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Title: Negotiating collective agreements on employment and competitiveness
Abstract
This report describes and analyses agreements between the social partners on employment and competitiveness in 11 Member States of the European Union. It focuses on innovative collective agreements concluded at both sectoral and company levels which are used by the parties involved (sometimes with state backing) to ensure that aspects of employment and competitiveness play a central role in any settlement reached. These agreements have become known as PECs: pacts for employment and competitiveness. In terms of their content, they cover a wide range of mostly interlinked measures, which include more flexible wage structures, the reduction of working time and changes in work organisation, as well as measures associated with continuing vocational training. [Raymond Pierre-Bodin; Eric Verborgh]
Author: Freyssinet, Jacques | Hartmut, Hartmut
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2001
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-897-0105-6 | TJ-38-01-899-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour RelationsLabour LawSocial partners
Subject: Productivity. Capital-labour ratioEmployment and unemploymentWages. Wage incentives
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Stiftung zur Verbesserung der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Green Paper "Modernising Labour Law to meet challenges of the 21st century"
Author: Wilthagen, Ton
Series Title:European Parliament - Note
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 385.631 | IP/A/EMPL/ NT/ 2007-4
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Labour Law
Subject: Labour lawLabour
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Varieties of flexicurity : reflections on key elements of flexibility and security ; Background paper
Abstract
At European level, the debate on flexicurity is currently high on the employment and social policy agenda. Member States are reflecting on the best way to adapt their systems to the "new reality" of maintaining the balance between the need for flexibility in the labour market to allow companies to adapt their production methods and their workforce as a result of pressure from globalisation and technological progress while providing the necessary security for workers at the same time. This background paper was prepared for a hearing on the Commission's Green Paper "Modernising labour law to meet the challenges of the 21st century" held by the European Parliament Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on 21 March 2007. [Author vide Copyright]
Author: Vermeylen, Greet | Hurley, John
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/07/21/EN
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour market flexibilityLabour LawGlobalizationCompetition
Subject: Social securityLabour law. Social lawProduction and productivityLabour market
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Combating sexual orientation discrimination in employment: legislation in fifteen EU member states: Greece
Title (other): Report of the European Group of Experts on combating sexual orientation discrimination: about the implementation up to
April 2004 of Directive 2000/78/EC establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation:
Greece
Abstract
Sexual orientation as a concept is so far not recognised by Greek Law, which implicitly but systematically recognises, accepts, protects and institutionalises human sexuality that is confined within the limits of the traditional married heterosexual couple. Other forms of sexuality are either: totally ignored, disapproved or tolerated by the law. The absence of any anti-discrimination law (with the exception of gender, race or origin) and the general negative climate have obliged Greek citizens to deny and/or hide their true sexual identity. [Author vide copyright]
Author: Peponas, Matthaios A.
Contributer: European Group of Experts on Combating Sexual Orientation Discrimination
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Employment discriminationLabour LawGender discriminationHuman rightsSexuality
Subject: Labour lawHuman rightsDemocracy and civil libertiesEqual opportunities
Countries Scheme: Greece
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Source: European Commission (http://europa.eu.int)
Title: Combating sexual orientation discrimination in employment: legislation in fifteen EU member states: United Kingdom
Title (other): Report of the European Group of Experts on combating sexual orientation discrimination: about the implementation up to
April 2004 of Directive 2000/78/EC establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation
Abstract
The Human Rights Act 1998 incorporates into the UK law most of the rights in the European Convention on Human Rights and its Protocols , and authorizes UK courts to enforce these ?Convention rights.? None of the existing legislation expressly prohibits sexual orientation discrimintation in employment or occupation. Only the regulations implementing the Framework Directive do so. However, the UK?s implementation of the Framework Directive with regard to sexual orientation to date has been excellent.
Author: Wintemute, Robert
Contributer: European Group of Experts on Combating Sexual Orientation Discrimination
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Employment discriminationLabour LawGender equalityHuman rightsSexuality
Subject: Labour lawHuman rightsDemocracy and civil libertiesEqual opportunities
Countries Scheme: United Kingdom
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Source: European Commission (http://europa.eu.int)
Title: An Analysis of the Relative Effectiveness of Social and Environmental Norms in Free Trade Agreements
Abstract
While Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) of both, the United States and the European Union, include labor issues in specific chapters, only US FTAs explicitly have “labor chapters,” while the EU FTAs have a general reference to labor rights through the human rights clause and otherwise refer to labor issues in chapters on “social aspects”. Clearly, the US prioritizes labour issues over general human rights or social concerns, while the EU has a broader focus, embracing human rights and sustainable development issues. Based on congressional and civil society pressure, the US also provides clear avenues for sanctions, making labor issues actionable under regular dispute settlement processes. In contrast, the EU adopts a more nuanced approach, signalling a preference against sanctions and for dialogue and capacitybuilding. The EU social chapters are not enforceable. However, even though US labour provisions are more focused and subject to regular dispute settlement processes, the language of these respective paragraphs used to be rather vague. In addition, avoiding enforcement through sanctions is clearly also the preference of subsequent US administrations, and thus, in the end the enforcement performance of the two is not very different. [...] [Christoph Scherrer, Thomas Greven, Aaron Leopold]
Author: Scherrer, Christoph | Greven, Thomas | Leopold, Aaron | Molinari , Elizabeth
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 406.996 | EXPO/B/INTA/2008/62
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawSocial LegislationEnvironmental lawfree trade
Subject: International relationsLabour law. Social lawCommercial agreements. Trade negotiationsProtection of the environment
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Austria
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Austria is laid down by the Labour Constitution Act (ArbVG). According to the ArbVG, collective agreements can be concluded only between collective organisations of employers and employees. Therefore, the Austrian labour law systematically benefits multi-employer bargaining. Consequently, the overwhelming majority of collective agreements are concluded at sectoral level. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: AUSTRIA
