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Title: Legislation and regulations on drug trafficking in the EU member states
Title (other): Les dispositions législatives et réglementaires en matière de trafic de stupéfiants dans les etats membres de
l'Union européenne
Author: Decourrière, André
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2001
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drugdrug-related crimelegislationregulation
Subject: European Community treaties and agreements
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Drogen und Sicherheit : Die öffentliche Meinung zum Thema Sicherheit und Viktimisierungin der Europäischen Union -
Kontakt mit drogenbezogenen Problemen ; Eurobarometer-Umfragen Nr. 44.3 (1996) und 54.1 (2000)
Title (other): Drugs and security : Public opinion regarding security and victimisation in the European Union ; Contact with
drug-related problems ; Eurobarometer surveys 44.3 (1996) and 54.1 (2000) | Drogue et sécurité : Évolution de
l’opinion publique concernant la sécurité et la victimisation dans les contacts avec des problèmes liés à la
drogue dans l’Union européenne ; Sondages Eurobaromètre 44.3 (1996) et 54.1 (2000)
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-4676-5 | KA-49-02-022-DE-C | 92-894-4677-3 | KA-49-02-022-EN-C | 92-894-4678-1 | KA-49-02-022-FR-C
Language: en | de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policydrug scene
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Rahmen und Instrumente der Europäischen Union im Drogenbereich
Title (other): Cadre et instruments de l'Union européenne en matière de drogues
Table of Contents
Einführung
I. Der rechtliche Rahmen
A. Europäische Quellen
B. Internationale Quellen II. Der institutionelle Rahmen
A. Zuständigkeiten der EU-Organe und -Einrichtungen
a - Allgemeines
b - Kommission
c - Rat
d - Europäisches Parlament
e - Die Europäische Beobachtungsstelle für Drogen und Drogensucht (EBDD)
f - Europol
B. Die Partner der Europäischen Union
a - Suchtstoffkommission (CND)
b - Internationales Suchtstoff-Kontrollamt (INCB)
c - Büro für Drogenbekämpfung und Verbrechensverhütung (ODCCP)
d - Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO)
e - Internationale kriminalpolizeiliche Organisation (IKPO) - Interpol
f - Weltzollorganisation (WZO)
g - Internationale Arbeitsgruppe 'Finanzielle Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung der Geldwäsche' (FATF)
h - Interamerikanische Kommission zur Bekämpfung des Drogenmissbrauchs (CICAD)
Anhang - Abkürzungen
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2002
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-1925-3 | 92-894-1928-8 | KA-41-01-309-DE-C | KA-41-01-309-FR-C
Language: de | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policydrug scenecrime fighting
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalCriminal law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Implementation of EU-Action Plan on Drugs 2000-2004
Title (other): Progress Review for the Member States
Table of Contents
List of abbreviations
1. Co-ordination
2. Information and evaluation
3. Reduction of demand, prevention of drug use and drug related crime
4. Supply reduction
5. International co-operation
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policydrug scenecrime fighting
Subject: European Community institutionsEuropean Community law in generalCriminal law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: JAI-ACQUIS
Title (other): Update 2006. ACQUIS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. TITLE IV OF THE TEC. PART II OF THE TEC. TITLE VI OF THE TEU. Consolidated
and completely revised new version. Cut-off-date: October 2006. Instruments published in 2006, instruments published in
2005, instruments published in 2004, instruments published in 2003, instruments published in 2002 - all instruments
until 31.12.2001
Table of Contents
I. ASYLUM
II. EXTERNAL BORDERS
III. VISA
IV. IMMIGRATION
V. EU CITIZENSHIP
VI. ORGANISED CRIME, FRAUD AND CORRUPTION
VII. DRUGS
VIII. TERRORISM
IX. POLICE COOPERATION
X. CUSTOMS COOPERATION
XI. JUDICIAL COOPERATION IN CIVIL MATTERS
XII. JUDICIAL COOPERATION IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
XIII. PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION ACQUIS
XIV. HUMAN RIGHTS RELATED INSTRUMENTS
XV. SCHENGEN (HORIZONTAL ISSUES) / SIS
XVI. OTHER
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2006
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimeEUinternational relationsorganized crimelaw
Subject: European Community law in generalCivil lawCriminal lawHuman rights
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Internal ex post evaluation of the preparatory action "Preparatory actions for a programme to fight drug trafficking
2001 and 2002”
Title (other): Summary
