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89 entries found on 5 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 20

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Title: An agenda for a growing Europe : making the EU economic system deliver
Title (other): Report of an independent high-level study group established on the initiative of the President of the European
Commission
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Group of Policy Advisers | European Commission / Group of Policy Advisers | GOPA
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: European IntegrationEuropean Economic and Monetary UnionEuropean integrationeconomic development (on national level)
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/) | Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document
Title: Die Wirtschaftsaussichten 2002
Title (other): The economic outlook 2002 | Les perspectives économiques 2002
Abstract
The study analyses macroeconomic policy-making in the European Union and the role of the European Parliament in it. There are three parts to the study. The first is concerned with policy-making procedures. The second analyses the implementation of the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines (BEPGs) and the stability and convergence programmes (SCPs) of the member states. The approach followed in this part is a combination of sectoral (labour markets, product markets, financial services markets, entrepreneurship, knowledge-based economy) and country-specific analysis. The third part provides a review of economic and economic policy convergence up to the year 2003 on the basis of current forecasts. Policy recommendations for the BEPGs 2002 are included. [European Parliament]
Author: Begg, Iain | Le Cacheux, Jacques | Wessels, Wolfgang
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; ECON 129
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament | European Union / European Parliament
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-823-1654-8 | 92-823-1655-6 | 92-823-1656-4 | PE 314.399
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: labor market trendprognosisstatisticseconomic development (on national level)economic growth
Subject: Economic development. Economic growth
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Turkey - a new corporate world for Europe
Title (other): An evaluation of the implications of potential Turkish membership of the European Union
Abstract
This report was prepared for the Turkish-EU Enlargement Council of the European Round Table of Industrialists. Its aim is to assist an evaluation of the implications of potential Turkish membership of the European Union. The EU is to review a European Commission report on Turkey's progress in meeting the Copenhagen Criteria for full membership at the European Council meeting due in December 2004 and, dependent on this review, decide on a date for starting negotiations with Turkey on full membership. The report describes Turkey as a large country with the consumer potential of a small European country. However, in the future, it will be a market which few companies can afford to ignore. The Turkey of today is a strategic asset to Europe by providing a buffer against rogue states and regional uncertainties. The Turkey of tomorrow is an asset as the power engine of regional growth and stability. Europe's endorsement of Turkish prospects will increase market confidence and fuel foreign and domestic investment in Turkish industry to take advantage of labour and transportation costs. It is a virtuous circle: a more prosperous Turkey creates European prosperity which is in turn reinvested in Turkey. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Eczacibasi, Bülent
Contributer: European Round Table of Industrialists
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansioninvestmentconsumer researchTurkeyeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Communities. European UnionEconomic and social developmentEconomic conditions. Economic structure
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: ABIG (http://www.abig.org.tr/)
Title: Preparing for the absorption of the Structural Funds in Poland
Title (other): Critical overview and recommendations
Abstract
The paper calls for an immediate start on the Polish national development plan for the period beyond 2006. The plan must be fundamentally different from the current National development plan for 2004-2006. First of all, it must cover a longer time span and focus on domestic development objectives and circumstances. While it should take into account the evolving EU cohesion policy, it must nevertheless stem from consideration given to Poland's strategic interests. It should give much more priority to economic development and entrepreneurship. It should be based on a domestic structural economic transformation strategy as well as a domestic regional development policy. The intellectual approach to the issue of the EU funds must change. The experience of EU member states shows that it is not as important what percentage of the funds is spent - which is what the Polish government is focusing on - as whether they are spent sensibly. This should be the focus of planners and decision-makers. The system of managing programmes financed under the Structural Funds after 2006 should be decentralised and simplified. 16 and not just one regional development operating programme should be established and provincial authorities should be granted wider executive powers. The organising and legislative work should be intensified in the run-up to May 2004, i.e. the day of Poland's accession to EU membership, so as to best use the EU funds granted for 2004-2006. Changes are particularly needed in the system of public finances, IT and financial spending control systems and administration training. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Grzegorz Grosse, Tomasz | Olbrycht, Jan
Series Title: Institute of Public Affairs / Analyses & Opinions; 7
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionEuropean Structural Fundnational developmentPolandeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: South-East Europe: Economic Performance, Perspectives and Policy Challenges
Abstract
