Suche nach Schlagworten '10505-6'

100 entries found on 5 pages. starting on record 41 ending on 60

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Title: Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Country Report - Lithuania
Abstract
In order to foster the competitiveness of the food supply chain, the European Commission is committed to promote and facilitate the restructuring and consolidation of the agricultural sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. To support the policy making process DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers’ Cooperatives (SFC)”, that will provide insights on successful cooperatives and producer organisations as well as on effective support measures for these organisations. These insights can be used by farmers themselves, in setting up and strengthening their collective organisation, and by the European Commission in its effort to encourage the creation of agricultural producer organisations in the EU. The imbalances in bargaining power between the contracting parties in the food supply chain have drawn much attention, also from policy makers. The European Commission is committed to facilitate the restructuring of the sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers' Cooperatives”, that will provide the background knowledge that will help farmers organise themselves in cooperatives as a tool to consolidate their market orientation and so generate a solid market income. In the framework of this study, this report provides the relevant knowledge from Latvia.
Author: Vidickiene, Dalia | Gedminaite-Raudone, Zivile
Contributer: Wageningen University, The Netherlands | Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Greece | HIVA Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyCooperativeAgricultural developmentLithuaniaRural developmentagricultural policycooperative
agricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesLithuania
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Title: Study on price transmission in the sugar sector
Abstract
The Commission's Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI) commissioned the present study to assess the influence of the 2006 reform of the EU sugar regime on price transmission in the sugar sector. The investigations to be carried out had to focus on the different types of transmission of price changes, studying the reasons for any uneven or asymmetric price transmission between sugar producers and final consumers, and taking into account the intermediate stages of the production and marketing chain and any available information on competition and concentration in the sugar sector.The study was centred around three key questions. 1. “To what extent has a change in the institutional price of sugar as a result of the reform resulted in a change of the retail price of sugar? The answer to this question will also present the evidence found, if any, that the sugar market after the reform has been efficient1” 2. “To what extent has the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) influenced the degree of competition and concentration in the sugar industry after the 2006 reform? And has this had an effect on consumer prices?” 3. “In the cereal sector, where the CAP reforms have reduced the distance between domestic and international prices, liberalization reforms (WTO–Uruguay-Round) seem to have positively influenced price transmission. Did the same effect occur in the sugar sector? The answer to this question will have to clearly distinguish the effects resulting from the CAP reform and the trade liberalisation following the WTO-Uruguay-Round”
Author: Maurizio Aragrande | Enrica Gentile | Mauro Bruni
Contributer: Areté srl
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2011-EVAL-03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentSugar marketagricultural policyagricultural developmentprice
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Labelling of agricultural and food products of mountain farming
Abstract
Mountains represent a significant share of the EU territory, population and economy. Most definitions, including the one established for the purpose of compensating natural handicaps for mountain agriculture (Less Favoured Areas (LFA), laid down by article 18.1 of Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999), rely on criteria relating to minimum altitude (between 500m and 1000m for mountain LFAs), minimum average slope (between 15 and 25 percent) or a combination of both minimum altitude and slope. According to the LFA definition, mountain areas represent 18.5 % of the total EU area. In the mountains, agriculture faces several limitations, related to the existence of permanent natural handicaps, which are not easily tackled with investments. Low temperatures and the limited length of the crop growing period combines with steep slopes with less fertile soils and the need for more complex machinery and more working time. This results in lower labour productivity and lower land productivity. Such limitations also imply that farmers have less choice on the productive sectors they can invest in. Finally, farms are smaller on average compared to on plains or flatter, lower-lying areas. Poor accessibility increases the difficulties of mountain farms and also affects the mountain food industries (increased collection and transport costs, smaller structures implying less economies of scale).