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2002
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drugdrug-related crime
Subject: European Community law in general
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: A Report on Global Illicit Drugs Markets 1998-2007
Title (other): Full Report
Table of Contents
Foreword
Some highlights from the report
Key findings
Operation of the world drugs market
Production
Consumption
Revenues
Drug related problems
Policies
Policy assessment
Conclusions
Observations clés
Fonctionnement du marché mondial de la drogue
Production
Consommation
Revenus
Problèmes liés à la drogue
Politiques
Évaluation de la politique
Conclusions
Main Report: Assessing changes in global drug problems, 1998-2007
Peter Reuter
1 Introduction and methodology
2 Markets and quantities
2.1 Operation of the markets
2.2 Production
2.3 Consumption
2.4 Revenues
3 Drug related problems
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Drug related deaths
3.3 HIV
3.4 Crime
3.5 Economic cost estimates
4 Policies
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Prevention
4.3 Treatment
4.4 Harm reduction
4.5 Enforcement
5 Policy assessment
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Unintended consequences
5.3 Drug epidemics
5.4 Production and trafficking controls
Author: Reuter, Peter | Trautmann, Franz
Contributer: Trimbos Instituut | Rand Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-11945-3
Language: en | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEU
Subject: European Community institutionsCriminal law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: A Report on Global Illicit Drugs Markets 1998-2007
Table of Contents
Foreword. Jacques Barrot
Some highlights from the report
Key findings
Operation of the world drugs market
Production
Consumption
Revenues
Drug-related problems
Policies
Policy assessment
Conclusions
Main report: Assessing changes in global drug problems, 1998-2007. Peter Reuter
1. Introduction and methodology
2. Markets and quantities
2.1 Operation of the markets
2.2 Production
2.3 Consumption
2.4 Revenues
3. Drug-related problems
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Drug-related deaths
3.3 HIV
3.4 Crime
3.5 Economic cost estimates
4. Policies
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Prevention
4.3 Treatment
4.4 Harm reduction
4.5 Enforcement
5. Policy assessment
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Unintended consequences
5.3 Drug epidemics
5.4 Production and trafficking controls
5.5 Domestic enforcement
5.6 Methodological issues
6. Conclusions
References
Author: Reuter, Peter | Trautmann, Franz
Contributer: Trimbos Instituut | Rand Europe
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-11318-5 | NE-80-09-493-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEU
Subject: European Community institutionsCriminal law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Report on the evaluation of the transposition and impacts of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA on drug trafficking :
Final Report ; March 2013
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Transposition of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA
2.1 Implementation procedure
2.2 Definition of “drugs”
2.3 Trafficking in drugs
2.4 Trafficking in precursors
2.5 Incitement, aiding and abetting and attempt (Article 3 FD)
2.6 Penalties
2.7 Confiscation
2.8 Jurisdiction
2.9 Liability of legal persons
2.10 Impact of the Framework Decision on national legislation
2.11 Overall compliance of Member States’ legislation with FrameworkDecision 2004/757/JHA
3.0 Application of the legislation transposing the Framework Decision
3.1 Application of the Framework Decision provisions in practice
3.2 Interpretation of the Framework Decision by courts
3.3 Procedural data
3.4 Penalties
3.5 Jurisdiction
3.6 Confiscation
3.7 Summary
4.0 Cooperation between Member States and Member States and EU bodies
4.1 General aspects
4.2 Involvement of EU bodies
4.3 Main issues in cooperation between Member States in drug trafficking cases
4.4 Summary
5.0 Summary of the results
5.1 General impact
5.2 Transposition of the Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA
5.3 Application of the Framework Decision
5.4 Cooperation between Member States and Member States and EU bodies
Annex 1: List of interviewees
Annex 2: Bibliography
Annex 3: Questionnaires to national experts
Annex 4: List of national experts
List of tables
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28885-2 | DS-31-13-641-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUlegal usagejurisdiction
Subject: European Community lawSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Preparatory study for an impact assessment on a new legislative instrument replacing the Council Framework Decision
