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Title: Asylum in the EU Member States
Abstract
This document contains a short description of relevant instruments concerning asylum and refugees, on a global and on a European level, mainly the definition of a refugee, procedural safeguards, accelerated procedures, the safe country of origin and safe third country principles, manifestly unfounded applications, the Dublin Convention (Part I). Part II makes a comparison between the practices of Member States and draws some conclusions as to the level of harmonisation. Part III contains a view of asylum procedures country by country for the 15 Member States. [European Parliament]
Author: Ericsson, Stefan
Series Title:European Parliament - Working Papers ; LIBE 108
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament | European Union / European Parliament
Year: 2000
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 168.631
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: policy on asylumasylum procedure
Subject: Human rightsAspects of migration
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Title: Draft manual on statistics of asylum-seekers and refugees (3/1998/E/No. 18)
Series Title:Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) - Working papers and studies
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: European Communities / Office for Official Publications | Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-AP-01-011-EN-I
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: person seeking asylumpolicy on asylum
Subject: Human rightsAspects of migrationData collection
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Title: Asylum-seekers and refugees, a statistical report : Volume 3: Central European countries (3/1998/E/No. 19)
Series Title:Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) - Working papers and studies
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Statistisches Amt | European Commission / Statistical Office (Eurostat)
Publisher: European Communities / Office for Official Publications | Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KS-AP-01-012-EN-I
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: person seeking asylumpolicy on asylumstatistics
Subject: Human rightsAspects of migrationData collection
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Title: Study on The Feasibility of setting up schemes in EU Member States or at EU Level, against the background of the Common
European Asylum system and the goal of a Common Asylum Procedure
Title (other): TENDER NO. DG.JAI-A2/2002/001
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Acknowledgements
Preface
Introduction
Layout of the Report
Part 1: Resettlement Today
1. How Resettlement has Developed and the Role of UNHCR
2. The Position of the European Commission: the start of discussion on resettlement in the European Union
Table: US Resettlement Programme Ceilings and Admissions and Asylum Applications, 1992-2001
Table: US Asylum Applications and Resettlement Arrivals: Top Ten countries of Origin, 2001
3. The Elements of a Resettlement Programme
Table: Resettlement quotas and arrivals
4. Country Reports:
u0095 Sweden
u0095 Finland
u0095 Denmark
u0095 The Netherlands
u0095 Ireland
u0095 UK
u0095 Spain
u0095 Norway
u0095 Iceland
u0095 New Zealand
u0095 Australia
u0095 Canada
Summary Table
u0095 US
Table: Ceilings, Admissions and Shortfalls, 1980-2002
u0095 Latin America
u0095 African States
u0095 Other EU States
u0095 Switzerland
u0095 Some 'lessons' drawn from country reviews
5. The Costing of Existing Refugee Resettlement Programmes
6. Fraud
7. The Legal Nature of Resettlement
8. Conclusions to Part 1 and Background to Part 2
Part 2: Resettlement Tomorrow?
1. The Legal and Political Feasibility of Establishing an EU Resettlement Programme
2. The Relation to the Common Asylum System and Goal of a Common Asylum Procedure
Graphic: Common European Asylum System
Graphic: Common European International Protection System
3. Resettlement Programme Models: Subsidiarity
Model One: Maintaining the Current System
Model Two: Decision on the Principle of Resettlement
Model Three: Common Decision to Resettle and How Many
Model Four: Common Approach to Who and How Many
European Clearing System for Resettlement
Model Five: Common Pre-Arrival Programme
Model Six: Totally Common Programme
4. Financing Resettlement
European Refugee Resettlement Fund
Private Sponsorship Prog
Author (Corp. Body): Migration Policy Institute
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumasylum procedureresettlement
Subject: International relations. International lawEuropean Community external relationsAspects of migration
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General Resources
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Title: Justiz und Inneres : 2709. Tagung des Rates
Title (other): Justice and Home Affairs : 2709th Council Meeting | Justice et affaires intérieures : 2709ème session du Conseil
Table of Contents
ERÖRTERTE PUNKTE