Author: Fabien Santini | Fatmir Guri | Sergio Gomez y Paloma
Contributer: Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI- 2011-0460 | JRC-IPTS n° 32349-2011-10 | 978?92?79?28275?1 | 1831?9424 | doi:10.2791/67942
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyUpland agricultureCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentFoodagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Assessing the risk of farmland abandonment in the EU
Abstract
An expert panel of 12 European scientists in fields related to land abandonment (bio-physical / land suitability, farm structure, farm economics, land market, regional development, socio and economic factors in rural areas) and representative for the EU27 Member States were tasked to identify main drivers of farmland abandonment in Europe. Two sets of criteria for assessing the risk of farmland abandonment have been suggested as follow: For low farm stability and viability: This was estimated through drivers on ‘low farm income’ (D2), ‘lack of investments on the farm’ (D3), ‘farm-holder’s age’ (D4), ‘farm manager qualifications’ (D5), ‘low farm size’ (D8), ‘commitments taken by farmers in specific management scheme’ (D9). For negative regional context: This was estimated through indicators on ‘weak land market’ (D1), ‘low population density and remoteness’ from market opportunities and services (D7). Each of these drivers was calculated individually; an assessment was done to provide relevance and robustness of results, corresponding maps were produced.
Author: JM Terres | L Nisini | E Anguiano
Contributer: Institute for Environment and Sustainability
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-28281-2 | 1831-9424 | doi: LB-NA-25783-EN-N
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Crop productionAgricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRural-urban migrationAgricultural developmentRural developmentfarmingagricultural policy
rural exodusagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Inter-laboratory validation of a method for detecting previously frozen poultrymeat by determination of HADH activity
Abstract
Poultry is a perishable product which requires careful control of temperature during production and retail processes. The EU poultry marketing legislation requires that poultry be marketed either as fresh poultry or as frozen (or quick-frozen) poultry. It is not permitted to market poultry which has been frozen and thawed as fresh poultry. A robust analytical method that is capable of distinguishing between fresh and previously frozen poultry is therefore required. A method to detect whether poultry and other meats had been previously frozen was developed in earlier work and was validated by collaborative study in the UK in 1997. The method relied on measuring the hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase (HADH) activity of intracellular juice obtained from the test samples. The ratio of the HADH activity of sub-samples tested before and after laboratory freezing is compared to a reference cut-off limit to determine whether the sample has previously been frozen.
Author: Paul Lawrance | Joanna Topping | Selvarani Elahi
Contributer: LGC
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2012-0648 | LGC/R/2013/279
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyPoultry meatAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Analysis on future developments in the milk sector
Abstract
This report proposes a prospective vision of the future of the European milk market after the removal of the quotas in 2015. The study has been conducted through consultation of a panel of independent experts. Experts have offered their opinions to describe future trends, driving factors, perspectives and challenges expected in the years to come and they have concluded by providing recommendations. The focus of the analysis has been to define likely scenarios following the end of the quota regime in the EU27. Scenarios are described as a synthesis of experts’ opinion reports. They have been introduced by a theoretical analysis surveying literature on the topic and a descriptive chapter including data on trends in the dairy sector. The analysis takes into account the role of market forces, organisational systems (in particular, producer organisations and inter-branch organisations) and policy measures in drawing perspectives of the milk sector.
Author: Joost M.E. Pennings | Ludwig Theuvsen | Paolo Sckokai
Contributer: Ernst & Young
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2012-C4-04
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentMilk marketagricultural policyagricultural developmentdairy farming
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on mandatory origin labelling for pig, poultry and sheep & goat meat
Abstract
Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers provides for mandatory indication of country of origin or place of provenance for unprocessed meat of pigs, poultry, sheep and goats, as from 13 December 2014. The Regulation requires the adoption of implementing acts, to be drawn up following impact assessments and consideration of options for expressing the country of origin or place of provenance, in particular with regard to each of the following determining points in the life of the animal: place of birth; place of rearing, and; place of slaughter [Article 26 (9) of the Regulation].The Regulation includes the possibility to differentiate products from different origins at EU level, country level and also indicate origin from a particular region within a country.
