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Title: Profile of the Visegrád Countries in the Future of Europe Debate
Abstract
Although the Visegrád Four countries often defended the same or similar positions in the European Convention, their views differed on many important issues. This situation is likely to be repeated at the upcoming Intergovernmental Conference. This basically confirms the tendency that can be traced back to the EU accession negotiations or the Iraq crisis. There, no substantial co-ordination occurred either. Given this, we can hardly expect the Visegrád countries to act as a compact block inside the EU. In some areas the interests of the Visegrád Four countries will converge, for instance concerning the communitarisation of large portions of the current IIIrd pillar, the restoring and keeping of strong transatlantic ties in the area of security and defence or the intensification of relations with the EU's immediate neighbourhood. In this respect, the Visegrád group will be supported by other countries in the region, especially Austria and Slovenia. A certain harmonisation of 'Central European' positions goes well beyond the Visegrád co-operation and encompasses other entities like the Central European Free Trade Agreement or the Central European Initiative. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Král, David
Publisher: Institut pro Evropskou Politiku Europeum
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionPolandSlovakiaCzech RepublicHungary
Subject: International relationsHistory of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: EASTERN EUROPE
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Title: Legal study on homophobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation - Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Publisher: Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationhomosexualityHungary
Subject: Society and social groups
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Analytical Report PHARE RAXEN_CC Minority Education - RAXEN_CC National Focal Point Hungary
Title (other): Report on Minority Schooling in Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia
Contributer: Institute of Ethnic and National Minority Studiesof the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Publisher: European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: education systemequal opportunityethnic groupHungary
Subject: Educational systems in general
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Housing conditions of Roma and Travellers - RAXEN national focal point Hungary
Title (other): Thematic study
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Publisher: Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: gipsyHungaryhousing conditions
Subject: Social problems in general
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Case study - Combating Roma residential segregation, Hungary
Title (other): Conference edition
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Contributer: European Roma Rights Centre
Publisher: Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: gipsypolicy on minoritiesHungaryhousing conditions
Subject: Social problems in general
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Housing discrimination against Roma in selected EU Member States - An analysis of EU-MIDIS data
Title (other): Conference edition
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Contributer: European Roma Rights Centre
Publisher: Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Bulgariadiscriminationimmigrationethnic groupGreecePolandRomaniaSlovakia
Czech RepublicHungaryvictimization
Subject: Social problems in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Thematic Study on the Rights of the Child (Child Trafficking) - Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Contributer: Nemzeti és etnikai kisebbségi
Publisher: Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: childslave tradeHungary
Subject: Other social problems
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: National report done by the Odysseus Network for the European Commission on the implementation of the Directive on
reception conditions for asylum seekers in Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum Law in Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: right of asylumasylum procedureEuropean LawHungary
Subject: European Community law in generalBranches of administrative law
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Inclusion and education in European countries - Final Report 6. Hungary
Author: Tamás, Pal ; 12348362X
Contributer: Docabureaus
Publisher: European Commission / Directorate General for Education and Culture
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: inclusionschool level of educationHungary
Subject: Educational needs. Access to education
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: The impact of the Racial Equality Directive: a survey of trade unions and employers in the Member States of the European
Union - Hungary
Author: Neumann, László ; 137228376
Contributer: Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: unknown
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: ECequality of treatmentdirectiveHungary
Subject: Human rights
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Hungary - background material for the comparative report on Access to justice in Europe
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: bilateral relationsEUlegal usageHungary
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systems
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Follow-up of the Action Plan on language learning and linguistic diversity - National Report Template: Country HUNGARY
