Suche nach Schlagworten '00007868'

5 entries found on 1 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 5

Sort by: Title, Year, Author (Corp. Body),

« Previous
Next »
Title: Synthesis of Budget Support Evaluations : Analysis of the Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations of seven Country
Evaluations of Budget Support
Abstract
1. This Report has been prepared by Fiscus, UK for the Evaluation Unit of Europe Aid. It presents a synthesis of the seven evaluations of General and Sector Budget Support, undertaken in Tunisia, Mali, Zambia, Tanzania, South Africa, Mozambique and Morocco over 2010 -2014. These represent the full set of evaluations completed to date, following the revised methodological approach for evaluation of budget support, adopted by the OECD-DAC Network on development evaluation in 2012. The study builds on preliminary findings reported in 2011 in OECD-DAC’s Evaluation Insights, based on the Tunisia, Mali and Zambia cases.2.The principal goal has been to draw up a summary of the lessons from recent experience with budget support and to develop a corresponding set of recommendations. A central question addressed is how far Budget Support has contributed towards the achievement of targeted development results and how far it has had positive or negative unintended effects. General and Sectoral Budget Support operations have been compared and an analysis has been made of the relative contributions and roles of the different components of Budget Support.3. An additional objective has been to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the “3 step approach” to the evaluation of Budget Support, which has been adopted by the OECD-DAC Network on Development Evaluation and applied in each ofthese cases. The specific tools and evaluation techniques used by each evaluation team have been compared and assessed so as to develop recommendations on possible improvements to evaluation practice. The results of this assessment are presented in a separate volume. (Volume II.)[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive summary
Summary of key findings
Lessons learned
Recommendations
1. Introduction: Background, objectives and methodology
1.1 Objectives and scope of synthesis
1.2 The definition of budget support, its modus operandi and the logic of the 3 step approach
1.3 Approach to the synthesis task and its potential limitations
1.4 Structure of the report
2. Budget support to low income countries
2.1 The context for budget support
2.2 The mechanisms for implementation of budget support
2.3 Outcomes achieved: induced outputs, outcomes & impacts
2.4 Conclusions on the experience of budget support in LICS
3. Budget support to middle income countries
3.1 The context for budget support in the MICS
3.2 The mechanisms for implementation of budget support
3.3 Outcomes achieved: induced outputs, outcomes and impacts
3.4 Overall conclusions on budget support in MICS
4. Lessons learned and final recommendations
4.1 Achievements to date and challenges for the future
4.2 Lessons learned on the requirements for effective budget support
4.3 The choice of general or sector support
4.4 Recommendations for the way forward
Bibliography
Annex I: Listing of country evaluations of budget support undertaken to date
Annex II: Overview of the "3-Step" approach
Annex III: Suspensions of budget support due to suspected breaches of underlying principles
Annex IV: Effects of variable/performance tranches: the case of Mozambique
Annex V: Comparing budget support with other modalities: Evidence from Mozambique
Author: Lawson, Andrew
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | ADE | Fiscus
Year: 2014
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdevelopment aid policyEUfinancial assistanceMaliMoroccoMozambiqueZambia
Southern AfricaTanzaniaTunisia
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesMoroccoTunisiaMozambiqueTanzaniaZambia
South AfricaMali
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation of the European Union’s Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries : Final report ; Volume 1
Title (other): Evaluation of the European Union’s Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries : Final Report ; Volume 2a | Evaluation
of the European Union’s Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries : Final Report ; Volume 2b | Evaluation of the
Europe an Union’s Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries : Final Report ; Volume 2c | Fiche Contradictoire :
Thematic Global Evaluation of the European Union’s Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries | Quality Grid :
Evaluation of the European Union's Trade-related Assistance in Third Countries ; Final Report | Evaluation of the
European Union's Trade-related Assistance (TRA) : REF. 1318 ; EVINFO
Abstract