AUF AUSSERVERTRAGLICHE SCHULDVERHÄLTNISSE ANZUWENDENDES RECHT ("ROM II")
VORRATSSPEICHERUNG VON DATEN
EUROPÄISCHE BEWEISANORDNUNG
VERFAHRENSMÄSSIGE AUSWIRKUNGEN DES URTEILS DES GERICHTSHOFS IN DER RECHTSSACHE C-176/03
ASYLBEHÖRDEN DER MITGLIEDSTAATEN
SICHERE HERKUNFTSSTAATEN
GRÜNBUCH ÜBER EIN EUROPÄISCHES MIGRATIONSNETZ
SONSTIGES
- Informationsaustausch über Strafregister
- Südosteuropäischer Kooperationsprozess (SEECP) - Ministertagung
- Fußballweltmeisterschaft 2006 in Deutschland
GEMISCHTER AUSSCHUSS
- SIS II
- Visumgebühren
SONSTIGE ANGENOMMENE PUNKTE JUSTIZ UND INNERES
- Europäisches Mahnverfahren
- Schengen - Regelwerk für das Überschreiten der Grenzen durch Personen*
- Gegenseitigkeitsmechanismus für die Befreiung von der Visumpflicht - Schlussfolgerungen des Rates
- Europol - Ausscheiden eines stellvertretenden Direktors
- Verhandlungen mit Australien - Übermittlung personenbezogener Daten
- Organisierte Kriminalität - Informationsaustausch
- EU/Island/Norwegen/Dänemark - Asylfragen
AUSSENBEZIEHUNGEN - Libanon - Maßnahmen gegen Verdächtige im Mordfall Hariri
UMWELT
- Wandernde wild lebende Tierarten - Bonner Übereinkommen
Series Title: Europäische Union / Rat ; Mitteilung an die Presse ; 6077/06 (Presse 38) | Europäische Union / Rat ; PRESS RELEASE ; 6077/06 (Presse 38) | Europäische Union / Rat ; COMMUNIQUÉ DE PRESSE ; 6077/06 (Presse 38)
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Union / Rat
Year: 2006
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumdata exchangejurisdictionjudiciarymigration
Subject: International relations. International lawHistory of the European Communities. European ideaEuropean Community law
Countries Scheme: Global ResourcesEurope. General Resources
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Title: Asylum in European Union Member States : Reception of asylum seekers and examination of asylum applications
Abstract
Our study of the asylum law and practice of European Union (EU) member states as to the reception of asylum seekers and the examination of asylum applications has allowed us to formulate twenty-nine recommendations for future European asylum law and policy. These recommendations are listed below in the order in which they appear in the report (see chapters three throughfive). This section briefly presents the main conclusions on the four types of warranted Community action. For a number of issues, international law, member state practice, or both provide sufficiently clear parameters, thus allowing us to recommend the adoption of European standards. It is necessary to conduct further study on a number of other issues. Further, a number of issues require special attention when European asylum legislation is evaluated. As to one issue, concrete Community action is warranted in the short term. The reader is referred to the following chapters for substantiation of the conclusions. [Hemme Battjes, Karin M. de Vries]
Author: Battjes, Hemme | de Vries, Karin M. | Spijkerboer, Thomas P.
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2005
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 365.968 | P/C/LIBE/ST/2004-06
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Right to political asylumpolicy on asylum
Subject: Human rightsPublic law. Constitutional lawAspects of migration
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Title: Aeneas programme.Programme for financial and technical assistance to third countries in the area of migration and
asylum. Overview of projects funded 2004 - 2006
Title (other): Programme for financial and technical assistanceto third countries in the area of migration and asylum. Overview of
projects funded 2004 - 2006 | Programme for financial and technical assistanceto third countries in the area of
migration and asylum. Overview of projects funded 2004 - 2006
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung
Year: 2008
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumdevelopment aid policyEUfinancial assistancemigration
Subject: Development aid. Aid programmes and aid organizationsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Migration and Asylum programme. Thematic Programme on cooperation with Third Countries in the Areas of Migration and
Asylum. Overview of projects funded 2007-2008
Title (other): Thematic Programme on cooperation with Third Countries in the Areas of Migration and Asylum. Overview of projects funded
2007-2008
Table of Contents
1. Southern Migratory Routes
2. Eastern Migratory Routes
3. Middle East and Gulf Countries
4. Southern and Eastern Asia and the Pacific
5. Latin America and the Caribbean
6. Global and targeted initiatives
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-15213-9 | KQ-80-10-250-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumdevelopment aid policyfinancial assistancemigration
Subject: Development aid. Aid programmes and aid organizationsEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Separated, asylum-seeking children in European Union Member States : comparative report