2004/757/JHA on illicit drug trafficking : Final Report ; March 2013
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Structure of the report
2.0 Context for the study
2.1 Competency of the EU
2.2 EU anti-drugs policy
2.3 United Nations Conventions
2.4 Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA and its rationale
3.0 Problem definition
3.1 The problem of major Illicit drug trafficking
3.2 Main drivers of the problems
3.3 Who is affected by the problems and how?
3.4 How would the problem evolve in the baseline scenario
3.5 Right to act and subsidiarity
4.0 Rationale, Objectives and Intervention Logic for a New EU Legislative Instrument
4.1 Rationale
4.2 Objectives and intervention logic
5.0 Policy options
5.1 Discarded options
5.2 Legal basis and decision-making procedure
5.3 Consistency of the options with EU policies and fundamental rights
5.4 Assessment criteria
5.5 Cluster A – scope for action
5.6 Cluster B – definition of offences
5.7 Cluster C – level of sanctions (Imprisonment)
5.8 Cluster D – financial penalties
5.9 Financial penalties for legal persons
5.10 Cluster E – aggravating and mitigating circumstances
5.11 Cluster F – jurisdiction
5.12 Territorial jurisdiction
5.13 Cluster G – judicial and law enforcement co-operation
5.14 Cluster H – Data and statistics
6.0 Comparison of the options and identification of the preferredoption
6.1 Comparison of impacts of the policy options
6.2 Scope for action
6.3 Definition of offences
6.4 Level of sanctions
6.5 Financial penalties
6.6 Aggravating and mitigating circumstances
6.7 Jurisdiction
6.8 Judicial and law enforcement cooperation
6.9 Data and statistics
6.10 Outline of the preferred policy option
7.0 Monitoring and evaluation
Annex One: List of interviewees
Annex Two: Research Materials
Annex Three: Summary Tables
Annex Four: Detailed Cost Analysis
Author (Corp. Body): ECORYS NEI, Rotterdam | ECLAN / European Criminal Law Academic Network
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28898-2 | DS-31-13-643-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUlegal usagejurisdiction
Subject: European Community lawSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on judicial cooperation, mutual legal assistance and extradition of drug traffickers and other drug-related crime
offenders, between the EU and its Member States and Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries
Table of Contents
0. Acronyms & abbreviations
1. Executive Summary
2. Introduction to Cooperation, MLA and Extradition between EU and its MS and LAC countries
2.1. Introductory note
2.2. Historical development of EU-LAC bi-regional cooperation
2.3. EU Cooperation Projects for CELAC
3. State of the art within the LAC Region: analysis of the MLA/extraditionsystem in place
3.1. Justice system and legal cooperation in the Region: historical andcultural factors and institutional design
3.2. Characteristics of Judicial Cooperation in LAC countries
3.3. Drug Trafficking in the LAC Region
4. Analysis of extradition and MLA between LAC countries and the EU.
4.1. Overview of LAC participation in multilateral conventions with EU MS
4.2. Mapping of LAC & EU MS participation in bilateral MLA agreements
4.3. Mapping and assessing on the bilateral extradition agreements
4.4. Assessment of the LAC and EU MS participation in international conventions on drug trafficking
4.5. Analysis of the LAC countries’ participation in international agreements and the transfer of sentenced drug traffickers: bilateral and multilateral conventions. Extradition to serve sentences at home
5. The functioning of international legal instruments signed between LAC countries and EU MS, and of other practical tools
5.1. Research Data sheet
5.2. Analysis of the use of bilateral extradition agreements
5.3. Comparative analysis of the use of international legal instruments on drug-related crimes
5.4. Operational gaps and potential obstacles of existing tools
6. Study report Main Findings
6.1. Main Findings
7. Conclusions
7.1. General Conclusions
7.2. Key Conclusions
Author: Parra, Javier Luis | Arnaiz, Amaya | Bodoque, Ángel
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | FIIAPP | COMJIB
Publisher: Amt für Amtliche Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-33266-1 | DS-02-13-428-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimeEUjudiciarycooperationLatin America
Subject: European Community treaties and agreementsSocial problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesLatin America and Caribbean. General Resources
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Title: First European conference on drug supply indicators : A joint initiative to develop sustainable options for monitoring
drug markets, crime and supply reduction activities, 20–22 October 2010, Brussels ; Key conclusions
Table of Contents
Objectives
Key conclusions and the way forward
Where do we go next?