Author (Corp. Body): European Commission / Directorate General for Education and Culture
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: foreign languagelife-long learninglanguage lessonsHungary
Subject: Education and training
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Legal Study on Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity - Thematic Study
Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: discriminationhomosexualitytranssexualismHungary
Subject: Society and social groups
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Country fact sheet - Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Fundamental Rights Agency
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: asylum procedureright of informationlegal assistanceHungary
Subject: Peace. Wars. Terrorism
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Racism, discrimination, intolerance and extremism : learning from experiences in Greece and Hungary
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights, Wien
Year: 2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: gipsyGreeceradicalismracismHungary
Subject: Society and social groupsEthnic groups
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesHungaryGreece
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Title: Review of the European Union Phare Assistance to Roma Minorities : Thematic evaluation ; Phare Support Allocated in
1999-2002 and Implemented until November 2003 ; Phare from Pre-Accession to Accession
Title (other): Review of the European Union Phare Assistance to Roma Minorities : Interim Evaluation of Phare Support Allocated in
1999-2002 and Implemented until November 2003 ; Thematic Evaluation Report
Abstract
The aim of the review is to summarise the achievements of Phare Roma programmes in the five countries where integration of Roma minorities was specified as an Accession Partnership priority (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia) and to consider to what extent they have contributed to a wider social inclusion agenda. The period covered by the review is October 2001 to July 2003, over which time a total of 26 programmes, amounting to some M€ 95.77 of assistance (M€ 64.54 from Phare plus M€ 31.23 of national co-financing)were specifically targeted at Roma minorities....[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
PREFACE
MAIN REPORT
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background and Context
1.2 Objectives of the Thematic Review
1.3 Key Evaluation Questions
1.4 The Methodology
2. ANALYSIS OF KEY EVALUATION FINDINGS
2.1 Relevance of programme purpose and design to the needs of the sector
2.2 How efficiently have programmes been managed and implemented
2.3 The main effects and outputs stemming from the programmes
2.4 The wider impact of the Phare Romaminorities programmes
2.5 Sustainability of programmes and their results
3. KEY EVALUATION QUESTIONS
3.1 What type of support has been applied under Phare?
3.2 Do Phare programmes address the wider social inclusion agenda?
3.3 How successful has Phare been in influencing change in the policy arena?
3.4 How successful has Phare been in promoting learning by doing in this sector?
4. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5. LESSONS LEARNED AND GOOD PRACTICE
ANNEXES
ANNEX 1. Extracts from the Accession Partnership documents relating to Roma Minorities
ANNEX 2. Objectives in the fight against poverty and social exclusion
ANNEX 3. Information about Roma in the Labour Market
ANNEX 4. Roma participation in Phare Labour Market Projects
ANNEX 5. Phare Summary Sheet for Programmes examined
ANNEX 6. List of Documents Referred
ANNEX 7. List of Interviews
ANNEX 8. Example of review questionnaire
Author (Corp. Body): EMS consortium
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ZZ/MIN/03082
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: gipsyBulgariadevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionfinancial assistancepolicy on minoritiesRomania
SlovakiaCzech RepublicHungary
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBRaces and ethnic groups
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSlovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgaria
Romania
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Title: Assessment of the European Union Phare Programme : Country: Multi Country ; Sector: Ad Hoc Report on Small and
Medium-sized Enterprise Development
Abstract
Phare support to SME development has mainly consisted of technical assistance and advisory services to national institutions, support to SME policy and legislative development and financial support for SME development. Progress has been made in tackling problems inherited from the past, as well as in developing a favourable environment for the creation of new companies. However, formation and survival rates of SME are still well below the EU average and as such there are a number of challenges to be faced at both the enterprise and government levels....The principal objective of this Report is to identify lessons and make recommendations for the design of future SME programmes, based on a desk analysis of the conclusions and findings of Phare Programme Monitoring and Assessment Reports, Country Assessment Reviews, other monitoring data and strategic planning documents produced within the Candidate countries, and interviews with key stakeholders.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
PREFACEI. THE REPORT
1. BACKGROUND
2. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF WORK