Author (Corp. Body): Agency for Fundamental Rights
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: person seeking asylumpolicy on asylumEU member staterefugeechildliving conditions
Subject: Human rights
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Directive 2004/81 Victims of trafficking : National reports ; Study on the "Conformity checking of the transposition by
member states of 10 EC Directives in the sector of asylum and immigration" done for DG JLS of the European Commission
end 2007(CONTRACT JLS/B4/2006/03)
Table of Contents
FIRST VOLUME
AUSTRIA
BELGIUM
BULGARIA
CYPRUS
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
SECOND VOLUME
ESTONIA
FINLAND
FRANCE
GERMANY
GREECE
HUNGARY
THIRD VOLUME
IRELAND
ITALY
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBURG
MALTA
FOURTH VOLUME
THE NETHERLANDS
POLAND
PORTUGAL
ROMANIA
SLOVAKIA
FIFTH VOLUME
SLOVENIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
UNITED KINGDOM
Author (Corp. Body): Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum Law in Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/B4/2006/03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumimmigrationEUslave tradelaw
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Directive 2004/81 Victims of trafficking : Synthesis reports ; Study on the "Conformity checking of the transposition by
member states of 10 EC Directives in the sector of asylum and immigration" done for DG JLS of the European Commission
end 2007(CONTRACT JLS/B4/2006/03)
Table of Contents
I. LIST OF NATIONAL RAPPORTEURS
II. GENERAL INTRODCUTION TO THE STUDY
III. SUMMARY DATASHEET AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1. THE STATE OF PLAY REGARDING MEMBER STATES COVERED AND NOT COVEREDBY THE SYNTHESIS REPORT
2. THE STATE OF PLAY REGARDING MEMBER STATES BOUND AND NOT BOUNDBY THE DIRECTIVE
3. THE STATE OF TRANSPOSITION OF THE DIRECTIVE
4. TYPES OF TRANSPOSITION
5. EVALUATION OF THE NUMBER OF PROBLEMS (QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT)
6. EVALUATION OF THE SERIOUSNESS OF PROBLEMS (QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT)
7. TYPES OF PROBLEMS (HORIZONTAL APPROACH)
8. IMPACT OF THE DIRECTIVE ON THE MEMBER STATES
9. ANY OTHER INTERESTING PARTICULARITY TO BE MENTIONED ABOUT THE TRANSPOSITION AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIRECTIVE IN THE MEMBER STATES
IV. EUROPEAN SYNTHESIS OF THE NATIONAL REPORTS
1 ANALYSIS OF THE CONTENT OF THE NORMS OF TRANSPOSITION
1.1 GENERAL PROVISIONS (CHAPTER I)
1.1.1 The scope - ‘victims of trafficking in human beings’ (Article 3(1) Q.5.A-B)
1.1.2 ...
1.2 PROCEDURE FOR ISSUING THE RESIDENCE PERMIT (CHAPTER II)
1.2.1 Information given to the third country nationals concerned (Article 5) (Q.8.A-D)
1.2.2 ...
1.3 TREATMENT GRANTED (CHAPTER II AND III)
1.3.1 Standards of living capable of ensuring subsistence (Articles 7(1) and 9(1)) (Q. 10.A-C)
1.3.2 ...
1.4 NON-RENEWAL AND WITHDRAWAL
1.4.1 Non-renewal (Article 13) (Q.15)
1.4.2 Withdrawal (Article 14) (Q. 16)
2 SITUATION OF MEMBER STATES NOT BOUND BY THE DIRECTIVE
Author: Noll, Gregor | Unneflo, Markus
Contributer: Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum Law in Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/B4/2006/03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumimmigrationEUslave tradelaw
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Directive 2004/81 Victims of trafficking : National summary data sheets & TOCs ; Study on the "Conformity checking of
the transposition by member states of 10 EC Directives in the sector of asylum and immigration" done for DG JLS of the
European Commission end 2007(CONTRACT JLS/B4/2006/03)
Table of Contents
V. NATIONAL SUMMARY DATASHEETS INCLUDING THE TABLE OF CORRESPONDENCE
1. GUIDELINES FOR NATIONAL RAPPORTEURS
2. NATIONAL SUMMARY DATASHEETS INCLUDING THE TABLE OF CORRESPONDENCE BY ALPHABETICAL ORDER OF MEMBER STATES
AUSTRIA
BELGIUM
BULGARIA
CYPRUS
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
ESTONIA
FINLAND
FRANCE
GERMANY
GREECE
HUNGARY
IRELAND
ITALY
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBURG
MALTA
THE NETHERLANDS
POLAND
PORTUGAL
ROMANIA
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
UNITED KINGDOM
Author (Corp. Body): Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum Law in Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/B4/2006/03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumimmigrationEUslave tradelaw
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Thematic Report on Justice and Home Affairs : Mulit-country ; Phare: Assessment of the European Union Phare Programmes
Abstract
