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8 entries found on 1 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 8

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Title: Can Labour Market Institutions Explain Unemployment Rates in New EU Member States?
Abstract
This study poses the question about whether labour market institutions can explain unemployment rates in the ten new European Union member states. In five out of the ten new member states, unemployment rates lie above the average in the 15 member states of the European Union (EU-15) that comprised the EU prior to May 2004. The study finds that labour market institutions in the acceding countries are less rigid than in the EU-15. Moreover, labour market institutions explain only a minor part of unemployment in the new EU member states. This does not mean that these countries have no labour market problems. Just as in the EU-15, a great deal of heterogeneity exists among the acceding countries. In some of them, labour market reforms could prove a key issue in improving employment performance. The main worry is the poor labour market performance in Poland and the Slovak Republic, where unemployment has risen to almost 20 per cent. The main reasons for this growth are postponed restructuring in combination with tight monetary policy, poor governance and an increasing labour force. The study concludes that labour market institutions in the new member states do not on average differ that much anymore from the institutions in the EU-15. If anything, they should be considered more flexible. Replacement rates are lower and the duration of benefits is shorter - after one year of unemployment no unemployment benefit is issued anymore in three of the four largest acceding states. In the wage-setting process, coordination is lower in the new member states. In general, employment protection legislation is less strict - only collective dismissal legislation is stricter in the new member states than in most EU-15 countries. Minimum wages as a percentage of average wages are lower in the new member states. Only expenditure on active labour market policies is considerably lower than in the EU-15. This implies that unemployment rates should not be higher in the new acceding states than in EU-15 countries with similar lab
Author: Ederveen, Sjef | Thissen, Laura
Series Title: ENEPRI Working Paper ; 27
Publisher: European Network of Economic Research Institutes
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-9079-504-2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: unemploymentlabor marketEU expansionsocial securitylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour marketEmployment and unemployment
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Network of Economic Research Institutes (http://shop.ceps.be/)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Austria
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Austria is laid down by the Labour Constitution Act (ArbVG). According to the ArbVG, collective agreements can be concluded only between collective organisations of employers and employees. Therefore, the Austrian labour law systematically benefits multi-employer bargaining. Consequently, the overwhelming majority of collective agreements are concluded at sectoral level. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: AUSTRIA
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Belgium
Abstract
The Belgian collective bargaining system is highly institutionalised and coordinated. Over 90% of employees are covered by a collective agreement, placing Belgium among the countries with the highest coverage in Europe. Also, the Belgian trade unions have a relatively high level of membership compared with the European average, with over 50% of employees belonging to a union. The same applies to the organisation rate of employers, as over 70% of employees work for an employer that is organised. [Eurofound]
Author: Keune, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagetrade unionlaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Belgium
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : France
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining is set out in the 1972 French Labour Code. In the last decades, collective bargaining has expanded, partly as a result of government initiatives. The importance of sectoral bargaining increased with the adoption of the 1982 Auroux laws, which obliged the bargaining parties already bound by a sectoral agreement to negotiate pay annually and to discuss the sector’s job classification system and its economic development every five years. The Auroux laws also stimulated company-level bargaining by making annual negotiations on pay and working time obligatory in companies with union representation. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 3
Language: en
Ressource: Sammlungen von Berichten, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: France
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Germany
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Germany is laid down by the Collective Agreements Act, 1949. Collective agreements can be concluded between employer associations (or individual employers) and trade unions. In contrast, works councils – statutory employee representation bodies elected at workplace and company level – may only conclude works agreements. Under the Works Constitution Act, these ‘shall not deal with remuneration and other conditions of employment that have been fixed, or are normally fixed, by collective agreement’. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawTrade unionWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: GERMANY
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Italy
Abstract
Italian industrial relations are characterised by a low degree of ‘legal institutionalisation’. Legislation and the state have a limited role in the regulation of collective bargaining, conflict and union representation. In fact, it is possible to say that there is almost a complete abstention of the law. However, the Protocol of 23 July 1993, a tripartite agreement, represents a kind of ‘constitutional charter for industrial relations’, ‘the basic agreement’ that formed the basis for subsequent accords. [Eurofound]
Author: Burroni, Luigi | Pedaci, Marcello
Contributer: University of Teramo
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Italy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Spain
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining and the binding character of collective agreements is enshrined in the Spanish Constitution (Section 37.1). The system of collective bargaining is thoroughly regulated in Title III of the Workers’ Statute. In particular, Section 82.3 establishes the legally binding character of collective agreements negotiated in conformity with the rules of the Workers’ Statute. However, the same provision stipulates (as an exception to the general rule) that company agreements may deviate from the wages set by a statutory collective agreement negotiated at a higher level, provided certain requirements are fulfilled. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos-Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 7
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyminimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Spain
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Ireland
Abstract
In Ireland, collective bargaining is organised as a three-tier system, with a dominance of bargaining and complementary bargaining at sectoral and company level. For over two decades collective bargaining, covering the unionised private and public sectors, has been regulated by national tripartite ‘social partnership’ agreements, drawing up guidelines on minimum and maximum wage increases. There have been seven successive triennial Social Partnership Agreements, or national wage agreements, since 1987. [Eurofound]
Author: van Klaveren, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS), University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 5
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Ireland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
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