Author: W. Baltussen | R. Jongeneel | P. van Horne
Contributer: LEI Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Wageningen UR (NL)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2012-EVAL-01
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyPoultry meatRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentMuttonPork
Goatagricultural policycountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Etude du potentiel de la commercialisation des produits agricoles des pays ACP (Afrique, Caraïbes, Pacifique) utilisant
les indications géographiques et les marques avec origine (ACP-AGGI)
Abstract
Portant sur des produits comme le Parmigiano Reggiano, le Café de Colombie ou encore la Tequila, les Indications Géographiques (IG) définies dans à l’article 22-?1 des accords ADPIC consacrent juridiquement une qualité liée à l’origine. La justification de l’accès à une protection spécifique des IG a été démontrée au plan international, même si les disputes légales continuent d’opposer deux conceptions de leur protection: par le biais des marques ou par le biais d’une protection sui generis (Sylvander et al., 2006). A ce jour, les Etats membres de l’OMC n’ont pas encore trouvé un consensus sur la question de savoir si l’extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits fait partie du mandat des négociations du Cycle de Doha1. Depuis juillet 2008, dans le cadre des négociations de l’OMC, les Etats forment officiellement deux coalitions autour de ces questions. Les pays du Groupe Africain appartiennent à la coalition des 108 pays et soutiennent la «Proposition majoritaire» (extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits (voir TN/C/W/5215) qui s’oppose à la «Proposition conjointe» réunissant notamment les Etats?Unis, l’Australie et le Canada. La présente étude tient compte des négociations internationales dans ses recommandations stratégiques concernant les critères de choix des outils juridiques pour les bénéficiaires finaux, qui sont les producteurs et les consommateurs. | Portant sur des produits comme le Parmigiano Reggiano, le Café de Colombie ou encore la Tequila, les Indications Géographiques (IG) définies dans à l’article 22-?1 des accords ADPIC consacrent juridiquement une qualité liée à l’origine. La justification de l’accès à une protection spécifique des IG a été démontrée au plan international, même si les disputes légales continuent d’opposer deux conceptions de leur protection: par le biais des marques ou par le biais d’une protection sui generis (Sylvander et al., 2006). A ce jour, les Etats membres de l’OMC n’ont pas encore trouvé un consensus sur la question de savoir si l’extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits fait partie du mandat des négociations du Cycle de Doha1. Depuis juillet 2008, dans le cadre des négociations de l’OMC, les Etats forment officiellement deux coalitions autour de ces questions. Les pays du Groupe Africain appartiennent à la coalition des 108 pays et soutiennent la «Proposition majoritaire» (extension de la protection additionnelle à tous les produits (voir TN/C/W/5215) qui s’oppose à la «Proposition conjointe» réunissant notamment les Etats?Unis, l’Australie et le Canada. La présente étude tient compte des négociations internationales dans ses recommandations stratégiques concernant les critères de choix des outils juridiques pour les bénéficiaires finaux, qui sont les producteurs et les consommateurs.
Author: Dominique Barjolle | Olivier Renard | Pascal Bernardoni
Contributer: REDD SA, Lausanne
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI?2012?EVAL-05
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Etude sur le potentiel de commercialisation du cacao du Cameroun en «Indication Géographique»
Abstract
Le cacaoyer (nom botanique: Théobroma cacao L) est un arbre à feuilles persistantes. Il ne supporte pas les températures trop basses, raison pour laquelle il pousse en zone équatoriale où la température moyenne se situe autour de 27°C. Dès la fin du XIXe siècle, des plants de cacaos sont exportés du Brésil et plantés dans divers pays d’Afrique occidentale. C’est là, principalement en Côte d’Ivoire et au Ghana, qu’est produit le cacao destiné à la consommation des pays du Nord, et en grande majorité à l’Europe. Introduit dès le XVIesiècle à Fernando Po par les Espagnols qui l’avaient apporté du Mexique, le cacaoyer ne s’implanta au Cameroun que dans les dernières années du XIXe siècle, parallèlement à la colonisation allemande. Les premières cabosses furent importées en 1892 et les premières plantations créées sur les pentes du Mont Cameroun. Avec une production d’en moyenne 210 000 tonnes chaque année, le Cameroun se situe en cinquième position mondiale en tant que pays producteur de cacao, après la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana, l'Indonésie et le Nigeria. Stratégique pour l'économie du Cameroun, l'activité cacaoyère représente 30%des exportations non pétrolières et fait vivre plus de 2millions de planteurs. Entre le milieu des années 1990 et le début des années 2000, la filière a subi les effets du retrait de l’Etat dans la gestion du marché:fin des quotas, fin du prix minimum garanti et fin des intrants fournis aux producteurs. Malgré la libéralisation, depuis quelques années, le gouvernement camerounais ne ménage aucun effort pour redresser la cacaoculture dans le sens de plus de quantité et plus de qualité.