This report has been requested by the European Commission from the OMAS Consortium (OMAS). It is based on a detailed analysis of (Monitoring and Assessment) documentation produced by OMAS from 1996 to 2001, in particular, summaries from the Country Assessment Reviews (CARs) in relation to the ten CCs, in the field of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA). Specific account is also taken of the annual assessment report of the (only) Multi-Beneficiary Programme on JHA. The scope of JHA acquis has been radically altered over time, by constitutional amendments to the various Treaties. Topics that previously fell within the ambit of JHA under the Treaty on European Union (prior to the amendments made by the Treaty of Amsterdam), nevertheless continue to be treated as being within the scope of Phare funding for JHA. They are reflected accordingly in the priorities of the Accession Partnership (AP) and the National Programme for the Adoption of the Acquis (NPAA) in the CCs, and can broadly be grouped as (i) border related issues, such as the free movement of persons, visa policy, asylum, immigration; (ii) cross border crime, including drugs smuggling, terrorism, fraud, corruption, organised crime, police and customs co-operation; and (iii) judicial co-operation on both civil and criminal matters.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
PREFACE
THE REPORT
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 The Thematic Report exercise
1.2 Objectives of the Justice and Home Affairs Report
1.3 Scale of OMAS activity in the field of Justice and Home Affairs
1.4 Definition and scope of “Justice and Home Affairs”
2. ANALYSIS OF EXPERIENCE GAINED, PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED AND RESULTS DELIVERED
2.1 Methodology for this Report
2.2 Conclusions reached about JHA in OMAS Assessments
2.3 Discussion of issues
3. DEFINITION OF CHALLENGES TO COME IN THE SHORT AND MEDIUM TERM
3.1 Challenges for Phare
3.2 Challenges for JHA
4. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MEETING THE CHALLENGES
4.1 Methodology
4.2 Substantive recommendations on JHA
4.3 Implementation recommendations for CCs
4.4. General implementation recommendations
4.5. Key issues for future Programming
ANNEXES
ANNEX 1: Table of OMAS Assessments for JHA by year, with ratings of achievement of Programme objectives in the 10 Candidate Countries
ANNEX 2: Breakdown of Assessments by Sector and Value for the 10 Candidate Countries for Justice and Home Affairs
ANNEX 3: Conclusions on Justice and Home Affairs
ANNEX 4: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR JUSTICE AND HOME AFFAIRS
ANNEX 5: Monitoring and Assessment Methodology
Author (Corp. Body): OMAS Consortium
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Erweiterung
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: S/ZZ/JHA/01005
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumimmigrationdevelopment aidEUjoining of the European Unionfreedom of movementdomestic policyjudiciary
cooperationCentral EuropeEastern Europepolicelaw reformcrime fighting
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relationsLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal theory
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Das Gemeinsame Europäische Asylsystem
Title (other): A Common European Asylum System | Le régime d’asile européen commun
Table of Contents
Asyl und die EU
Asylverfahrensrichtlinie
Richtlinie über die Aufnahmebedingungen
Anerkennungsrichtlinie
Dublin-Verordnung
Eurodac
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Inneres
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-34624-8 | DR-04-13-088-DE-C | 978-92-79-34626-2 | 978-92-79-34630-9
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumasylum procedureEU
Subject: European Community law in generalMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the Feasibility and legal and practical implications of establishing a mechanism for the joint processing of
asylum applications on the territory of the EU : HOME /2011/ERF X / FW /04
Abstract
The present report constitutes the final report for the “Study on the feasibility and legal and practical implications of establishing a mechanism for the joint processing of asylum applications on the territory of the European Union” in the context of the framework contract for evaluation and evaluation related services signed on the 26 June 2011, contract HOME/2011/EVAL1/01. The purpose of the study is to provide a basis for further discussions and informed decisions about the possible establishment of a mechanism to support the joint processing of asylum claims within the European Union (EU). The study was launched in the context of the Hague Programme, the subsequent Stockholm Programme and the Commission Policy Plan on Asylum (adopted on 17 June 2008), which call for an assessment of the potential for joint processing of asylum claims within the EU. This was envisioned as a possible solidarity mechanism to help Member States cope with some of the challenges they may be faced with in asylum matters. [Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive summary
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Policy back ground and Problem definition
3.1 Setting the scene
3.1.1 EU political developments and debates: from extra-territorial to intra-territorial processing
3.1.2 ...
3.2 Addressing the fundamental questions
3.2.1 What is joint processing?
3.2.2 ...