This evaluation covers Trade-Related Assistance (TRA) provided by the EU from 2004 to 2010. TRA relates to AfT category 1, trade policy and regulation; category 2, trade development; to category 5, trade-related adjustment activities relevant to TRA; and to category 6, other trade-related needs. The aim of TRA, provided against the background of the aid effectiveness agenda, was to contribute to poverty reduction through a sustainable increase in employment and income in third countries.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Objectives, scope and coverage of the evaluation
1.2 Structure of the Report
2 Methodology
2.1 Key phases of the evaluation process
2.2 Challenges and limitations
3 Background and context of the EU’s support to TRA
3.1 Development cooperation context
3.2 EU strategy and support to TRA
3.3 Intervention Logic
3.4 Priorities of the EU’s TRA over the period 2004-2010
4 Main findings
4.1 EQ1 on alignment and strengthening of partners’ trade-related systems
4.2 EQ 2 on aid modalities and channels
4.3 EQ3 on co-ordination, complementarity and coherence
4.4 EQ4 on trade policy environment
4.5 EQ5 on trade facilitation
4.6 EQ6 on compliance with standards
4.7 EQ7 on regional integration
4.8 EQ8 on trade development
4.9 EQ9 on addressing poverty
4.10 Overall assessment of the degree to whichthe EU’s TRA reached its objectives
5 Conclusions and recommendations
5.1 Conclusions
5.2 Recommendations
| VOLUME IIA: ANNEX 1–SUMMARY OF INDICATORS
1. EQ1 - Alignment and strengthening
2. EQ2 - Aid modalities and channels
3. EQ3 - 3Cs
4. EQ4 - Trade-policy environment
5. EQ5 - Trade facilitation
6. EQ6 - Compliance with standards
7. EQ7 - Regional integration
8. EQ8 - Trade development
9. EQ9 - Addressing poverty
VOLUME IIB: ANNEX 2 TO 12 – TOR,OUTPUTS AND BACKGROUND DOCUMENTS
Annex 2: CSP/RSP analysis report
Annex 3: Summary of evaluations report
Annex 4: Country fiches
Annex 5: List of documents and sources of information
Annex 6: List of people met
Annex 7: EUD survey report
Annex 8: Country selection for field phase –Overview
Annex 9: Summary of statistics on TRA and macroeconomic data related to trade
Annex 10: List of relevant interventions under category 5 of the wider AfT agenda
Annex 11: Study on tourism
Annex 12: Terms of reference
VOLUME IIC: ANNEX 13 – COUNTRY NOTES
Country Note ASEAN
Country Note Bangladesh
Country Note Cameroon
Country Note COMESA
Country Note Côte d’Ivoire
Country Note Egypt
Country Note Ghana
Country Note Uruguay / MERCOSUR
Country Note Zambia
Author (Corp. Body): PARTICIP GmbH Consultants für Entwicklung und Umwelt, Freiburg im Breisgau
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | EGEVAL II | ADE | DRN | European Centre for Development Policy Management | Overseas Development Institute, London | DIE
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/Lot 1 | Specific contract No 2010/254070 | Specific contract No 2011/261-717
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EgyptASEANBangladeshevaluationthird countriesIvory Coastdevelopment aid policyEU
Ghanacommercetrade policyCameroonMERCOSURZambiaUruguay
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesUruguayEgyptZambiaIvory Coast
GhanaCameroonBangladesh
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Country Level Evaluation Zambia : Final Report ; Main Volume
Title (other): Country Level Evaluation Zambia : Final Report ; Volume 2: Annexes I - X | Country Level Evaluation Zambia : Final
Report ; Volume 3: Annexes XI | Fiche Contradictoire : Evaluation of the European Union’s cooperation with Zambia
(Country level evaluation) ; Ref. Ares(2014)1805519 | Quality grid : Evaluation of the European Commission's Cooperation
with Zambia ; Final Report (September 2012) | Summary of the Evaluation of the EU Co-operation with Zambia : Ref. 1316 ;
EVINFO
Abstract
This report accordingly presents the findings of the 2010 Country Level Evaluation of the European Union’s support for Zambia. The purpose of the evaluation is to provide meaningful feedback to the Commission, the Member States and the public on the achievements of EU cooperation with Zambia between 2001 and 2010. The lessons from the evaluation are intended to inform the current and future EU support for Zambia.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Framework of the evaluation
1.2 Overview of the evaluation process
1.3 Methodological approach
2 The Co-operation Context
3 EU Co-operation Strategy and Intervention Logic
4 Findings
4.1 Relevance and coherence
4.2 Direct and induced outputs of budget support
4.3 Shift towards private sector led development
4.4 Transport system public management institutional reform
4.5 Improved accessibility and mobility
4.6 Population health status
4.7 Democratic governance and Civil society
4.8 Food security and agriculture
