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Title: Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agricultural Sector
Abstract
Climate change is already happening. Regardless of international progress to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases that cause climate change, the climate system will continue to adjust for the next few decades to past and present emissions. This will bring unavoidable impacts on natural and human systems, presenting the challenge of a second response to climate change - adaptation - to prepare for and cope with these impacts. Climate change is a real concern for the sustainable development of agriculture, both globally and within the EU. Although agriculture is a complex and highly evolved sector, it is still directly dependent on climate, since heat, sunlight and water are the main drivers of crop growth. While some aspects of climate change such as longer growing seasons and warmer temperatures may bring benefits, there will also be a range of adverse impacts, including reduced water availability and more frequent extreme weather. These impacts may put agricultural activities, certainly at the level of individual land managers and farm estates, at significant risk. The European Commission has recently adopted a Green Paper entitled ‘Adapting to climate change in Europe – options for EU action’ (COM(2007) 354). This sets out options to help the adaptation process and focuses on four priority areas, including early action to avoid damage and reduce overall costs. Adaptation efforts need to be stepped up at all levels and in all sectors, and need to be coordinated across the EU. The Commission will publish a White Paper containing more concrete policy proposals in 2008.
Author (Corp. Body): AEA Energy & Environment | Universidad de Politécnica de Madrid
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI/2006-G4-05 | AEAT/ENV/R/2533 | ED05334 - Issue 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyClimate changeAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyclimate changeagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Addressing biodiversity and habitat preservation through measures applied under the Common Agricultural Policy
Abstract
Based on a thorough review of the relationship between agriculture and biodiversity, the purpose of this study is to consider how policies, particularly the Common Agricultural policy (CAP), have worked in terms of their design, coordination and implementation for sustaining biodiversity and associated ecosystem services through agriculture, and how their role can be enhanced in the future to contribute towards meeting the EU’s biodiversity goals. The interactions between forest management and biodiversity were out with the remit of this study. It considers the impacts and effectiveness of the current suite of policy measures, both within and outside the CAP, on delivering biodiversity benefits through agriculture and mitigating adverse agricultural impacts. Stepping back from a purely agricultural focus, the study also considers how biodiversity associated with farmland can be delivered alongside other economic and social priorities in rural areas. It concludes by discussing the policy developments needed, particularly within the CAP, to ensure that biodiversity associated with agriculture is delivered as a strategic priority.
Author: Jana Poláková | Graham Tucker | Kaley Hart
Contributer: Institute for European Environmental Policy
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0388497/00-44
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyBiodiversityCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policybiodiversityagricultural development
life space
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Agricultural Insurance Schemes : Final Deliverable ; Report
Abstract
This study focuses on the assessment of index tools for agricultural insurances. Index insurances basically differ from traditional agricultural insurances in that they do not refer to the actual farm losses, but to the losses evaluated from an index. This index can be, for example, some area yield or revenue, some meteorological or agro-meteorological parameter or a satellite imagery parameter. The analysis considers the coherence with the WTO agreements and the effectiveness to deal with the risk of substantial income reduction of farmers. The study is structured in three main parts. The first part analyses the loss risk from FADN data. The second part evaluates index insurances. The third part makes a cross-validation of index insurances based on FADN data. The analysis covers all 27 Member States of the EU. However, most aspects of the study are restricted to EU-15 because of data availability, in particular for the FADN loss risk assessment, for which long time series are not available for the new MS. Income indicators based on FADN data are taken into account since 1994, yield indicators from Eurostat data since 1975, meteorological and agro-meteorological indicators since 1975 and indicators based on coarse resolution satellite images since 1998.
Author: Maria BIELZA DIAZ-CANEJA | Costanza Giulia CONTE | Remo CATENARO | Francisco Javier GALLEGO PINILLA
Contributer: Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Agriculture Unit
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2007-0343
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentInsuranceagricultural policyagricultural developmentinsurance
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Analysis on future developments in the milk sector
Abstract
This report proposes a prospective vision of the future of the European milk market after the removal of the quotas in 2015. The study has been conducted through consultation of a panel of independent experts. Experts have offered their opinions to describe future trends, driving factors, perspectives and challenges expected in the years to come and they have concluded by providing recommendations. The focus of the analysis has been to define likely scenarios following the end of the quota regime in the EU27. Scenarios are described as a synthesis of experts’ opinion reports. They have been introduced by a theoretical analysis surveying literature on the topic and a descriptive chapter including data on trends in the dairy sector. The analysis takes into account the role of market forces, organisational systems (in particular, producer organisations and inter-branch organisations) and policy measures in drawing perspectives of the milk sector.