Author: Monique Bagal | Giovanni Belletti | Andrea Marescotti
Contributer: REDD SA, Lausanne
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI?2012?EVAL-05
Language: fr
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originCocoaCameroonAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policy
country of originCameroonagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the potential of marketing of Kenyan Coffee as Geographical Indication
Abstract
The importance of coffee to the world economy cannot be underestimated. It is one of the most widely traded agricultural commodities in the world market. Around 400 billion cups are consumed per year, most of which are sold in Europe where drinking coffee is an integral way of life. The global coffee consumption reached 128 million bags in 2007 and 130 million in 2008. Total consumption of coffee has grown by 2% per year and this trend is likely to continue. Coffee demand in Middle East countries as well as in newly industrialized countries like China is increasing too. As such, coffee is crucial to the economies and politics of many developing countries among which, the 21st coffee producing country, Kenya. French missionaries introduced coffee in Kenya in the Coast Province in 1893. At the independence (1963), the coffee production was grownon a total 45,538 hectares (ha), and reached 43,778 metric tonnes. Coffee is a key industry of the Kenyan economy, as it is the fourth largest earner after tourism, tea and horticulture. It is further estimated that out of the 70% of Kenya's workforce engaged in agriculture, 30% (about 6 million Kenyans) are employed in the coffee industry.
Author: Monique Bagal | Giovanni Belletti | Andrea Marescotti
Contributer: REDD SA, Lausanne
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI?2012?EVAL-05
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originCoffeeKenyaAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policy
country of originKenyaagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the competitiveness of European wines
Abstract
This report presents theresultsof the Study on the competitiveness of European wines.The aim of the study is to build on the current position of European wines in the key world markets to derive conclusions on how to further advance the policy objective of improving their competitiveness. The study analyses the development of EU wines competitiveness and identifies the key factors of competitiveness in the most important consumer markets where EU wines enter in direct competition with third country wines.The study focuses on still wines and distinguishes betweentwo business areas:bottled wine and bulk wine. The analysis also distinguishes wines by price/quality segments and wines with Geographical Indication and without, including varietal wines.The study examines in detail seven case studymarkets: China (including Hong Kong), Japan, Russia, USA, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom.The main EU competitors considered in the study are New World Countries (NWC): Argentina, Australia, Chile, New Zealand, South Africa and USA.The study period is up to the horizon 2025. In order to assess past and current development of the competitiveness of European wines, data from 2000 onwards are analysed.
Author: Valli, Carlotta | Scotti, Ezio
Contributer: COGEA S.r.l.
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: KF-02-14-995-EN-N | 978-92-79-40735-2 | doi : 10.2762/56910
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentWineCompetitionagricultural policyagricultural development
winecompetitive capacity
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Assessing farmers' cost of compliance with EU legislation in the fields of environment, animal welfare and food safety
Abstract
In the 1980s and 1990s, public concern rose regarding the negative environmental impact of intensive farming practices. Increased awareness of air pollution as well as ground and surface water pollution due to intensive livestock activities stimulated public intervention. This resulted in a series of environmental regulations like the Nitrate Directive, the Water Framework and the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. Their objective is to internalize negative externalities into the farm balance. The legislation creates extra costs for farmers who must comply with this legislation, but it generates an agriculture with high level standards of animal welfare, food safety and environment which meets the expectations of consumers and citizens in the EU Member States and in Third Countries.
Author: Menghi, Alberto | de Roest, Kees | Porcelluzzi, Andrea
Contributer: CRPA Centro Ricerche Produzioni Animali | TI Thünen Institute of Farm Economics | IFCN International Farm Comparison Network on Dairy | UGHENT – University of Ghent
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2011-EVAL-08
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Modelling feed consumption in the European Union : update and improvement of the Feed-Model (FeedMod)
Abstract
A computer model called FeedMod was created in 2009 to improve the European Commission’s ability to understand the feed consumption of raw materials in the EU 27. In 2014, a new version of this model has been proposed; the main improvements are: a. Nutritional parameters have been updated using reference tables, opinions of local experts, literature and our own expertise (theme 1) b. New raw materials have been included (theme 2) c. Croatia has been added to the model (theme 3) d. The part of the model predicting on-farm feed has been largely redesigned (theme 4). The roughages consumption (grassland and maize silage) no longer depends from fixed coefficients but is dynamically estimated from actual grassland and silage production data. The overall on-farm consumption (roughages + raw materials) can be assessed and predicted; it is no longer the simple difference between the theoritical animal nutritional needs and the energy supplied by industrial compound feed. e. Model reliability has been improved through calibration (theme 5) and sensitivity analysis (theme 6) exploring the model's behavior in response to different scenarios of variability in inputs.