The study presents an overview of the economic and social developments in the region in recent years. It focuses on a comparative perspective, using Greece as a benchmark for the region. Section II focuses on the basic economic and social facts and trends. Section III examines the quality of institutions in south-eastern European countries. Section IV looks at recent macro-economic developments. Section V discusses recent trade and foreign direct investment patterns and performance. The analysis identifies the following four main areas where policies should be pushed further to promote competitiveness, economic growth and stability in Southeast Europe: openness to trade and foreign direct investment; regional co-operation; strengthening governance; EU leadership. As in the case of the current EU accession countries, the prospect of future EU membership can play a decisive role in overcoming internal resistance to reform and facilitating institutional improvements. The EU should realise its responsibility for providing such a perspective and exerting leadership in the region, which otherwise could remain a weak and unstable part of Europe for too long. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Traistaru, Iulia | Hagen, Jürgen von
Series Title: ZEI Working Paper; B03-16
Publisher: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionsocial changeSoutheastern Europeeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community institutionsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General ResourcesSouthern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (http://www.zei.de/)
Title: Costs and Benefits of Poland's Membership in the European Union
Abstract
The paper analyses the costs and benefits of Poland's membership in the European Union. It also analyses an alternative scenario, which assumes that Poland fails to join the European Union. The report presents two scenarios of the consequences (costs and benefits) of membership, taking into account the final results of accession negotiations. The consequences of Poland's integration with the European Union are analysed with respect to the three current pillars of EU policies. The analysis of the first pillar covers the most important Community policies. The benefits and costs of integration are thoroughly analysed in the areas of agriculture, social policy, environmental protection policy, research and development policy, trade policy, competition policy, transport policy, education and human resources. The paper also focuses on the other two pillars - the Common Foreign and Security Policy (including the creation of the framework for the European Security and Defence Policy) and internal security, co-operation in the area of the judiciary, the police and the customs. Here, the most important thing is the attempt to answer the question of what the political and institutional benefits of EU membership would be for Poland. The last section of the publication deals with social communication. It analyses the social consequences of membership of the EU and the public perceptions of these consequences. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Centrum Europejskie Natolin < Warsaw>
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 83-910358-8-3
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionCFSPintegrationPolandeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community institutions and organsEuropean Community external relationsEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Centrum Europejskie Natolin < Warsaw> (http://www.natolin.edu.pl/)
Title: L'investissement direct vers les nouveaux adhérents d'Europe centrale et orientale : ce que l'élargissement pourrait
changer
Abstract
During the process of the European Union's enlargement to central and Eastern Europe, foreign direct investment (FDI) to these countries increased and will continue increasing after the enlargement. The effect of this investment was generally positive of the receiving countries, notably because it provided financial means that domestic economies were not capable of producing. It helped modernise the industry, develop the tertiary sector and ensure the integration of these countries into world trade. The Association Agreements have contributed significantly to the economic integration between the EU and the central and eastern European candidate countries. The adoption of EU-based law in these countries during the pre-accession period increased transparency of legislation and thus improved conditions for foreign investment. The main question now is to see what changes the adhesion of eight central and eastern European countries to the EU in May 2004 will bring. Nearly all barriers to trade between the current and future EU member states have already been dismantled, therefore the key difference will be the subsidies that the new members will benefit from after enlargement. These financial inflows, which could reach 4 per cent of their GDP in 2006, should have a direct impact on domestic consumption in central and eastern European countries. If they are used for financing research and development, education and infrastructure, they would indirectly also favour FDI by creating a better investment environment. It can therefore be assumed that enlargement will have a generally positive quantitative effect on investment in central and eastern Europe. However, the qualitative effect is not guaranteed: after enlargement, FDI will not necessarily contribute to the acceleration of economic convergence between the new members and the rest of the EU. To make convergence possible, the future member states should take advantage of FDI to foster development, as Ireland did. In addition, the concentration of FDI could increa
Author: Picciotto, Bérénice
Series Title: Notre Europe / Etudes et recherches ; 24
Publisher: Groupement d'Etudes et de Recherches Notre Europe
Year: 2003
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: foreign investmentEU expansionEast Central Europeeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community external relationsEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Groupement d'Etudes et de Recherches Notre Europe (http://www.notre-europe.asso.fr/)
Title: Turkey: On the road again
Abstract
