Suche nach Schlagworten '18009-6'

18 entries found on 1 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 18

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Title: Alternative Technology Options for Road and Air Transport
Abstract
In the transport sector, despite a number of political initiatives, the energy demands as well as greenhouse gas emissions are growing at an alarming speed. This holds true especially for road and air transport. Recent volatility in oil prices as well as the corresponding political instabilities in important oil-exporting countries has -again - brought the oil dependence of these sectors as well as related issues of energy security and economic perspectives to public and political attention. One option to break through the vicious circle between economic growth, energy demand in transport and oil dependence is to substitute oil-based fuels and propulsion technologies with alternative technologies. A wide range of non oil-based options for road and air transport has been developed in the last decade, and some technologies are already commercialised. However, it is currently impossible to predict which technologies will emerge as the front-runners for Europe. [European Parliament]
Author: Schippl, Jens | Fleischer, Torsten | Dieckhoff, Christian
Series Title:European Parliament - STOA Study
Contributer: ETAG (European Technology Assessment Group) | ITAS Institute for Technology Assessment &SystemsAnalysis, Karlsruhe | DBT Danish Board of Technology, Copenhagen | viWTA Flemish Institute for Science & TechnnologyAssessment, Brussels | POST Parliame
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2007
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 383.214
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelFuel cellCommon transport policySustainable energy policygreenhouse effectenvironmental contamination
Subject: EnergyTransportEnvironment
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Biofuels sustainability criteria. Relevant issues to the proposed directive on the promotion of the use of energy from
renewable sources {COM(2008) 30 final}
Abstract
The role envisioned for liquid biofuels for transport has come under increased scrutiny in the past year or two, due to the potential social and environmental impacts associated with scaling up biofuels production and use from its low level?currently representing about 1% of transport fuels globally. The proposed EU Directive setting a target of 10% biofuels in transport sector by 2020 has therefore raised a number of concerns. The concerns about sustainability are addressed within the proposed Directive through criteria related mainly to GHG emissions, but also to biodiversity and other environmental impacts. The use of first generation biofuels in temperate climates is land-intensive and inefficient in technical terms, whereas first generation biofuels in tropical climates and second generation biofuels in general?offer a much more effective use of land resources. The use of GHG reduction criteria can provide incentives for producers to rely on the most productive feedstocks when sourcing biofuels for the EU market, which will often mean import of biofuels. A threshold of 50% or more would tend to eliminate many of the first generation biofuels produced in temperate climates. Member States should be encouraged to link financial incentives to the GHG reduction capabilities. Moreover, such incentives could be better linked to development cooperation in the case of imports, so as to insure that Least Developed Countries (i.e. in Africa) can gain access to larger markets rather than only the major producers such as Brazil. The calculation of GHG emissions associated with biofuels is complicated by the addition of factors associated with land use change, since the GHG impacts of land use change are beset by uncertainty both in physical terms as well as in the attribution of particular changes to production of particular biofuels. A further complication is introduced when indirect land use changes are incorporated, since these occur through combinations of market forces, illegal land use transformation, and regulat
Author: Johnson, Francis X. | Roman, Mikael | Hammerschlag, Roel
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 404.905
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Biofuelrenewable energy
Subject: Law. Jurisprudence. Legal systemsEnergyEnvironment. Natural resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: The competition between food crops and non food crops for energy : what are the effects on agricultural structures and
on the use of land ?
Abstract
This study examines the effects of the EU biofuel policy on European agriculture. The requirements in terms of feedstock and arable land of the EU biofuel targets have been evaluated by assuming scenarios of different price levels for agricultural commodities and the possibility of the EU biofuel industry to be alternatively supplied by European crops or through import. The research has also investigated the technical adaptation of agricultural holdings, the consequences of the prospective CAP changes, and the impact on the EU food industry and on the environment (land resources, biodiversity, GHG balances, sustainable feedstock production). [europäisches Parlament]
Author: Vannini, Luigi | Aragrande, Maurizio | Canali, Massimo
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2008
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 405.402 | IP/B/AGRI/FWC/2006-Lot 02-C01-SC1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Biofuelagricultural production
Subject: Agricultural productionTransport economics. Transport policy
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Production and Use of Biofuels in Developing Countries
Abstract
Biofuels have gone from being hailed as a greenalternative to fossil fuels to being accusedof increasing global warming, causing loss offorests and other valuable habitats, and ofincreasing poverty in the developing world. This brief examines some of the key issues surrounding biofuels and developing countries and makes recommendations for European Union policy to prevent or limit damage from biofuel development, and to take advantage of opportunities.... [Steve Wiggins, Ruth Nussbaum, etc.]