Author (Corp. Body): Tallage, Agri market forecasting | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0609772/00-59
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyAnimal feedAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policyagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on mandatory origin labelling for milk, milk used as an ingredient in dairy products, and unprocessed meat other
than beef, pig, poultry, and sheep and goat meat : Part A – Milk and milk used as an ingredient in dairy product
Abstract
The preamble to Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers (the FIC Regulation) explains that mandatory origin provisions have been developed for some foods including honey, fruit and vegetables, fish, beef and beef products, and olive oil. More recently pig, poultry, sheep and goat meat have been added. The FIC Regulation identifies the need to explore the possibility to extend mandatory origin labelling for selected foodstuff categories. Article 26 paragraph 5 of the Regulation requires the European Commission to submit reports by 13 December 2014 to the European Parliament and Council regarding the mandatory indication of country of origin or place of provenance for: - types of meat other than beef, poultry, pig, and sheep and goat meat; - milk; - milk used as an ingredient in dairy products; - unprocessed foods; - single ingredient products; - ingredients that represent more than 50% of a food. Article 26 paragraph 7 of the Regulation requires that the Commission reports referred to in paragraph 5 shall take into account: - the need for the consumer to be informed; - the feasibility of providing the mandatory indication of the country of origin or place of provenance; - an analysis of the costs and benefits of the introduction of such measures, including the legal impact on the internal market and the impact on international trade.
Author: Baltussen, Willy | Beekman, Volkert | Blokland, Pieter Willem
Contributer: Stichting Dienst Land bouwkundig Onderzoek, Research Institute LEI | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2013-EVAL-03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on mandatory origin labelling for milk, milk used as an ingredient in dairy products, and unprocessed meat other
than beef, pig, poultry, and sheep and goat meat : Part B – Minor Meats
Abstract
The preamble to Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers (the FIC Regulation) explains that mandatory origin provisions have been developed for some foods including honey, fruit and vegetables, fish, beef and beef products, and olive oil. More recently pig, poultry, sheep and goat meat have been added. The FIC Regulation identifies the need to explore the possibility to extend mandatory origin labelling for selected foodstuff categories. Article 26 paragraph 5 of the Regulation requires the European Commission to submit reports by 13 December 2014 to the European Parliament and Council regarding the mandatory indication of country of origin or place of provenance for: - types of meat other than beef, poultry, pig, and sheep and goat meat; - milk; - milk used as an ingredient in dairy products; - unprocessed foods; - single ingredient products; - ingredients that represent more than 50% of a food. Article 26 paragraph 7 of the Regulation requires that the Commission reports referred to in paragraph 5 shall take into account: - the need for the consumer to be informed; - the feasibility of providing the mandatory indication of the country of origin or place of provenance; - an analysis of the costs and benefits of the introduction of such measures, including the legal impact on the internal market and the impact on international trade.
Author: Baltussen, Willy | Christodoulou, Maria | Maréchal, Anne
Contributer: Stichting Dienst Land bouwkundig Onderzoek, Research Institute LEI | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: AGRI-2013-EVAL-03
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Study on the labelling of products from cloned animals and their offspring
Abstract
An obligation to label food based on whether it is derived from clone offspring would require all livestock animals to be assigned an individual identity and have their parentage and clone status recorded. Significant investment in data systems would be required to record and transfer the information. Additional costs that could reach beyond €800 million a year would be incurred. Almost 80% of these costs would fall on the pig sector. The costs would arise even if there were no clones used in the European Union’s livestock production sector or that of its trading partners. Costs are also insensitive to the definition of clone offspring and the number of animals that fall within it. Claims for clone ancestry based on a documented system alone would not be verifiable. A universal system of DNA profiling could potentially provide verification but at a cost that could reach over €9 billion a year on the basis of the assumptions used here. Such a DNA sampling and storage or profiling system would be without precedent in scale and complexity. There is no known use of the cloning technique in the EU for farming purposes and no expectation of increased uptake of the technique in the immediate future.
