At the same time, the persistent weakness of economic growth in the large, established countries of Western Europe has substantially increased the need for the old EU members to act - and not only because the traffic between East and West is expanding. Without the creation of good basic infrastructure in the new member countries in sectors such as electricity, gas, water, telecommunications, postal service, local public transport and waste disposal, the vision of a modern Europe with favourable living conditions in all regions will remain a pipe dream. The transition indicator system of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development shows that among the Central and Eastern European countries - ranked by their average rating for all the infrastructure sectors covered - only Hungary has already attained the Western European level. Slovakia brings up the rear. Since the end of the 1990s, not only Hungary but also the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia have narrowed the gap to the old EU. By contrast, Estonia, Poland and Slovakia have lost ground. Noticeable differences are visible in the five sectors of infrastructure analysed. For instance, in telecommunications, the Czech Republic, Estonia and Poland have already nearly reached the EU level. By contrast, none of the new member states has a road network to match those in Western Europe. If the Central European countries are to attain the same standard of infrastructure as the old EU they will have to invest a total of about 500 billion euro. The sectors requiring the most investment are water/waste water management and electric power. The Central European countries could upgrade their road and railway networks to match the old EU average with relatively little in
Author: Auer, Josef
Series Title: Current Issues / Deutsche Bank Research ; June 2004
Publisher: Deutsche Bank Research
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: infrastructural developmentEU expansionregional development
Subject: European Communities and European Union in generalDevelopment plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Deutsche Bank Research (http://www.dbresearch.com/)
Title: EMCC case studies - Corporate social responsibility in managing the transition to a market economy: Eesti Põlevkivi Ltd
Abstract
Eesti Põlevkivi Ltd (EP) is a state-owned company, primarily involved in oil shale mining in the Ida-Virumaa region of Estonia. The company was established in 1920 and was, for many years, the largest employer in Estonia. It continues to have particular relevance for the Ida-Virumaa region as the largest employer, offering higher than average salaries for this part of Estonia and often employing entire 'family dynasties'. In 1999, EP had 7,034 employees. Today, as a result of restructuring, this number has been reduced to 3,500. [Author vide Copyright]
Author: GHK Consulting Ltd
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2007
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: case studyregionregional development
Subject: Economic and social developmentIndustrial enterprisesConditions of work
Countries Scheme: Estonia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: EMCC case studies - Facing the challenges of a globalised market: Louis de Poortere
Abstract
Louis de Poortere is a Belgian textiles company established in the 1920s, specialising in the manufacture of high-quality carpets for the international market. For many years, it was among the largest employers in the Belgian textiles sector, with approximately 3,000 employees in the 1970s. Mirroring the challenges facing the entire EU textiles sector over the past 20 years, Louis de Poortere has experienced difficulties linked to market liberalisation, globalisation and other factors impacting on the sector. The company had tried to adapt to new market conditions by divesting some of the less profitable parts of its business; despite these efforts, however, the company was declared bankrupt in August 2000. [Author vide Copyright]
Author: GHK Consulting Ltd
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2007
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Textile industrycase studyregionregional development
Subject: Economic and social developmentTextile industryEnterprisesConditions of work
Countries Scheme: Belgium
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Regional cooperation in the western Balkans
Title (other): A policy priority for the European Union
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2006
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-79-01374-2 | NF-57-03-249-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionregional developmentregional interrelation
Subject: Development plans. Regions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Economic, Social and Territorial Situation in France
Title (other): Situation économique, sociale et terriotoriale, en France
Abstract
This note provides an overview of France's economic, political and administrative set-up. It then concentrates on the special conditions in the Regions Centre and Ile-de-France, with a description of the EU support (ERDF) 2007-2013 within those territories. The note has been prepared in the context of the Committee on Regional Development's delegation to France on 28-30 April 2010. [European Parliament]
Author: Rudolf, Kathrin Maria
Series Title:European Parliament - Note
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 431.605 | IP/B/REGI/NT/2010-04
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: political systemregional developmentadministrative policy
Subject: Economic policy. Planning. Social policy. Social problemsEconomic conditionsPolitics
Countries Scheme: France
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Regional disparities in Poland
Abstract
Regional income and labour market disparities in Poland are characterised by three dimensions: the gap between the western and the eastern parts of the country, the privileged position of the capital region and rising differences between rural and urban regions. Disparities in labour markets are to a large degree the result of the economic transformation process, with unfinished restructuring in agriculture being one of the main features. Regional divergence is further aggravated by the inefficient functioning of traditional mechanisms of regional equalisation (labour mobility, wages and investment). This has resulted in persistently high unemployment and low employment rates in some regions.