3. THE PRESENT STATUS OF SME DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE CANDIDATE COUNTRIES
3.1The Analysis
4. THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE PHARE PROGRAMME TO SME DEVELOPMENT
4.1 Phare support to the SME Sector
4.2 Phare National Programmes
5. RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Completing structural reforms
5.2 Benchmarking the SME sector at national level
5.3 Definition and approval of multi-annual SME Development Strategies
5.4 Contribute to the development of a coherent National Business Support System
5.5 Improving the business environment
5.6 Specific measures to support and encourage innovative approaches
5.7 Promoting better access to finance
5.8 Addressing the future utilisation of Structural Funds
5.9 Human resources development programmes to strengthen entrepreneurial skills
II ANNEXES
ANNEX 1. FACT-FINDING MEETINGS WITH PHARE COUNTRY CO-ORDINATORS AND IDENTIFICATION OF PRIORITIES TO BE ADDRESSED AT COUNTRY LEVEL
ANNEX 2. INVESTMENT SUPPORT FROM STRUCTURAL FUNDS
ANNEX 3. THEMATIC ASSESSMENT MATRIX DEFINING EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR SELECTED MEASURES
ANNEX 4. POLICY, REGULATORY, SUPPORT AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED AT COUNTRY LEVEL
ANNEX 5. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AN SME BENCHMARK ANALYSIS
ANNEX 6. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AN APPROACH TO THE RATIONALISATION OF THE BUSINESS SUPPORT NETWORKS
ANNEX 7. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE STRENGTHENING OF THE BUSINESS INCUBATOR NETWORKS
ANNEX 8. COUNTRY STUDIES STATISTICAL SUMMARY
ANNEX 9. COUNTRY STUDIES
BULGARIA
CZECH REPUBLIC
ESTONIA
HUNGARY
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
POLAND
ROMANIA
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
ANNEX 10. NINE KEY OBJECTIVES FOR THE ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE FOR SME DEVELOPMENT
ANNEX 11. STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PHARE-EBRD SME FACILITY
ANNEX 12. LIST OF INTERVIEWS
Author (Corp. Body): OMAS | EMS Consortium
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: R/ZZ/SME/02.144 | ZZ/SME/02.144
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationBulgariadevelopment aidEstoniaEUjoining of the European Unionsmall-scale businessLatvia
Lithuaniamedium-sized firmPolandRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaCzech RepublicHungary
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPoland
Slovak RepublicCzech RepublicHungaryBulgariaRomaniaSlovenia
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Title: Country report Non-discrimination : Hungary 2015 ; Including summaries in English, French and German
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
RÉSUMÉ
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG
INTRODUCTION
1 GENERAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2 THE DEFINITION OF DISCRIMINATION
...
3 PERSONAL AND MATERIAL SCOPE
...
4 EXCEPTIONS
...
5 POSITIVE ACTION (Article 5 Directive 2000/43, Article 7 Directive 2000/78)
...
6 REMEDIES AND ENFORCEMENT
...
7 BODIES FOR THE PROMOTION OF EQUAL TREATMENT (Article 13 Directive 2000/43)
8 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES
...
9 COORDINATION AT NATIONAL LEVEL
10 CURRENT BEST PRACTICES
11 SENSITIVE OR CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES...
12 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS
ANNEX 1: TABLE OF KEY NATIONAL ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION
ANNEX 2: TABLE OF INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS
Author: Ka?da?r, Andra?s Kristo?f ; 1047741245
Contributer: European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non Discrimination, Utrecht | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Verbraucher
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-53383-9 | DS-02-15-945-3A-N
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: old personequal rights lawlaborhandicapemploymentequal opportunitydiscriminationethnic origin
EUhomosexualityIslamminorityMuslimracelegal usagereligious communitysexualityHungary
Subject: European Community law in generalEqual opportunitiesRacial policyReligionsEmployment and unemployment
Countries Scheme: Hungary
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Title: Updated Study on Corruption in the Healthcare Sector : Final Report
Abstract
In 2012, Ecorys conducted an initial study on corruption in the healthcare sector (SCH1). The purpose of the current study on corruption in the healthcare sector was two-fold: (i) to analyse and report on relevant developments since the publication of SCH1 and (ii) to provide an in-depth analysis of selected issues: privileged access to medical services, improper marketing and potential risks involving double practice.The study covered all EU-28 Member States, with specific attention focused on: Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, and Romania. The analysis is based on desk research, an online survey sent to stakeholders across the EU, thematic interviews with various organisations in the field of (EU) healthcare, and fact-finding missions, providing more detailed analysis and examples with regard to the six selected countries.The study concluded that: Bribery in medical service delivery remains one of the main challenges, especially in many Eastern and Southern European Member States. Corruption related to granting privileged access to healthcare or potential risks involving double practice are not isolated to Member States with a high perception of corruption (in healthcare).Transparent procedures are key in addressing corruption in procurement processes.Attempts to address improper marketing increase at both EU and national level.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background of the study