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Belgium
Abstract
The Belgian collective bargaining system is highly institutionalised and coordinated. Over 90% of employees are covered by a collective agreement, placing Belgium among the countries with the highest coverage in Europe. Also, the Belgian trade unions have a relatively high level of membership compared with the European average, with over 50% of employees belonging to a union. The same applies to the organisation rate of employers, as over 70% of employees work for an employer that is organised. [Eurofound]
Author: Keune, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyMinimum wagetrade unionlaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Belgium
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : France
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining is set out in the 1972 French Labour Code. In the last decades, collective bargaining has expanded, partly as a result of government initiatives. The importance of sectoral bargaining increased with the adoption of the 1982 Auroux laws, which obliged the bargaining parties already bound by a sectoral agreement to negotiate pay annually and to discuss the sector’s job classification system and its economic development every five years. The Auroux laws also stimulated company-level bargaining by making annual negotiations on pay and working time obligatory in companies with union representation. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 3
Language: en
Ressource: Sammlungen von Berichten, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: France
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Germany
Abstract
The legal basis of collective bargaining in Germany is laid down by the Collective Agreements Act, 1949. Collective agreements can be concluded between employer associations (or individual employers) and trade unions. In contrast, works councils – statutory employee representation bodies elected at workplace and company level – may only conclude works agreements. Under the Works Constitution Act, these ‘shall not deal with remuneration and other conditions of employment that have been fixed, or are normally fixed, by collective agreement’. [Eurofound]
Author: Bispinck, Reinhard | Schulten, Thorsten
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawTrade unionWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: GERMANY
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Italy
Abstract
Italian industrial relations are characterised by a low degree of ‘legal institutionalisation’. Legislation and the state have a limited role in the regulation of collective bargaining, conflict and union representation. In fact, it is possible to say that there is almost a complete abstention of the law. However, the Protocol of 23 July 1993, a tripartite agreement, represents a kind of ‘constitutional charter for industrial relations’, ‘the basic agreement’ that formed the basis for subsequent accords. [Eurofound]
Author: Burroni, Luigi | Pedaci, Marcello
Contributer: University of Teramo
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Italy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Spain
Abstract
The right to collective bargaining and the binding character of collective agreements is enshrined in the Spanish Constitution (Section 37.1). The system of collective bargaining is thoroughly regulated in Title III of the Workers’ Statute. In particular, Section 82.3 establishes the legally binding character of collective agreements negotiated in conformity with the rules of the Workers’ Statute. However, the same provision stipulates (as an exception to the general rule) that company agreements may deviate from the wages set by a statutory collective agreement negotiated at a higher level, provided certain requirements are fulfilled. [Eurofound]
Author: Ramos-Martín, Nuria
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 7
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policyminimum wagelaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Spain
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Sector-level bargaining and possibilities for deviations at company level : Ireland
Abstract
In Ireland, collective bargaining is organised as a three-tier system, with a dominance of bargaining and complementary bargaining at sectoral and company level. For over two decades collective bargaining, covering the unionised private and public sectors, has been regulated by national tripartite ‘social partnership’ agreements, drawing up guidelines on minimum and maximum wage increases. There have been seven successive triennial Social Partnership Agreements, or national wage agreements, since 1987. [Eurofound]
Author: van Klaveren, Maarten
Contributer: Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS), University of Amsterdam
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/10/87/EN 5
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawWage policylaw concerning collective bargaining
Subject: Labour lawWages. Severance pay
Countries Scheme: Ireland
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://eurofound.europa.eu)
Title: Spain: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Durán Lopez, Jessica
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/16/11
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSpain
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Slovenia: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Ignjatovi?, Miroljub
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSlovenia
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Slovakia: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Cziria, Ludovit
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesSlovak Republic
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Romania: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Volintiru, Clara
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesRomania
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Portugal: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Perista, Heloi?sa ; 1056611294 | Carrilho, Paula | Naumann, Reinhard ; 171310055
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesPortugal
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking of labour
Abstract
The right to free movement for workers within the European Union is an achievement. Nowadays, private labour market intermediaries – such as temporary work agencies and employment placement agencies – contribute to facilitating this labour mobility in their role as mediator between individual workers and organisations in need of labour. Some workers and vulnerable groups run the risk of being exploited by fraudulent agencies. This report examines how public authorities are currently regulating labour market intermediaries across Member States, highlighting the effectiveness or otherwise of different registration or licensing schemes. It also examines activities by social partners aimed at preventing the trafficking of labour. The overall aim is to contribute to the development of a best practice guide for public authorities to encourage better monitoring and enforcement of regulations deterring trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation. [Author vide Copyright]
Author: Paraskevopoulou, Anna | Fromm, Andrea | Clark, Nick
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: EF/16/03/EN | TJ-04-16-215-EN-N | 10.2806/75809 | 978-92-897-1421-1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour LawMoonlightingindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
Title: Lithuania: regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking in human
beings for labour exploitation
Author: Blaziene, Inga | Mieziene, Rasa
Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Year: 2016
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Labour Lawindustrial relations
Subject: Labour law. Social law
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesLithuania
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/)
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