Author: Joost M.E. Pennings | Ludwig Theuvsen | Paolo Sckokai
Contributer: Ernst & Young
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2012-C4-04
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentMilk marketagricultural policyagricultural developmentdairy farming
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Assessing Agriculture Vulnerabilities for the design of Effective Measures for Adaption to Climate Change (AVEMAC
Project)
Abstract
This report presents the final results of the study named AVEMAC (Assessing Agriculture Vulnerabilities for the design of Effective Measures for Adaptation to Climate Change). This study has been realized in collaboration of the Actions AGRI4CAST, GeoCAP, AGRI0ENV, and AGRITRADE of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) and the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) within the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre. The motivation of this study has been the lack of information on vulnerabilities, risks, and needs for the adaptation of European agriculture under a changing climate in the next decades. Directorate0General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI) therefore asked the scientific support of the Joint Research Centre to conduct this study in order to present the existing knowledge through mapping and characterizing the vulnerabilities of EU agricultural systems to climate change, to come up with a methodological framework and to propose follow0up actions. Eventually the results of this study shall help the formulation of appropriate policy options and the development of adequate policy instruments to support the adaptation to climate change of the EU agricultural sector.
Author: M. Donatelli | G. Duveiller | D. Fumagalli
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-23344-9
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyClimate changeAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyclimate changeagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Assessing farmers' cost of compliance with EU legislation in the fields of environment, animal welfare and food safety
Abstract
In the 1980s and 1990s, public concern rose regarding the negative environmental impact of intensive farming practices. Increased awareness of air pollution as well as ground and surface water pollution due to intensive livestock activities stimulated public intervention. This resulted in a series of environmental regulations like the Nitrate Directive, the Water Framework and the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. Their objective is to internalize negative externalities into the farm balance. The legislation creates extra costs for farmers who must comply with this legislation, but it generates an agriculture with high level standards of animal welfare, food safety and environment which meets the expectations of consumers and citizens in the EU Member States and in Third Countries.
Author: Menghi, Alberto | de Roest, Kees | Porcelluzzi, Andrea
Contributer: CRPA Centro Ricerche Produzioni Animali | TI Thünen Institute of Farm Economics | IFCN International Farm Comparison Network on Dairy | UGHENT – University of Ghent
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2011-EVAL-08
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Assessing the risk of farmland abandonment in the EU
Abstract
An expert panel of 12 European scientists in fields related to land abandonment (bio-physical / land suitability, farm structure, farm economics, land market, regional development, socio and economic factors in rural areas) and representative for the EU27 Member States were tasked to identify main drivers of farmland abandonment in Europe. Two sets of criteria for assessing the risk of farmland abandonment have been suggested as follow: For low farm stability and viability: This was estimated through drivers on ‘low farm income’ (D2), ‘lack of investments on the farm’ (D3), ‘farm-holder’s age’ (D4), ‘farm manager qualifications’ (D5), ‘low farm size’ (D8), ‘commitments taken by farmers in specific management scheme’ (D9). For negative regional context: This was estimated through indicators on ‘weak land market’ (D1), ‘low population density and remoteness’ from market opportunities and services (D7). Each of these drivers was calculated individually; an assessment was done to provide relevance and robustness of results, corresponding maps were produced.
Author: JM Terres | L Nisini | E Anguiano
Contributer: Institute for Environment and Sustainability
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28281-2 | 1831-9424 | doi: LB-NA-25783-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Crop productionAgricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRural-urban migrationAgricultural developmentRural developmentfarmingagricultural policy
rural exodusagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Bargaining associations and the vegetables processing industry in Belgium
Abstract
The imbalances in bargaining power between the contracting parties in the food supply chain have drawn much attention, also from policy makers. The European Commission is committed to facilitate the restructuring of the sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers' Cooperatives”, that will provide the background knowledge that will help farmers organise themselves in cooperatives as a tool to consolidate their market orientation and so generate a solid market income. In the framework of this study, this report provides an in-depth analysis of the specific situation of Belgian cooperatives producing for the vegetable processing industry. Most of this production is concentrated in the Flemish region of Belgium. The Flemish vegetable processing industry (producing both canned and frozen vegetables) is of considerable importance. The frozen vegetable sector even accounts for 46% of the European frozen vegetable market (Vanhaverbeke et al. 2008). Noteworthy is that seventeen of the eighteen Belgian frozen-vegetable producers are located in or around Roeselare, a midsized town in the centre of Belgian province West-Flanders (Vanhaverbeke et al. 2008).