Author (Corp. Body): Agra Ceas Consulting | Areté, Research & Consulting in Economics
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-44576-7 | DOI 10.2762/028232
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyGenetic engineeringRules of originAgricultural developmentRural developmentAnimal productagricultural policy
genetic engineeringcountry of originagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
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Title: Cost of and good practices for FADN data collection
Abstract
This study investigates the cost of and good practices for FADN data collection in EU Member States during the period 2012-2014 using evidence gathered from existing literature, a survey of EU-28 FADN Liaison Agencies, nine case studies, and interviews with senior policy officials within the European Commission and the OECD. A desk-based study of the comparator system in the USA was also undertaken. Costs were assessed both in money terms and by labour input along the data supply chain. A variety of institutional arrangements are used by Member States to provide data to FADN. Within these, three types of organisation carry out the process of data collection: FADN Liaison Agencies; public advisory bodies; and, accounting firms. Data collection by accounting firms from accounts drawn up at the expense of farmers for tax purposes provides data at the lowest public cost per farm. At the other extreme, highest costs per farm are where advisory agencies combine data collection with provision of extension services. FADN data are widely used by Member States and therefore bring substantial, if unquantified, benefits. Examples of good practices which can be shared between Member States and that are reflected principally in costs and benefits are identified.
Author: Bradley, B. Dylan | Hill, Berkeley
Contributer: Agra Ceas Consulting
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-50061-9 | doi: 10.2762/294831
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyData acquisitionCommon agricultural policyAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policydata acquisitionagricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
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Title: Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Country Report - Austria
Abstract
The imbalances in bargaining power between the contracting parties in the food supply chain have drawn much attention, also from policy makers. The European Commission is committed to facilitate the restructuring of the sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers' Cooperatives”, that will provide the background knowledge that will help farmers organise themselves in cooperatives as a tool to consolidate their market orientation and so generate a solid market income. In the framework of this study, this report provides the relevant knowledge from Austria.
Author: Kühl, Rainer
Contributer: Wageningen University, The Netherlands | LEI Landbouw Economisch Instituut (Agricultural Economics Institute)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyCommon agricultural policyCooperativeAgricultural developmentRural developmentAustriaagricultural policycooperative
agricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Austria. General ResourcesEurope. General Resources
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Title: Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Country Report - Belgium
Abstract
The imbalances in bargaining power between the contracting parties in the food supply chain have drawn much attention, also from policy makers. The European Commission is committed to facilitate the restructuring of the sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers' Cooperatives”, that will provide the background knowledge that will help farmers organise themselves in cooperatives as a tool to consolidate their market orientation and so generate a solid market income. In the framework of this study, this report provides the relevant knowledge from Belgium.
Author: Gijselinckx, Caroline | Bussels, Matthias
Contributer: Wageningen University, The Netherlands | Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Greece | HIVA Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyBelgiumCommon agricultural policyCooperativeAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycooperative
agricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesBelgium
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Title: Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : Country Report - Bulgaria
Abstract
The imbalances in bargaining power between the contracting parties in the food supply chain have drawn much attention, also from policy makers. The European Commission is committed to facilitate the restructuring of the sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. DG Agriculture and Rural Development has launched a large study, “Support for Farmers' Cooperatives”, that will provide the background knowledge that will help farmers organise themselves in cooperatives as a tool to consolidate their market orientation and so generate a solid market income. In the framework of this study, this report provides the relevant knowledge from Bulgaria.
Author: Boevsky, Ivan
Contributer: Wageningen University, The Netherlands | Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Greece | HIVA Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Landwirtschaft und Ländliche Entwicklung, Brüssel
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 30-CE-0395921/00-42
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Agricultural PolicyBulgariaCommon agricultural policyCooperativeAgricultural developmentRural developmentagricultural policycooperative
agricultural development
Subject: Agricultural policy. Agricultural development
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesBulgaria
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