3.3 Summary
4. Presentation of the options
4.1 The overall objective of establishing an EU mechanism for joint processing
4.2 Introducing the proposed options
4.3 The proposed options
5. Political implications
5.1 The political implications of joint processing as a principle, or a concept
5.2 The most feasible and/or preferred option
5.3 Political implications of Option A
5.4 Political implications of Option B
5.5 Political implications of Option C
5.6 Political implications of Option D
5.7 Conclusions on the political implications
6. Legal and practical implications
6.1 National legal and practical implications of joint processing
6.2 EU legal and practical implications of supported processing
6.2.1 Option A
6.2.2 ...
6.3 Legal implications of joint processing
6.3.1 General legal considerations for Option D
6.4 Specific legal considerations for Option D
7. Financial implications
7.1 Costs of processing asylum claims
7.1.1 Constraints and caveats
7.1.2 ...
7.2 The options
7.2.1 Costs and benefits of joint processing: assessments for Option D
7.2.2 ...
7.3 Conclusions on financial implications
8. Conclusions and recommendations
8.1 Comparison of options
8.2 Revision of the options
8.3 Revisiting the definition of joint processing
8.4 Next steps8.4.1Joint Processing piloted in an ‘isolated’ context
References
ANNEX A
LIST OF INTERVIEWEES
ANNEX B
INTERVIEW GUIDE
ANNEX C
FINANCIAL QUESTIONNAIRE
ANNEX D
FINANCIAL DATA FROM THE MEMBER STATES
Author: Urth, Helene | Heegaard Bausager, Mathilde | Kuhn, Hanna - Maija
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Inneres | Ramboll | EurAsylum
Year: 2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumEUinformation processingcooperationmodel constructionpolitical asylumlegal usage
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the Temporary Protection Directive : Final report
Title (other): Study on the Temporary Protection Directive : Executive Summary
Abstract
This Final report is the final deliverable of the Study on the Temporary Protection Directive (2001/55/EC), an assignment undertaken by ICF Consulting Services Limited (“ICF”), on behalf of DG Migration and Home Affairs (“the Commission”). The Final Report contains the purpose, scope, design and conduct of the study, presents the analysis carried out and presents conclusions and recommendations. This Final Report is structured as follows: Chapter 2 describes the methodology and work undertaken by the Study Team;Chapter 3 provides an overview of the Temporary Protection mechanism,reviewing its historical context, the Commission’s proposal and negotiations and an explanation of the workings of the mechanism and application to date; Chapter 4 presents strengths and weaknesses of the Temporary Protection Directive TPD);Chapter 5 examines pressures on the EU in the period 2001-2014 (these events are further examined in the case study descriptions in Annex 3) and summarises the reasons for non-implementation of the TPD;Chapter 6 identifies possible changes to the TPD and assessesthese policy options.Chapter 7 includes a comparison between the preferred policy option for revising the TPD and the recently proposed provisional measures and permanent crisis mechanism.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
2 Methodology
2.1 Objectives of the Study
2.2 Outline of the methodology
2.3 Work undertaken by the Study Team and challenges encountered
3 Background to the Temporary Protection Directive
3.1 What preceded the adoption of the Temporary Protection Directive
3.1.1 National forms of temporary protection preceding the adoption of the TPD
3.1.2 Historical context
3.1.3 Commission proposals and negotiations
3.2 The temporary protection mechanism
3.2.1 Objectives
3.2.2 The mechanism
3.2.3 Status of transposition
3.2.4 Application to date
4 Strengths and weaknesses of the TPD
4.1 Introduction
4.2 A broad definition of mass influx, resulting in flexibility but also obstacles in its application
4.2.1 “Large numbers”
4.2.2 “Arrival (spontaneous or aided) in the community”
4.2.3 Who come from a “specific country or geographical area”
4.2.4 Who are “unable to return to their country of origin”
4.2.5 If there is a “risk” that the asylum system will be unable to process the influx without “adverse effects”
4.3 Cumbersome and lengthy activation procedure influenced by political factors
4.3.1 Are the right actors involved?
4.3.2 The number of steps are high
4.3.3 The content of some of the steps are unclear
4.4 Solidarity principle, based on dual volunteerism
4.4.1 The principle of solidarity
4.4.2 The organisation of redistribution, as laid down in the TPD
4.5 A fair and adequate level of protection of rights, but potentially unattractive to Member States
4.6 In the absence of activation, theobjective to harmonise TP is undermined
5 Pressures on the EU in the period 2001 2014 and reasons for non-implementation
5.1 Pressure on Member States in the period 2001-2014
5.1.1 Pressure due to a significant high and/or sudden increase
5.1.2 Pressure following a gradual increase
5.1.3 Pressure due to strong fluctuations
5.2 Management of the situation
| 5.2.1 Development of alternative measures to deal with situations of pressure
5.2.2 What measures have Member States made use of both at national and EU level in response to the situations of pressure?
