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Title: European energy and transport : trends to 2030
Abstract
This report provides an update of the trends to 2030 published in 2003. The new baseline takes into account a high energy import price environment, the unsatisfactory economic growth of recent years and the more subdued growth prospects taking into account demographic developments. It includes, furthermore, new policies and measures implemented in the Member States. The results were derived with the PRIMES model by a consortium led by the National Technical University of Athens, supported by some more specialised models. These projections to 2030 encompass energy demand, transformation, imports and production by fuel and sector. They also give, in the annex, a breakdown of the main energy and transport variables by Member State. [Author s. copyright]
Table of Contents
Executive summary
1. EU-25 energy and transport reference case to 2030 (baseline)
2. EU-15 energy and transport outlook to 2030
3. EU candidate and neighbouring countries’ energy and transport outlook to 2030
4. EU-25 energy and transport outlook to 2030
References
Author: Mantzos, Leonidas | Pantelis, Capros | Chesshire, John
Contributer: National Technical University of Athens
Contributer: European Commission / Directorate General Energy and Transport
Publisher: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
Year: 2003
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 92-894-4444-4 | KO-AC-02-001-EN-C
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Energy forecastFreight Transportemissionenergy consumption
Subject: EnergyTransport
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document [Author v. copyright] | Source: European Commission (http://ec.europa.eu)
Title: BIOFUELS SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA Relevant issues to the proposed Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from
renewable sources {COM(2008) 30 final}
Abstract
The role envisioned for liquid biofuels for transport has come under increased scrutiny in the past year or two, due to the potential social and environmental impacts associated with scaling up biofuels production and use from its low level?currently representing about 1% of transport fuels globally. The proposed EU Directive setting a target of 10% biofuels in transport sector by 2020 has therefore raised a number of concerns. The concerns about sustainability are addressed within the proposed Directive through criteria related mainly to GHG emissions, but also to biodiversity and other environmental impacts. The use of first generation biofuels in temperate climates is land-intensive and inefficient in technical terms, whereas first generation biofuels in tropical climates and second generation biofuels in general?offer a much more effective use of land resources. The use of GHG reduction criteria can provide incentives for producers to rely on the most productive feedstocks when sourcing biofuels for the EU market, which will often mean import of biofuels. A threshold of 50% or more would tend to eliminate many of the first generation biofuels produced in temperate climates. Member States should be encouraged to link financial incentives to the GHG reduction capabilities. Moreover, such incentives could be better linked to development cooperation in the case of imports, so as to insure that Least Developed Countries (i.e. in Africa) can gain access to larger markets rather than only the major producers such as Brazil. The calculation of GHG emissions associated with biofuels is complicated by the addition of factors associated with land use change, since the GHG impacts of land use change are beset by uncertainty both in physical terms as well as in the attribution of particular changes to production of particular biofuels. A further complication is introduced when indirect land use changes are incorporated, since these occur through combinations of market forces, illegal land use transformation, and regulat
Author: Johnson, Francis X.
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 404.905
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Freight Transportrenewable energy
Subject: EnergyGoods. PassengersEnvironment. Natural resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: The Future of European Long-Distance Transport - Scenario Report (IP/A/STOA/FWC-2005-28/SC27)
Abstract
How could European long-distance transport - under different conditions and in different contexts - meet the following targets in 2047: • Reducing oil consumption by 80% • Reducing CO2 emissions by 60% • High level of accessibility – to offer an efficient, effective transportation system at affordable prices And what actions should be taken today and in the near future to make it happen? These were the questions that the STOA project set out to explore in a 3-phase project on the future of European long-distance transport. The first phase defined the trends and targets to frame the subsequent phase II which concerns building scenarios for 2047. The third phase involved citizens' assessment of the different possible actions to reach the targets. [...] [Jens Schippl, Ida Leisner, Per Kaspersen, Anders Koed Madsen]
Author: Schippl, Jens | Leisner, Ida | Kaspersen, Per
Series Title:European Parliament - STOA Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 417.471 | IPA/STOA/2007-07
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Freight Transportefficiencyemissionlong-haul traffic
Subject: Freight
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Evaluation of the Common Transport Policy (CTP) of the EU from 2000 to 2008 and analysis of the evolution and structure
of the European transport sector in the context of the long-term development of the CTP
Title (other): Final report
Author (Corp. Body): Steer Davies Gleave, London
Publisher: Commission of the European Communities / Directorate General Energy and Transport
Year: 2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Freight Transportlong-haul traffic
Subject: Transport economics. Transport policy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
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