Author: Bogumil, Piotr
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2009,4
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Regional developmentlabor marketregional development
Subject: Economic and social development
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: European Union Regional Programmes in Asia and Central Asia
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: unknown
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Asiadevelopment aid policyEUcooperationregional development
Subject: Development projects
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesAsia and Middle East. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Regional cooperation
Title (other): Eastern neighbours ; ENPI ; European Neighbourood Partnership Instrument
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aid policyEUinvestmentcooperationneighborhoodregional development
Subject: Development aid. Aid programmes and aid organizations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on the Contribution of Culture to Local and Regional Development - Evidence from the Structural Funds : Final
Report
Title (other): Case Studies : Part 1 | Case Studies : Part 2
Author (Corp. Body): Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Bildung und Kultur
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: analysisdata captureEUcultureregional development
Subject: Culture and cultural activities
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: http://fra.europa.eu
Title: Evaluation of the Eastern Partnership Youth in Action Window : Final report ; The European Union’s ENPI Programme
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Executive summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Overall objectives and scope of the evaluation
1.2 Structure of the report
2. Eastern Partnership youth window – background
2.1 EPYW context
2.1.1 Funding and expected outcome
2.1.2 Quantitative results
2.2 EPYW Objectives and priorities
2.3 EPYW - Implementation of the programme
2.3.1 Decision-making process
2.3.2 Beneficiaries
3. Methodology
3.1 Structured evaluation approach
3.1.1 Sampling and selection of the projects
3.2 Evaluation Questions
3.2.1 Specific objective 1: Evaluation of the ongoing regional programme Eastern Partnership Youth in Action Window
3.2.2 Specific objective 2: Recommendations for design of a future regional EaP Youth Programme
3.3 Evaluation tools
3.4 Data gathering challenges
4. Answers to the evaluation questions
4.1 EQ 1 – On relevance of the EPYW
4.2 EQ 2 – On young people with fewer opportunities
4.3 EQ 3 – On nature of youth work
4.4 EQ 4 – On sharing good practice
4.5 EQ 5 – On commitment and capacities for EaP regional cooperation
Evaluation of the Eastern Partnership Youth in Action Window – Draft Final Report Page 4 of 934.6 EQ 6 – On procedures to ensure efficiency
4.7 EQ 7 – On monitoring
4.8 EQ 8 – On effectiveness and impact
4.9 EQ 9 – On ownership
4.10 EQ 10 – On sustainability
4.11 EQ 11 – On unintended effects
5. Conclusions
6. Recommendations
Annexes
Annex I: TOR
Annex II: Literature and documentation consulted
Annex III: List of persons/organisations consulted
List of persons met during the Field Phase
Annex IV: Case Studies
Case Study I: EVS Caravan – Georgia
Case Study II: Rural Youth Entrepreneurship: Traditional Crafts – Armenia
Case Study III: Formal + Non-Formal = Impact – Moldova
Author: Motamed-Afshari, Behrooz | Fras, Maksymilian | Lewarne Webber, Stephen
Contributer: Europäische Kommission | IBF International Consulting
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EC Reference – 2014/343596
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationEUpromotional programlearning handicaplearning methodEastern Europeregional development
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relationsEducational policy. Training policy
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: IPA - interim evaluation and meta-evaluation of IPA assistance : Evaluation of Multi Beneficiary Programmes ; The
European Union's IPA Program for Western Balkans and Turkey
Table of Contents
List of abbreviations
1 Scope of work
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Summary methodology
1.2.1 Methods of data collection
1.3 Structure of the sample
1.4 Sources of information
2 Performance of IPA Multi Beneficiary projects
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Effectiveness of Multi Beneficiary projects
2.2.1 Effectiveness in institution building
2.2.2 Effectiveness in infrastructure
2.2.3 Effectiveness in regional organisations2.3 Efficiency
2.3.1 Efficiency in institution building
2.3.2 Efficiency in infrastructure investment
2.3.3 Efficiency in regional organisations
2.3.4 General issues on efficiency
2.3.5 Supportive analyses with regard to efficiency
2.3.6 Conclusions on efficiency
2.4 Sustainability
2.4.1 Sustainability of institution building projects
2.4.2 Sustainability of infrastructure investment
2.4.3 Sustainability of regional organisations
2.4.4 Conclusions on sustainability
2.5 Impact
2.5.1 Additional impact
2.5.2 Conclusions on impact
2.6 Lessons learned
2.6.1 Institution building
2.6.2 Infrastructure development
2.6.3 Regional organisations
3 Added value of multi-beneficiary approach
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Value added of MBP in addressing specific regional issues
3.3 Efficiencies of the MBP process
4 Key conclusions and recommendations
4.1 Conclusions
4.2 Recommendations
Annexes
Annex 1 Evaluation matrix
Annex 2 List of interviews – approached people
Annex 3 List of documents used
Annex 4 Objectives of the projects in the sample
Annex 5 Regional and horizontal projects MBP 2007-2011
Author (Corp. Body): ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KOP/MD II23914rep MBPdef
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistanceinfrastructureinstitutionregional developmentSoutheastern Europe
Turkey
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relationsDevelopment plans. RegionsPublic administration. Executive power
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation to support the preparation of pre-accession financial instruments beyond 2013 : Final Report
Abstract
This is the Final Report for the forward-looking evaluation on the future pre-accession financial instrument beyond 2013, commissioned by Directorate-General for Enlargement (DG ELARG) of the European Commission (EC). The work was carried out between December 2010 and May 2011 by the European Policy Evaluation Consortium (EPEC), and led by the EPEC grouping member GHK with support from EPEC partner Technopolis. The work has been undertaken under the guidance of a Reference Group chaired by DG ELARG and including representatives of other DGs of the Commission.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
List of acronyms
Executive summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Purpose of the report and study objectives
1.2 The EU’s enlargement policy
1.3 Past EU support to the pre-accession process
1.4 The Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance
1.5 Method
1.6 Structure of the report
2 The problems addressed
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Problem 1: The need to realise the benefits of enlargement
2.3 Problem 2: Gap between the conditions in candidate countries and potential candidates and those in the EU
2.4 Problem 3: Lack of readiness to implement EU programmes and related obligations
2.5 Problem 4: Challenges in the current implementation arrangements for IPA
3 The baseline scenario 2013-2018 and the European added value of a future programme
...