5.2.3 Different approaches in handling situations of pressure
5.3 Could the TPD have provided added-value?
5.4 Reasons for the non-implementation of the TPD
6 Policy options and their assessment
6.1 Criteria for the triggering of the mechanism
6.1.1 Reflection on concepts and indicators for measurement
6.1.2 Criteria for the triggering of the mechanism
6.2 Procedure to be followed for triggering the mechanism and its duration
6.3 Rights to be granted to persons being granted temporary protection and obligations of Member States
6.4 The type of solidarity mechanism
7 Continued relevance of the TPD and an amended TPD in comparison with the new proposals for (emergency and permanent crisis) relocation mechanisms
Annexes
Annex 1 National forms of temporary protection
Annex 2 Case Studies
Belgium 2008-2012
Bulgaria 2013-2014
Cyprus
France 2007-2013
Germany 2013-2014
Greece 2006-2008
Hungary 2013-2015
Italy 2011
Malta 2011
Netherlands
Poland
Sweden 2013-2014
Annex 3 Statistics
Annex 4 Hypothetical/future scenarios of mass influx in the EU
| 1 Executive summary – Study on the Temporary Protection Directive
1.1 Aims of the study
1.2 Background and context
1.3 Strengths and weaknesses
1.4 Pressures on the EU in the period 2001 -2014 and the reasons for non-implementation
1.5 Policy options and their assessment
1.6 Continued relevance of the TPD and an amended TPD in comparison with the new (emergency and proposed permanent crisis) relocation mechanisms
Author (Corp. Body): ICF Consulting Services Limited
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-60666-3 | DR-01-16-702-EN-N | 978-92-79-61581-8 | DR-02-16-925-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumEUEuropean Lawrefugeehuman rightsmigrationmigration policyprotection
directiveexpellee
Subject: European Community law in generalHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on the feasibility of processing asylum claims outside the EU against the background of the Common European Asylum
System and the goal of a Common Asylum Procedure : Final report
Abstract
With the development towards comprehensive and more sophisticated border control regimes, the problem of protection seekers’ access to EU territory has increasingly come into focus. Disorderly movement is presently the main avenue to safety in the EU, and human smugglers act as important facilitators. Single European states have sought ways out of this dilemma, and pioneered techniques of externalised processing. One of them is the operation of Protected Entry Procedures from the platform of diplomatic representations, allowing a non-national-to approach the potential host state outside its territory with a claim for asylum or other form of international protection, and-to be granted an entry permit in case of a positive response to that claim, be it preliminary or final.Provided they are well-crafted, Protected Entry Procedures could drain parts of the market for human smuggling, attract bona fide refugees who presently opt for the smuggling services and thereby decrease the total number of disorderly arrivals and partially eliminate the problem of returning the rejected caseload. An obvious security advantage for states is to know in advance who wishes to enter their territory. In addition, important synergies with integration and labour immigration policies can be created.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Objective of the Study
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Defining Protected Entry Procedures and Related Concepts
1.5 Convergence Areas between Protected Entry Procedures and Other Protection Regimes
2 Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU: Historical Precedents and Current Debates
2.1 Protection and Evacuation by Embassies during the Holocaust
2.2 Post-War Practices and Debates
...
3 The Legal Dimensions of Protected Entry Procedures
3.1 The Relevance of International, Supranational and Domestic Law
3.2 The Applicability of Protective Norms of International Law
...
3.3 Protected Entry Procedures and the Law of the European Union
4 Modelling Protected Entry Procedures
4.1 Protected Entry Procedures and its Relation to Other Systems of Refugee Protection
...
4.2 Unilateral Approaches or Multilateral Cooperation?
4.3 Inclusiveness and Formalisation
4.4 Filter Elements in Protected Entry Procedures
...
5 Benefits and Drawbacks of Protected Entry Procedures
5.1 Enhanced Control and the Gradual Drainage of the Smuggling Market
5.2 Will Numbers Increase, Decrease or Remain Unaffected?
5.3 Trade-Offs in the Area of Beneficiaries’ Substantive and Procedural Rights
...