Author (Corp. Body): European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lissabon
Contributer: European Police Office
Publisher: Europäische Kommission
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUinformation system
Subject: Social problems in generalMedical care. Health controlVarious information networks and systemsInformation transfer
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Bridging the research gap in the field of illicit drugs in the European Union : European Commission Confefence ; 24-25
September 2009, Brussels
Author (Corp. Body): Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUresearchhealth consequences
Subject: Social problems in generalLaw. Jurisprudence. Legal theoryMedical care. Health controlResearch
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Comparative Analysis of Research into Illicit Drugs in the European Union : Executive summary
Author: Bühringer, Gerhard ; 118152483 | Farrell, Michael ; 17153316X | Kraus, Ludwig ; 130512370
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres | National Addiction Centre | Institut für Therapieforschung, München | Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-13129-5 | NE-31-09-120-EN-C | Plan-Publi 2009.4414
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUresearchhealth consequences
Subject: Social problems in generalCriminal lawMedical care. Health controlResearch
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Understanding illicit drug markets, supply-reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the European Union
Table of Contents
Preface
Table of Figures
Table of Tables
Acknowledgements
CHAPTER 1 Executive summary
Beau Kilmer, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula and Stijn Hoorens
Introduction
Key insights
Recommendations
Closing thoughts
CHAPTER 2 Introduction
Stijn Hoorens and Beau Kilmer
CHAPTER 3 A framework for thinking about drug markets
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Beau Kilmer and Priscillia Hunt
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Background: an economic framework for thinking about the market for drugs
3.3 Indicators and policy-relevant data for understanding drug markets
3.4 Conclusions and recommendations
CHAPTER 4 Indicators for understanding supply-reduction efforts
Beau Kilmer, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Priscillia Hunt and Lila Rabinovich
4.1 Introduction
4.2 RAND’s framework for supply-side interventions
4.3 Sources of supply and supply-reduction strategies
4.4 Indicators for understanding supply-reduction strategies
4.5 Conclusions
CHAPTER 5 Indicators for understanding drug-related crime
Emma Disley, Stijn Hoorens, Priscillia Hunt, Beau Kilmer, Rosalie LiccardoPacula, Lila Rabinovich and Jennifer Rubin
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Previous approaches to thinking about drug-related crime
5.3 The RAND framework for thinking about drug-related crime
5.4 Drug-related crime data
5.5 Possible indicators of drug-related crime
5.6 The nature of the association between drugs and crime: A review of the literature
5.7 Generating attribution factors
5.8 Conclusions
CHAPTER 6 Insights from three case studies
Stijn Hoorens, Susan Kirk, Lila Rabinovich and Emma Disley
6.1 The United Kingdom
6.2 Czech Republic
6.3 Spain
6.4 Conclusions
REFERENCES
Reference list
APPENDICES
Appendix A. Creating price series without data: Harnessing the power of forensic data
Appendix B. Summary of major publicly-available datasets on drug supply and drug offences in the EU
Appendix C. Data collected about drug prices, purity and seizures in 3rd countries
Series Title:RAND Europe - Report
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe, Cambridge
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz und Inneres
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: JLS/2008/C2/001
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policydrug sceneEU
Subject: Social problemsCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCzech RepublicSpainUnited Kingdom
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Title: Study on criminal sanction legislation and practice in representative Member States : Final Report