4 Policy objectives
...
5 Policy options
...
6 Assessment of alternative policy options
...
7 Key modifications to the delivery of IPA considered
...
8 Monitoring and evaluation arrangements
...
Annexes
Annex 1 Path towards EU Membership
Annex 2 Background on beneficiaries
...
Annex 3 Pre-accession programmes prior to IPA
...
Annex 4 Component structure and delivery mechanisms of IPA
Annex 5 The findings of the online consultations
...
Annex 6 The benefits of enlargement and costs of non-enlargement
Annex 7 Beneficiary development trends
Annex 8 Detailed budget assumptions of the policy options
Annex 9 Draft intervention logic
Author (Corp. Body): GHK | Technopolis | European Policy Evaluation Consortium
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdemocratizationEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistanceaffirmative actioncross border cooperationassistance
human capitalinstitutionrural developmentregional development
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesIcelandSoutheastern Europe, Balkan peninsula. General ResourcesTurkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Retrospective evaluation of CARDS programmes in Serbia : Final Evaluation Report ; Framework Contract on evaluation and
evaluation-related services: BUDG06/PO/01 ; Lot 3: Provision of External Evaluation Studies of an Interim and Ex-Post
Nature
Abstract
This evaluation report covers the CARDS assistance to the Republic of Serbia, with a special focus on Local and Municipal Development, Economic Development, Justice and Integrated Border Management sectors during the period 2000-2006.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1 EVALUATION QUESTIONS – FINDINGS AND ANSWERS
1.1 RELEVANCE (EQ1, EQ2, EQ 3)
...
1.2 EFFICIENCY (EQ4, EQ5, EQ6)
...
1.3 EFFECTIVENESS (EQ 7): To what extent have the operational objectives of the programmes/projects been achieved or are in the process of being achieved with respect to planning provisions?
1.4 IMPACT (EQ 8): To what extent have the projects/programmes’interventions produced political, social, economic or environmental impacts?
1.5 SUSTAINABILITY (EQ 9): Are the results and impacts of the programmes/projects likely to continue after EU funding ends?
1.6 CROSS-CUTTING ISSUES (EQ 10): To what degree do the programmes respect issues of gender, environment, minority inclusion and complementarity with the CARDS regional programme and those of other donors, notably EU member states?
2 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
2.1 Sector-specific conclusions and recommendations
...
2.2 Performance rating
3 ANNEXES3.2 The phases of the evaluation process
3.3 Itinerary of the field mission and list of interviewed persons
3.4 List of evaluated projects under the four chosen sectors
3.5 List of CARDS projects 2000 – 2006 in Serbia
3.6 General Evaluation Questions (EQs)
3.7 Financial analysis of programme portfolio
...
3.8 Scope and methodology of the evaluation
...
