Suche nach Schlagworten '19044-6'

14 entries found on 1 pages. starting on record 1 ending on 14

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Title: US, Japan and the euro area
Title (other): comparing business-cycle features
Abstract
There has been much discussion of the differences in macroeconomic performance and prospects between the US, Japan and the euro area. Using Markov-switching techniques, in this paper we identify and compare specifically their major business-cycle features and examine the case for a common business cycle, asymmetries in the national cycles and, using a number of algorithms, date business-cycle turning points. Despite a high degree of trade and financial linkages, the cyclical features of US, Japan and the euro area appear quite distinct. Documenting and comparing such international business-cycle features can aid forecasting, model selection and policy analysis etc. [Peter McAdam]
Author: McAdam, Peter
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 283
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU countriesJapanBusiness CycleBusiness cycle transmissionUnited StatesComparison
Countries Scheme: USAJapan
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Comparing economic dynamics in the EU and CEE accession countries
Abstract
This paper presents evidence for structural differences in economic growth dynamics between the current EU and the central- and eastern European accession countries. Two important results emerge from the analysis. First, accession countries have posted higher average growth and wider output fluctuations than the euro area and other EU countries. Second, a set of different methodologies suggests that business cycles of accession countries have been less synchronised with the euro area than those of the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark. It is less clear whether accession countries are also less synchronised than the euro area "peripherals" (Greece, Portugal and Ireland). Moreover, synchrony differed across countries. Some accession economies, particularly Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, showed a close alignment with euro area fluctuations. Others, in particular the Czech Republic and Slovakia, revealed remarkable asymmetries, which are a reminder that sizeable idiosyncratic shocks remain a risk. [Ralph Süppel]
Author: Süppel, Ralph
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 267
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU enlargementEU countriesOptimum currency areaEastern EuropeComparisonExchange rateEconomic Growth
Subject: European Community external relationsCurrency. Monetary policy
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Bond market inflation expectations and longer-term trends in broad monetary growth and inflation in industrial
countries, 1880 - 2001
Abstract
'Bond Market Inflation Expectation and Longer-term Trends in Broad Monetary Growth and Inflation in Industrial Countries, 1880-2001' by William G. Dewald, Professor of Economics Emeritus, Ohio State University and Former Director of Research, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Annual data for thirteen countries revealed three long up trends and down trends in inflation that were matched by growth rates in M2 and nominal GDP but not real GDP in each country and cross-country averages. Inflationary expectations as estimated by bond rates less real growth trends indicated little inflation expectation until the 1960s. Central banks had credibility to keep inflation low even during wartime. It was lost as inflation rose in the 1970s and regained only as inflation fell subsequently. Although relationships with annual data were not as reliable as with ten-year averages, annual inflation was significantly related to annual M2 growth and inflationary expectations which should not be ignored in central bank decision making. [William G. Dewald]
Author: Dewald, William G.
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 253
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Money stockIndustrialized countriesInflation expectationsBond MarketComparisonEconomic Growth
Subject: Economic and growth policiesEconomic development. Economic growthMoney. Financing
Countries Scheme: Global Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Public sector efficiency
Title (other): an international comparison
Abstract
We compute public sector performance (PSP) and efficiency (PSE) indicators, comprising a composite and seven sub-indicators, for 23 industrialised countries. The first four sub-indicators are 'opportunity' indicators that take into account administrative, education and health outcomes and the quality of public infrastructure and that support the rule of law and a level playing-field in a market economy. Three other indicators reflect the standard 'Musgravian' tasks for government: allocation, distribution, and stabilisation. The input and output efficiency of public sectors across countries is then measured via a non-parametric production frontier technique. [António Afonso, Ludger Schuknecht and Vito Tanzi]
Author: Afonso, António | Schuknecht, Ludger | Tanzi, Vito
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 242
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: EU countriesOECD countriesComparisonPublic Expenditure
Subject: Public finance. Taxation
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Unemployment, hysteresis and transition
Abstract
We quantify the degree of persistence in unemployment rates of transition countries using a variety of methods benchmarked against the EU. In part of the paper, we work with the concept of linear 'Hysteresis' as described by the presence of unit roots in unemployment. Since this is potentially a narrow definition, we also take into account the existence of structural breaks and non-linear dynamics in unemployment. Finally, we examine whether CEECs' unemployment presents features of multiple equilibria: if it remains locked into a new level whenever a structural change occurs. Our findings show that, in general, we can reject the unit root hypothesis after controlling for structural changes and business cycle effects, but we can observe the presence of a high and low unemployment equilibria. The speed of adjustment is faster for CEECs than the EU, although CEECs tend to move more frequently between equilibria. [Miguel León-Ledesma and Peter McAdam]
Author: León-Ledesma, Miguel | McAdam, Peter