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Criminal offenses and sanctions in representative Member States
2.1. Child Pornography
2.2. Drug Trafficking
2.3. Money Laundering
2.4. Frauds with no cash means of payment
2.5. Illegal Entry
3. Diagnosis, recommendations and proposals
Author (Corp. Body): Thomson Reuters Aranzadi
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-38539-1 | JUST/2011/JPEN/PR/0066/A4 | DS-04-14-632-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: frauddrug-related crimeEUmoneyillegal immigrationchildpornographylegal usage
penal lawpayment transactions
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Germany. General ResourcesEurope. General ResourcesSwedenLatviaPolandHungary
RomaniaItalySpainCyprusFranceUnited Kingdom
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Title: Comparative Analysis of Research into Illicit Drugs in the European Union : Full report
Author: Bühringer, Gerhard ; 118152483 | Farrell, Michael ; 17153316X | Kraus, Ludwig; 1955- ; 130512370
Contributer: National Addiction Centre | Institut für Therapieforschung, München | Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz, Freiheit und Sicherheit
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-13383-1 | NE-80-09-801-EN-N | Plan-Publi 2009.4642
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUresearchhealth consequences
Subject: Social problems in generalCriminal lawMedical care. Health controlResearch
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Region Level Evaluation : Caribbean Region ; Final Report ; Volume I: Main report
Title (other): Region Level Evaluation : Caribbean Region ; Final Report ; Volume II: Annexes | Evaluation of the EU Cooperation with
the Caribbean Region : Ref 1309; EVINFO | Evaluation of the Commission of the EU‘s co-operation with the Caribbean
Region : Executive summary | Evaluation of the EU Cooperation with the Caribbean Region : Fiche Contradictoire |
Evaluation of the EC cooperation with the Caribbean Region : Final Report ; Quality grid
Abstract
This report presents the findings of the 2011 Regional Level Evaluation of the Commission of the European Union’s co-operation with the Caribbean Region. The evaluation was carried out to provide meaningful feedback to the Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS), but also to the general public on the results achieved by the Commission’s co-operation strategies and their implementation for the period 2003-2010 at regional level of the Caribbean Region. This means that this evaluation covered the Regional Strategy Papers for the ninth European Development Fund (EDF9; 2003-2007) and EDF10 (2008-2013), but also taking into consideration activities during the evaluation period that had been financed with resources from EDF8. It covered the different sectors that the Commission supported and all financing modalities used in this period. Thematically, the focus was on regional economic and political integration but also private sector development, human resources development, natural disaster prevention and mitigation, and reduction of drug related crime. Lessons from this evaluation shall improve the current and future strategies of the European Union in co-operating with the Caribbean Region. It has been checked if the recommendations of the previous regional level evaluation covering the period 1996-2002 have been taken into account.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Résumé exécutif
Resumen ejecutivo
1 Introduction
1.1 Objectives
1.2 Scope of the Evaluation
1.3 Methodology and Phases of the Evaluation
1.4 Structure of the Report
2 The Context of Co-operation with the Caribbean Region
2.1 Institutional Context
2.2 Socio-Economic Context
2.3 Main Challenges for Development of the Caribbean Region
2.3.1. Lagging Integration and Competitiveness
2.3.2. Other Challenges
3 EU-Caribbean Relations
3.1 Political Dialogue
3.2 Trade Relations and EPA
3.3 Main Sectors of EDF Interventions
3.4 Co-operation Modalities and Intervention Logic
4 Findings and Answers to Evaluation Questions
4.1 Strategy and Coherence
4.2 EQ2 Aid Efficiency
4.3 EQ3 Regional Economic Integration