3.9 The EC-cooperation with the republic of Serbia
3.10 The EU legislative package of EU programmes for the financial programming period 2007-2013
3.11 General Evaluation Matrix
3.12 Bibliography
List of tables
List of figures
Author: Huba, Martin | Balic, Elma | Sandgren, Claes
Contributer: PARTICIP GmbH Consultants für Entwicklung und Umwelt, Freiburg im Breisgau | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung | European Evaluation Consortium
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Specific Contract No Budget 06/01/003 | Framework Contract on Evaluation and evaluation-related Services: BUDG06/PO/01
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionborder regionjudiciaryregional developmentSerbia
economic development (on national level)
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSerbia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Support Programme for Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2001
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: educational policyBosnia and Herzegovinadisplaced persondevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionrefugeeguarantee of peace
human rightsconstitutional stateregional developmenttaxestrafficadministrative policyeconomic development (on national level)civil societytariff policy
Subject: Aid programmes
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesBosnia and Herzegovina
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: An additional support programme for Serbia in 2001 : Draft programme
Author (Corp. Body): European Agency for Reconstruction
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: energy supplydevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionhealthborder protectionmediaregional development
Serbiatechnical assistanceenterprise
Subject: Aid programmes
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSerbia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: The European Agenda on Migration : Glossary, facts and figures
Table of Contents
Irregular migration
Comparison of irregular border crossings by route between Jan.-Dec. 2013 and Jan.-Dec. 2014
EU Agencies supporting Member States’ efforts in the area of migration?
EU rules on returning irregularly staying migrants
Return decisions against effected returns for main countries of citizenship of the irregular migrants
The Action Plan on Smuggling
Readmission Agreements
17 Readmission Agreements currently in force
The principle of non-refoulement
The difference between smuggling and trafficking
How does the EU tackle trafficking in human beings?
Save lives and secure the external borders
The “Hotspots” System
The Smart Borders Package
EUROSUR
Common Security and Defence Policy operations
Asylum and protection
The current EU legal framework on asylum
Total number of asylum seekers in the EU
Number of asylum applications per Member State
What does relocation mean? How does it work?
Distribution of asylum seekers among the ten EU countries receiving the most applications (2014)
The emergency response system under Art. 78.3 of the Treaty
What is resettlement? How does it work?
Resettled persons during the period 2008 - 2014
Regional Development and Protection Programmes
Legal migration
How does the EU attract non-EU workers?
Blue Cards issued by Member States
Residence permits issued by Member States
Impact of migration on development
Visa requirements for entering into the EU?
Top applicant countries in 2014
Mobility Partnerships
8 Mobility Partnerships signed
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Wikis, Glossare und spezielle Nachschlagewerke
Keyword: person seeking asylumEUillegal immigrationmigrationpartnershipregional developmentresettlement
Subject: European Community law in generalMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation of the European Union’s regional co-operation with Asia : Final Report ; Volume 1
Title (other): Evaluation of the European Union’s regional co-operation with Asia : Final Report ; Volume 2 | Evaluation of the
European Union’s regional co-operation with Asia : Final Report ; Volume 3 | Evaluation of the European Union’s
Regional Cooperation with Asia : Summary | Summary of the evaluation of European Union's regional co-operation with Asia
: REF . 1326 ; EVINFO | «Fiche Contradictoire» Evaluation of the European Union’s regional cooperation with Asia :
(Regional level evaluation) ; Ref. Ares(2014)3390622 | Quality Grid : Evaluation of the European Union 's regional
Cooperation with Asia ; Final Report (March 2014)
Abstract
The “Evaluation of the European Union's regional co-operation with Asia ? Regional Level Evaluation” was commissioned by the DG DEVCO Evaluation Unit and was implemented between January 2013 and November 2013. Covering the period 2007-2012, the evaluation’s objectives were: To provide the relevant external co-operation services of the European Union (EU) and the wider public with an overall independent assessment of the EU’s past and current co-operation relations with Asia; To identify key lessons and recommendations in order to improve the current and future EU strategies, programmes and actions. The following points were assessed:The relevance and coherence of the EU’s co-operation strategies (all instruments included) for the period 2007-2012;The consistency between programming and implementation for the same period;The implementation of the EU’s co-operation, focusing on impact, sustainability, effectiveness and efficiency for the period under analysis – and on intended effects for the next programming cycle, 2014-2020;The value added of the EU’s interventions (at both strategic and implementation level);The 3Cs: co-ordination and complementarity of the EU’s interventions with other donors’ interventions (focusing on EU Member States); and coherence between the EU’s interventions in the field of development co-operation and other EU policies that are likely to affect the region.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction: Objectives, scope and coverage of the evaluation