5.4 Reception During Procedures and the Rejected Caseload
5.5 Risk and Cost Redistribution
5.6 Potential Synergies with Integration Policies
5.7 Potential Synergies with Labour Immigration Policies
5.8 The Added Value of the EU in Crafting External Processing Regimes
6 Current Systems for Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU and Selected Host States
6.1 Practice in States Operating Formal Protected Entry Procedures
...
| 6.2 Practice in States Not Operating a Formal Protected Entry Procedure
...
6.3 Practice in Three Non-EU Resettlement Countries
...
7 The Development Potential of External Processing in Europe
7.1 Comparative Overview and Critical Analysis of Existing Solutions...
...
7.2Future Scenarios for Processing Asylum Claims Outside the EU
...
8 Conclusions
Table of Cases
Bibliography
Author: Noll, Gregor ; 1139136186 | Fagerlund, Jessica | Liebaut, Fabrice
Contributer: The Danish Centre for Human rights
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumright of asylumAustraliaDenmarkEUFranceGreat Britaininternational law
Canadaslave trademigrationNetherlandsAustriaprotectionismlawSwitzerlandSpainUnited States of America
Subject: European Community external relationsEuropean Community treaties and agreementsHuman rightsMigration
Countries Scheme: Austria. General ResourcesSwitzerland. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesDenmark
SpainFranceUnited KingdomNetherlandsCanadaUSAAustralia
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Technical Assistance for study on concrete results obtained through projects on Migration and Development financed under
AENEAS and the Thematic Programme for Migration and Asylum : Final report
Abstract
Following the Request for Services N. 2013/332-205, launched by the European Commission (EC), the Consortium led by SACO (Safege-Cowi) was awarded the contract related to the "Study on the concrete results obtained through projects on Migration and Development" financed under AENEAS and the Thematic Programme for Migration and Asylum (TPMA). The field of intervention of these projects is Migration and Development and in particular the six identified sub-categories such as: 1) policy design, policy dialogue, policy development; 2) remittances; 3) diaspora contributions to development; 4) skills development, brain circulation; 5) social consequences of migration; 6) return and reintegration.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 KEY PURPOSE OF THE STUDY AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
1.2 MAIN ANALYTICAL POINTS
1.3 MAIN CONCLUSIONS AND LESSONS LEARNT
1.4 RECOMMENDATIONS
2.AENEAS AND THE TPMA IN THEIR POLICY CONTEXT
2.1 THE EU GLOBAL APPROACH TO MIGRATION AND ITS EVOLUTION: THE EC RESPONSE THROUGH THETHEMATIC PROGRAMMES
2.2 MAIN FEATURES OF THE TWO SUCCESSIVE EUFUNDED THEMATIC PROGRAMMES ON MIGRATION AND ASYLUM
2.2.1 AENEAS
2.2.2 THE TPMA
3. STUDY FRAMEWORK
3.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
3.2. METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY
3.3 SAMPLE PROFILE
4.FINDINGS
4.1 OVERALL FINDINGS BASED ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE SAMPLE OF 29 PROJECTS CARRIED OUT UNDER AENEAS AND TPMA
4.2 CONCRETE RESULTS OF PROJECTS, ACCORDING TO THEIR MAIN SUB-CATEGORY
4.2.1 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON POLICY DIALOGUE, POLICY DESIGN, POLICY FORMULATION
4.2.2 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON DIASPORA CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT
4.2.3 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON REMITTANCES
4.2.4 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON SKILLS DEVELOPMENT, BRAIN CIRCULATION
4.2.5 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON RETURN AND REINTEGRATION
4.2.6 PROJECTS FOCUSING ON SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION FOR COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
5. LESSONS LEARNT AND CONCLUSIONS
5.1 GENERAL
5.2 IN RELATION WITH SUB-CATEGORY
POLICY DIALOGUE, POLICY DESIGN, POLICY FORMULATION
DIASPORA CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT
REMITTANCES
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT, BRAIN CIRCULATION
RETURN AND REINTEGRATION
SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION
6. MAIN RECOMMENDATIONS AS REGARDS DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FUTURE INTERVENTIONS
6.1 GENERAL
6.2 IN RELATION WITH SUB-CATEGORIES
POLICY DIALOGUE, POLICY DESIGN, POLICY FORMULATION
DIASPORA CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT
REMITTANCES
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT, BRAIN CIRCULATION
RETURN AND REINTEGRATION
SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION
Author (Corp. Body): SACO | Safege | COWI Consulting Engineers and Planners A/S
Contributer: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Framework Contract Commission 2011 : Lot 1: Studies and technical assistance in all sectors | Specific Contract N° 2013/332205
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: policy on asylumevaluationdevelopment aid policyEUEuropean Commissionmigrationtechnical assistance
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Management Plan 2018 : Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
PART 1. MAIN OUTPUTS FOR THE YEAR
1. Towards a new policy on migration
1.1. Reduce incentives for irregular migration
1.2. Effective border management: Save lives and secure EU external border