4.4 EQ4 Sub-regional Co-operation
4.5 EQ5 International Competitiveness
4.6 EQ6 Economic Partnership Agreement
4.7 EQ7 Crime and Illegal Drug Trafficking
4.8 EQ8 Disaster Management
4.9 EQ9 Human Resource Development
5 Conclusions
5.1 Principal Conclusions
5.2 Complementary Conclusions
5.3 Sector-related Conclusions
5.4 Overall Assessment
6 Recommendations
6.1 General Recommendations
6.2 Sector-related Recommendations
| Volume II: Annexes
Annex I: Terms of Reference
Annex II: Evaluation Methodology
Evaluation Process
Limits to the Process of Data Collections, Analysis and Judgement Formulation
Overview of Judgement Criteria, Indicators and Respective Methods Used
Annex III: Intervention Logics for EDF9 and EDF10
Annex IV: List of Documentation
Project/Programme Related Documents consulted
Annex V: Inventory of EU Projects/ Programmes
Annex VI: List of Persons Consulted
Annex VII: Surveys
Annex VIII: Evaluation Matrices
EQ 1 Relevance
EQ 2 Aid Modalities
EQ 3 Regional Economic Integration
EQ 4 Sub-regional Integration
EQ 5 International Competitiveness
EQ 6 EPA
EQ 7 Crime and Illegal Drug Trafficking
EQ 8 Disaster management
EQ 9 Human Resources Development
Annex IX: Data on Trade and EU Support Through EDF9
Annex X: Case Studies
Case Study 1: CSME Programme (component 1 of CISP)
Case Study 2: Capacity building in support of the preparation of the EPA under CARIFORUM
Case Study 3: Multi-Country Drug Demand Reduction Programme (MCDDRP)
Case Study 4: Caribbean Knowledge and Learning Network-projects (CKLN I-II)
List of tables
List of figures
List of boxes
Author: Burgaud, Jean-Marie ; 170054489 | Olesen, Gunnar | Green, Evan
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit – EuropeAid | ECO Consult | AGEG Consultants e.G., Kirchheim unter Teck | APRI | Institut de Recherches dApplications des Me?thodes de De?veloppement, Paris
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract No EVA 2007/geo-acp | Ref 1309
Language: en | spa | fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: evaluationdrug-related crimedevelopment aid policyEUcommerceCaribbean Regiondisaster controlcooperation
human resources managementpolitical integrationprivate sectoreconomic integration
Subject: Aid programmesEuropean Community external relations
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesCaribbean. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Study on alternatives to coercive sanctions as response to drug law offences and drug-related crimes : Final report
Title (other): Study on alternatives to coercive sanctions as response to drug law offences and drug-related crimes : Appendix A ;
Questionnaire to be completed by Member State experts
Abstract
The EU Action Plan on Drugs 2013-2016 requires EU member states to ‘provide, where appropriate and in accordance with their legal frameworks, alternatives to coercive sanctions (such as education, treatment, rehabilitation, aftercare and social integration) for drug using offenders’. The EU Action Plan on Drugs 2013-2016 also requests increased monitoring, implementation and evaluation of alternatives to coercive sanctions for drug-using offenders.This document reports findings from a ‘study on alternatives to coercive sanctions as response to drug law offences and drug-related crimes’, which has been conducted by RAND Europe for the European Commission, DG Migration and Home Affairs. This document includes:Introduction to the study (Chapter 1), an overview of the approach to data collection (Chapter 2) and an explanation of how alternative sanctions were selected for inclusion in this report (Chapter 3).Findings about the alternatives to coercive sanctions that are available across EU member states (Chapter 4). Findings about the statistics available about the use of alternatives to coercive sanctions with the member states (Chapter 5) and about the reasons why alternatives are used in practice, or not (Chapter 6).Findings from the review and assessment of international research on the effectiveness of alternatives to coercive sanctions (Chapter 7).Conclusions and suggestions for further action (Chapter 8).[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