4.9 Aid modalities and Aid efficiency
5 Conclusions
5.1 Global conclusions
5.2 Specific conclusions
5.2.1 Relevance and coherence (EQ 9)
5.2.2 Aid modalities and Aid efficiency (EQ 8)
5.2.3 GBS, SBS and MDG contract (EQ 1)
5.2.4 Private sector development (EQ 2)
5.2.5 Transport (EQ 3 and 4)
5.2.6 Health (EQ 5)
5.2.7 Democratic governance (EQ 6)
5.2.8 Agriculture and food security (EQ 7)
6 Recommendations
Table of Figures
List of Annexes
List of Acronyms
| Volume 2
Annex I : Terms of Reference
Annex II: Evaluation design and methodology
1) The design of the Evaluation
i) Inception Phase
ii) Desk Phase
iii) Field Phase
iv) Synthesis Phase
2) Tools used at the different stages on the evaluation
i) Team meetings and analysis of collected data
ii) Strategy for data collection during the field phase
iii) Interviews
iv) Focus Group Discussions
3) Field mission information collection plan
i) Sources and respondents
ii) Methodological tools
iii) Team organisation
Annex III: Cooperation Context (Country Profile, Key Data)
i) Social Environment - MDG Achievements
ii) Governance and Civil Society
iii) Zambia’s Policy Framework
iv) External Aid
v) EU Allocation and Disbursement
Annex IV: Regional Strategic Objectives and Priorities
Annex V: Main Results of the 2006 Country Strategy Evaluation
Annex VI: Division of Responsibilities between Headquarters and Delegations
Annex VII: Project Inventory (CRIS database) and Analysis
i) List of bilateral EDF funding under EDF8, EDF9 and EDF10 (period 2001 -2010)
ii) List of bilateral Budget Line funding during 2001 - 2010
iii) List of EIB loans for Zambia, 2001 – 2010
Annex VIII: List of Documents Consulted
Annex IX: List of Persons Met
Annex X: Logics of Intervention for EDF9 and EDF10
List of figures
List of tables
List of acronyms
Volume 3
Annex XI: Information Matrix
Author (Corp. Body): ECO Consult
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Arbeitsgemeinschaft Entwicklungspolitischer Gutachter | African Peace Research Institute, Lagos | Institut de Recherches dApplicatio
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/geo-acp
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdemocracydevelopment aidEUfinancial assistancehealth statuscooperationagriculture
foodprivate sectorZambiatransport systemadministrationcivil society
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesZambia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Thematic evaluation of the European Commission support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume I
Title (other): Thematic evaluation of the European Commission support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume IIa | Thematic
evaluation of the European Commission support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume IIb | Thematic evaluation of
the European Commission support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume IIc | Thematic evaluation of the European
Commission support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume IId | Thematic evaluation of the European Commission
support to the health sector : Final Report ; Volume IIe | Fiche Contradictoire : Thematic evaluation of the European
Commission support to the health sector ; Ref. Ares(2014)2001203 | Quality Grid : Thematic evaluation of the European
Commission's support to the health sector ; Final Report (August 2012) | Evaluation of the EU Support of the Health
Sector : Ref. 1308 ; EVINFO
Abstract
This final report presents the outcome of the “Thematic evaluation of EC support to the health sector”. It was commissioned by the Evaluation Unit of DG DEVCO and implemented between January 2011 and May 2012.The evaluation provides an independent assessment of the European Commission’s (EC’s) past and current support to the health sector by looking at the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability of the EC support provided. It also assesses the coherence of EC health support with other EC/European Union (EU) and donor policies and activities, as well as the specific EC added value within the health sector. The evaluation ultimately aims at identifying relevant key lessons, in order to provide recommendations for future EC support.The evaluation covers EC aid delivery over the period 2002 to 2010, including all geographical programmes (EDF, DCI, ENPI and predeces-sors) and thematic budget lines. It comprises all countries under the mandate of DG DEVCO and assesses every aid modality used in the health sector, including Sector Budget Support (SBS) and General Budget Support (GBS), as well as funds channelled through multilateral organisations or global initiatives, such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) or the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI).[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1 Introduction