Author: Iliopoulos, Constantine | Brusselaers, Jan
Series Title:Europäische Kommission - Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Case Study Report
Contributer: Wageningen University, The Netherlands | Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Greece | HIVA Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Common agricultural policyVegetableAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycooperative
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Cost of and good practices for FADN data collection
Abstract
This study investigates the cost of and good practices for FADN data collection in EU Member States during the period 2012-2014 using evidence gathered from existing literature, a survey of EU-28 FADN Liaison Agencies, nine case studies, and interviews with senior policy officials within the European Commission and the OECD. A desk-based study of the comparator system in the USA was also undertaken. Costs were assessed both in money terms and by labour input along the data supply chain. A variety of institutional arrangements are used by Member States to provide data to FADN. Within these, three types of organisation carry out the process of data collection: FADN Liaison Agencies; public advisory bodies; and, accounting firms. Data collection by accounting firms from accounts drawn up at the expense of farmers for tax purposes provides data at the lowest public cost per farm. At the other extreme, highest costs per farm are where advisory agencies combine data collection with provision of extension services. FADN data are widely used by Member States and therefore bring substantial, if unquantified, benefits. Examples of good practices which can be shared between Member States and that are reflected principally in costs and benefits are identified.
Author: Bradley, B. Dylan | Hill, Berkeley
Contributer: Agra Ceas Consulting
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-50061-9 | doi: 10.2762/294831
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyData acquisitionCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policydata acquisitionagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Die Lissabon-Strategie : Wachstum und Beschäftigung durch ländliche Entwicklung
Abstract
Am 2. Februar 2005 hat die Europäische Kommission den Neustart der Lissabon-Strategie für die Europäische Union (EU) verkündet. Diese Strategie soll die Grundlage bilden für die Bewältigung des dringenden Bedarfs der EU an mehr Wirtschaftswachstum, Arbeitsplätzen und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit auf den Weltmärkten. Ziel der Lissabon-Strategie, eines wichtigen Schwerpunkts der EU-Politik, ist die Verbesserung des Lebensstandards der Menschen auf umwelt- und sozialverträgliche Weise. Die Leitlinien des Beitrags der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) zur Lissabon-Strategie wurden 2001 auf der Europäischen Ratstagung von Göteborg festgelegt und 2003 mit den Schlussfolgerungen von Saloniki zur Lissabon-Strategie bekräftigt: “Eine starke Wirtschaftsleistung“, die „mit einer nachhaltigen Nutzung der natürlichen Ressourcen“ einhergeht. [Europäische Kommission]
Contributer: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft
Year: 2005
Language: de
Ressource: Verzeichnisse von elektronischen Büchern
Keyword: Agricultural developmentRural developmentCompetitive strategyEconomic Growth
Subject: Economic and social developmentAgricultural policy. Agricultural development
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Economic analysis of the effects of the expiry of the EU milk quota system
Abstract
The study has been prepared by the Institut d'Economie Industrielle. The objective of the study is to provide a quantitative assessment of the impact of the abolition of EU milk quotas on the EU dairy sector. The impacts of four separate policy scenarios were assessed compared to a baseline scenario (that is considered to be continuation of the current quota system in the medium term). Two policy scenarios fit in the concept of 'soft landing', where milk quotas are gradually increased over a six year period before abolition, while two 'hard landing' scenarios assess the impact of an abrupt expiry of the quota system. In addition, sensitivity analysis has been carried out on a number of important assumptions that determine the outcome of the results. Preliminary results of the study were presented at the Stakeholders' Conference on the future of the dairy sector on 11 January 2007.The impact assessments of the 'soft landing' scenarios demonstrate that a gradual increase of quotas leads to a steady price trend towards a 'without quota' situation, enabling a smooth adjustment for producers and processors. On the contrary, the abrupt quota removal in the 'hard landing' scenarios generates a relatively big price shock and a more uneven development over individual Member States. From an efficiency viewpoint the 'hard landing' scenarios benefit low cost (competitive) producers, but the costs of adjustment, such as exit costs, might be higher. Even under the soft landing scenarios, the impact of a gradual quota increase on milk production varies largely among Member States leading to a partial fulfilment of the additional quotas at the EU level.