The paper states that economic growth is picking up in Turkey and the economy is on the road to recovery. It concludes that it is up to the Turkish policy makers to make sure that the country's economy will leave its grave problems behind and enjoy a bright future. Despite the recent positive developments, the situation remains fragile: an increase in the real interest rates as a result of an adverse shock to system, a significant real depreciation for the reasons mentioned above, and a slow down in the growth rate because of resource constraints would harm the economic recovery, increasing the required primary surplus. A glance at the budget figures reveals that the government is operating at the limit. The public investment expenditures are at their lowest level in real terms, signalling that the economic infrastructure is under great strain. Assuming no adverse shock to any of the variables, a 5-6% primary surplus for the next 2-3 years requires a significant cut in the public sector employment and/or real wages and salaries. Furthermore, the worsening trend in the social security system, in terms of large deficits, should be reversed immediately. Although the government has been compliant with its programme so far, forthcoming local elections, increasing pressure from the public for populist measures and a strong resistance to restructuring and reform process may easily result in a reversal of the sound fiscal polices of recent months. On this front, the government should give stronger assurances that its firm commitment to the program will endure. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Selcuk, Faruk
Publisher: Türk Sanayicileri ve Is Adamlari Dernegi
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionTurkeyeconomic development (on national level)economic growth
Subject: European Community external relationsEconomic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Turkey
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Türk Sanayicileri ve Is Adamlari Dernegi (http://www.tusiad.us/)
Title: Debate on the new EU cohesion policy: Recommendations for the Polish position
Abstract
Basic assumptions of the EU's new cohesion policy for the years 2007-2013 will be probably worked out by the end of 2003. Based on the current debate, one may assume that they will not contain any breakthrough changes. Corrections to the existing system might include introduction of transition periods for regions which for statistical reasons will no longer be eligible for structural assistance. The future cohesion policy will probably proceed in two principal directions. One will primarily encompass assistance to regions whose economy is lagging behind with a view to achieving a greater cohesion on the territory of the European Union. The other will be increasingly involved with the implementation of the Lisbon strategy, particularly with the development of knowledge-based economy and achievement of the so-called sustainable development. It is highly probable that the cohesion policy will be somewhat decentralised in favour of individual countries and regions. Key decisions in this area will be taken by the present member states before Poland joins the EU. Still, since Poland is the largest country among the new members of the enlarged Union, its voice would certainly be heard during the decision-making process. One should bear in mind that the new regional policy will be operating to a large extent precisely to serve Poland's developmental needs. This is why it is extremely important for the Polish government to join the debate on the shape of the new cohesion policy. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: Grosse, Tomasz Grzegorz | Olbrycht, Jan
Series Title: Analyses & Opinions; 10
Publisher: Instytut Spraw Publicznych
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionPolandregional policystructural policyeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: EASTERN EUROPE
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Instytut Spraw Publicznych (http://www.isp.org.pl/)
Title: Enlargement: What can enterprises in the new Member States expect?
Title (other): Questions and answers
Abstract
The biggest ever enlargement of the European Union both in terms of scope and diversity is scheduled to take place on the 1 of May 2004 when 10 of the 13 candidate countries are expected to join the Union. This constitutes a challenge both for the current member states and for candidate countries but at the same time opens significant new opportunities for businesses across Europe. A single set of trade rules, a single tariff, and a single set of administrative procedures in many areas will apply not only just across the existing member states but also across the single market of the enlarged Union. Many enterprises in candidate countries have understood the new opportunities linked to enlargement. Entrepreneurs are aware that new legislative requirements will have to be applied in areas such as standards and certification. However, it is often less clear to them what exactly is needed. In addition, most enterprises are unaware of the fact that the EU runs a large number of direct or indirect support measures in all candidate countries, which will help them to prepare their business for the enlarged single market. This paper is meant to raise the awareness of the impact which enlargement will have on business in the acceding countries and to provide useful links for further information on enlargement related issues. The paper concentrates on the following enterprise aspects of enlargement: the economic impact of enlargement, measures to improve business environment (including rules and EU standards for industrial products), EU support to small and medium-sized enterprises and the likely impact on some specific sectors (steel, automotive, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and textiles). It complements information of other services of the European Commission regarding e.g. the economic impact of enlargement, competition rules, company law, taxation issues, health and safety at work, education and training, and environmental protection. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Unternehmen
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansiontrade policybusiness managementeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEconomic and growth policiesEconomic development. Economic growthDemand. Market. ConsumptionBusiness management. Company activity
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Estimates of Fundamental Real Exchange Rates for the Five EU Pre-Accession Countries
Abstract