2 Overall methodological approach
2.1 Data collection and analyses
2.2 Sample of countries and interventions
2.3 Challenges and limitations
3 Background and context of regional - level EU support to Asia
3.1 The Asia context
3.2 European development co-operation rationale with Asia
3.3 Inventory of regional-level EU support to Asia
3.4 Intervention logic of EU co-operation withAsia
4 Answers to the Evaluation Questions
4.1 EQ1 on strengthening inter-regional dialogue & partnership
4.2 EQ2 on regional added value to economic integration
4.3 EQ3 on added value to regional integration in non-economic fields
4.4 EQ4 on environment, energy and climate change
4.5 EQ5 on higher education
4.6 EQ6 on support to uprooted people
4.7 EQ7 on regional strategy
4.8 EQ8 on added value of the regional approach
5 Conclusions
5.1 Relevance, strategic focus and co-ordination
5.2 Outcomes
6 Recommendations
6.1 Enhancing the added value of the regional strategy
6.2 Increasing outcomes of sectoral efforts
List of tables
List of figures
List of boxes
| VOLUME II: DETAILED INFORMATION MATRIX
1. EQ1 on strengthening inter-regional dialogue & partnership
2. EQ2 on regional added value to economic integration
3. EQ3 on added value to regional integration in non-economic fields
4. EQ4 on environment, energy and climate change
5. EQ5 on higher education
6. EQ6 on support to uprooted people
7. EQ7 on regional strategy
8. EQ8 on added value of the regional approach
| VOLUME III: ANNEX 1 TO 10
1. Annex 1: Terms of reference
2. Annex 2: Methodological approach during desk and field phase
3. Annex 3: Background and context of the evaluation
4. Annex 4: Inventory
5. Annex 5: Intervention logic
6. Annex 6: CSP analysis
7. Annex 7: Results of the survey to the EU delegations
8. Annex 8: List of people interviewed
9. Annex 9: List of documents and sources of information
10. Annex 10: Minutes of Dissemination Seminar(20 March 2014)
Author (Corp. Body): PARTICIP GmbH Consultants für Entwicklung und Umwelt, Freiburg im Breisgau
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Ecorys, Rotterdam | ecdpm | DRN
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Specific contract No 2012/305114 | Contract No EVA 2011 /Lot 4 | Ref. Ares(2014)3390622
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Asiaevaluationdevelopment aidEUcooperationregional development
Subject: International cooperationEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesAsia and Middle East. General Resources
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Title: Evaluation of the European Union’s Support to two European Neighbourhood Policy Regions (East and South) : Final Report
; Volume 1
Title (other): Evaluation of the European Union’s Support to two European Neighbourhood Policy Regions (East and South) : Final Report
; Volume 2: Annexes 1-10 | Evaluation of the European Union’s Support to two European Neighbourhood Policy Regions
(East and South) : Final Report ; Volume 3: Inventory - Annexes 11-14 | Fiche Contradictoire : Evaluation of the
European Union’s support to two European Neighborhood Policy Regions (East and South) ; Ref. Ares(2014)407924 |
Evaluation of the European Union’s Support to two European Neighbourhood Policy Regions (East and South) | Evaluation
of the European Union’s Support to two European Neighbourhood Policy Regions (East and South) – Ref. 1320 : EVINFO
Abstract
This evaluation assesses the Commission of the European Union’s regional cooperation with the two European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Regions (East and South)” over the period 2004-2010. It aims at providing an overall independent assessment of the regional cooperation strategy and support in the two regions through regional programmes and to draw out key lessons to help improve current and future Commission strategies and programmes.The evaluation focuses on the analysis of regional support provided by the Commission in the following areas: i) economic regional integration; ii) transport; iii) energy; iv) environment / water; v) migration / security; vi) good governance / justice; and vii) civil society. In addition, the analysis also tackled issues related to coherence, value added of coordination and complementarity of EU regional cooperation.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
ACRONYMS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF THE EVALUATION
1.2 PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT
1.3 EVALUATION METHODOLOGY
1.3.1 Evaluation process
1.3.2 Data Collection process and tools