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 234
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2003
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: UnemploymentEU countriesHysteresisMarkov processEastern EuropeComparisonTime series analysis
Countries Scheme: Eastern Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Gross job flows and institutions in Europe
Abstract
We examine job flows in the 1990s for a sample of 13 European countries. By using a dataset of continuing firms that covers all sectors, we find firm characteristics to be important determinants of job flows, with smaller and younger firms within services typically having a larger degree of job turnover. Once controlled for firm and sectoral effects, the role of institutions in the dynamics of job creation and destruction is examined. As expected, employment protection is found to reduce job flows. Similarly, countries with higher unemployment benefits and more coordinated wage bargaining systems are characterised by lower job flows. [Ramón Gómez-Salvador, Julián Messina and Giovanna Vallanti]
Author: Gómez-Salvador, Ramón | Messina, Julián | Vallanti, Giovanna
Series Title: Working paper series / European Central Bank ; 318
Publisher: European Central Bank
Year: 2004
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Arbeitspapiere, Preprints
Keyword: Labour MarketLabour Market PolicyLabour mobilityEU countriesComparison
Subject: Labour policy. Labour economicsLabour marketEmployment and unemployment
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Zentralbank (http://www.ecb.int)
Title: Study on cost benefit analysis of in EU member states smart metering systems : final report
Title (other): Study on cost benefit analysis of in EU member states smart metering systems : final report ; annex ; review of member
state cost benefit analyses
Author (Corp. Body): Institute of Communication & Computer Systems of the National Technical University of Athens ICCS NTUA
Contributer: AF Mercados EMI
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Cost-benefit analysisElectricity gridConsumption statisticsComparison
Subject: Industrial equipment. Technical equipmentEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Review of current national rules and practices relating to risk preparedness in the area of security of electricity
supply : final report
Author (Corp. Body): VVA Europe
Contributer: Spark Legal Network | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2016
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-53655-7 | ENER/B4/ADM/2015-623/SI2.717165
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Electric Utility IndustryRisk managementComparison
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Study on LT-ST markets in gas : final report
Author (Corp. Body): DNV KEMA Energy & Sustainability
Contributer: COWI Belgium SPRL
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/B2/558/2012/SI2.641184 | TREN/R1/350/2008 Lot 3
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Natural gas marketComparison
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General ResourcesUSAChinaJapanAustralia
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Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Study on entry-exit regimes in gas - Part A: Implementation of entry-exit systems
Title (other): Country factsheets (part A - appendix) | Study on entry-exit regimes in gas - Part B: Entry-exit market area integration
| Cost-benefit analysis : main assumptions and results (part B - appendix)
Author (Corp. Body): DNV KEMA Energy & Sustainability
Contributer: COWI Belgium SPERL
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2013
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/B2/267/2012/ETU/SI2.628337 | TREN/R1/350/2008 Lot 3
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Natural gas marketMarket exitMarket entryComparison
Subject: Industrial enterprisesEnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Civil liability, financial security and compensation claims for offshore oil and gas activities in the European Economic
Area : final report
Author (Corp. Body): BIO by Deloitte
Contributer: Stevens & Bolton LLP
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/B3/2013/978-1/SI2.672639
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Natural gas productionPetroleum productionLiabilityOffshore industryComparisonlegal comparison
Subject: Civil liabilityIndustrial enterprisesEnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Study on actual GHG data for diesel, petrol, kerosene and natural gas : final report
Title (other): Project executive summary | Interim report
Author (Corp. Body): Exergia S.A.
Contributer: E M Lab (Economics Energy Environment Modelling Laboratory) | COWI AS
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C2/643/2013
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: BiofuelNatural gasMotor fuelComparisongreenhouse effect
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: Assessment of CO2 storage potential in Europe : CO2StoP final report
Title (other): Assessment of CO2 storage potential in Europe : CO2StoP executive summary
Author (Corp. Body): The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS)
Contributer: The British Geological Survey (BGS) | Geological Surveys of the Netherlands (TNO)
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Year: 2014
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: ENER/C1/154/2011/SI2.611598
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Coal power stationCarbon dioxideComparison
Subject: Coal. Coal conversionSoil sciences. Rocks
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
Title: The role of gas storage in internal market and in ensuring security of supply
Author (Corp. Body): REF E
Contributer: AF Mercados EMI | E Bridge | Europäische Kommission / Generaldirektion Energie
Publisher: Europäische Kommission / Amt für Veröffentlichungen, Luxemburg
Year: 2015
ISBN / ISSN / Kat.Nr: 978-92-79-45125-6
Language: en
Ressource: Einzelne Berichte, Studien
Keyword: Natural gasNatural gas marketComparisonstorage
Subject: EnergyEnergy policy. Power generation
Countries Scheme: Europe. General Resources
Online Ressource: vorübergehend nicht erreichbar!
Bitte beachten Sie die urheberrechtlichen Bedingungen der Dokumentenbenutzung / Please observe the copyright when accessing the document | Quelle / Source: Europäische Kommission (http://europa.eu)
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