Are there indications of real exchange rate misalignment in the case of the five pre- accession countries? Will stable real exchange rates, required by two of the Maastricht criteria, be in line with economic fundamentals in the pre-Economic and monetary union period in these countries? In order to address these questions, we employ the concept of the fundamental real exchange rate, taking into account the specific features of countries in the advanced stage of transition. The fundamental real exchange rate model approximates the integration gain with the impact of foreign direct investment on trade and allows for larger current account deficits if external debt is below a safety limit. The model coefficients are calibrated according to our previous econometric work. Sensitivity tests are used to deal with uncertainty about the baseline assumptions. According to the fundamental real exchange rates, there were signs of overvaluation for all the pre-accession economies, with the exception of Slovenia, at the end of 2001. The second main finding relates to the feasibility of stable real exchange rates in the pre- Economic and monetary union period. Stability of real exchange rates will not automatically be in line with economic fundamentals in the forthcoming period and, moreover, the fundamental real exchange rate s do not move in one direction in all the pre-accession countries. This finding suggests that some flexibility of exchange rates will be needed in the forthcoming period. [Urheber s. Copyright]
Author: ?mídková, Katerina | Barrell, Ray | Holland, Dawn
Series Title: Working Paper series / Czech National Bank ; 3/2002
Publisher: Ceská Národní Banka
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Monetary unionEU expansionrate of exchangeeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: History of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community funds and financial instruments. EIBEconomic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Ceská Národní Banka (http://www.cnb.cz/)
Title: Commission´s assessment of the December 2004 update of the stability programme of Germany
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2005
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Parlamentaria und Reden
Keyword: economic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic policy and planning
Countries Scheme: Germany. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Economic and Social Development
Title (other): The European Union and the Western Balkans
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2004
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-6507-7 | KQ-56-03-473-EN-D
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU expansionsocial changeSoutheastern Europeeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: European Community external relationsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Southeastern Europe, Balkan peninsula. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu.int/)
Title: Italy´s regional divide: does it matter also for exports?
Abstract
This Country Focus analyses a not frequently studied dimension of the large and persistent regional economic divide in Italy this divide: the performance of exports and their composition. The regional divide in Italy is large also as regards export capability. Besides being much less open than the Centre-North, the South's economy exports a more limited number of products. However some weaknesses are common to the two areas. While the South has considerable scope for catching up with the rest of the country also in export capability, the need to enhance productivity growth (and hence competitiveness) and, in a longer term perspective, re-orient the productive structure towards more innovative sectors is a key challenge for Italy as a whole.
Author: Montanari, Marco
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2011,2
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Exporteconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economics and economic research
Countries Scheme: Italy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: External imbalances of the Greek economy: the role of fiscal and structural policies
Abstract
This Country Focus discusses the factors underlying the external imbalances in Greece. The deterioration in the lending position of the Greek economy mirrors an increasing gap between savings and investment, resulting from a combination of both rising investment and falling savings. Public and private sectors have alternated as the driving force of the deterioration in the net lending position. The growing and persistent external imbalances have led to the build-up of substantial foreign debt, bringing with it a risk to medium-term growth and jeopardising the real convergence process with the euro-area. Although the elimination of the exchange rate risk means that, in the short-term, an abrupt reversal of capital flows seems less likely, the pace of external debt accumulation may not be sustainable in the long-run and will eventually prompt some adjustment. In the context of the ongoing financial crisis, the implied re-pricing of risk and the possible implications regarding the financing of large current account deficits, this article focuses on the factors underlying the external imbalances of Greece.
Author: Moschovis, George | Servera, Capo
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2009,6
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Fiscal Policyeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic conditions. Economic structure
Countries Scheme: Greece
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Estonia: overheating and sectoral dynamics
Abstract
Estonia's accession to the EU in 2005 led to a period of above-potential growth, fostered by expansionary monetary conditions. The predominance of foreign-owned banks accelerated the process of financial integration. Financial flows, while massive, were mostly directed at the non-tradable sectors of Estonia's economy, leading to an overexpansion of market services, while productivity growth in these sectors was declining. In contrast, manufacturing registered high total factor productivity (TFP) growth, while resources directed at this subsector were declining in relative terms. This relative misallocation of resources progressively led to growing macroeconomic imbalances, triggering an abrupt end to the high phase of the economic cycle. However, in at the end of 2007, competitiveness in the higher skilled subsectors of manufacturing was still holding up fairly well despite rapid increases in unit labour costs. Exports by most subsectors were growing a sustained pace and appeared to be laying the foundation for renewed growth.