1.3.3 Challenges and Limitations
2 OVERVIEW OF THE EU-NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES’ REGIONAL CONTEXT
2.1 POLITICAL SITUATION
2.2 ECONOMIC SITUATION
2.2.1 Growth and economic convergence
2.2.2 Economic governance and investment climate
2.2.3 International Trade, FDI and regional integration
2.3 TRANSPORT OUTLOOK
2.4 ENERGY OUTLOOK
2.5 ENVIRONMENT SITUATION
3 FRAMEWORK OF EC – ENP COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 MAIN PRINCIPLES AND THRUSTS OF THE EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY
3.3 THE ENP AND THE DEEPENING OF RELATIONS WITH THE PARTNERS
3.4 COOPERATION INSTRUMENTS
3.5 THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S SUPPORT TO THE TWO ENP REGIONS IN THE PERIOD 2004-2010
3.5.1 The Commission of the European Union’s regional cooperation with ENP Eastern region
3.5.2 The Commission of the European Union’s regional cooperation with ENP Southern region
3.6 STRUCTURE AND SYNTHESIS OF THE COMMISSION’S INTERVENTION LOGIC IN THE TWO EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY REGIONS (EAST AND SOUTH)
3.7 THE INVENTORY OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ENP REGIONS – MAIN FINDINGS FOCUSING ON REGIONAL COOPERATION
3.7.1 Overview of the European Commission’s financial contributions to ENP regions
3.8 ALLOCATIONS UNDER OTHER DONORS COOPERATION
4 ANSWERS TO THE EVALUATION QUESTIONS
4.1 ENP & REGIONAL PRIORITIES
4.2 COHERENCE
4.3 ECONOMIC REGIONAL INTEGRATION
4.4 TRANSPORT
4.5 ENERGY
4.6 ENVIRONMENT / WATER
4.7 MIGRATION / SECURITY
4.8 GOOD GOVERNANCE / JUSTICE
4.9 CIVIL SOCIETY
4.10 MIX OF INSTRUMENTS/ MODALITIES
5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 OVERALL ASSESSMENT
5.2 CONCLUSIONS
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS
| Volume 2: Annexes 1-10
ACRONYMS
ANNEX 1: TERMS OF REFERENCE
ANNEX 2: BIBLIOGRAPHY
ANNEX 3: LIST OF PEOPLE MET
ANNEX 4: EU-NEIGHBOURHING COUNTRIES’ REGIONAL CONTEXT
ANNEX 5: EU-ENP REGIONAL COOPERATION FRAMEWORK
ANNEX 6: MORE ON EVALUATION METHODOLOGY
ANNEX 7: PROJECT FICHES
ANNEX 8: ROM ANALYSIS
ANNEX 9: DATA COLLECTION GRID
ANNEX 10: COUNTRY NOTES
| Volume 3: INVENTORY - Annexes 11-14
ACRONYMS
ANNEX 11: RECONSTRUCTION OF THE INVENTORY OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FUNDED INTERVENTIONS IN THE TWO EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY (ENP) REGIONS (EAST AND SOUTH)
11.1 INTRODUCTION
11.2 OVERALL PROCESS
11.3 CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE INVENTORY
11.4 PRESENTATION OF THE INVENTORY
ANNEX 12: ANALYSIS OF THE INVENTORY
12.1 OVERALL ALLOCATIONS
12.2 REGIONAL COOPERATION
12.3 CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION
12.4 INTERREGIONAL PROGRAMME
12.5 BILATERAL COOPERATION
12.6 OTHER DONORS’ COOPERATION
ANNEX 13: OVERVIEW OF THE INVENTORY: SUMMARY TABLES
ANNEX 14: LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S INTERVENTIONS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S REGIONAL COOPERATION GEOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENT DECISIONS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S REGIONAL COOPERATION GEOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENT CONTRACTS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S REGIONAL COOPERATION THEMATIC INSTRUMENT DECISIONS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S REGIONAL COOPERATION THEMATIC INSTRUMENT CONTARCTS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S CROSS BORDER COOPERATION DECISIONS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S CROSS BORDER COOPERATION CONTRACTS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S INTERREGIONAL PROGRAMME DECISIONS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S INTERREGIONAL PROGRAMME CONTRACTS
LIST OF THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S BILATERAL COOPERATION DECISIONS
Author (Corp. Body): DRN
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | ADE | PARTICIP GmbH, Wehingen | DIE | Overseas Development Institute, London
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/LOT 4 – 2011/262117 | Ref. Ares(2014)407924
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: energydevelopment aid policyEUgovernancejudiciarycooperationmigrationneighborhood help
regional developmentsecurityenvironmenttrafficeconomic integrationcivil society
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Country Level Evaluation Republic of Malawi : Final Report ; Volume 1: Main Report
Title (other): Country Level Evaluation Republic of Malawi : Final Report ; Volume 2: Annexes | Fiche Contradictoire : Evaluation of
the Commission’s support to Malawi | Quality Grid : CLE Malawi ; Final Report, Oct 2011 | Evaluation of the European
Commission's Co-operation with the Republic of Malawi : Country Level Evaluation ; EVINFO
Abstract