1.1 Overall objective and scope of the evaluation
1.2 Structure of the final report
2 Methodology
2.1 Key steps of the evaluation process
2.2 Challenges and limitations
3 Background and context of EC support to the health sector
3.1 Current international development co-operation and health sector framework
3.2 EC strategy and support to the health sector over the period 2002-2010
4 Inventory: Overview on EC resources to support health
4.1 EC support to health between 2002 and 2010: Global overview
4.2 Direct support to the health sector
4.3 EC ‘indirect’ support to the health sector: General Budget Support
5 Answers to the Evaluation Questions
5.1 EQ1: To what extent has EC support contributed to enhancing the quality of health services?
5.2 EQ2: To what extent has EC support to health contributed to increasing affordability of health care, especially for the poor?
5.3 EQ3: To what extent has EC support contributed to improving geographical availability of health facilities especially for the poor?
5.4 EQ4: To what extent has EC support to health contributed to improving health service utilisation related to MNCH?
5.5 EQ5- To what extent has EC support to health contributed to strengthening the management and governance of the health system?
5.6 EQ 6: To what extent and how has the EC contributed to strengthening government-led co-ordination, complementarity and synergies with Member States and other donors in the health sector, in line with the Paris Declaration? (national, regional and global levels)
5.7 EQ7: To what extent have the various financing modalities (GBS, SBS, other sector support, projects), funding channels and instruments and their combinations, been appropriate, thus contributing to improving access to, equity of and policy-based resource allocation in health?
5.8 Overall assessment of EC strategy
6 Conclusions and recommendations
6.1 Conclusions
6.2 Recommendations
List of tables
| VOLUME IIa: DETAILED PRELIMINARY ANSWERS TO THE EVALUATION QUESTIONS
Annex 1: Detailed preliminary answers to the Evaluation Questions
VOLUME IIB : MAIN INDIVIDUAL ANALYSIS
Annex 2: Inventory
Annex 3: Results of survey to EU Delegations
Annex 4: CSP analysis
Volume IIc: Country case studies and thematic case studies Country case studies
Annex 5: Burkina Faso
Annex 6: Democratic Republic of Congo
Annex 7: Ghana
Annex 8: South Africa
Annex 9: Zambia
Annex 10: Egypt
Annex 11: Moldova
Volume IId: Country case studies and thematic case studies (continued)
Annex 12: Afghanistan
Annex 13: Bangladesh
Annex 14: Philippines
Annex 15: Lao PDR
Annex 16: Ecuador
Thematic case studies
Annex 17: The European Commission and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM)
Annex 18: EC support to the health sector in fragile states
Annex 19: The European Commission and Global Public Goods (GPG) for Health
Volume IIe: Terms of References, Definitions and Methodological remarks, References
Annex 20: Terms of References
Annex 21: Evaluation Matrix
Annex 22: Methodology and tools used for the evaluation
Annex 23: Overview of sources used per indicator
Annex 24: Selection criteria and ranking for the 12 country case studies
Annex 25: Overview of selected interventions in the 12 case study countries
Annex 26: Overview of Budget Support operations in the 25 desk study countries
Annex 27: Statistical tables
Annex 28: Specific features of EC support to health in partner country regions
Annex 29: Consideration of cross-cutting issues in EC policies to the health sector
Annex 30: List of People Interviewed
Annex 31: Documents consulted
Author (Corp. Body): PARTICIP GmbH Consultants für Entwicklung und Umwelt, Freiburg im Breisgau
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Egeval II | DRN | Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, Berlin | European Centre for Development Policy Management | Overseas
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EuropeAid/122888/C/SER/Multi | Contract n° EVA 2007/social LOT2 | Ares(2014)2001203 | Ref. 1308
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EgyptAfghanistanAIDSBangladeshevaluationBurkina FasoEcuadordevelopment aid
EUhealth policyGhanavaccinationCongoLaosPhilippinesRepublic of South AfricaZambia