Author: Lamine, Baudouin
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2008,7
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Economic Growtheconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Estonia
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Exchange rate pass-through to inflation in Slovakia
Abstract
The extent to which exchange rate movements impact on consumer prices in a given country depends on a number of micro and macro determinants. This Country Focus discusses the relevance of the theoretical determinants of the exchange rate pass-through to inflation in the case of Slovakia. Subsequently, empirical estimates of the pass-through elasticity for Slovakia, based on several methods, are presented. While econometric estimates suggest that the sensitivity of consumer prices in Slovakia to exchange rate developments is relatively high, a close analysis of inflation data concludes that the disinflationary impact of the recent exchange rate appreciation might have been smaller than implied by model-estimated elasticities. It could thus be spread over a longer time period and as a result, continue to favourably affect inflation even after Slovakia's entry into the euro-area on 1 January 2009.
Author: Cigan, Heidi | Jev?ák, Anton | Pradelle, Perceval | Žáková , Pavlina
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2008,8
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Inflationeconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic and growth policies
Countries Scheme: Slovak Republic
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Central Asia Invest
Title (other): Projects funded under the call for proposals 2007-2008
Table of Contents
KAZAKHSTAN
• Economic Development based on Organic Agriculture
• Start up for Export
KYRGYZSTAN
• Promotion of Kyrgyzstan Economy
TAJIKISTAN
• Enabling Business Development for Small and Medium Enterprises
• Strengthening Tourism Business Intermediary Organisations for Sustainable Economic Development
• Raising the Professionalism and Public Outreach of Tajik Business Intermediary Organisations
• Support to Food-Processing Small and Medium Enterprises
UZBEKISTAN
• Promoting the Role of Women Entrepreneurs in Local Economic Development
• Central Asia Business Organisations Trainings
KYRGYSTAN & UZBEKISTAN
• Capacity Building and Sustainable Development of Forwarders Associations
KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, UZBEKISTAN
• Strengthening the Capacity of Business Intermediaries in the Healthcare Sector
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: unknown
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: development aid policyEUeconomic development (on national level)Central Asia
Subject: Development projectsEconomic and social development
Countries Scheme: Central Asia. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: The business cycle in Poland: where do we stand?
Abstract
This Country Focus analyses and interprets the statistical characteristics of the Polish business cycle. It also identifies leading and lagging variables and shows that the economic fluctuations in Poland differ to some extent from those in other emerging and mature economies, with Polish growth notably more volatile and government expenditure highly erratic. The available data on GDP growth suggest that the Polish economy is approaching the peak of the second business cycle since the start of economic transformation from a centrally planned to a market economy. The current upswing is to some extent similar to the one of 1995-1997 which ended in large macroeconomic imbalances (increasing unemployment, spare capacity, widening fiscal and current account deficits). However, Poland now appears to be better positioned than after the last cycle and should be able to avoid a repeat of that outcome.
Author: Narozny, Michal
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2007,09
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2007
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Economic Growtheconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: Poland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Smooth versus bumpy: differences in growth dynamics in Belgium and the Netherlands
Abstract
Until the mid-1990s Belgium and the Netherlands remained largely aligned in terms of output growth. However, since then they have shown a more divergent growth pattern as the Netherlands experienced a much more pronounced cycle than Belgium. There are three main explanations. The Netherlands saw significant equity withdrawals from rising housing prices that only lessened as the real-estate market cooled down at the start of the new millennium, while the dynamic in the Belgian housing market has been much more modest and home equity withdrawal insignificant. The inflation pressures and labour market tensions that built up during the late 1990s in the Netherlands resulted in high nominal labour cost growth, a substantial loss in international competitiveness and the need for severe wage moderations in the ensuing years, which in turn reinforced the downward part of the cycle. In Belgium, the wage-setting institutions were more geared towards aligning wage developments to those of its neighbours, which prevented large swings in relative competitiveness. Economic policy was more accommodating in the Netherlands than in Belgium since inflationary pressures mean that real interest rates in the Netherlands were lower, implying a de facto more accommodating monetary stance. Moreover, fiscal consolidation in Belgium in preparation of the adoption of the euro had a moderating effect on the cyclical upswing, whereas in the Netherlands fiscal policy was somewhat pro-cyclical.
Author: Bethuyne, Gerrit | Buitenkamp, Bouke
Series Title: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen - Ecfin country focus ; 2006,09
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Wirtschaft und Finanzen
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Economic Growtheconomic development (on national level)
Subject: Economic development. Economic growth
Countries Scheme: BelgiumNetherlands
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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