Author (Corp. Body): Institut d'économie industrielle
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: Contract 30-C3-0144181/00-30
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentMilk market regulationagricultural policyagricultural developmentdairy farming
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Economic Impact of the Abolition of the Milk Quota Regime : Regional Analysis of the Milk Production in the EU
Abstract
The dairy sector makes a substantial contribution to the agricultural turnover in many Member States (MS) of the European Union (EU) as well as in the EU as a whole. Nevertheless, within the EU-27, the size and agricultural importance of the dairy sector varies considerably between MS and across regions, basically reflecting climatic and other agricultural factors. The EU dairy market is regulated by the Common Market Organisation (CMO) for milk and milk products, of which the milk quota regime is one of the most noticeable elements. The EU milk quota system was originally introduced in 1984, in order to limit public expenditure on the sector, to control milk production, and to stabilize milk prices and the agricultural income of milk producers. Since the milk quota regime was introduced, milk quota has become a scarce production factor: on the one hand limiting milk production and, on the other hand, stabilising milk producer prices and maintaining dairy activities in less competitive regions. However, in the course of time European dairy policy has been continuously changing and has increasingly encouraged producers to be more market-oriented. Policy developments, including reductions of intervention prices and specific quota increases of various amounts to MS, together with most recent market developments, have provoked that quota is no more binding in some MS and regions of the EU. With the Luxembourg Agreement on the Mid-Term-Review (MTR) on 26 June 2003, the spotlight shifted again on the EU's milk quota regime, because the MTR stipulated that the milk quota system will come to an end in 2015. Within the Health Check of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) the European Commission endorsed the proposal of milk quota abolition and suggested an increase of quota by 1% annually from 2009 to 2013 to allow a "soft landing" of the milk sector to the end of quotas. In this context it is especially important to clarify, which economic effects can be expected of an abolition of the milk quota regime.
Author (Corp. Body): Institute for Prospective Technological Studies | Agriculture and Life Science in the Economy
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentMilk marketagricultural policyagricultural developmentdairy farming
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: eGovernance study at EU / Member State level
Abstract
The eGovernance project was triggered by the Commission’s Action Programme for reducing administrative burden on businesses. The main objective of this Action Programme was to reduce administrative burden by 25% by 2012. One of the recommendations that came forth is the introduction of the eGovernance concept for Rural Development measures. eGovernance entails the introduction and use of online portals, electronic submission of documents and pre-filled forms so that beneficiaries can follow-up the status of their files.3.The aim of the ‘eGovernance study at EU / Member State level’ is to gather both quantitative and qualitative information on the existing Member State IT systems in the Rural Development policy domain in order to enable the European Commission to help Member States to assess the impact of the new IT requirements contained in the new Rural Development Regulation for the next programming period for the eGovernance project in their own IT systems. The response rate during the data collection phase of the project was high. In the course of the project, responses from 44 funding programmes covering 25 Member States (43 regions) throughout Europe were received, representing a coverage of 92% of the Member States. It should be noted that although this percentage is high, this does not mean that all regions in a Member State have been covered. It should also be noted that differences in terms of level of detail and quality of the information delivered were noticed. All in all, the gathered information provided a sufficient basis for analysis.