1.2. Scope and objectives of the study
1.3. General approach
1.4. Outline of the Final Report
2. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
2.1. Survey
2.2. Thematic interviews
2.3. Fact finding missions
2.4. Desk research
3. COUNTRY STUDIES
Introduction
3.1. Greece
3.2. Croatia
3.3. Lithuania
3.4. Hungary
3.5. Poland
3.6. Romania
4. UPDATE SHC1 AND THEMATIC DEEPENING
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Update SCH1
4.3. Thematic deepening
5. CONCLUSIONS
5.1. Revisiting the general conclusions of SCH1
5.2. Relevant developments since SCH1
Annex I: Interview guide
Annex II: Overview of survey stakeholders
Annex III: Survey design
Annex IV: Corruption indicators (Special Eurobarometer 397)
Author (Corp. Body): Ecorys
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2017
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-73245-4 | DR-01-17-966-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EUhealth care delivery systemGreececorruptionCroatiaLithuaniamedical carePoland
RomaniaHungary
Subject: European Community law in generalMedical care. Health control
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesLithuaniaPolandHungaryCroatiaRomania
Greece
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Title: Evaluation of PHARE financial assistance to Bulgaria (BG), Cyprus (CY), Czech Republic (CZ), Estonia (EE), Hungary (HU),
Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Malta (MT), Poland (PL), Romania (RO), Slovakia (SK), Slovenia (SI) : Final Report
Title (other): EUROPEAID/129783/C/SER/multi : Lot 1: Studies and Technical assistance in all sectors ; Request For Services No 2013/
324179 Version 1 | Evaluation of PHARE financial assistance to Bulgaria (BG), Cyprus (CY), Czech Republic (CZ), Estonia
(EE), Hungary (HU), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Malta (MT), Poland (PL), Romania (RO), Slovakia (SK), Slovenia (SI) :
Final Report ; Résumé Analytique | EUROPEAID/129783/C/SER/multi : Lot 1: Studies and Technical assistance in all
sectors ; Demande de Prestation No 2013/ 324179 Version 1
Abstract
This ex post evaluation addresses the EU/EC’s pre-accession assistance provided to the twelve countries that acceded to the European Union as part of the ‘fifth wave’ of EU enlargement, i.e. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on 01/05/2004, and Bulgaria and Romania on 01/01/2007. It marked an unprecedented enlargement in terms of scope, of complexity and its diversity; extending EU membership from 15 to 27 countries. Regarding the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, following the events of 1989 leading to the collapse of the communist political system, the EU/EC established the PHARE programme as the main legal instrument for the provision of financial assistance to those countries. Regarding the countries Cyprus and Malta, both of which secured independence from the UK in the early-1960s, the EU/EC’s pre-accession assistance was provided, 2000-2003, under a specific instrument.Following their accession to the EU, each of the twelve countries covered under this ex postevaluation received limited, additional support under the Transition Facility to consolidate their administrative capacity to implement and enforce the acquis and to address issues for which individual countries had negotiated a transition period –2004-2006 for the countries acceding in 2004 and in 2007 for Bulgaria and Romania. The Transition Facility is also addressed by this ex postevaluation.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Glossary of Acronyms
Executive Summary
Main Report
1. Introduction
Scope of the Evaluation
Objectives of the Evaluation
Methodology
Structure of the Evaluation Report
2. PHARE Programme
3. Evaluation Findings
3.1. Impact and Sustainability of PHARE/Pre-Accession Financial Assistance
Coherency and effectiveness of the programming process was mixed
The selection of relevant and efficient delivery instruments for programme implementation
The allocation of EC funding for PHARE programmes peaked in 2002-2003
Effectiveness in the delivery and utilisation of PHARE support was mixed
Delivery of the intended results faced a number of challenges
Impacts of the assistance in selected sectors per country and other programmes
Partially mixed evidence of immediate impact,but clearer medium-term benefits
Key limitations to the achievement of impacts
Sustainability of the reforms and benefits is, broadly, satisfactory
But risks to the sustainability of the reforms and benefits exist
3.2. Socio, Economic and Institutional Impact of the Enlargement Process
Economic Development
Innovation
Labour
Government
3.3. Synergies between Accession Strategy, Policy Dialogue, and Financial Assistance
4. Overall Conclusions (Lessons Learned)
5. Recommendations
Annexes
Author (Corp. Body): Business and Strategies Europe | B & S Europe
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid | Europäische Kommission / Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EUROPEAID/129783/C/SER/multi | Request For Services No 2013/ 324179 Version 1
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationBulgariadevelopment aidEstoniaEUjoining of the European UnionLatviaLithuania
MaltaPolandRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaCzech RepublicHungaryCyprus
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesEstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandSlovak Republic
Czech RepublicHungaryBulgariaRomaniaSloveniaMaltaCyprus
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