This evaluation of the European Commission?s (EC) co-operation with Malawi was carried out in 2010 and 2011. The main objectives of the evaluation were provision of an independent assessment to the Commission of the EU and to the wider public of the Commission`s past and current co-operation relations with Malawi and to identify key lessons in order to improve the current and future strategies and programmes of the Commission of the EU.The evaluation covers co-operation strategies and implementation including a mix of all activities and modalities during the period 2003-2010 (implementation of the European Development Fund (EDF8 & EDF9, and programming of EDF10). During this period the support of the Commission included focal sectors (regional development, agriculture and food security, regional inter-connection – local and regional road transport), non-focal sectors (support to trade and investment, fight against HIV/AIDS and governance (civic education, justice and support to Non-State Actors) and cross-cutting issues (including environment, sustainability and gender issues).[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
5.10 Choice of EC aid modalities contributing to the efficiency of EC support
6. Conclusions
6.1 Primary conclusions
6.2 Complementary (supporting) conclusions
6.2.1 Issues arising from and impacting on preparation and implementation of SWAps and budget support (PC1)
6.2.2 Management of modalities (PC2)
6.2.3 Aspects of governance (PC3)
6.2.4 Complementarity and coordination
6.2.5 Regional integration (PC5)
6.2.6 Cross-cutting issues
6.2.7 Agriculture and food security
7. Recommendations
7.1 Improving implementation effectiveness and sustainability
7.2 Maximising the impacts of SWAps and budget support
7.3 Management of modalities
7.4 Aspects of governance
7.5 Regional integration
7.6 Cross-cutting issues
7.7 Agriculture and food security
| Volume I- Main Report
1. Introduction
1.1 Origin and Objectives of the Evaluation
1.2 Scope of the Evaluation
1.3 Purpose and Structure of the Draft Final Report
2. Methodology of the Evaluation
2.1 Evaluation Questions, Judgement Criteria and Indicators
2.2 Data Collection
2.3 Data Reliability and Analysis
2.4 Difficulties, Limitations (and Mitigation Measures)
3. EC- Malawi Co-operation Context
3.1 Broad Characteristics of Malawi
3.2 Political and Institutional Situation
3.3 Economy, Commerce and Private Sector
3.4 Governance
3.5 Malawi?s Development Strategies
3.6 Development Assistance
4. EC Strategy and Intervention Logic
4.1 General Framework and Principles of the EC co-operation
4.2 EC Intervention Logic
4.2.1 Evolution of EC Strategy and Support
4.2.2 EDF9
4.2.3 EDF10
4.3 Implementation
4.3.1 Budget Support
4.3.2 Focal Areas
4.3.3 Non-Focal Areas
4.3.4 Cross-Cutting Issues
5. Answers to Evaluation Questions
5.1 Response to the changing needs of the Malawian population and those expressed by GoM
5.2 EC contribution to agriculture-led economic growth
5.3 EC contribution to food security
5.4 Contribution of EC support to sector management of a road network that provides appropriate service levels
5.5 Contribution of EC support to the road sector for improved regional connectivity
5.6 Contribution of EC support to capacity building in trade negotiations and related reforms to regional integration
5.7 EC budget support and associated policy dialogue?s contribution to stabilising the external and fiscal balances
5.8 EC budget support contribution to improving PFM and to orienting budgetary priorities and actual expenditures towards poverty reduction
5.9 Contribution of EC support to Rule of Law (civic education and justice) and NSAs to increased participation and oversight of civic society in governmental and parliamentary decision-making processes
| Volume 2 – Annexes
1. EVALUATION MATRICES
2. INTERVENTION LOGICS
3. ACTIVITIES OF THE FIELD PHASE
4. SYNTHESIS PHASE
5. PROJECT INVENTORY
6. LIST OF PERSONS INTERVIEWED
7. FOCUS GROUP FICHES
8. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE OF FIELD PHASE
9. WORK PLAN
10. COUNTRY INFORMATION
11. EC STRATEGY AND INTERVENTION LOGIC
12. MALAWI’S PROGRESS TOWARDS ACHIEVING THE MDGS
13. BIBLIOGRAPHY
14. PROJECT FICHES
15. DISSEMINATION SEMINAR SEPTEMBER 29TH, 2011 – MINUTES
16. DISSEMINATION SEMINAR – PRESENTATION
17. TOR
Author (Corp. Body): ECO Consult
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Arbeitsgemeinschaft Entwicklungspolitischer Gutachter | APRI | Euronet | Institut de Recherches dApplications des Me?thodes de De?veloppement,
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/geo-acp
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: AIDSevaluationdevelopment aidEUEuropean Commissiongender mainstreaminggovernancecommerce
investmentcooperationagricultureMalawisustainable developmentfoodregional developmentroad trafficenvironment
Subject: Development aid. Aid programmes and aid organizationsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesMalawi
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation conjointe de la cooperation de la Commission Europeenne et de la cooperation de l'Espagne avec le Senegal :
Evaluation de Niveau national ; Rapport Final ; Volume 1 Rapport Principal
Title (other): Evaluation conjointe de la cooperation de la Commission Europeenne et de la cooperation de l'Espagne avec le Senegal :
Evaluation de Niveau national ; Rapport Final ; Volume 2 Annexes: Tome 1 | Evaluation conjointe de la cooperation de la
Commission Europeenne et de la cooperation de l'Espagne avec le Senegal : Evaluation de Niveau national ; Rapport Final
; Volume 2 Annexes: Tome 2 | Joint Evaluation on the Co - operation of the European Commission and Spain with Senegal :
Fiche contradictoire | Evaluation de la coopération de la Commission européenne avec le Sénégal : Observations et