Author (Corp. Body): Deloitte
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyelectronic governmentagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Etude du potentiel de la commercialisation des produits agricoles des pays ACP (Afrique, Caraïbes, Pacifique) utilisant
les indications géographiques et les marques avec origine (ACP-AGGI)
Abstract
Portant sur des produits comme le Parmigiano Reggiano, le Café de Colombie ou encore la Tequila, les Indications Géographiques (IG) définies dans à l’article 22-?1 des accords ADPIC consacrent juridiquement une qualité liée à l’origine. La justification de l’accès à une protection spécifique des IG a été démontrée au plan international, même si les disputes légales continuent d’opposer deux conceptions de leur protection: par le biais des marques ou par le biais d’une protection sui generis (Sylvander et al., 2006). A ce jour, les Etats membres de l’OMC n’ont pas encore trouvé un consensus sur la question de savoir si l’extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits fait partie du mandat des négociations du Cycle de Doha1. Depuis juillet 2008, dans le cadre des négociations de l’OMC, les Etats forment officiellement deux coalitions autour de ces questions. Les pays du Groupe Africain appartiennent à la coalition des 108 pays et soutiennent la «Proposition majoritaire» (extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits (voir TN/C/W/5215) qui s’oppose à la «Proposition conjointe» réunissant notamment les Etats?Unis, l’Australie et le Canada. La présente étude tient compte des négociations internationales dans ses recommandations stratégiques concernant les critères de choix des outils juridiques pour les bénéficiaires finaux, qui sont les producteurs et les consommateurs. | Portant sur des produits comme le Parmigiano Reggiano, le Café de Colombie ou encore la Tequila, les Indications Géographiques (IG) définies dans à l’article 22-?1 des accords ADPIC consacrent juridiquement une qualité liée à l’origine. La justification de l’accès à une protection spécifique des IG a été démontrée au plan international, même si les disputes légales continuent d’opposer deux conceptions de leur protection: par le biais des marques ou par le biais d’une protection sui generis (Sylvander et al., 2006). A ce jour, les Etats membres de l’OMC n’ont pas encore trouvé un consensus sur la question de savoir si l’extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits fait partie du mandat des négociations du Cycle de Doha1. Depuis juillet 2008, dans le cadre des négociations de l’OMC, les Etats forment officiellement deux coalitions autour de ces questions. Les pays du Groupe Africain appartiennent à la coalition des 108 pays et soutiennent la «Proposition majoritaire» (extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits (voir TN/C/W/5215) qui s’oppose à la «Proposition conjointe» réunissant notamment les Etats?Unis, l’Australie et le Canada. La présente étude tient compte des négociations internationales dans ses recommandations stratégiques concernant les critères de choix des outils juridiques pour les bénéficiaires finaux, qui sont les producteurs et les consommateurs.
Author: Dominique Barjolle | Olivier Renard | Pascal Bernardoni
Contributer: REDD SA, Lausanne
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI?2012?EVAL-05
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Etude sur le potentiel de commercialisation du cacao du Cameroun en «Indication Géographique»
Abstract
Le cacaoyer (nom botanique: Théobroma cacao L) est un arbre à feuilles persistantes. Il ne supporte pas les températures trop basses, raison pour laquelle il pousse en zone équatoriale où la température moyenne se situe autour de 27°C. Dès la fin du XIXe siècle, des plants de cacaos sont exportés du Brésil et plantés dans divers pays d’Afrique occidentale. C’est là, principalement en Côte d’Ivoire et au Ghana, qu’est produit le cacao destiné à la consommation des pays du Nord, et en grande majorité à l’Europe. Introduit dès le XVIesiècle à Fernando Po par les Espagnols qui l’avaient apporté du Mexique, le cacaoyer ne s’implanta au Cameroun que dans les dernières années du XIXe siècle, parallèlement à la colonisation allemande. Les premières cabosses furent importées en 1892 et les premières plantations créées sur les pentes du Mont Cameroun. Avec une production d’en moyenne 210 000 tonnes chaque année, le Cameroun se situe en cinquième position mondiale en tant que pays producteur de cacao, après la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana, l'Indonésie et le Nigeria. Stratégique pour l'économie du Cameroun, l'activité cacaoyère représente 30%des exportations non pétrolières et fait vivre plus de 2millions de planteurs. Entre le milieu des années 1990 et le début des années 2000, la filière a subi les effets du retrait de l’Etat dans la gestion du marché:fin des quotas, fin du prix minimum garanti et fin des intrants fournis aux producteurs. Malgré la libéralisation, depuis quelques années, le gouvernement camerounais ne ménage aucun effort pour redresser la cacaoculture dans le sens de plus de quantité et plus de qualité.
Author: Monique Bagal | Giovanni Belletti | Andrea Marescotti
Contributer: REDD SA, Lausanne
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI?2012?EVAL-05
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originCocoaCameroonAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policy
country of originCameroonagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title (Series): Europäische Kommission - Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Case Study Report
Author (Corp. Body): HIVA Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium | Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Greece | Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: unknown (start year of the series)
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Common agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycooperative
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Evaluation of the livestock sector's contribution to the EU greenhouse gas emissions (GGELS)
Abstract
The FAO report "Livestock long shadow: environmental issues and options" (2006) claims that livestock production is a major contributor to the world's environmental problems, contributing about 18% to global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, although highly variable across the world. FAO (2010) asserts that the global dairy sector contributes with 3.0%-5.1% to total anthropogenic GHG emissions. The FAO studies are based on a food-chain approach, bringing into light also contributions normally ‘hidden’ in other sectors when the internationally agreed methodology of GHG emissions accounting within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is used. The objective of the GGELS project was to provide an estimate of the net emissions of GHGs and ammonia (NH3) from livestock sector in the EU-27 according to animal species, animal products and livestock systems following a food chain approach. The system boundaries of this project are schematically shown in Figure ES1. Considered are all on-farm emissions related to livestock rearing and the production of feed, as well as emissions caused by providing input of mineral fertilizers, pesticides, energy, and land for the production of feed. While the focus is on emissions from livestock production in Europe, crop production is assessed as far as used to feed the animals, independently where the crop was produced. Emissions caused by feed transport to the European farm as well as emissions from processing are also included. Emissions from livestock production are estimated for EU-27 Member States with a spatial detail of NUTS 2 regions.