Author: Wiggins, Steve | Stevens, Chris | Nussbaum, Ruth
Series Title:European Parliament - Study
Contributer: Overseas Development Institute | ProForest
Publisher: Europäische Union / Europäisches Parlament
Year: 2009
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: PE 388.966 | EXPO/B/DEVE/2008/52
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelDeveloping countries
Subject: International cooperationCommercial crops. Industrial crops. GardeningTransport
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäisches Parlament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/)
Title: Impact of the increased use of biofuels on the competitiveness of the EU food industry : final report, July 2007
Author (Corp. Body): Università degli Studi / Dipartimento di Economia e Ingegneria agrarie
Year: 2007
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEU countriesFood industryCompetition
Subject: Food industryMarkets. Competition
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu/)
Title: Impact of the use of biofuels on oil refining and fuels specifications : final report
Author (Corp. Body): Wood Mackenzie
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelRefineryreport
Subject: EnergyPetroleum industry. Petroleum productsDemand. Market. Consumption
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Biofuels baseline 2008
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: Chalmers University | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | Winrock International | Agra CEAS Consulting
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2011
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: TREN/D1/458/2009
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelInternational
Subject: Energy policy. Power generationDemand. Market. Consumption
Countries Scheme: Global Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: Fraunhofer Institut für System und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe | Becker, Büttner, Held, Rechtsanwälte, Wirtschaftsprüfer, Steuerberater, Berlin | Institut für Energiesysteme und Elektrische Antriebe / Energy Economics Group,
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/463/2011-Lot2
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy marketRenewable energysustainability
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Analysis of the operation of the mass balance system and alternatives : final report (task 1)
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/431/2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy marketRenewable energysurveysustainability
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generationSurveys. Sampling. Censuses
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Analysis of member state RED implementation : final report (task 2)
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: Institute for European Environmental Policy
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2012
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/431/2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy lawRenewable energylegal comparisondirective
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Mandatory requirements in relation to air, soil, or water protection: analysis of need and feasibility ; final report
(tasks 3 and 4)
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: Winrock International | Institute for European Environmental Policy
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/431/2010
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnvironmental protectionsustainability
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Bringing biofuels on the market : options to increase EU biofuels volumes beyond the current blending limits ; report
Author (Corp. Body): Centrum voor Energiebesparing en Schone Technologie, Delft
Contributer: TNO Innovation for life
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy PolicyRenewable energy
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Study on actual GHG data for diesel, petrol, kerosene and natural gas : final report
Title (other): Project executive summary | Interim report
Author (Corp. Body): Exergia S.A.
Contributer: E M Lab (Economics Energy Environment Modelling Laboratory) | COWI AS
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C2/643/2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelNatural gasMotor fuelComparisongreenhouse effect
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: Fraunhofer Institut für System und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe | Becker, Büttner, Held, Rechtsanwälte, Wirtschaftsprüfer, Steuerberater, Berlin | Institut für Energiesysteme und Elektrische Antriebe / Energy Economics Group,
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/428/2012/SI2.653362 lot 1
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy marketRenewable energysustainability
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: From the Sugar Platform to biofuels and biochemicals : final report
Author (Corp. Body): E tech Ltd
Contributer: Consorzio per la Ricerca e la Dimostrazione sulle Energie Rinnovabili (RE CORD) | Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C2/423/2012/SI2.673791
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BioenergyBiofuel
Subject: EnergyResources exploitation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Feasibility studies for first of a kind commercial sustainable biofuel projects: a guidance document ; final report
Title (other): Feasibility studies for first of a kind commercial sustainable biofuel projects: detailed instructions for financial
analysis model ; final report
Author (Corp. Body): E tech (UK) Ltd
Contributer: Biochemtex SpA | BTG Biomass Technology Group BV | Consorzio per la Ricerca e la Dimostrazione sulle Energie Rinnovabili (RE CORD)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C2/626/2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelEnergy marketRenewable energysustainability
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: The land use change impact of biofuels consumed in the EU : quantification of area and greenhouse gas impacts
Title (other): The land use change impact of biofuels consumed in the EU : quantification of area and greenhouse gas impacts ;
complementary scenarios by 2030
Author (Corp. Body): Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht
Contributer: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | E tech
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelPlant ProductionRenewable energygreenhouse effect
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generationResources exploitation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Improving the sustainability of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME – Biodiesel)
Author (Corp. Body): Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft, Graz
Contributer: BDI – BioEnergy International AG | Alterra, Research Instituut voor de Groene Ruimte, Wageningen
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C2/628/2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelRenewable energysustainability
Subject: Energy policy. Power generationResources exploitation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
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