grille de jugement relatives à la qualité du rapport final | Evaluation conjointe de la coopération de la Commission
Européenne et de la coopération de l' Espagne avec le Sénégal : ref. 1284 ; EVINFO
Abstract
Ce rapport présente les résultats de l’évaluation conjointe réalisée par la Commission Européenne (CE) et l’Espagne sur leurs coopérations respectives avec le Sénégal. Les principaux objectifs de l’évaluation sont defournir aux services concernés ainsi qu’au grand public une appréciation indépendante de la coopération passée et présente avec le Sénégal et detirer les enseignements de cette coopération en vue d’améliorer les stratégies et programmes actuels et futurs de la Commission et de l’Espagne. L’évaluation porte sur les stratégies de coopération avec le Sénégal et leur mise en œuvre au cours de la période 1996-2008.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1. Cadre, objectif et champ de l’évaluation
1.2. Méthodologie de l’évaluation
1.2.1. Phases successives de l’évaluation
1.2.2. Diagrammes de la logique d’intervention de la CE et de l’Espagne
1.2.3. Questions d’évaluation, critères de jugement et indicateurs
1.2.4. Processus de collecte et d’analyse des données
1.2.5. Limites de l’évaluation
1.3. Structure du rapport
2. Les coopérations de la CE et de l’Espagne au Sénégal
2.1. Le contexte du Sénégal
2.2. Politiques et priorités du Gouvernement
2.3. Aide au développement 1996-2008 et principaux PTF
2.4. Stratégie et réalisations de la Coopération de la CE au Sénégal
2.5. Stratégie et réalisations de la Coopération espagnole au Sénégal
3. Réponses aux questions d’évaluation
3.1. Pertinence
3.2. Cohérence
3.3. Développement économique et intégration régionale
3.4. Transports
3.5. Appui macro-économique
3.6. Eau et Assainissement
3.7. Renforcement des Acteurs Non Etatiques
3.8. Casamance
3.9. Efficience
3.10.Les « 3 C »
4. Conclusions
4.1. Pertinence des stratégies-pays
4.2. Appui aux politiques sectorielles
4.3. Aspects opérationnels
4.4. Complémentarités et synergies entre les deux coopérations
5. Recommandations
5.1. Recommandations générales sur les stratégies de coopération
5.2. Recommandation dans le domaine du développement économique
5.3. Recommandations sur l’aide budgétaire
5.4. Recommandations sur le secteur des transports
5.5. Recommandations sur l’eau et l’assainissement
5.6. Recommandation dans le domaine des Acteurs Non Etatiques
5.7. Recommandation dans le domaine du développement régional de la Casamance
| Tome 1
Annexe 1: Matrice par question d’évaluation
QE 1: Pertinence des stratégies de coopération
QE 2: Cohérence interne des stratégies de coopération
QE 3: Développement économique et Intégration régionale
QE 4: Transports
QE 5: Appui macro-économique
QE 6: Eau et Assainissement
QE 7: Acteurs Non Etatiques
QE 8: Casamance
QE 9: Efficience des stratégies de coopération
QE 10 Les « 3c »
Tome 2
Annexe 2: Termes de référence
Annexe 3: Méthodologie d’évaluation
3.1. Phases successives d’évaluation
3.2. Du schéma de la logique d’intervention de la CE et de l’Espagne aux questions d’évaluation et critères de jugement
3.3. Processus de collecte et d’analyse des données et démarche de jugement appliquée
3.3.1. Méthodes de collecte des données
3.3.2. Méthode d’analyse des données
3.3.3. Démarche de jugement
3.4. Limites du processus de collecte et analyse des données et des jugements
3.5. Aperçu global des questions d’évaluation, critères de jugement et indicateurs utilisés et des méthodes employées
Annexe 4: Inventaire des projets et programmes de la coopération de la CE et de la coopération de l’Espagne au Sénégal
Inventaire des projets/programmes de la Commission Européenne au Sénégal
Inventaire des projets/programmes de la Coopération Espagnole au Sénégal
Annexe 5 : Données complémentaires, logique d’intervention
5.1 Logique d’intervention
5.1.1. La logique d’intervention du 8ème FED
5.1.2. La logique d’intervention du 9ème FED
5.1.3. La logique d’intervention du Document Stratégie Pays 2005-2008
| Annexe 6: Fiches Interventions
Appui Budgétaire à la stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté (ABSRP)
Assainissement des centres secondaires – phase I eaux pluviales
...
Annexe 7: Bibliographie consultée
Annexe 8: Liste des personnes rencontrées
Annexe 9: Comptes-rendus des Focus Group
Focus Group Approche territoriale locale en Casamance
Focus Group Acteurs Non Etatiques
Focus Group Eau et Assainissement
Focus Group Transport
Focus Group changements structurels dans l’agriculture et le monde rural au Sénégal
Annexe 10: Diaporama de synthès
Author (Corp. Body): Eco Consult
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung, Information | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Außenbeziehungen | Espan?a / Ministerio de Asu
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contrat n° EVA 2007/geo-acp | Ref. 1284
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aidEUEuropean Commissioncooperationmacroeconomicsnon-governmental organizationregional development
SenegalSpaintransportationeconomics of water supply and distributioneconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and other financial instrumentsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSpainSenegal
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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