Author: Adrian Leip | Franz Weiss | Tom Wassenaar
Contributer: Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) | Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) | Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2010
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2008-0245 | AGRI-2009-0296
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyClimate changeAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyclimate changeagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Evaluation thématique développement rural et agricole
Title (other): Vol. 1, Rapport final, rapport principal; Vol. 2, Rapport final, annexes; Executive summary; EVINFO; Grille de qualité;
Fiche contradictoire
Author (Corp. Body): ADE
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Zusammenarbeit EuropeAid
Year: 2007
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: EU countriesAgricultural developmentRural development
Subject: Bilateral and multilateral aidAgricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu/)
Title: Feasibility study on the setting up of a platform for data and information exchange for the European fruit and vegetable
market
Abstract
This study is a feasibility analysis of a European platform for data and information exchange for the European fruit and vegetable market. The specific tasks of the study are defined in details by the Tender specifications as follows: Task 1 - Legal assessment: compatibility of the platform with European Union law, and national law on competition and data privacy, if relevant. Task 2 - Collection of existing data and methodology: overview on existing data collection and processing mechanisms in at least 3 of the main producing Countries. Task 3 - Technical requirements of the platform: technical requirements for the platform Task 4 - Conclusions and recommendations: feasibility of the platform implementation. Each task has covered a single distinct chapter of the study. A platform model has been elaborated according to the basic characteristics and the objectives indicated by the Tender specifications,and by analysing the functioning of the statistic and information systems of five organisations: one producer organisation (PO), two associations of producer organisations (APOs), and two inter-branch organisations (IBOs) operating in the fruit and vegetable industry of five EU Member States (Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, and Spain). Then, the feasibility and the economic sustainability of the model have been assessed by taking into account technical, legal and financial criteria.
Author: Luigi Vannini | Giulio Sgarbanti | Maurizio Aragrande
Contributer: Università di Bologna Dipartimento di Economia e Ingegneria Agrarie (DEIAGRA)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI / 2008-G4-01
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyVegetable marketAgricultural developmentRural developmentFruit marketagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: Final report for the ‘Update of Analysis of Prospects in the Scenar 2020 Study’ : Preparing for Change
Abstract
The initial Scenar 2020 study carried out in 2006 identified and analysed a number of long-term trends concerning the demographic developments in rural regions, the dynamics of rural areas and the future of the agricultural economy including the environmental dimensionfor the EU, in its planned and potential future geographical shape until 2020. Two years later the exercise has been repeated. In this period the policy environment concerning the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the bilateral and global discussions concerning trade of agricultural commodities, and Community objectives for the natural environment (including the mitigation of climate change) have evolved considerably. A milestone has been the Health Check in 2008, designed to review and adjust the impact of the reforms enacted by the mid-term review of the CAP in 2003, notably the implementation of the new rules concerning agricultural payments in Pillar 1 and Pillar 2 of the CAP. As from 2005, the decoupling of financial support in Pillar 1 from the production of agricultural commodities has been accompanied by the introduction of a cross compliance mechanism which leads to reduction of direct payments if legal standards on environment, food safety, and animal welfare and good agricultural and environmental conditions of agricultural lands are not respected. Above this baseline, targeted payments of rural development cover a range of measures from the competitiveness of the sector to the sustainable use of natural resources and of agricultural production, and ultimately to the continued vitality of rural communities.
Author: Andrea Knierim | Philip Hunke | Claudia Sattler
Contributer: ECNC European Centre for Nature Conservation | Landbouw Economisch Instituut (LEI) | Leibniz Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung e.V (ZALF)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0200286/00-21
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://ec.europa.eu)
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