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relationsMedical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation of EU Joint Programming Process of Development Cooperation (2011 - 2015 ) : Final Report ; Volume I – Main
Report
Title (other): Evaluation of EU Joint Programming Process of Development Cooperation (2011 - 2015 ) : Final Report ; Volume II –
Annexes | Fiche contradictoire : Evaluation of the EU Joint Programming Process of Development Cooperation (2011 - 2015)
| Evaluation of EU Joint Programming Process of Development Cooperation (2011 - 2015 ) : Executive Summary | Evaluation
du processus de programmation conjointe de la coopération au développement de l’UE (2011 - 2015) : Résumé
Abstract
This evaluation was commissioned by the Evaluation Unit of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development. It evaluates the European Union’s (EU) Joint Programming process during the period 2011-2015. It covers all regions and countries of EU development cooperation. It aims at providing the EU and the wider public with an overall independent assessment of the Joint Programming process, and, on this basis, to provide recommendations to improve current and inform the future Joint Programming process.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
RÉSUMÉ
1. EVALUATION OBJECTIVES AND CONTEXT
1.1 OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF THE EVALUATION
1.2 JOINT PROGRAMMING BACKGROUND AND PRINCIPLES
2. METHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
2.1 OVERALL APPROACH AND PROCESS
2.2 INTERVENTION LOGIC
2.3 EVALUATION QUESTIONS
2.4 EVALUATION TOOLS
2.5 COUNTRY VISITS
2.6 CHALLENGES AND LIMITATIONS
3. RESPONSES TO THE EQS
3.1 EQ 1: GLOBAL AND COUNTRY-LEVEL CHALLENGES
3.2 EQ 2: JP AND AID FRAGMENTATION
3.3 EQ 3: JP AND AID TRANSPARENCY AND PREDICTABILITY
3.4 EQ 4: PARTNER COUNTRY OWNERSHIP AND LEADERSHIP
3.5 EQ 5: COHERENCE OF EU AND MS PROGRAMMING AND STRATEGIES
3.6 EQ 6: VISIBILITY OF EU DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS DUE TO JP
3.7 EQ 7: EU ORGANISATION TO ENSURE JP EFFICIENCY
3.8 EQ 8: JP AND TRANSACTION COSTS
4. CONCLUSIONS
4.1 OVERALL ASSESSMENT
4.2 CONCLUSIONS
4.3 ACHIEVEMENTS REFLECTED ON THE INTERVENTION LOGIC
5. RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 IMPROVE AND UPDATE THE INTERVENTION LOGIC
5.2 KEEP JP STRATEGIC, FLEXIBLE, AND PRAGMATIC
5.3 CLARIFY AND REINFORCE THE ROLE OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS
List of tables
List of figures
List of Annexes in Volume II
| Volume II
ANNEX A. TERMS OF REFERENCE
ANNEX B. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
ANNEX C. DOCUMENTS CONSULTED
ANNEX D. PERSONS INTERVIEWED
ANNEX E. EVALUATION DATA MATRIX
ANNEX F. SURVEY RESULTS
ANNEX G. COUNTRY NOTE BOLIVIA
ANNEX H. COUNTRY NOTE CAMBODIA
ANNEX I. COUNTRY NOTE ETHIOPIA
ANNEX J. COUNTRY NOTE KENYA
ANNEX K. COUNTRY NOTE LAOS
ANNEX L. COUNTRY NOTE MALI
ANNEX M. COUNTRY NOTE MOLDOVA
ANNEX N. COUNTRY NOTE MOROCCO
ANNEX O. COUNTRY NOTE MOZAMBIQUE
ANNEX P. COUNTRY NOTE MYANMAR
ANNEX Q. COUNTRY NOTE PALESTINE
ANNEX R. COUNTRY NOTE RWANDA
ANNEX S. COUNTRY NOTE SENEGAL (FR)
ANNEX T. COUNTRY NOTE ZAMBIA
Author (Corp. Body): Aide a? la De?cision Economique
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Internationale Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung | COWI Consulting Engineers and Planners AS
Year: 2017
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2011/Lot 1 | N° 2015/368247/2
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EthiopiaevaluationBoliviadevelopment aiddevelopment aid policyEUfinancial assistanceCambodia
KenyacooperationLaosMaliMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarPalestinepartnershipRwanda
ZambiaSenegal
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and other financial instrumentsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesMoldovaBoliviaMoroccoEthiopia
KenyaMozambiqueRwandaZambiaMaliSenegalPalestinian TerritoryCambodiaLaosMyanmar
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
« Previous
Next »
Copyright (C) 2003-2019 European Documentation Centres / Update: 09.10.2019