1.3. Enhanced protection and solidarity
1.4. A new policy on legal migration to address skill shortages in the EU and enhance effective integration
2. An area of justice and fundamental rights based on mutual trust
2.1. A strong EU response to tackling terrorism and preventing radicalisation
2.2. Disrupt organised crime
2.3. An effective response to cybercrime
3. A Union of democratic change
3.1. Enhance citizens' understanding of the Union, its history and diversity, foster European citizenship and improve conditions for civic and democratic participation at Union level
4. A Deeper and Fairer Internal Market with a Strengthened Industrial Base
PART 2. MAIN ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT OUTPUTS FOR THE YEAR
a. Human resource management
b. Financial Management: Internal control and Risk management
c. Better Regulation
d. Information management aspects
e. External communication activities
f. Examples of initiatives to improve economy and efficiency of financial and non-financial activities of the DG
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Year: 2018
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Ref. Ares(2018)589869
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Programme und Statuten
Keyword: policy on asylumdomestic marketcitizenEUEuropean Commissionjusticeborder protectionbasic right
internal securitycommunicationmanagementmigrationorganized crimeplanningradicalismterrorism
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: 2016 Annual Activity Report : DG Migration and Home Affairs
Title (other): Annex
Abstract
The Annual Activity Report is a management report of the Director-General of DG HOME to the College of Commissioners. Annual Activity Reports are the main instrument of management accountability within the Commission and constitutes the basis on which the College takes political responsibility for the decisions it takes as well as for the coordinating, executive and management functions it exercises, as laid down in the Treaties.The executive summary has four subsections:a)Key results and progress towards the achievement of general and specific objectives of the DG (executive summary of section 1; whatwe have delivered)b)The most relevant Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for the illustration of policy highlights identified in the DGs 2016-2020 Strategic Planc)Key conclusions on Financial Management and Internal control (executive summary of section 2.1; how we have delivered)d)Information to the Commissioner (confirming that the main elements of the AAR have been brought to the attention of the responsible Commissioner(s), in a standard text - see below)[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
THE DG IN BRIEF
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A)KEY RESULTS AND PROGRESS TOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF THE DG (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF SECTION 1)
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1: TOWARDS A NEW POLICY ON MIGRATION
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2: AN AREA OF JUSTICE AND FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS BASED ON MUTUAL TRUST
B) KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS (KPIS)
C) KEY CONCLUSIONS ON FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL (EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF SECTION 2.1)
D) INFORMATION TO THE COMMISSIONER(S)
1.KEY RESULTS AND PROGRESS TOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT OF GENERAL AND SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF THE DG
1. Towards a New Policy on Migration
2. An Area of Justice and Fundamental Rights Based on Mutual Trust
3. A Union of Democratic Change
WHILE DG HOME IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL STEERING OF THE EUROPE FOR CITIZENS PROGRAMME AS WELL AS FOR ITS MONITORING AND EVALUATION, THE EDUCATION, AUDIOVISUAL AND CULTURE EXECUTIVE AGENCY (EACEA) IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MOST OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION
IN 2016, SUSTAINABILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS WERE ENHANCED, BY USING, IT TOOLS, LUMP SUMS ANDUNIT COSTS
4. A Deeper and Fairer Internal Market with a Strengthened Industrial Base
2. ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL
2.1 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL
2.1.1 CONTROL RESULTS
2.1.2 AUDIT OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
2.1.3 ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
2.1.4 CONCLUSIONS AS REGARDS ASSURANCE
2.1.5 DECLARATION OF ASSURANCE AND RESERVATIONSDECLARATION OF ASSURANCE
2.2 OTHER ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT DIMENSIONS
2.2.1 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
2.2.2 BETTER REGULATION (ONLY FOR DGS MANAGING REGULATORY ACQUIS)
2.2.3 EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION ACTIVITIES
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Year: 2017
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Ref. Ares(2017)2636753
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Geschäfts- und Jahresberichte
Keyword: policy on asylumreportdomestic marketcitizenEUEuropean Commissionjusticebasic right
internal securitymigrationwork
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community lawMigration
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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