PREFACE
SUMMARY
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Purpose of the study
1.2. Scope of the study
1.3. Other recent work in this field
2. OVERVIEW OF STUDY APPROACH
2.1. Overview of study approach
2.2. Limitations of the study
3. APPLYING THE DEFINITION OF ACS
4. FINDINGS ABOUT ACS AVAILABLE IN MEMBER STATES
4.1. Types of ACS reported
4.2. Treatment as a main component or condition
14.3. Types of treatment available
4.4. Introduction dates of ACS
4.5. Scope of geographic application
4.6. Professionals who offer ACS, professionals delivering ACS and setting in which ACS can be applied
4.7. Who pays for the treatment provided under ACS?
4.8. Type of offences and offenders for which ACS can be used
4.9. Minimum and maximum length of ACS imposed
4.10. What happens when offenders do not comply with the conditions of ACS imposed?
5. STATISTICS ON THE USE OF ACS
5.1. Collecting statistics on ACS
5.2. Overview of ACS for which data were provided
5.3. Case studies on statistics regarding use in practice
6. THEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF ACS IN PRACTICE
6.1. Frequency of use of ACS in practice
6.2. Reasons why ACS were and were not used in practice
7. REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL LITERATURE
7.1. Scope and objective: updating recently-conducted reviews
7.2. Evidence on effectiveness
7.3. Effectiveness of ACS in reducing reoffending
7.4. Effectiveness of ACS in reducing drug use
7.5. Effectiveness of ACS in improving other outcomes
7.6. Effectiveness of drug courts
7.7. Evidence of factors enhancing the effectiveness of ACS
7.8. Limitations and challenges for the evidence base on ACS
| 8. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER ACTION
8.1. Conclusions from mapping the types of ACS available
8.2. Conclusions from examining the use of ACS in practice
8.3. Conclusions from the evidence of the effectiveness of the use of ACS
8.4. Implications of this study for possible next steps
References
Appendix A: Questionnaire completed by member state experts
Appendix B: List of ACS reported for this study
Appendix C: Further information about the literature review
Appendix D: Studies identified in literature search
Appendix E: Literature identified by member state experts
Author (Corp. Body): Rand Europe
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Migration und Inneres
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-57756-7 | DR-01-16-352-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: drug-related crimedrug policyEUsanctionpenal law
Subject: European Community law in generalCriminal law. Penal sanctions. Penal institutions
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
Title: Young people and drugs : Report
Abstract
Drug use and drug-related problems continue to be a major concern for EU citizens, as well as being a significant public health and public safety issue. Around one quarter of the adult population is estimated to have used illicit drugs at some point in their lifetime, with cannabis the most commonly used substance.... This survey was carried out by TNS Political & Social network in the 28 Member States of the European Union between 3 and 23 June 2014. Some 13,128 respondents aged 15-24 from different social and demographic groups were interviewed via telephone (landline and mobile phone) in their mother tongue on behalf of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice. The methodology used is that of Eurobarometer surveys as carried out by the Directorate-General for Communication (Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer Unit). A technical note on the manner in which interviews were conducted by the Institutes within the TNS Political & Social network is appended as an annex to this report. Also included are the interview methods and confidence intervals.[Author vide copyright]
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
I. ACCESS TO AND USE OF ILLICIT DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES THAT IMITATE THE EFFECTS OF ILLICIT DRUGS
1.1. EXPERIENCE WITH NEW SUBSTANCES THAT IMITATE THE EFFECTS OF ILLICIT DRUGS
1.2. SELF-REPORTED USE OF CANNABIS
1.3. ACCESS TO ILLICIT DRUGS, ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO
II. TO BAN OR REGULATE ILLLICIT DRUGS AND NEW SUBSTANCES THAT IMITATE THE EFFECTS OF ILLICIT DRUGS?
1.1. TO BAN OR REGULATE ILLICIT DRUGS, ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO?
1.2. TO BAN OR REGULATE NEW SUBSTANCES THAT IMITATE THE EFFECTS OF ILLICIT DRUGS?
III. BECOMING BETTER INFORMED ABOUT ILLICIT DRUGS AND DRUG USE
1.1. POTENTIAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION
1.2. INFORMATION CHANNELS OVER THE PAST YEAR
IV. PERCEIVED HEALTH RISKS OF USING DRUGS
V. HOW SHOULD SOCIETY’S DRUG PROBLEMS BE TACKLED?
ANNEXES
Technical specifications
Questionnaire
Tables
Series Title: Flash Eurobarometer ; 401
Author (Corp. Body): TNS Political & Social
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Justiz | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Kommunikation
Year: 2014
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: alcoholdrug dependencedrug-related crimedrug policyEUhealth consequencesyouthadolescent
smokinglaw
Subject: European Community law in generalOther social problems
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu/)
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